Free Essay

Social Facilitation and Its Influence on Food Intake

In: People

Submitted By summerA
Words 1089
Pages 5
Social Facilitation and its influence on food intake

Social facilitation has shown to bee an attribute to the aspect that some people have a higher susceptible level to social influence; an individuals factors can make him/her more attentive of evaluation. This can have an effect on an individuals presence in front of observers, where the individual can be more greatly affected in presence of others. Esma is an individual of normal body weight who attends a social dinner consisting 12 other people, whereas two of whom she is familiar with. Considering this, I will firstly proceed to argue if social facilitation influences the amount of food intake as in Esmas situation, and secondly, evaluate the correlation if Esma has a low trait of empathy.

There has been shown to be three distinct effects on peoples behavior when consuming food among other people. The first one indicates that people usually eat more, when eating in a group (Herman et al, 2003). Research show that individuals eat up to 50% more while eating with others, than eating alone (De Castro & De Castro, 1989). There has also been shown that there is a significant correlation between social facilitation and meal duration (Bell & Pillner, 2003).However, another theory states that individuals have a tendency of mirroring the eating behaviors when eating in presence of other individuals who either eat a lot or little. Findings showed that individuals consume more when eating with individuals with a high consumption level than with individuals with a low consumption level (Howland et al, 2012).The third one is the theory of impression management. This effect is in social psychology best described as a unconscious or conscious goal directed attempt for individuals to shape other peoples perception about the individual. The impression management implies that when eating in the presence of others, who the individual perceive to be evaluating or obersving them, they tend to eat less than while eating alone. Leary and Kowalski explains that individuals have the need to control the impression others have of them (Leary & Kowalski, 1990).

To fully understand the reason why the food intake would increase or decrease one has to evaluate the factors that influence the behavior. Hetherington and his colleges found that one significant influence on human eating behavior is by situational factors; from the presence of others to the availability and palpability of foods (Hetherington et al, 2006). One explanation states that the effect is ’time extension’. A meal companied by others tend to take longer because of verbal interactions, by that increasing exposure to the convenience to eat and food cues. This would indicate that Esma would eat less, since she do not know many of the people to have verbal interactions with. Another factor might proceed by ’producing disinhibit on’. The individual would release behavior from inhibition, if the people presence relaxes the individual. By observing someone else’s consumption, one would discard the constraints on intake, that otherwise would be the limit of the amount consumed. This notion would predict that the release of restraints on intake is an effect depending on the level of calmness with social meals. This indicates that the relaxation would be greater if better known the companions, hence the increased food intake (De Castro, 1997). This would indicate that in Esmas situation, she would most probably eat less, where she is only familiar with two of the twelve people she was dining with.

However, the situation would differ if Esma had low levels of trait empathy. Trait empathy is describes as; the individuals reaction to observed experiences of others. Empathy is seen as a trait, by which individuals have different levels of empathy brought to a situation, depending on the situation (Davis, 1983). A study done by Robinson show that empathy is associated with the mirroring of consumption (Robinson et al, 2011). This indicates that if Esma has low levels of trait empathy, she would not mirror her companions consumption. The mirror . It also indicates that the low trait of empathy would prevent her from the need to impress others. The consumption would be the same as if she ate alone.

It is easy to indicate the correlation between social facilitation and its influence on food intake. Esmas situation was of being of a normal body weight, eating in the presence of twelve others, where only two of whom she is familiar with. The food intake would increase according to the ’producing disinhibit on’ theory. The food intake would only increase if she known the companions that would lead to a greater relaxation. In Esmas case, she only knew two of the ten companions. According to the theory of impression management, the unfamiliar companions would activate Esmas need to impress. This is also seen as a factor that states that in Esmas situation, the food intake would decrease when eating in the presence of others. However, the situation would be opposite if Esma had low traits of empathy. This would lead to neither increased or decreased food intake. She would lack the need to both mirror the others or impress them.

(1)Herman, C.P., Roth, D.A., & Polivy, J. (2003). Effects of the presence of others on food intake: a normative interpretation. Psychological bulletin, 6, 873.

(2) De Castro, J.M., & De Castro, E. S. (1989). Spontaneous meal patterns of humans: influence of the presence of other people. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 50, 237-247.

(3)Bell, R., & Pliner, P.L., (2003). Time to eat: the relationship between the number of people eating and meal duration in three lunch settings. Appetite, 41, 215-218.

(4)Howland, M., Hunger, J., & Mann, T., (2012). Friends don’t let friends eat cookies: Effects of restrictive eating norms on consumption among friends. Appetite, 59, 505-9.

(5)Leary, M.R., & Kowalski, R. M., (1990). Impression management: A literature review and two-component model. Psychological bulletin, 107, 34-47.

(6) Hetherington, M.M., Anderson, S.A., Norton, N.M., & Newson, L., (2006) Situnational Effects on Meal Intake: A Comparison of Eating Alone and Eating with others, Physiology and Behavior, 88, 498-505.

(7) De Castro, J.M., (1997). Socio-cultural Determinants of Meal Size and Frequency, British Journal of Nutrition, 77, 39-55.

(8) Davis, M.H., (1983). Measuring Individual Differences in Empathy: Evidence of a Multidimensional Approach, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113-126.

(9)Robinson, E., Tobias, T., Shaw, L., Freeman, E. & Higgs, S., (2011). Social Matching of Food Intake and the need for Social Acceptance, Appetite, 3, 747-752

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Social Safety Nets in Bangladesh

...Macroeconomics Term Paper | | | [Social Safety Nets in Bangladesh] | This report looks at the overall structure of Social Security Net Plans in Bangladesh and their poverty impact at a macroeconomic level. The main objective of the study is to look into the overall impact of the existing safety net programs on poverty reduction in Bangladesh. The paper also looks into the impact of the existing safety net programs on reducing inequality. | Social Safety Nets In Bangladesh This report looks at the overall structure of Social Security Net Plans in Bangladesh and their poverty impact at a macroeconomic level. The main objective of the study is to look into the overall impact of the existing safety net programs on poverty reduction in Bangladesh. The paper also looks into the impact of the existing safety net programs on reducing inequality. Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary i 2. Introduction 1 2.1. The Poverty Situation of Bangladesh 1 2.2. Social Safety Nets 1 3. Social Safety Nets of Bangladesh 2 3.1. Structure of Social Safety Nets 4 3.2. Trends in Social Safety Nets 7 4. Social Safety Nets and Poverty 9 4.1. Impact Assessment of Social Safety Nets on the Poverty of Bangladesh 9 4.2. Inequality Effect of Social Safety Nets 9 5. Conclusion 10 6. Recommendations 10 7. Bibliography 12 1. Executive Summary Social safety net is a measure taken by the......

Words: 5360 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Innformation and Knowledge Management

...____________________________________________________________________ PROGRAMME HANDBOOK ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ JANUARY 2016 INTAKE ____________________________________________________________________ Copyright© 2016 THE MANAGEMENT COLLEGE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA All rights reserved, no part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, including photocopying machines, without the written permission of the publisher 1 MANCOSA: POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. WELCOME 1.1 MESSAGE FROM THE PRINCIPAL 1.2 MESSAGE FROM THE OFFICE OF THE DEAN 3 4 INTRODUCTION TO MANCOSA 2.1 BRIEF HISTORY OF MANCOSA 2.2 PROGRAMME OFFERINGS 2.3 ACADEMIC MANAGEMENT 4 5 5 3. THE MANCOSA VISION 6 4. THE MANCOSA MISSION 6 5. POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME STRUCTURE 5.1 OVERALL PROGRAMME OBJECTIVES 5.2 PROGRAMME FOCUS 5.3 MODULE DESCRIPTIONS 2. 6. PROGRAMME ADMINISTRATION 6.1 PROGRAMME MANAGEMENT 6.2 FINANCE 6.2.1 FEE PAYMENT 6.2.2 PAYMENT OF FEES AND OTHER DUES 6.2.3 PAYMENT PLANS 6.2.4 ADDITIONAL FEES/CHARGES 6.2.5 REGISTRATION SPECIFIC/INCOMPLETE......

Words: 24199 - Pages: 97

Premium Essay

Strategic Management

...____________________________________________________________________ PROGRAMME HANDBOOK ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL DEGREE ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ JANUARY 2016 INTAKE ____________________________________________________________________ Copyright© 2016 THE MANAGEMENT COLLEGE OF SOUTHERN AFRICA All rights reserved, no part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, including photocopying machines, without the written permission of the publisher MANCOSA: MBA (GENERAL) STAGE 1 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. WELCOME 1.1 MESSAGE FROM THE PRINCIPAL 1.2 MESSAGE FROM THE OFFICE OF THE DEAN 3 4 INTRODUCTION TO MANCOSA 2.1 BRIEF HISTORY OF MANCOSA 2.2 PROGRAMME OFFERINGS 2.3 ACADEMIC MANAGEMENT 4 5 5 3. THE MANCOSA VISION 6 4. THE MANCOSA MISSION 6 5. MBA PROGRAMME STRUCTURE 5.1 OVERALL PROGRAMME OBJECTIVES 5.2 PROGRAMME FOCUS 5.3 MODULE DESCRIPTIONS 2. 6. PROGRAMME ADMINISTRATION 6.1 PROGRAMME MANAGEMENT 6.2 FINANCE 6.2.1 FEE PAYMENT 6.2.2 PAYMENT OF FEES AND OTHER DUES 6.2.3 PAYMENT PLANS 6.2.4 ADDITIONAL FEES/CHARGES 6.2.5 REGISTRATION SPECIFIC/INCOMPLETE MODULES 6.2.6 CANCELLATION OF REGISTRATION/FEE LIABILITY 6.2.7 MISCELLANEOUS COSTS 6.2.8 PAYMENTS 6.2.9 ACCOUNT DETAILS 6.2.10 FOREIGN......

Words: 20049 - Pages: 81

Free Essay

Digital Bangladesh

...Final Draft PERSPECTIVE PLAN OF BANGLADESH 2010-2021 ____________________________ MAKING VISION 2021 A REALITY General Economics Division Planning Commission Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh April 2012 Contents ABBREVIATIONS ...............................................................................................................................v PREAMBLE of the Perspective Plan (2010-2021) ............................................................................ 1 I. ............................................................................................................... Context of the Perspective Plan .................................................................................................................................................................. 1 II. .......................................................................................... Current state and Development Perspective .................................................................................................................................................................. 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................... 2 CHAPTER 1: VISION FOR A PROSPEROUS FUTURE........................................................................ 10 1.1 The Vision ..........................................................................................................

Words: 49012 - Pages: 197

Premium Essay

Weaning Messages

...Abstract In 2003 the Government’s recommendations for the introduction of solid food to babies changed from four months to six months. Many parents continue to introduce solid food earlier than six months despite being aware of the recommendations. Delivering key messages about weaning has always been a part of the health visitors role. However, no formal, evidence based weaning intervention is currently being promoted to health visitors and advice continues to be communicated at the discretion of individual practitioners. Very little research exists on this topic, much emphasis has been placed on encouraging breast feeding as the main focus infant nutrition literature. Yet childhood obesity is on the rise and establishing healthy eating habits as a baby could pave the way for healthy eating habits later in life. This paper looks at the ways professionals communicate general messages about weaning and attempts to provide some clarity and guidance for health visitors about a humanistic intervention to educate parents about the benefits of waiting till six months, rather than using ‘scare tactics’ as to what could happen if they wean earlier. It is hoped that not only will this paper provide guidance about best practice, it will also highlight the importance of the subject and the pressing need for urgent research on the specific topic of delivering weaning advice. Table of Contents ......

Words: 11681 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay

Nursing Critical Essay

...WORD COUNT 4399 The assignment will discuss a critical incident from a nursing management perspective, being an admission assessment experienced during placement. It is not a care study. There will be an overview of the nurse-managers responsibilities during the admission assessment and attention drawn to local and government policy. Particular consideration is given to risk assessment, Essence of Care (DoH 2001) in respect of the Waterlow Pressure Damage Assessment (1985), pressure sores, nutritional screening and delegation. Other issues considered will be communication, partnership working, the therapeutic relationship, and the nurse as an agent of change. Findings will be supported by literature. Identifying factors have been changed to respect patient confidentiality. Mary had no previous psychiatric history. She was eighty-four and lived in residential accommodation. She had two adult daughters who were unable to attend Mary’s admission. Prior to admission Mary’s behaviour had changed over several weeks and she had been refusing to get out of bed during the day. During admission she showed occasional signs of confusion but was able to give consent. Physically, Mary was in a wheelchair, had a history of falls, pressure damage, skin flaps. and needed full assistance with mobility. My mentor facilitated her admission assessment. I observed this in preparation of undertaking future ones myself whilst under supervision. From a management perspective my mentor who was......

Words: 5656 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Baner

...AS/A Level GCE GCE Physical Education OCR Advanced Subsidiary GCE in Physical Education H154 OCR Advanced GCE in Physical Education H554 version 2 – February 2008 Vertical black lines indicate a significant change to the previous printed version. © OCR 2008 QAN 500/2591/0 QAN 500/2587/9 Contents 1 About these Qualifications 4 1.1 6 The Four-Unit Advanced GCE 6 1.3 Qualification Titles and Levels 6 1.4 Aims 7 1.5 2 The Two-Unit AS 1.2 Prior Learning/Attainment 8 9 2.1 AS Units 9 2.2 3 Summary of Content A2 Units 10 12 3.1 AS Unit G451: An introduction to Physical Education 12 3.2 AS Unit G452: Acquiring, developing and evaluating practical skills in Physical Education 24 3.3 A2 Unit G453: Principles and concepts across different areas of Physical Education 31 3.4 4 Unit Content A2 Unit G454: The improvement of effective performance and the critical evaluation of practical activities in Physical Education 55 62 4.1 AS GCE Scheme of Assessment 62 4.2 Advanced GCE Scheme of Assessment 63 4.3 Unit Order 64 4.4 Unit Options (at AS/A2) 64 4.5 Synoptic Assessment (A Level GCE) 64 4.6 Assessment Availability 64 4.7 Assessment Objectives 65 4.8 5 Schemes of Assessment Quality of Written Communication 66 Technical Information 67 5.1 Making Unit......

Words: 22885 - Pages: 92

Premium Essay

Group Interaction Articles

...GROUP INTERACTION JOURNAL ARTICLES Compiled by Lawrence R. Frey University of Colorado at Boulder Aamodt, M. G., & Kimbrough, W. W. (1982). Effects of group heterogeneity on quality of task solutions. Psychological Review, 50, 171-174. Abbey, D. S. (1982). Conflict in unstructured groups: An explanation from control-theory. Psychological Reports, 51, 177-178. Abele, A. E. (2003). The dynamics of masculine-agentic and feminine-communal traits: Findings from a prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 768-776. Abele, A., Gendolla, G. H. E., & Petzold, P. (1998). Positive mood and in-group—out-group differentiation in a minimal group setting. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 1343-1357. Aberson, C. L., Healy, M., & Romero, V. (2000). Ingroup bias and self-esteem: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 157-173. Abougendia, M., Joyce, A. S., Piper, W. E., & Ogrodniczuk, J. S. (2004). Alliance as a mediator of expectancy effects in short-term group psychotherapy. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 8, 3-12. Abraham, A. (1973a). Group tensions as measured by configurations of different self and transself aspects. Group Process, 5, 71-89. Abraham, A. (1973b). A model for exploring intra and interindividual processes in groups. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 23, 3-22. Abraham, A. (1974-1975). Processes in groups. Bulletin de Psychogie, 28, 746-758. Abraham, A., Geffroy, Y., &......

Words: 146784 - Pages: 588

Premium Essay

Review of Marintime Transport 2014

...UNCTAD Review of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014 For further information on UNCTAD’s work on trade logistics, please visit: http://unctad.org/ttl and for the Review of Maritime Transport 2014: http://unctad.org/rmt E-mail: rmt@unctad.org Layout and printed at United Nations, Geneva 1418912 (E)–November 2014–2,062 UNCTADRMT2014 United Nations publication Sales No. E.14.II.D.5 UNITED NATIONS ISBN 978-92-1-112878-9 Photo credit : © Jan Hoffmann To read more and to subscribe to the UNCTAD Transport Newsletter, please visit: http://unctad.org/transportnews U n i t e d n at i o n s C o n f e r e n C e o n t r a d e a n d d e v e l o p m e n t Review of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014 U n i t e d n at i o n s C o n f e r e n C e o n t r a d e a n d d e v e l o p m e n t Review of MaRitiMe tRanspoRt 2014 New York and Geneva, 2014 REVIEW OF MARITIME TRANSPORT 2014 ii NOTE The Review of Maritime Transport is a recurrent publication prepared by the UNCTAD secretariat since 1968 with the aim of fostering the transparency of maritime markets and analysing relevant developments. Any factual or editorial corrections that may prove necessary, based on comments made by Governments, will be reflected in a corrigendum to be issued subsequently. * ** Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Use of such a symbol indicates a reference to a United Nations document. * ** The......

Words: 47885 - Pages: 192

Premium Essay

Associate Degree Versus Bacholar Degree for Nursing Students

...NCLEX-RN® DETAILED TEST PLAN 2010 NCLEX-RN Detailed Test Plan ® Effective | April 2010 Item Writer/Item Reviewer/Nurse Educator Version Mission Statement The National Council of State Boards of Nursing, composed of member boards, provides leadership to advance regulatory excellence for public protection. Purpose and Functions The purpose of the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN ) is to provide an organization through which boards of nursing act and counsel together on matters of common interest and concern affecting the public health, safety and welfare, including the development of licensing examinations in nursing. ® The major functions of NCSBN include developing the NCLEX-RN and NCLEX-PN examinations, performing policy analysis and promoting uniformity in relationship to the regulation of nursing practice, disseminating data related to NCSBN’s purpose and serving as a forum for information exchange for NCSBN members. ® ® Copyright© 2010 National Council of State Boards of Nursing, Inc. (NCSBN) All rights reserved. NCSBN , NCLEX , NCLEX-RN and NCLEX-PN are registered trademarks of NCSBN and this document may not be used, reproduced or disseminated to any third party without written permission from NCSBN. ® ® ® ® Permission is granted to boards of nursing to use or reproduce all or parts of this document for licensure related purposes only. Nonprofit education programs have permission to use or reproduce all or parts of this......

Words: 17778 - Pages: 72

Free Essay

Ethics

...U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS 78234 NURSING FUNDAMENTALS I SUBCOURSE MD0905 EDITION 100 TABLE OF CONTENTS Lesson Paragraphs INTRODUCTION UNIVERSAL BODY SUBSTANCE PRECAUTIONS 1 2 PATIENT RELATIONS Section I. Basic Human Needs and Principles of Health Section II. Communication Skills Section III. Reaction to Stress and Hospitalization Section IV. Transcultural Factors Influencing Nursing Care Exercises THE ADULT PATIENT CARE UNIT Exercises 3 BODY MECHANICS Section I. Techniques of Body Mechanics Section II. Positioning and Ambulating the Adult Patient Exercises ACTIVE AND PASSIVE RANGE OF MOTION EXERCISES Exercises 2-1--2-7 ADVANCED PRINCIPLES OF PATIENT HYGIENE Exercises 4 1-1--1-9 1-10--1-20 1-21--1-26 1-27--1-31 5 6 ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND THE PRACTICAL NURSE Exercises MD0905 i 3-1--3-15 . . 4-1--4-7 4-8--4-21 5-1--5-9 6-1--6-5 CORRESPONDENCE COURSE OF THE U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL SUBCOURSE MED905 NURSING FUNDAMENTALS I INTRODUCTION Never before has there been a greater need for nurses. Never before has health care delivery challenged the nurse's commitment, knowledge, or technical competence more. Issues influencing current health-care delivery focus on promoting wellness, preventing illness, and rehabilitation to increase the patient's independence. This subcourse will present theory and concepts the person...

Words: 27653 - Pages: 111

Free Essay

Size Task

...Psychophysiology, 43 (2006), 207–215. Blackwell Publishing Inc. Printed in the USA. Copyright r 2006 Society for Psychophysiological Research DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2006.00392.x When does size not matter? Effects of stimulus size on affective modulation ANDREA DE CESAREI AND MAURIZIO CODISPOTI Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy Abstract Motivationally relevant stimuli have been shown to receive prioritized processing compared to neutral stimuli at distinct processing stages. This effect has been related to the evolutionary importance of rapidly detecting dangers and potential rewards and has been shown to be modulated by the distance between an organism and a faced stimulus. Similarly, recent studies showed degrees of emotional modulation of autonomic responses and subjective arousal ratings depending on stimulus size. In the present study, affective modulation of pictures presented in different sizes was investigated by measuring event-related potentials during a two-choice categorization task. Results showed significant emotional modulation across all sizes at both earlier and later stages of processing. Moreover, affective modulation of earlier processes was reduced in smaller compared to larger sizes, whereas no changes in affective modulation were observed at later stages. Descriptors: Emotion, Attention, Categorization, Stimulus size, ERPs Although objects may appear under very different viewing conditions (e.g., visual angle,...

Words: 8356 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Case Studies from the Phillippines

...Inclusive Business Models leveraging a partnership ecosystem at the nexus of poverty and environment Markus Dietrich,Director, ASEI Sahba Sobhani, Programme Advisor Private Sector BPPS, UNDPASEI Project Team: Mary Grace Santos, Lead Consultant Lorenzo Cordova, Jr., Environmental Impact Specialist Marcos Perez, Jr. Social Impact Specialist Markus Dietrich,Director, ASEI Sahba Sobhani, Programme Advisor Private Sector BPPS, UNDPASEI Project Team: Mary Grace Santos, Lead Consultant Lorenzo Cordova, Jr., Environmental Impact Specialist Marcos Perez, Jr. Social Impact Specialist Contract No. BPPS/2014/IC/0012 Project Name: Scaling Inclusive Business Models leveraging a partnership ecosystem at the nexus of poverty and environment 1st phase Report Developing an inclusive and green eco-system framework 2nd phase Report Initial case studies and eco-system in the Philippines 3rd phase Report Final Draft Authors Markus Dietrich, Director, ASEI Sahba Sobhani - Programme Advisor Private Sector BPPS, UNDP ASEI Project Team: Mary Grace Santos, Lead Consultant Lorenzo Cordova, Jr., Environmental Impact Specialist Marcos Perez, Jr. Social Impact Specialist Version 1: 21 March 2015 Version 2: 13 April 2015 Version 3: 02 June 2015 Version 4: 30 July 2015 Version 5: 25 August 2015 Content 1 Introduction to inclusive and green growth policy approaches 5 2 Business Ecosystems 6 3 Inclusive Business Ecosystems 7 4 Environmental......

Words: 45514 - Pages: 183

Premium Essay

Organizational Behavior

...UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Delta Publishing Company 1 Copyright © 2006 by DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY P.O. Box 5332, Los Alamitos, CA 90721-5332 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Organizational Behavior CHAPTER 2 Managing People and Organizations CHAPTER 3 Motivation CHAPTER 4 Work-Related Attitudes CHAPTER 5 Organizational Communication and Power CHAPTER 6 Groups and Teams in Organizations CHAPTER 7 Leadership CHAPTER 8 Prosocial Behavior, Cooperation Conflict, and Stress CHAPTER 9 Making Decisions in Organizations CHAPTER 10 Culture, Creativity, and Innovation CHAPTER 11 Designing Effective Organizations CHAPTER 12 Managing Organizational Change and Development GLOSSARY 3 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter you will be able to: • Define organizational behavior. • Trace the historical roots of organizational behavior. • Discuss the emergence of contemporary organizational behavior, including its precursors, the Hawthorne studies, and the human relations movement. • Describe contemporary organizational behavior—its characteristics, concepts, and importance. • Identify and discuss contextual perspectives on organizational behavior. What is an organization? An organization is defined as a collection of people......

Words: 93481 - Pages: 374

Premium Essay

Management

...UNDERSTANDING AND MANAGING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR Delta Publishing Company 1 Copyright © 2006 by DELTA PUBLISHING COMPANY P.O. Box 5332, Los Alamitos, CA 90721-5332 All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 An Introduction to Organizational Behavior CHAPTER 2 Managing People and Organizations CHAPTER 3 Motivation CHAPTER 4 Work-Related Attitudes CHAPTER 5 Organizational Communication and Power CHAPTER 6 Groups and Teams in Organizations CHAPTER 7 Leadership CHAPTER 8 Prosocial Behavior, Cooperation Conflict, and Stress CHAPTER 9 Making Decisions in Organizations CHAPTER 10 Culture, Creativity, and Innovation CHAPTER 11 Designing Effective Organizations CHAPTER 12 Managing Organizational Change and Development GLOSSARY 3 CHAPTER 1 AN INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter you will be able to: • Define organizational behavior. • Trace the historical roots of organizational behavior. • Discuss the emergence of contemporary organizational behavior, including its precursors, the Hawthorne studies, and the human relations movement. • Describe contemporary organizational behavior—its characteristics, concepts, and importance. • Identify and discuss contextual perspectives on organizational behavior. What is an organization? An organization is defined as a collection of people......

Words: 93481 - Pages: 374