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Soc300

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Michael Smith
Assignment 1: The Effects of
War and Peace on Foreign Aid
SOC 300
Professor Frederick
October 11, 2015

Assess the positive and negative effects that peace and war, respectively, have on the distribution of foreign aid in the developing country that you have selected. Support your response with concrete examples of each of the results that you have cited. The country that I selected is Ukraine. It seems that within this country, peace and war live side by side. This coexistence of peace and war inside Ukraine, coupled with the untreated psychological trauma many soldiers suffer in combat, leaves many veterans and returning troops feeling out of place and unable to reintegrate into the lives they left behind (Peterson, 2015). The negative effects of peace and war going side by side is how the situation affects all those in the area. Being in a situation like this isn’t good for all those in Ukraine. Being in a situation like this can cause trauma for years to come and could possibly start a trickle-down effect for other generations. Ukraine is currently going through a struggle and it seems that the people of lower standards are taking advantage of it. From what I read, it seems that this country has been through a lot of tough times and it doesn’t seem to be getting any easier. Jeltoe, a village with a few dozen homes, has been split in two by the conflict in east Ukraine, which has raged for a year and cost more than 8,000 lives (Vitkine, 2015). The northern half belongs to the Luhansk oblast (region) in Ukraine, the other half to the breakaway Luhansk People’s Republic (Vitkine, 2015). Peace within a country can allow a country to grow and evolve into something better, but in the Ukraine, that doesn’t seem possible. War seems to destroy countries and sometimes they don’t rebound from the destruction. For example, Germany took a long time to recover from World War II and the damage from World War I didn’t help. Both are extreme differences from one another. One can either build up a country and the other can tear it down. Foreign aid can come from any other country trying to help, but if the country is at war and foreign countries are being threatened, then their help may be limited. An example of how foreign aid has come to Ukraine is when the United States Congress approved aid of 1 Billion for Ukraine back in 2014. This bill is a first step toward supporting the Ukrainians and our Central and Eastern European partners, and imposing truly significant costs on Moscow,” the House majority leader, Representative Eric Cantor of Virginia, said in a floor speech (Weisman & Joachim, 2014). Aid like this can do so much good for the country and show the world that America does care. Let’s fast forward a year, and things have changed. The second example comes from a month or so ago. The leaders of the separatist Luhansk People's Republic have expelled most foreign humanitarian organizations from eastern Ukraine (Jazeera, 2015). These two examples show how different time periods can change the outcome of a foreign decision within the country. When they were at peace, they’ll take help, but once there is wartime, no one can go near the country.
Analyze the specific actions that the leadership of the selected country has taken, through the use of its foreign aid from donor nations and international lending institutions, to relieve the severe problems caused by warfare. The president of Ukraine is thrilled to have the foreign support that he has received thus far, and he actually wants more. The United States continues to try and help, but there are other countries that also need foreign support. Back in 2014, he asked for even more support from the United States. Addressing a joint meeting of the U.S. Congress last week, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko asked for military aid and a special security status for his country (Cocoli, 2014). Poroshenko said his army needed more military equipment - both non-lethal and lethal (Cocoli, 2014). Petro continues to ask for support to help his country progress into the nation everyone is hoping they can become. There is only so much aid that the country can receive, but he is still hoping for more, even though, now the support may be limited because of the rebels. From the aid that the country has received, Petro has used it on developing the country and medical use. Some of the finances have been used to help the country against war and violence to the country itself. By 2016, Ukraine is expected to receive another 5 million in foreign aid from the United States. The U.S. believes that this country can be as healthy and good as their leader believes. International and local banks active in Ukraine threw their weight behind the country’s financial sector reforms at a meeting of the Vienna Ukraine Financial Forum in Brussels on Friday (Media Relations, 2014). The international lending institutions are completely behind what Ukraine is trying to do, and are willing to try and support them as long as they need to. Petro and the rest of Ukraine are pleased to have support from more than one country. They seem to have the support of other countries and for them to reach the goals that they have for themselves, it’s nice to have that support.
Discuss whether or not the extension of foreign aid has successfully reduced poverty and the incidence of warfare in the selected country. Support your response with examples.

References
Cocoli, I. (2014 September, 23). Ukraine's Poroshenko Secures Less US Aid Than Hoped.
Retrieved November 4, 2015, from Voice of America Web Site: http://www.voanews.com/content/ukraine-poroshenko-secures-less-us-aid-than-hoped/2459863.html
Jazeera, A. (2015, September, 27). Ban on foreign aid agencies by Ukraine's rebels. Retrieved
November 4, 2015, from Inside Story Web Site: http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/insidestory/2015/09/ban-foreign-aid-agencies-ukraine-rebels-150926184754844.html
Media Relations, (2014, November, 17). Banks Firmly Behind Ukraine Financial Sector Reform
Program at Vienna Initiative Forum. Retrieved November 4, 2015, from International Monetary Fund Web Site: https://www.imf.org/external/np/sec/pr/2014/pr14522.htm
Peterson, N. (2015, July, 2). In Ukraine, War and Peace Live Side By Side. Retrieved November
2, 2015, from The Daily Signal Web Site: http://dailysignal.com/2015/07/02/in-ukraine-war-and-peace-live-side-by-side/
Vitkine, B. (2015, November, 3). Smugglers profit from Ukraine’s dirty war. Retrieved
November 3, 2015, from The Guardian Web Site: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/03/ukraine-smuggling-blockade-luhansk-separatists
Weisman, J. & Joachim, D.S. (2014, March, 27). Congress Approves Aid of $1 Billion for
Ukraine. Retrieved November 4, 2015, from The New York Times Web Site: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/world/europe/senate-approves-1-billion-in-aid-for-ukraine.html?_r=0

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