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Social Thinking and Influence

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By c305
Words 1786
Pages 8
Psy 1012
9/19/12

Chapter 16 discusses social thinking and social influence. A summary of the main points in the chapter how group membership affects an individual, how being social influences how we think about ourselves and others, what attitudes are and how they are acquired, persuasion and cognitive dissonance, social influence and power, mere presence, conformity, compliance, obedience, brainwashing and self assertion. Social thinking and social influence is something that we are all affected by whether we realize it or not and many of the concepts that shed light on this subject are quite interesting. We are all born into an organized society and thus we all belong to some sort of social group. Within that group we all have certain social roles we play.
Some of these roles we take on voluntarily and some involuntarily. Role conflicts sometimes take place when our roles conflict with one another, such as a police officer having to arrest an acquaintance. Structure and cohesion are two important dimensions to any group. Every group whether formal or informal has a sort of structure, the group cohesiveness determines the attraction to stay in the group. People mainly identify with their in groups, and cohesiveness is especially strong in these in groups. There are many factors that determine our in groups, such as age, race, religion, income etc… Then there are our out groups, which are groups we do not identify with. The position a person has within these social groups also determines social status. We are also affected by group norms and in a way this sort of governs the way we act in certain places. For example, we wouldn’t start running and jumping in a church while people are praying because this is not the norm. Social comparison is something that affects our behavior, the way we see ourselves and others....

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