Premium Essay

Social Factors Affecting Healthh

In: Social Issues

Submitted By troymagda
Words 2483
Pages 10
Name:
Course:
Lecturer: Date:

The social determinants of health are the living and the working conditions which influence people’s health. Therefore our health is also affected in part by the social and economic opportunities available to us. Discussed below are the identified social factors affecting health in our society. Stressful conditions making people to be anxious and worried damage ones health. Stressful circumstances make it hard to engage in physical activities or even practicing health eating habits since the body energy is focused on dealing with day to day challenges (Brunner & Marmot, 2006). Stress also leads to prolonged biological reactions which strains the physical body. Therefore, continuous stressing circumstances will result to weakening of the resistance to diseases of the body and interferes with the functioning of the hormonal and metabolic systems. According to Brunner & Marmot (2006), the improvement of health may only be achieved if living conditions are improved and therefore, focus must be placed on solving the source of the problems instead of dealing with the underlying symptoms.
Another social factor affecting health is the distribution of income. This is because it is the level of incomes which shapes how people live. Low incomes results to social and material deprivation as the basic needs are a challenge to meet for the low income earners (Raphael, 2010). Food, clothing and shelter are the prerequisites of health and for the people with low incomes it results to social exclusion which later affects one’s health. People living in deprived conditions experience high death rates and the suicide levels are high too. Additionally, studies show that adult-onset diabetes and heart attacks are far more common among low income earners (Jones, 2000).
Education is also an important social determinant of health since people…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Factors Affecting

...educational outcomes. Another important dimension, however, is the factors that may influence educational outcomes within particular SES bands. This paper presents data on the educational performance of children from financially disadvantaged backgrounds and examines its variation as affected by traditional measures of SES as well as by a range of other family, individual and contextual factors. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The purpose of this study is to know the problems encountered by the Grade Seven students of Dona Aurora National High School and the effects of these problems on their academic performance in school. More specifically, the investigation seeks to answer the following questions: 1. Do the following problem areas affect the academic performance of the students? a. Family b. Academics c. Study habits d. Social relationship e. Finance f. Health 2. How do these areas rank according to the number of frequencies of the specific problems under each area as indicated or expressed by the students? 3. Do these problems affect the grades of the students? HYPOTHESES The following hypotheses will serve as guides in the study and therefore should be tested: 1. Problems in different areas can affect the academic performance of the students. a. Family problems affect the academic performance of the student. b. Academics problems affect the academic performance of the student. c. Social relationship problems affect the academic performance......

Words: 2573 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Factors Affecting

... advanced knowledge in the city. [pic] Former residents who used to depend on Batil for their living now enjoy prosperous life abroad. B. Discussing the findings with other stakeholders for possible futute actions. Before the end of April, several consultations were made for concerns on possible actions. 1. Public Forum. There were conferences held and raising the concerns with other government officials. [pic] Raising concerns on Migration in the National Seminars attended [pic] Consultations with THE VERDENIANS core group members [pic] Discussing issues with the Verdenians abroad through social networking sites...

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Demand of Smartphone

...Inquire, Inspire and Innovate BRM 2044 RESEARCH METHODS FOR BUSINESS The Factors Affecting the Purchase Intention of the Consumers toward Smartphone. TRIMESTER 2, 2012/2013 Lecturer: Wendy Teoh Ming Yen Lecture section | BM 202 | | Student’s Name | Student’s ID | Student’s Major | Signature | (Group Leader)Member 1: | THEO WAI KIAN | 1102700074 | BANKING AND FINANCE | | Member 2: | MAH JIA YEE | 1102701193 | BANKING AND FINANCE | | Member 3: | CHEN ZI XIANG | 1111112600 | HUMAN RESOURCE | | Member 4: | TAY KHENG GUAN | 1101106830 | HUMAN RESOURCE | | Table of Contents Index Page Cover Page 1 Contents 2-3 Chapters 1: Introduction 4-11 1.1 Introduction 4-6 1.2 Background of the research and research question 6-7 1.3 Research objectives 8 1.4 Significance and justification of the study 8-9 1.5 Research scope 9 1.6 Definition of the key terms 10 1.7 Organizational of Research 11 Chapters 2: Literature Review 12-19 2.1 Introduction 12 2.2 The theory 12-13 2.3 Dependent variable 13-15 2.3.1 Purchase intention of smartphone 14-15 2.4 Independent variables 15-19 2.4.1 Product features 15-16 2.4.2 Price 16-17 2.4.3 Brand name 17-18 2.4.4 Social influences 18-19 2.5 Conclusion 19 Chapters 3: Research Methodology 20-29 3.1 Development of Research framework and hypotheses 20-22 3.1.1 Social influences 21 3.1.2 Product features 21 3.1.3 Brand names 22 3.1.4 Price 22 3.2......

Words: 12112 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting College

...Factors Affecting College Students’ Motivation A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences Major in Psychology By Imelda Tolentino Josan Alejandra Valle Charize Faith Laciste Mirriam Calimlim Arellano University-Pasig September, 2013 Chapter I Introduction Studying is said to be the primary key to achieve academic excellence, but what factors really driven students to study? Others might say that fears motivate students while others might claim that you should give them tough classes and they will pull through. Some teaching faculty would say that students are motivated because of their personal goals in life. Yes, you could ask everyone but they would just answer in different opinions. The disagreement about the sources of student motivation makes the question of academic motivation sound a great deal like that of workplace motivation. Management theory abounds with contradictory theories about what makes employees work. Maslow (1968) argued that needs drive behaviour, and that workplace (and, presumably, academic) motivation is determined by the level of the needs hierarchy at which the individual is operating. McClelland (1966) claimed instead that motivation is driven by an innate need to achieve, and Herzberg (1959) proposed that the content of the jobs themselves was the source of the elusive employee motivation. The purpose of this research was to align explanations for student motivation with classical......

Words: 3514 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Social Factors Affecting Business in South Korea

...Social Factors Affecting Businesses in South Korea Social factors refer to the influences in a group of people’s lives or a nation at large that cause them to behave in a certain way or adapt a certain system of living. South Korea is affected by its distinct and homogenous belief system that has created a sense of pride in its people and this consequently influences every avenue of their lives. It is also known for its s technological advancements and innovations which have been mashed up with the culture but this still makes it a good market for the DUBAL Company. The first factor that the company will face is the South Korean culture that embraces a culture of gift giving in order to create trust and these are given within the first meeting. It is very important that the gift is received with both hands and that the host gives his gift first which is met by a gift of equal value in order to save face (Communicaid Group Ltd., 2006). The DUBAL Company will thus have to take such cultural practices into serious consideration as the S.Koreans take personal relationships very seriously. The second factor to be considered is that South Koreans expect contracts to be signed at the beginning and not at the end of negotiations unlike with other cultures though they expect the terms of the contracts to remain flexible enough. The DUBAL Company will thus have to make room for such practices as the S.Koreans do not take the contract to be more important than the creation of good...

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Social-Cultural and Economic Factors Affecting the Vulnerability of Women to Hiv/Aids

...KENYA METHODIST UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT AND MEDICAL EDUCATION COURSE: BSC. HEALTH SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT UNIT: HCSI 225-HIV/AIDS * Cultural, social and economic factors that increase women’s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. Introduction Women, especially in sub-Saharan Africa not only have the highest HIV-prevalence rates, compared to men, but also are greatly affected by the social and economic constraints that prevent them from evading high risk situations. Context-specific factors associated with women’s vulnerability to HIV infection include: Cultural Norms Cultural norms often place a high value on motherhood; attach a negative stigma to HIV-infected women, and view women and girls as primary caregivers. This places a significant burden on them. Other cultural practices such as widow inheritance and female genital mutilation (FGM) also increase women’s risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. Polygamy and early marriages are also very prevalent cultural practices in some societies in the world and most especially in Africa. These setups in most cases disadvantage the women and put them at greater risk of contracting the virus and disease. Poverty Poverty sometimes prompts women to engage in risky behavior, such as exchanging sex for gifts, money or food. As a result, women are more vulnerable to contracting the virus because they are unable to negotiate safe sex. This behavior is commonly seen among transport routes as well as refugee camps,......

Words: 1752 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Academic Performance

...THERESITA POBLETE Department of Community Development College of Public Affairs Mindanao State University In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course CD 160 (Techniques and Methods of Social Investigation) Second Semester, 2013- 2014 By COSARY B. PANGILAMUN March 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE The students’ intellectual capacity and improvement varies from their Academic Performance is said to be one of the crucial areas of the learner’s life since it serves as an output of what the student learned and a reflection of what kind of students they are. Some learners may not be bothered whether they progress or not, however, in the flip of the other side, their parents are left with great distress if their children do not perform well. But, judgments of the students’ academic performance can’t be measured hundred percent for there are multiple factors that arise when it comes to studies. These facets need or should be considered for a better understanding of the students’ performances in school. Researchers have found out that determinant “of learners’ performance has been the subject of ongoing debate among educators, academic and policy makers. Various factors affect students in many ways under different circumstances. These factors take in socio-economic, psychological, emotional, and environmental aspects. Different people come from varied backgrounds- not everyone can afford school fees, for example, and therefore......

Words: 2061 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Housing Affordability

...Title : Factors Affecting Affordability in Housing Ownership Objective : To determine factors affecting affordability in housing ownership by middle income household between two sampled capital cities demographic; Kota Bharu Kelantan and Shah Alam, Selangor : To investigate what is the affordability in housing ownership with respect to occupational background and demographic area Problem Statement According to Maslow Theory of Needs, owning a decent house comes under psychological needs for human for their shelter. Housing has two important dimensions; as shelter and as real estate, and its social importance as spatial locus of personal and familial life where access to social and economic structural opportunities begins, and where privacy and security are located (Bratt et. al., 2006; Thalmann, 2003). As Government in developed and developing countries are focusing more towards lower income households needs, among others housing issues, issues of housing ownership by middle income households becomes more critical. Affordability issues may be differ by demographic location giving by the demand and supply of houses and population of the area. Paying attention to the concern of middle income households, leads the research to address two main issues. Firstly, what are the factors affecting affordability in housing ownership by middle income household. We have selected two sampled capital cities; Kota Bharu Kelantan and Shah Alam, Selangor to make the......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Failing Grades

...received an average lower than 3.25 and a grade of 5.00. The aim of the researchers is to determine the factors affecting the failing grades of the students here at Pangasinan State University, Sta. Maria. Furthermore, this study is made because the researchers want to know the deeper factors, factors that are not what they are expecting. After this study, they will be able to identify the factors and come up with possible solutions. This study will also be beneficial to the school itself. Statement of the Problem This research aims to identify the factors affecting the failing grades of students in Pangasinan State University, Sta. Maria. Specifically, it will seek answers to the following questions: 1. In what subject do students according to course, year, and sex fail most? 2. What are the factors affecting their failing grades on those subjects? 3. What plan of action may be proposed to avoid failing grades? Significance of the Study This study gives importance to the following: Students. They will be able to know their weaknesses and the factors affecting their failing grades, and be able to improve their performances by eliminating these factors. Parents. They will be able to understand their children, help them with their problems, and support them in their studies. Teachers. It will help the teachers understand their students and know the factors affecting their failing grades. They will be able to plan actions on how to help their students improve......

Words: 2089 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Math Students

...FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BACHELOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION MAJOR IN MATHEMATICS STUDENTS OF PANGASINAN STATE UNIVERSITY An Action Research Presented to the Teacher Education Department Pangasinan State University Sta. Maria Campus In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Subject Action Research in Mathematics AILENE P. CASTULO PRIMROSE E. PASCUA OCTOBER 2014 Table of Contents TITLE PAGE i ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ii TABLE OF CONTENTS iii LIST OF TABLES iv ABSTRACT v CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION Background of the Study 1 Statement of the Problem 4 Importance of the Study 5 Definition of Terms 6 CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Related Literature 7 Related Studies 8 CHAPTER III. METHODOLOGY Research Design 12 Population and Locale of the Study 13 Data Gathering Tools and Procedure 13 Statistical Treatment 14 CHAPTER IV. PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA Self 16 Friends 17 Family 19 Teacher 20 All Factors 21 CHAPTER V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Summary of Finding 22 Conclusions 23 Recommendation 24 BIBLIOGRAPHY 25 Survey Questionnaire 28 Letter of Request to Conduct 30 CURRICULUM VITAE 31 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 Self Factors 16 Table 2 Friends Factors 17 Table 3 Family Factors 18 Table 4 Teacher......

Words: 3449 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Marketing Stragety

...Running head: ASSIGNMENT 2: FACTORS AFFECTING MARKETING STRATEGY Assignment 2: Factors Affecting Marketing Strategy BUS 510 – Consumer Behavior February 23, 2014 Running head: ASSIGNMENT 2: FACTORS AFFECTING MARKETING STRATEGY Factors Affecting Marketing Strategy While at a local women’s retail store, came across an interesting leather necklace that caught my attention. As I moved closer to view the item, I was sure the accessory belonged to one of the popular designers and was quite expensive. Once I reached the shelf were the item was display; I saw the designer name “Heaven’s Creations”; an unknown product designer. The necklace was quite a show stopper, extraordinary looking and not to mention affordable. The off-brand’ designer’s line is unique because the pieces are all “one of a kind”--no replicas However, I was informed that the designer does design commission jewelry. I most say that if all future accessory ornaments of the unknown designer’s are as exquisite and show stopping as this leather necklace, the designer will not be off-brand for long. Jewelry, Apparel and Accessories products fall into the category of high involvement/emotions. These are products for which the buyer is prepared to spend considerable time and effort in searching. When marketing this jewelry line, I am going mimic existing campaigns as jewelry is a billion-dollar industry employing millions of people around the world, and costume jewelry has a large piece of this pie...

Words: 2277 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Factor Affecting

...have or not. SCOPE OF THE STUDY ? This Report will help to understand the consumer behaviour towards purchasing a new Washing Machine or Refrigerator. ? It also opens the various factor which can effect the purchase decision. ? This Report provides a frame of mind of people, what are the exceptions of consumer and up to how much level these expectation met. ? This Report will be helpful for Retailers and Companies so that they can understand the consumer behaviour and can satisfy the consumer on more better manner. ? To know whether they recommend to other or not. www.allprojectreports.com OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY ? To know race of celebrity in buying decisions. ? To know consumer behaviour while purchasing. ? To know what factor affect consumer behaviour. ? To know the consumer view regarding service/after sales service. ? To know various strategies used by companies to attract consumers ? To know the consumer preference. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY TYPE OF RESEARCH DESIGN The project will certain the drivers Consumer Behaviour and to find the factor which affect purchase of Washing Machine & Refrigerator. The Research divide into two parts : - ⊗ exploratory research to find the various drives of consumer behaviour ⊗ conclusive research to find the factor affecting the purchase. EXPLORATORY RESEARCH The universe define as comprising of people who had avail, purchase for Washing Machine & Refrigerator. Exploratory Research aimed at finding......

Words: 6303 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Quality of Life

...Factors affecting quality of life Factors that affect a person’s quality of life may be physical or emotional. While these factors are important for everyone, it is especially important that care workers ensure that certain factors are present for individuals in their care. These include: • Physical factors: exercise, diet, physical comfort, safety, hygiene, pain relief • Intellectual factors: stimulation, engaging in activities • Emotional factors: privacy, dignity, approval, psychological security, autonomy • Social factors: social contact, social support. Physical life quality factors These include: • Exercise • Diet • Physical comfort • Safety • Hygiene • Pain relief Physical comfort By physical comfort we mean the provision of a suitable environment which meets an individual’s needs, i.e not too hot, not too cold, comfortable beds/chairs, the right amount of stimulation, not too noisy. Ensuring physical comfort may also mean: • providing the care required to maintain comfort, such as allowing peace to sleep • having the correct height furniture • changing a baby’s nappy regularly to prevent nappy rash and so the baby is not uncomfortable • moving a bedridden individual regularly to prevent soreness. Diet All people need food to survive. The amount and types of food they eat can affect their quality of life, particularly if they......

Words: 1911 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting

...COPING MECHANISM Task-oriented / problem-focused coping Problem focused coping also referred to active coping involves controlling managing stress by directly altering situations Edward, 1999. It alters either the environment itself the environment interacts. This type reaction of coping is more stressor and it tends to be used by the people with high score on the big fire personality super factor conscientiousness Watson & Hubbar, 1996. Emotion-oriented / emotion-focused coping In contrast, emotion coping strategies involves the individual’s attempts to regulate emotional responses to, and decrease the effects of a stressful situation Edwards, 1999. This coping strategy can change a person’s emotional response to the stressor. This type of coping usually decreases arousal. People are likely to adopt emotion-focused coping itself and so they must alter their perception of, or responses to, the stressors. Studies with male participants have indicated that those perceiving less control over events are less likely to use problem-focused strategies involving direct actions and more likely to use emotion-focused strategies such as distraction and emotion support David&Sals, 1999. If he doesn’t think anything he does at work ultimately affects whether he gets did off, he is less likely to use active coping strategies. Another type of emotion-focused is venting. Penne baker, 1989 asked a group of college students to write for twenty (20) minutes, a day of for four......

Words: 1327 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Factors Affecting

...Entrepreneurship Development, Volume 3 issue 2: pp 27-42 November, 2011 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 1. To Analyze the Factors Affecting Growth of Micro-Enterprises in Kariobangi, Nairobi R.Gakure & G. Wario (JKUAT), K. Wanjohi, ADRA Kenya Management Published by: Journal of Human Resource and Entrepreneurship Development, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 3. Factors that Influence the Retail Customer on the Choice of a Bank: A Case of 4th Cohort Executive MBA Students of Moi University, R. Gakure & G. Wario (JKUAT), M. Muteru, (Moi University) Published by: Journal of Human Resource and Entrepreneurship Development, Volume 3 issue 1: pp 121-132 July, 2011 Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology 4. The Role of Human Resource Management Practices in Adoption of Competitive Strategies by Mobile Phone Service Providers in Kenya P. Kiriri, (USIU), G. Wario & M, Ngao (JKUAT) Published by: Management Digest Volume 6: pp 257-267. The Management University of Africa. 5. Retention Strategies for Health Care Practitioners in the Public Health Sector in Kenya G, Wario, A, Ondari, R, Gakure & K, Ngugi (JKUAT) Published by: Management Digest Volume 5: pp 375-388. The Management University of Africa, 6. Factors Influencing Use of Leasing Finance by Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya: A Case of SMEs in Nairobi’s Central Business......

Words: 2494 - Pages: 10