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Social Identity Theory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By arose124
Words 1408
Pages 6
Social identity theory is a theory which is intended to explain how people develop a sense of belonging and membership in particular groups, and how the workings of intergroup discrimination work. Social identity theory plays an important role in the study of social psychology. To some degree, everyone is influenced by social identity theory. Social Identity Theory tries to explain such intergroup discrimination in the 'real world' as well as in the circumstance of the minimal groups. The theory claims a process of social identification and positive self-esteem, “People can boost their self-esteem through their own personal achievements or through affiliation with successful groups” (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2008, 150). When a person is a part of a successful group, their”in-group”, it influences their beliefs and values because it makes them feel good about themselves because being a part of that group makes them successful as well, it makes them feel as if they belong somewhere in this group and are an important part of it which leads to higher self-esteem. People may fear their out-group’s because one may not like the fact that they do not belong to this certain group and having a feeling of not belonging may lower ones self-esteem. “When people feel threatened by their own mortality, they tend to seek greater affiliation with their in-groups and exhibit greater prejudice against out-group’s, in part to reaffirm their sense of place and purpose in the world.” ” (Kassin, Fein, & Markus, 2008, 151).
The first group I am a member of is the group of employees I am a part of at my job. I became a member of this group when I started working at the family business that is a shoe store owned by my parents. This group is important to me because it is a part of my daily life because it is where I work, but also because it is a family owned business and all of the...

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