Premium Essay

Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship

In: Science

Submitted By jhezy
Words 14098
Pages 57
Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship

danah m. boyd
School of Information
University of California-Berkeley

Nicole B. Ellison
Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media
Michigan State University -------------------------------------------------
Top of Form Bottom of Form
Social network sites (SNSs) are increasingly attracting the attention of academic and industry researchers intrigued by their affordances and reach. This special theme section of theJournal of Computer-Mediated Communication brings together scholarship on these emergent phenomena. In this introductory article, we describe features of SNSs and propose a comprehensive definition. We then present one perspective on the history of such sites, discussing key changes and developments. After briefly summarizing existing scholarship concerning SNSs, we discuss the articles in this special section and conclude with considerations for future research.
Since their introduction, social network sites (SNSs) such as MySpace, Facebook, Cyworld, and Bebo have attracted millions of users, many of whom have integrated these sites into their daily practices. As of this writing, there are hundreds of SNSs, with various technological affordances, supporting a wide range of interests and practices. While their key technological features are fairly consistent, the cultures that emerge around SNSs are varied. Most sites support the maintenance of pre-existing social networks, but others help strangers connect based on shared interests, political views, or activities. Some sites cater to diverse audiences, while others attract people based on common language or shared racial, sexual, religious, or nationality-based identities. Sites also vary in the extent to which they incorporate new information and...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Social Web

... Page 1 The Social Web Ericka Silva Computer Literacy INF103 Brett Ferns Dec. 10, 2012 RUNNING HEAD: Web Page 2 The Social Web What do we think of when we hear social web? A social web is a group of social networks that supports public interactions. Websites with advanced software are designed for supporting the communication between people. It is the term given for the World Wide Web as a kind of social media. Social web is everywhere; we have Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, YouTube, and so many others. There are dating cites like eHarmony, okCupid and where people can go and meet new people and chat and find a relationship. There are even chat rooms and games that have social networks also. In my research paper I will address our use of the social web and how it has become a big part of our lives. The social web, which is also referred to as social networking, was first designed with the intention of making a way for people to interact with others over the internet. These sites are mostly formed around the connections of people of the same interests. It has become a new and exciting way for people all over the world to communicate with each other, without having to leave their own homes. It has become a thing of convenience for many people to turn on their computers or open an app and start communicating with family members, friends or even co-workers. We are now able to share photos, music and even use social networking to locate......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Social Media

...University Attarkhel, Jorpati Effects of social networking sites among Higher Secondary School students in Kathmandu Declaration sheet Acknowledgement Table of contents List of abbreviations CHAPTER I Abstract Introduction: Social networking sites (SNSs) have created a new social dimension where in youths are highly attracted toward it. It has become the most important communication tools among students. The growth and popularity of the social networks has a high impact on the development of the students in the field of personality, attitudes, knowledge and on its whole academic performance in classroom. Objective: The aim of the research is to study the effect of SNSs usage on academic performance and social life among higher secondary level students. Materials and methods: This will be the descriptive, comparative cross-sectional study. Self administered questionnaires will be distributed to students. Respondents will be selected using simple random sampling technique. Key words: social networking, higher secondary, impact of social media Background Social network sites is web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system.[1] According to online Cambridge dictionary a social networking sites is a website that is designed to help......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Social Network

...Utilizing Online Social Networking Sites The paper will cover a brief history on social networking history. The paper will cover research on analyzing how Linkedln site can assist people with staying connected with his or her professional community. The connection may provide further business opportunities. The paper will cover how Linkedln social network site may be beneficial to the user staying connected to his or her community. It will provide the user the tools to stay connected to various organizations of his or her choice. The paper will cover ways on how to stay connected to online professional communities can create extra support service, or quality referral to his or her clients. The paper will cover the benefit of attending approved training by the groups, and how it can keep the user updated on the competitive job market. Last the paper will cover technological tools used to maintain the connection with the professional community. Brief history The social seen have become a booming trend in the 21st century. Many people have figured out a way to become notice without face-to-face meeting. Employers have joined the market to sell their brand. However, before the enormous social network grew launched the first social network site in 1997. According to social network site definition, history, and scholarships, “ allowed users to create a profile, list his or her friends to the site. Beginning in 1998 each of the features existed in......

Words: 1047 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Social Networking Sites

...How Social Networking Sites affect our Society. Social network sites (SNSs) are as a web-based services that allow individuals to construct a profile, make connections, and interact with others within the system. Social networking sites such as Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter have attracted millions of users. These sites help strangers connect based on shared interests, political view and activities (Boyd &Ellison 2009). The effects of these SNSs on our society attitude and social behavior remains a main bone of contention. Hard questions such as whether these SNSs create benefits by connecting people to each other or isolates people and truncates their relationships need to be addressed. It is thus why I chose to focus on the Effect of SNSs on our society. Functionalism asserts that every aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to the functioning of society as a whole. The theory argues that anything that does not serve a useful purpose in the society cannot endure from one generation to the next. We can hence conclude that SNSs are increasingly useful as their prevalence has only increased. The theory thus asserts that SNSs lead to the smooth running of the society. Some of the major functions of social media include networking, commercial function, Entertainment, socialization, enforcing social norms, and keeping us informed about our environment. SNSs also provides social support and gives a platform for people to share ideas. Although some...

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Technological Evolution: Our Social World Evolving with Technology

...Technological Evolution: Our Social World Evolving with Technology As our technology advances, are we are becoming more or less social? To what level does social and psychological factors are inflicted on an individual? Moreover I propose the consideration that technology may drive us, for lack of a better word, stupid. I scrutinize this inquiry to myself every time I see somebody using a social networking website (such as Facebook not to mention Twitter), or when somebody is ceaselessly texting their friends and/or family on their cellular phone. I will not lie, I use these services myself. Adhering to the availability to reach a friend who has moved to the opposite side of the country or talking to old high school friend very helpful. But I still reminisce… the old days when we would talk to our friends over the phone and send a letter via “snail mail.” Or when trying to find the answers to our inquiries by believing on memory, many of us now have the second nature to look up the explanation on Google or Wikipedia for immediate gratification to have that question answered. It is in depth that I ask myself if technology reforming our social interactions and astuteness for the better or worse. Facebook, Twitter, or MySpace: What do they all have in common? According to Danah Boyd and Nicole Ellison, the authors of an article in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication defines social networking websites “allow[s] individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Cyber-bullying and Social Networking Sites Cyber-bullying is when a child, preteen or teen is tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, etc.. by another child, preteen or teen using technologies even mobile phones. Cyber-bullying just doesn't happen with a one time communication it is a constant communication. Cyber-bullying is committed in two different way. Direct attacks and by proxy. Direct attacks include internet polling, blogs, interactive gaming, sending malicious code, stealing passwords, websites, sending pictures through email and cell phones. Cyber-bullying by proxy is when a cyber-bully gets someone else to do their teasing and taunting for them cyber-bullying by proxy can be the most dangerous because most of the time it will involve an adult who can cause more harm then a child or teenager. Not only does the government need to make and pass a law immediately but parents also need to take their own steps to prevent cyber-bullying. In 2006 a beautiful young girls names Megan Meier was a 13 year old girl from Missouri. She was a “bubbly, goofy” girl and loved hanging out with her friends. She took her own life October 16,2006. According to the Today show this all happened because of two adults and a child. The mother of Megan's friend and the 18 year old girl set up a fake MySpace account. The account was of a 16 year old boy who they named Josh Evans. They set up the fake MySpace account because Megan and her friend had a falling out and they wanted to see......

Words: 1451 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...Social Media Scope Note:This webliography consists of articles, researches, web pages, and web resources on social media. Social media is the term for employing "mobile and web-based technologies to create highly interactive platforms via which individuals and communities share, cocreate, discuss, and modify user-generated content." [Source:] INTERNET SITES Engaging Youth in Social Media: Is Facebook the New Media Frontier? The article focuses on engaging the young people to contribute their thoughts on important societal issues and be engaged in community news through social media. A social media experiment was conducted where two Facebook applications - Hot Dish and The Daily - were developed to find out how young people interact with the news. A summary of findings (on Hot Dish) are enumerated here. The Essential Guide to Social Media This 20-page eBook outlines the "social media tools and resources needed to listen and participate, guiding PR, customer service, product development, and marketing". It tackles the impact of social media in business marketing. A chapter devoted to social media as a social science and not totally a technological tool is discussed. How Blogs and Social Media are Changing Public Relations and the Way it is......

Words: 1141 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Phenomenon of Facebook One of the most significant current discussions in facebook is a part of social network that connects millions of people around the world. The controversy about facebook is that it joins people from different cultures and different religions. Facebook users share knowledge, pictures, videos, audio and opinions with each other worldwide. The purpose for this research is almost everyone has accounts on facebook even teenager. However, there are advantage and disadvantage to have a facebook accounts. This paper has been divided in to three parts. The first section will provide the definition of social networks and background. The second part begins with the origins of facebook and the designer Mark Zuckerberg who's created the idea. The final part deals with the effect facebook has on people. Following the work of Boyd and Ellison, which demonstrates that the social network is a specific system that allows people to establish public, personal information and shows a list of others registered who share a relation in that web (Boyd & Ellison, 2007). Facebook, the largest social network in the world, has 250 million users (Epstein, 2009). People can benefit from facebook professional as Epstein 's point is that facebook has many groups that allow users to keep in touch with others professional benefits and participating with them. For example there are parts that include; hot news about subjects gives attention to people, inserts links......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Social Networking

...Paper on Social Networking: Research Paper on Social Networking by Alessandro Cecconi EDD 8012 CRN 200820 Management and Evaluation of Instructional Technology and Distance Education Programs Nova Southeastern University December 17, 2007 2 Definition The term “social networking” does not exclusively belong to digital technology on the Web. On the contrary, social networks had been studied from the beginning of 20th century with the aim to comprehend how the members of a certain community interact and which mechanism can determine the interaction itself. Today social networking commonly refers to all those activities that are carried out within specific online services that provides free space and software tools which allow to create networks of people. In other words, a social networking service is a Web site that allows individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile. The mechanism is the following: social networking services enable users to create a profile for themselves, by inserting their personal data. Users’ data are not only constituted by vital statistics, but they include a lot of other information which pertains to user hobbies, passions, interests, professional background and so on. This kind of personal data, all spontaneously provided by the user her/himself, permit to create interconnected networks of people who decide to put in common their interests and to have an online identity which fully describes them. The great strength of social......

Words: 2034 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Wilson 1 Stuart Wilson Professor Jones English 112 03/29/2014 Annotated Bibliography This source’s main purpose is to explain the history, definition and phenomenal of social network sites (SNSs). SNSs are merging cultures while creating relationships with those with similar interest. It explains the origins of several SNSs and how they became popular so fast. It discusses how different cultures use these as communication tools. This piece contains a lot of background information that is needed to understand the origins of SNSs. Even though there is not a specific study conducted in this piece, it helps audience members understand SNSs as it evolves and grows over night. It’s hard to fully understand what SNSs are the most effective ways to interact. Audience member may include who don’t understand SNSs. The limitation may be with their audience members because audience members may not fully understand the origin of SNSs because it still is “new” to the world. This research was conducted by a professor at Iowa State University. His results indicate the misuses of Facebook. He acknowledges how his students text-message during class, talk on their cell phones, and use wireless lecture halls as a time to get on Facebook. He does agree that Facebook is a positive tool but students can be affected by social networks. Most of his concerns are how students use Facebook unethically. His argument concentrates of the improper uses of Facebook. Audience members may include other......

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Social Networking Is Beneficial for Society

...RESEARCH ESSAY “SOCIAL NETWORKING IS BENEFICIAL FOR SOCIETY” Social Networking is beneficial for society Presently, online activity becomes lifestyle on society, particularly accessing social networking sites. Cameron (2013) states that the digital analytics company Experian published a report in April 2013, that 27% people in United States, United Kingdom, and Australia spent online time on social networking sites. Social networking refers to the platforms of interactions between people where they create, share, exchange information and thoughts in cyberspace or online communities (Digital Communications 2014). The utilization of social networking sites to connect with family, relatives, friends and also to meet new people has massive impact on how people do interaction in society (Australian Psychological Society 2102, p. 2). According to Nations (n.d.) explain that social networking has the open-ended characteristic that makes it can be popular at the moment, so that easy to used by the new users. This research essay will explain there are three reasons why social networking is beneficial for society: social networking can improve relationships, it can be used for study aims, and also social networking is utilized for sharing information. To begin with, social networking can improve relationships. Nowadays, teenagers and adults are using social network to get relations in their society, such as make new friends, connect to their family or friends. They may......

Words: 1293 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Effect of Using Social Networking Sites on Acedemic Performance of Secondary and Tertiary Level

...THE EFFECT OF USING SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES ON ACEDEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY AND TERTIARY LEVEL ____________________ A Thesis Proposal Presented to the Faculty of the College of Information and Communications Technology Bulacan State University Malolos City ____________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Information Technology ____________________ Introduction According to N.B. Ellison, Social network sites (SNSs) such as Myspace, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Cyworld have attracted millions of users, many of whom have integrated these sites into their daily practices. As of this writing, there are hundreds of SNSs, with various technological affordances, supporting a wide range of interests and practices. While their key technological features are fairly consistent, the cultures that emerge around SNSs are varied. Most sites support the maintenance of pre-existing social networks, but others help strangers connect based on shared interests, political views, or activities. Some sites cater to diverse audiences, while others attract people based on common language or shared racial, sexual, religious, or nationality-based identities. Sites also vary in the extent to which they incorporate new information and communication tools, such as mobile connectivity, blogging, and photo/video-sharing. The purpose of this introduction is to provide a conceptual, historical, and...

Words: 1926 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Policy Paper

...May 3, 2013 Mark Emmert, NCAA President P.O. Box 6222 Indianapolis, IN 46206 RE: Policy on Social Media use by Student Athletes Dear Mr. Emmert, The object of this letter is to provide you with a much needed policy on the education of proper use of social media by student athletes. It is very important that student athletes understand the effects that improper social media use can have on, not only themselves, but the college they represent, that way they can understand the importance behind this suggested policy. I’m sure you are aware of the increasing usage of social media by society, including student athletes. I hope you will take my policy into consideration helping to educate all student athletes on smart usage of social media. I would like to start off with defining social media as: “Web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system.” (Boyd and Ellison) Over the past decade social media has created a boom of excitement throughout the cyber world. With the creation of Facebook, Twitter, and many more social networks, society has become increasingly dependent on social media. Social media is used in a variety of ways. For some it is used as a means of conducting business, rather it be used for advertisements and......

Words: 2019 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Social Networking Report 2012

...CASE PROJECT 3 SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES A STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATION REPORT Table of content Content Page 1. Introduction.................................................................................................... 3 1.1 Definitions 1.2 Purpose 1.3 Limitations 2. Implementation.............................................................................................. 5 2.1 Selections Criteria 2.2 Methodology 3. Social Networking Sites................................................................................. 9 3.1 Facebook 3.2 Twitter 3.3 LinkedIn 4. Recommendation......................................................................................... 14 5. Conclusion.................................................................................................... 15 6. Tables I. Figure 1............................................................................................ 7 II. Figure 2............................................................................................ 14 INTRODUCTION The rapid and continuous growth of Social Networking website (SNS) has presided over the greatest increase in social media market exposure capabilities as has been seen in the last decade; this growth has also gone through so many changes in the same period making it difficult for organisations to set a comprehensive strategy to continue to harness this extensive......

Words: 3761 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...Student Scholarship The Alan Shawn Feinstein Graduate School 11-1-2011 The Effects of Social Media on College Students Qingya Wang Johnson & Wales University - Providence, Wei Chen Johnson & Wales University - Providence Yu Liang Johnson & Wales University - Providence, Follow this and additional works at: Part of the Education Commons, and the Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons Repository Citation Wang, Qingya; Chen, Wei; and Liang, Yu, "The Effects of Social Media on College Students" (2011). MBA Student Scholarship. Paper 5. This Research Paper is brought to you for free and open access by the The Alan Shawn Feinstein Graduate School at ScholarsArchive@JWU. It has been accepted for inclusion in MBA Student Scholarship by an authorized administrator of ScholarsArchive@JWU. For more information, please contact Running Head: EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON COLLEGE STUDENTS 1 The Effects of Social Media on College Students Qingya Wang, Wei Chen, and Yu Liang Johnson &Wales University Feinstein Graduate School RSCH5500-Research & Analysis Submitted to Professor Martin Sivula, Ph.D. November, 2011 Peer Reviewers: Frederic Juillet , Anne Catelotti, Jennifer Gay, Rohan Kichlu, Christina L. Blundin, and Volha Ban 2 EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON COLLEGE STUDENTS Abstract As social......

Words: 2855 - Pages: 12