Free Essay

Social Mobility

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jannaj312
Words 445
Pages 2
SOCIAL MOBILITY Since the ancient times, humans have been living in a society were in a social stratification is observed. Moreover, in a social stratification an equal opportunity for social mobility is given in each individual. Social Mobility pertains to the movement of a person from a social status to another social status. This movement can be either upward or downward, depending on whether people rise to higher status or fall to lower ones. Intergenerational mobility is one of the focuses of the study of sociologist. Intergenerational mobility is the upward or downward movement of the hierarchy by the family members from one generation to another. The amount of this movement – which occurs, for example, when a janitor’s son becomes a doctor, or a doctor’s child becomes a janitor- tells how rigidly inequality is structured into society. In other words, social mobility refers to the relative movement of an individual, family, or group, up or down the stratification system of the society. There are two types of social mobility; vertical mobility and horizontal mobility.

Types of Social Mobility
I. Vertical Mobility refers to downward or upward movement in social rank, which occurs when there is a major change in wealth, prestige or power. When a person is said to move upward, this means that there is an increase in level of wealth through job promotion, small-scale businesses that have prospered. This change is symbolized by setting up residence in an affluent neighborhood, buying a more expensive car, and developing expensive tastes in home furnishing. While when a person is said to move downward the social stratification, this means that the person is experiencing financial reverses. This is symbolized by a person change views with regard to material goods.

Subtypes of Vertical Mobility
1. Career mobility- change in person’s occupational status or position.
Example: Rising to be a president from a struggling office worker. A movie actress that became a waiter.
2. Generational Mobility- change in social position or strata between parents and children.

II. Horizontal Mobility refers to the change in position but does not affect a changed in social rank. For example, an employee of a company can be transferred to a different department but without a change in prestige, authority or salary.

STATUS TYPES
1. Ascribed Status is given by forced upon a person based on something biological. Like whom one is born, (one becomes King by being the eldest male heir of the royal family), one’s skin color (one is born black or white) or one’s sex (male or female).
2. Achieved Status is a position in a social stratification that is a caused of the action of the person.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Social Mobility

...The New World Encyclopedia defines social mobility as “the movement of the members of a particular society in terms of their social status, usually defined in terms of occupation and income (vertical mobility), or from one social group to another, not necessarily with concomitant change in social position(horizontal mobility)”. Generally social mobility looks at the level in which a person family or a group social status can change within the timeframe of a person life Social mobility can also relate the level to which an person family member move up and down the social group. A person or their family can move up or down the social groups based on their accomplishments and sometimes other reasons that may be out of their power. Some factors that may changes a person social mobility could a person educational background, a person income level, a person occupation or a person status within the society. An upward mobility indicates a person moving from one social class to a higher social class. A downward mobility indicates a person have lowered his or her living standards. As I begin to look over my family past, I can see a noticeable change that has occurred over the generations. I begin to realize my family’s journey overtime and how far we have come. My parents are now retired from their jobs that they have worked for many of years. My brother and I are still working; however we of us have realized that things have changed with time. The changes that we have......

Words: 573 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Social Mobility Paper

...Social Mobility Paper Lori Bair University of Phoenix Soc/100 Dr. Audrey Morrissette, PhD. July 27, 2010 Workshop #5 Social Mobility Social mobility refers to the degree to which an individual's family or group's social status can change throughout the course of their lives through a system of social hierarchy or stratification. Social mobility refers to the likelihood that a child will grow up into adulthood and attain a higher level of economic and social wellbeing than his/her family of origin (Little, D. 2009). The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the similarities and differences between myself, my parents and my grandparents in regard to various stratification variables such as: education, religion, income, occupation, area of residence, consumption patterns, and political participation. What caused the differences, have they changed or influenced my attitudes and behaviors. Last I will explain how these differences change my life from how it was when I was young. Similarities and Differences The similarities between my parents and me are obtaining our high school diploma, attended college, stable job, and always had income. The similarities between my grandparents and me are getting our high school diploma, attend church service, Republican Party and always had income. The differences between my parent and I are we don’t believe in the same......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Mobility

...life. On the other hand, kids that inherit money from their parents or that are just born rich are living the “Ideal Culture” as we would say in chapter 2. They live in a perfect world where you don’t hear gunshots, where you don’t see homeless people when you go outside. The next thing I want to say is that just because you have tons of money, it doesn’t make you smart. There are many celebrities or famous models that didn’t even make it out of high school. One of the richest rappers alive right now is Jay Z, and he doesn’t even have a high school diploma. So is he smarter than me just because he has more money than I’ll ever make in my entire life? No, he isn’t. I do not think well off people are more intelligent than people of lower social position just because of...

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Investigating a Social Issue - Social Mobility

...Describe how society defines the social issue. So, what is Social Mobility? First, let’s go to its technical or dictionary definition. Social mobility is the movement of people from one social class or economic level to another (“Social Mobility”, Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd Edition). This term is widely used both in Sociology and Economics. It usually refers to vertical movement or moving up or down in rank. For example, if a soldier becomes a sergeant from a corporal, that would be vertical movement. However, it may also refer to horizontal movement or moving from one rank to another of the same social level. Example of this would be a principal who resigns from one school to become the principal of another school. With this definition in mind, we can see that Social Mobility is “movement”. The technical definition doesn’t restrict about the direction – whether you move up or down or just within what’s mentioned before as horizontal movement. Social Mobility is a term used in the objective comparison of economic or social states. Looking at the events around us, we can see that people care more about upward movement. When people talk about Social Mobility, they are likely referring to progress or development. Everyone wants to move up. Like what we commonly see in families. Almost everyone gives importance to good education. Parents keep reminding their children to be good in their studies so they can have good jobs. People want the opportunity to move up.......

Words: 1311 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Social Mobility Paper

...Social Mobility Paper Willie J. Williams Jr. University of Phoenix/Sociology 100 Becky Russell December 14, 2009 “Introduction” Citizens can move up or down the social ladder throughout their existence or from one generation to the next. Everyone is offered the same chance and opportunity at improving their lives socially and the way each generation handles adversity lies behind the idea of equal opportunity and how you utilize your god giving talents. Social Mobility Social Mobility is measure in one by seeing whether rich parents give birth to rich kids and poor parents give birth to poor kids, or see if the incomes of parents and their children are distinct. Can children of poor parents become rich? It looks as though the American Dream is far more likely to remain a mirage for Americans than it is for citizens residing in other countries. A larger disparity of results seems to make it effortless for wealthy parents to leave their advantages. While income differences have expanded in the USA as well as Britain, social mobility has slowed up. Bigger incomes contrasts can make it tougher to attain opportunity fairness because they amplify social class segregation and possibly bigotry. Willie James Williams Sr. Willie James Williams Sr.; born the 3rd child of Frank and Alma Williams on the 4th of July, 1939. He didn’t get to know his father like most sons do, because his father was killed on the train tracks of Sylacauga, Alabama. The cause of death was stated in a......

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Women’s Social Mobility in the United States of America

...Women’s Social Mobility in the United States of America We live in a world full of obstacles where it’s said that the one who is born poor will remain poor. Like many other country in the world the United States of America is also struggling with the difficulties regarding social mobility. The American dream is that the poorest suburban person can be a rich person too and America is the home and land of unlimited possibilities. The main idea is that if you work hard enough you can make it to the top. Is it true for everyone? Can women make it to the top? But before I start my essay on Women’s Social Mobility in the United States of America let me clarity certain definitions. The concept of social mobility has two main meanings: a) in the narrow sense, represents the moving in a stratification system, b) broadly refers to the space movement (territorial mobility) and / or change of employment (or mobility fluctuation labor). Studies (theoretical and empirical) say that social mobility can be placed in three categories: - those using a hierarchy criteria, tracking movements between strictly hierarchical layers. It’s the American tradition, which uses the social status as a hierarchical criteria. - those who use as a classification criteria exclusively the individual’s occupation, this leading to the establishment of a social space consisting some number of socio-professional categories: tradition - those using as a criteria social classes and social strata. Here fall......

Words: 2541 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Social Mobility Is an Unrealistic Fantasy

...! The Unrealistic Fantasy The Disney movie Aladdin demonstrates that social mobility is just an unrealistic fantasy to be achieved, by the way the film shows Aladdin’s opportunities— street rat vs. prince, how the Genie acts as welfare for Aladdin, and through the lack of privileges that Aladdin experienced throughout the movie. There is no doubt that Aladdin portrays the poverty victims in Agrabah, the Genie represents as the Government, and Jasmine corresponds with the rich. All of these factors creates an impractical real life scenario of jumping the social classes the way Aladdin did. First of all, there is no surprise that Aladdin is treated very different from the beginning of the movie, to when he becomes a prince. One of the very first examples you can see this being displayed is during the song “One Jump Ahead”. In this scene Aladdin is chased around the city’s streets of Agrabah by guards because he can’t afford to pay for the food he stole. Based on the ragged clothes he wore, with patches in his pants, the town labels him as riffraff, a street rat, and a scoundrel, just like the lyrics in the song. However, when he is a prince, Aladdin gets a grand parade entering the city on the way to the palace. He was treated different by the 
 Norman,2 people because of the way he was dressed and how he was presented. He no longer had on old ragged cloths, and now wore an expensive wardrobe fit for a prince. The crowed did not mock him nor call him names...

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Social Mobility

...Social Mobility Paper Steven Simmons Sr. Sociology 100 May 3, 2010 Sally Wickers Social Mobility Changes from generation to generation are the norm in the evolution of life. Things in society are not the same between child and parent or between parent and grandparent. The laws change to make life better for the citizens. Jobs, education, fashion, technology and politics all change as times goes on. The commonalities shared between my grandparents, parents and myself are few and far in between. The music I listen to today is not the same type of music my parents listened to. The type of education I receive today is nowhere near the type of music my grandparents listened to. The world changes all the time and we as people have to adjust to change or we will be left behind to become extinct. My grandmother graduated from high school then graduated from Grambling State University with two degrees, a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree. My grandmother worked as a teacher for 30 plus years before retiring. My grandmother was born and raised in Arcadia, Louisiana. She moved to Sacramento, California for several years then decided to move back to Grambling Louisiana, where she currently resides. My grandmother is a church going women, who attends the Church of Christ. She had three boys and five girls. She is a loving grandmother and always has been. She did not and does not condone physical correction. She believed in talking to us and allowed our conscience to......

Words: 785 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Comparison Between 'From Ragged Dick And' Horatio Alger

...In America we have something called the American dream. To us the American dream is for everyone to be able to be financially stable and be able to maintain a good stature. The dream is for everyone to be able to maintain a social rank that can make you respectable. If you want to be well respected in America you have to have a good job if you aren’t you’re portrayed as a failure. When you’re a failure you are not apart of the American dream and are placed in the category of the ones who disappoint. After Analyzing “From Ragged Dick” by Horatio Alger and “Horatio Alger” by Harlon Dalton as they argued against each other on social mobility and economic prosperity as they express different views . After analyzing both readings and considering...

Words: 823 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Impact of Inequality

...October 29, 2014 IS 206GENDER ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT THE IMPACT OF INEQUALITY Box 1: COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON INEQUALITY AND SOCIAL MOBILITY ACROSS OECD AND LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES Presented by Del Mundo, Maria Naida Box 2: SOCIAL AND POLITICAL COHESION, SOCIAL TOLERANCE OF INEQUALITY Presented by Gutierrez, Cherry Lou THE IMPACT OF INEQUALITY ABSTRACT October 29, 2014 There is growing evidence and recognition on the powerful and corrosive effects of inequality on economic growth, poverty, social mobility and political cohesion. This paper finds that the real and potential impacts of inequality in relation to economic growth, poverty, social mobility, social stability and cohesion. KEYWORDS: Inequality, Economic Growth, Poverty, Social Mobility, Political Cohesion, Gender I. INTRODUCTION In relation to the worldwide gender gap, in so far as inequality also exist in political imbalance in the Philippines distinguished through the partisan move of a party, wherein, such intent, policies and term of their advocacy is their ultimate road map and reluctantly to engage in the opponent’s adherence. Colonial mindset, attributable to the Spanish era wherein their colonial stay in the country portrays the strictness and conservative ways in precluding to whom or to which is one’s belief will end up to, and upon the continuance of the American regime, where westernized ways has gotten in the minds of the Filipinos, that every choice of an American decision draws correct......

Words: 7088 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Social Mobility

...Conclusion The importance of supporting the rights of children and young people is that not all children are the same. Children learn at different paces and one to one teaching, speech therapy, adaptations to buildings and equipment they use because of disabilities. All children deserve the right to learn in a safe environment; therefore they should not be subject to prejudicial treatment or discrimination from their peers and anyone supporting them. An individual’s background, upbringing and experiences can have an effect on attitudes towards individuals and groups, so it is important to recognise these. Personal prejudices, which may lead to discriminatory practice, can be overcome through developing a greater understanding of diverse groups in society. For example, teaching assistants can overcome these personal prejudices by finding out about the religious beliefs and cultures of the children they support, and by knowing about any special educational needs or disabilities. It is important not to make assumptions about children and young people. Finding out about their backgrounds, interests, abilities and individual needs will help teaching assistants to provide more effective, appropriate and personalised support. It is important that in order to develop children’s self confidence, a concerted effort is made by all those in a position of responsibility to include the pupil. This ranges from making necessary adaptations to facilities for the physically impaired to......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Social Mobility

...Доповідь 5_Соціальна мобільність В суспільстві постійно відбуваються певні соціальні рухи, зміни. Ці соціальні переміщення призводять до змін у соціальній структурі суспільства, а також зміни соціальної стратифікації суспільства. Такі соціальні переміщення в соціології називають соціальною мобільністю. Основоположником теорії соціальної мобільності прийнято вважати П. Сорокіна. Поняття було введено П. Сорокіним у 1927 р. Під соціальною мобільністю учений розуміє будь-який перехід індивіда або соціального об'єкта з однієї соціальної позиції у соціальному просторі в іншу. Соціальний простір за Сорокіним (під поняттям "соціальний простір" розуміється насамперед соціальна структура суспільства), має два основних класи координат — горизонтальний (наприклад, соціальні групи католиків, демократів, промисловців) і вертикальний (наприклад, єпископ — парафіянин, партійний лідер - рядовий член партії, управлінець — робітник), які є параметрами соціального простору. Тому існує два основних типи соціальної мобільності: горизонтальна й вертикальна. Просування соціальний суб'єкт може здійснювати як у межах одного, так і другого параметру, а тому існують дві основні форми соціальної мобільності — горизонтальна і вертикальна. Під горизонтальною соціальною мобільністю, або переміщенням, розуміють перехід індивіда або соціального об'єкта із однієї соціальної групи в іншу, що знаходиться на тому ж рівні. Переміщення деякого індивіда з баптистської в методистську релігійну групу, з одного......

Words: 1015 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Economic Mobility

...Yallander Ford Eng 101-113 Prof. Susan Horowitz April 4, 2012 This idea of economic mobility, which is defined, as one’s ability to move up the economic ladder by means of hard work and a good education, is an idea deeply entrenched in the Psyche of the American society. It is taken for granted that once you obtain a college education and have a good work ethic, you will move through the economic rank. However, this premise is being severely challenged and by all accounts, not holding up. This is a point reverberated by both Holly Sklar in her piece “The Growing Gulf Between the Rich and the Rest of Us” and the publication “The Economist through their piece “Inequality and the American dream.” Holly dismisses this idea by pointing out the fact that we have become a downward rather than an upward mobile society. This is quite evident when you examine the growing gap between the rich and the rest of us. She points out that median household income has fallen for the fifth year running, while at the other end of the spectrum the opposite holds true. She argues that to make it in the Forbes 400, one would have to amass $900 million, an increase of $150 million from four years ago. Sklar states they are bringing windfall profits to companies like Bechtel while they suspend regulations that shore up wages for workers. This is based on the no-bid contract given to father and son team Bechtel, although they had budget overruns and performed a shoddy job on a prior government......

Words: 831 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Income Mobility: Up & Down the Economic Ladder

...Income Mobility: Up & Down the Economic Ladder by Tom Thompson Dr.Walker Senior Seminar 7/29/2009 Thomas L. Thompson Dr. Christopher Walker Senior Seminar July 29, 2009 Income Mobility: Up & Down the Economic Ladder People always say they do what they do to make life better not only for themselves, but for the future well-being of their children and hopefully those actions will get passed on to their children. This is my way of thinking of the paying it forward theory; giving all I have, to make the lives of my children better than the one I grew up with and the one I currently live. One of my most favorite quotes about getting ahead in life came from a philosopher and pastor Russell Conwell that is hand-written by my grandmother in a Bible that was given to me some years ago. It goes like this, “For a man to say, I do not want money, is to say, I do not wish to do any good to my fellow men" (Conwell). Everyone wants money, only if it is to do good for your family’s future. From the rich business professional perched high in their penthouse to the lowly street peddler on the corner, everyone has a story on how and why they ended up in that position. The United States is seen as the place where everyone has the opportunity of the “American Dream”. That includes the opportunity for one's children to grow up and attain to their fullest potential in which they are capable of, and seen for what they are and not what they are born with. It is the......

Words: 4631 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Outline and Assess the View of the New Egalitarian Arguments About Social Mobility

...‘Outline and assess the view of the New Egalitarian arguments about social mobility’ (40 marks) Social mobility refers to the movement of individuals, families, households, or other categories of people within or between social strata in a society. It is a change in social status relative to others' social location within a given society. The New Egalitarians are a group of sociologists and politicians who believe that social-class divisions are in decline and that policies to socially include deprived groups are working. Their critics consist mainly of the Traditionalists, Marxists and Neo Marxists. In this essay I aim to show how persuasive the New Egalitarian argument is. New Egalitarian sociologists such as Giddens and Diamond (2005) argue that social class is no longer an important source of inequality or identity in the contemporary UK. They suggest that the UK is a meritocratic society in that equality of opportunity is now the norm, i.e. all members of society are objectively and equally judged on their talent and ability. However, the Traditionalist view opposes this; they argue class divisions and conflict are still the key characteristics of British society today. They believe that Labour politicians have abandoned their commitment to equality and social justice for those exploited by the organisation of capitalism. They believe Labour politicians have betrayed its working-class roots because it has done nothing to redistribute wealth and income from rich to......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4