Premium Essay

Sociology A489

In: Science

Submitted By ali88
Words 15791
Pages 64
3: Culture

While this Hong Kong pedestrian appears not to notice the Nike billboard behind him, featuring NBA star LeBron James wearing the Air Zoom sneaker, the Chinese people certainly did notice. The Oregon-based Nike corporation was forced to pull its “Chamber of Fear” promotion, based on a Bruce Lee movie, after an outraged public objected to the image of a U.S. athlete defeating a kung fu master. In the global marketplace, cultural differences can undermine even the most elaborate promotional campaign. inside Culture and Society
Development of Culture around the World
Elements of Culture
Culture and the Dominant Ideology
Case Study: Culture at Wal-Mart
Cultural Variation
Social Policy and Culture: Bilingualism
Sociology in the Global Community: Life in the Global Village
Sociology in the Global Community: Cultural Survival in Brazil
Sociology on Campus: A Culture of Cheating?

“Nacirema culture is characterized by a highly developed market economy which has evolved in a rich natural habitat. While much of the people's time is devoted to economic pursuits, a large part of the fruits of these labors and a considerable portion of the day are spent in ritual activity. The focus of this activity is the human body, the appearance and health of which loom as a dominant concern in the ethos of the people. While such a concern is certainly not unusual, its ceremonial aspects and associated philosophy are unique.
The fundamental belief underlying the whole system appears to be that the human body is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease. Incarcerated in such a body, man's only hope is to avert these characteristics through the use of the powerful influences of ritual and ceremony. Every household has one or more shrines devoted to this purpose. The more powerful individuals in the society have several shrines in their...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Malaysia Economi

...Question 3 Factors that contribute to the inequality in Malaysia is 1) Globalization - Trade liberalization may shift economic inequality from a global to a domestic scale. When rich countries trade with poor countries, the low-skilled workers in the rich countries may see reduced wages as a result of the competition, while low-skilled workers in the poor countries may see increased wages 2) Social inequality - Social inequality begins in 2 thing education and culture. Education is what establishes your ability to become self-sufficient. The better the education the more opportunities open up for you to have options in life. These options can provide a lot of things, like money and security, and better choices to choose from. Culture is in there too. Some cultures refuse to learn the modern ways of science and technology, and even languages. Some cultures believe it's a bad thing to move forward from the old ways and develop new traditions and practices. While the rest of the world moves on and forward as you sit still and watch because of cultural or, economic, or education deficiencies, will result in social inequality 3) Labour market - Characterized by the free play of market forces. It has been observed in the developing economies that for unskilled jobs the supply of labours far outstrips the demand for the same. This leads to a low wage for the workers. The situation may be completely opposite in the market for......

Words: 384 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Scientific Status of Sociology

...Is Sociology a Science? A Classroom Exercise for Promoting Discussion* Royce A. Singleton, Jr. College of the Holy Cross *I wish to thank Dave Hummon for his helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Sociological Association, San Francisco, 1998. © 2005 Royce A. Singleton, Jr. Is Sociology a Science? A Classroom Exercise for Promoting Discussion Abstract Though sociology was founded on the idea that the social order is subject to scientific study, the “science” question remains controversial. By learning about this controversy, students can learn much about the discipline. This paper describes an exercise, together with data collected from six classes, that asks students to project their personal images of scientists and social scientists. These images invariably contain half-truths and misconceptions that can be used to address three related questions: (1) What is science? (2) How is sociology scientific? and (3) What are the major challenges to sociology as a science? I draw upon my own students’ responses to show how the exercise can generate a wide-ranging discussion of these issues. Is Sociology a Science? A Classroom Exercise for Promoting Discussion The question of whether sociology is a science has a long history in the discipline. It was addressed by virtually all the classical social theorists. But for some time the debate about the scientific status of sociology was muted. In the......

Words: 5411 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Globalization Today in Africa

...By Evelyn Thai Al Jazeera's logo Since its inception, Al Jazeera and the space the network occupies in the alternative media order have been heavily contested. The network’s editorial and journalistic decisions position Al Jazeera as an alternative news source and some see the station as a powerful force against global hegemonies. In “Hegemonic No More: Western Media, the Rise of Al-Jazeera, and the Influence of Diverse Voice,” Philip Seib argues that Al Jazeera’s success signals “an end to the near monopoly in global news that American and other Western media had long enjoyed”. (Seib 2005) Others heavily contest the alternative media designation citing the network’s structure, organization, and funding; Adel Iskandar argues that much of the alterity that characterizes Al Jazeera is manufactured and “resembles the marketing strategy for a corporate brand”. (Iskandar 2006)  Situating Al Jazeera within the alternative media order has been difficult in part because “the nature and definitions of alternative media have often been contested terrain” (ibid.). Although fluid, most definitions of alternative media focus on the challenge alternative sources pose to existing narratives and journalistic practices. These definitions of alterity stipulate that the media should have some if not all of the following characteristics: connections with social movements, facilitating social communication and change, the ability to instigate activism, challenge to the structures of power,......

Words: 1399 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Positive Internet

...The Internet and its Positive Effects on Society The Internet has made the world a smaller place. People across the world are closer together because of the increased use of the Internet communication. More than ever before, because of the advancement of technology and the use of the Internet, people are connecting. While social media is accused of negatively impacting society, it is highly effective form of communication, strengthening relationships and embracing the quality of lives. Using the internet as a tool for communications is a personal choice but the existence of social media and the changes it has made to human interaction can no longer be ignored. Social media has proven itself to be an effective form of communication. Social media satisfies the human need for social interaction by providing an operable means to communicate. “Social media is a two-way street that gives you the ability to communicate too” (Nations, 2012, p1). A conversation through social media is seamless enough to provide a facility for two way communication with instant response transmittal, similar to that of the telephone or cell phone. It also provides communication that mimics physical mail by means of e-mail. Social media allows giving and sharing of knowledge. It provides support for masses of information to be shared whether the information is in the last five minutes are hundreds of years ago. Social media......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Guided Reading Form: Reading Response You will need more space to answer these questions adequately so take as much as you need. Please type your answers. 1. Summarize the general argument of the reading: a. What is the overall claim of the article/chapters? The overall claim of this article is that it shows us how a society can speak for itself through the various cultural and ritual events that take’s place. The importance of understanding peoples culture and their rituals is what anthropologists try to seek out. Through Balinese cockfighting only were they able to better understand how such an event can be used to show case culture and societies values. The association between an animal and man showed that more prestige was given to the more powerful one and thereby increasing male status in the village. b. What kinds of evidence does the author base this claim on? What are the anthropological methods used to collect this evidence? Geertz uses a mixture of research methods in his ethnography, predominantly employing long-term participant observation and supports this participant observation method with the inclusion of historical and literary research, and cross-cultural comparison. Anthropological methods such as interviewing along with the use of ethnographic realism which aims to define accurate and objective methods that accounts the different ways of life from first hand observations and experience. Other......

Words: 611 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

What Is Human Services?

...What is Human Services Wendy L. Coghill BSHS/302 April 6, 2013 Instructor Jean Holtz What is Human Services According to the National Organization of Human Services, “ The field of Human Services is broadly defined, uniquely approaching the objective of meeting human needs through an interdisciplinary knowledge base, focusing on prevention as well as remediation of problems, and maintaining a commitment to improving the overall quality of life of service populations (NOHS, 2013). The Human Services profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but also by seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery. The History of Human Services In an article on a web site called Yahoo Voices, written by Karen Krug, it says, “From the early 1900's to the present day, there has been a strong movement in the way of identifying individuals' rights and services. Organizations have been developed to assist in the care and attention of populations such as the poor, children, mentally ill, and developmentally disabled” (Krug, 2011). “These individuals were born in a constant changing world where the foremost focus is in building an adaptable and functional society. In an effort to deliver reassurance of well-being for the unemployable, be it disabled or elderly, the Social Security Administration continues to provide financial support for......

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Introduction Almost all of us are born into a world where we readily have someone to follow or obey. When we are kids we look to our parents for guidance and for direction. When we grow up and enter an institution called “school” we learn to obey and listen to our teachers. And that guidance carries on until we finish an undergraduate degree at which point we are at an age at which we are considered an adult, capable of making our own decisions. However, even at that age we still tend to obey the norms set by society, which is to work. And yet again we enter a stage in our life, where we have to obey the rules set by an employer or company. One can even go, as far as to say, obedience is part of human nature. Even if we as humans pride ourselves in our knowledge, we constantly acknowledge the fact that there will ultimately always be someone who will know and understand something better than us. I find this whole notion of obedience very fascinating. I grew up in a very multi-cultural environment and through my experience with various nationalities I have noticed that the constant need for direction and reassurance is an innate quality in all human beings but it’s a more dominant quality in some people than in others. My research aims to answer the question: Why are Asians, particularly South Asians such as Indians, more prone to be obedient than other nationals? Based on the aforementioned question and my personal observation, I derived a hypothesis: Indians are...

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hca Analysis

...Attributional biases are a class of cognitive errors triggered by people in evaluating the qualities or dispositions of others based on incomplete evidence. A self serving bias is a cognitive bias that tends to enhance the ego and self confidence of an individual, through different processes. Since everyone wants to be strong and successful individual so most people demonstrate this one way or other. We tend to relate success to our internal attributes (hard work, intelligence, and dedication) and our failures to external attributes. If we are aware of these processes it can help us to evaluate our performance and progress more critically, and learn from our failures. In the just-world theory people believe that world is just and that the people get what they deserve. They believe that world is fair and they look for ways to explain any injustice. I think the just-world theory can lead people to not look for alternatives and try to overcome real obstacles to difficulties and problems and achieve success in life. We should make a sincere attempt to understand why things happened the way they happened and the self-serving attributes should not interfere with our desire to correct our mistakes and excel. Self-serving attributes might become self- handicapping by preventing a person to feel responsible for his/her failures. We can externalize failures and internalize success if we have self-serving attributional biases. Self-fulfilling prophecies change our actions and the......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Political Views

...Paolo Enrile – Polisci My Ideological Learning’s 1. Economic - I could summarize in one word all the ills of the Philippines: Corruption. In my opinion is possibly the most corrupt country which has ever come to being having a thirst for more time and time again those is power have chosen the wrong over right just to receive a quick pay day. No empathy whatsoever towards who they may be hurting in the process just to feed their selfish desires. The fact that our economy mostly benefits the 1% who have ridiculous amounts of assets and help them even more to earn and grow whilst the rest of the population suffer over the lack of income and result to squatting, theft and other ways to help their family or themselves. 2. Social - one summary word: Disaster. There have been no time where we as a Filipino have not kept our promise in time or words being 2 or 3 hours late and blaming the traffic not ourselves. Even new found friends will ask to 'borrow' money without the slightest hesitation (a request to send money by Western Union into the province was not uncommon!) Only few politicians or even those in the higher social standing to the average citizen will sugar coat and not ever keep his word a broken word is like a gust of passing wind. Every businessman dealing with a foreign partner expects the partner to......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural Psychology

...Introduction to cross-cultural psychology In each society there are different beliefs, when it comes to psychological disorders many cultural believe that disorders can be caused by demons that have taken over there mind and body. To obtain a better understanding of how different cultural view psychology this paper will define cultural and cross-cultural beliefs. The next step will be to analyze the relationship between cultural and cross cultural psychology this leads to the discussion of the role of critical thinking in cross- cultural psychology. Last the paper will discuss the methodology associated with cross-cultural research. Define cultural and cross-cultural psychology Each human does not get to choice the cultural that they will be placed in. From birth to adulthood the culture that we learn and live in is chosen for us by our caregivers. Culture is defined as a set of behaviors, symbols, and attitudes that are shared among a large group of people and this is usually been passed down from one generation to the next (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). The behaviors that are learned can be customs, traditions, habits, and fashions. Symbols are a form of material objects (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Attitudes are beliefs that include political, religious, moral views and can include opinions, superstitions, and stereotypes (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Although some cultures may have some attributes that are similar there are no two cultures that are the same. This is why it is......

Words: 1088 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Political Environment of Bangladesh: The political system of Bangladesh is followed by representative democracy. Despite being a democratic country the safeguards of democracy are not being exercised properly which have negative impact on business operation. Political unrest is almost a daily occurrence in Bangladesh which hinders the daily national and international trading system of the country. Foreign firms are feared to come in Bangladesh with FDI. Bangladesh is a democratic country in name but not in action. The following biased democracy safeguards are some of the main hindrances of international business in Bangladesh. Individual right to freedom of expression, opinion and organization are restricted. Media are more or less biased to the current government. There is more or less regular election sometimes major parties avoid election. There are often face to face clashes among the leading political parties. Despite being the court system is independent most of the times its functions are directed by current government. Corrupted political state bureaucracy Corrupted political police and armed force. This situation does not support entrepreneurship that’s why it can not make a man innovative. That’s why local business can not be strong. To be competitive in international business such political system and government is failing to make local business more efficient and more effective. That’s why Bangladesh is lagging behind in......

Words: 1149 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Group Influence

...Group Influence Shaheene Yassi Social Psychology PSY/400 August 22, 2013 Professor: Julee Poole Group Influence A person can easily be influenced into doing an action. This action can either be seen as a good or bad action as well as how it makes the person feel afterwards. Many individuals who live around here feel a need to have someone to talk to as well as keep him or her out of trouble, and to give advice. A building called Comp care, is a building of unique and specialized individuals who take time out, just to sit down and talk to some of the people around here, either just because or they just need to get something off his or her chest. When a person first goes into the building, what is first noticed is a friendly environment, music playing in the background, watching television, socializing, or even reading a good magazine, as a person waits to speak to a counselor. A couple of older women are sitting behind the desk, doing paperwork, taking calls, letting the counselor know that someone is there to see him or her, signing the person in, etc. As a person is escorted to the office for the visit, several other offices of other counselors or doctors happen to be on the premises. The ages of the group varies in age, race, culture, skin color, gender, credentials, and expertize. The main purpose of the group is to be a shoulder to cry on, give advice, help a person with anger management, family issues, and so forth. The main goal is to try to......

Words: 1337 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Business Management

...Unit 1 - Fundamentals of Statistics American InterContinental University Abstract This week we were asked to complete a survey for American Intellectual Union. I chose to focus on gender and intrinsic job satisfaction. Below you will find my data and analysis listed on a chart and explained in great detail. Introduction Research was conducted for American Intellectual Union based on gender and intrinsic job satisfaction. I have completed my finding and below you will find charts and graphs to better explain the study. Chosen Variables The qualitative variable I have chosen to study is gender and the quantitative variable is Intrinsic. I thought it would be interesting to see if the male species still overshadow women in the work place. I also thought I would be interesting to see which gender is more satisfied with their job performance. Difference in variable types The variables I choose to analyze are Gender and Intrinsic Job Satisfaction. Since there are no significant numeric values or instruction connected with the two levels the variable gender is nominal. Intrinsic Job Satisfaction is based on ratio; numerical values are connected with this variable with a profound zero. The appropriate to use for the gender variable is mode, it measured central tendency which is most frequency occurrence. Descriptive statistics: Qualitative variable |Gender |Frequency |Relative Frequency | |1 |53 ...

Words: 625 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Eom: Article Analysis

...Title of article: The Power of the Playground by David Bornstein Project Task : (2) Conflict Source of article: The New York Times, The Opinion Pages Website: My article is useful for my project on bullying as we seek effective measures to manage bullying in schools. The article expounds on the concept of “play” that is pivotal in either managing or aggravating the bullying situation during the playtime. We have adopted the ideas of recess monitoring and authority intervention as it is crucial in bullying management. Author Bornstein, specialist in social innovation writings, is the author of “How to change the world”-published in 20 languages, and the co-author of “Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone needs to know”. Having been described as “a bible in the field” of social entrepreneurship by the New York Times, his profession and credentials also makes his article a reliable source of information for my project. The article states that given the troubled state of playgrounds, adults adopting no-interference policies would result in detrimental effects, thus, monitoring and authority intervention should be applied. I agree with this policy to a certain extent as I believe that children are less likely to misbehave when they are being monitored and authorities can intervene when problem arises. This is corroborated by the Olweus Bullying......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effects of Social Networking Sites

...As the world moves into the second decade of the 21 st century, one of the major markers of this era is the rise and use of online communities. In particular, a paradigm called Web 2.0 describes recent technologies that focus on networking mass numbers of individuals into distinct communities over the Internet (O’Reilly, 2007). Social networking sites (SNS) are online communities designed to connect individuals to wider networks of relationships, and are one major example of Web 2.0 applications. Sites such as Facebook have exploded in membership. In a short period of 2007 – 2010, Facebook estimates that its membership has grown from 50 million to over 400 million users (Facebook, n.d.). Online social networks are now an integrated part of daily life and compel questions of how these media platforms affect human development, relationships, and interaction. Teenagers are among the most avid users of technology in general and social network sites in particular (Lenhart, Madden, Macgill, & Smith, 2007b). Recent reports find that youth spend nearly 10 hours per day using some form of technology, with socially networked media playing a large role in their daily lives (Rideout, Foehr, & Roberts, 2010). New technologies are deeply intertwined with adult perceptions about teenage life. Mimi Ito and colleagues observe that, “Although today’s questions about ‘kids these days’ have a familiar ring to them, the contemporary version is somewhat unusual in how strongly it equates......

Words: 3413 - Pages: 14