Premium Essay

Sociology Essay and Class Notes Prep

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tashareid16
Words 2927
Pages 12
Chapter 1

What is sociology?

* Seeks to explain, describe, and predict human behavior

* Not concerned with individual human beings

* Concerned with human beings in reaction to other human beings

* Puts emphasis on group behavior (two or more people) (small group/large groups)

* Looks at group social interaction, social behavior an influence of social structures on people

How old is sociology? 200 years

Why did sociology (as social science develop)?

Who was the founding father of sociology?

Main contributions of Sociology

Auguste compte: Founding father of sociology, coined the word sociology

How is Sociology different from other social sciences?

Emile Durkheim: influenced development of functionalism

4 types of suicide by Durkheim:
Egoistic: Mentally ill, lonely, social outcast, depression
Altruistic: Kamikaze pilots, suicide bombers, cult members, obligation to the group,
Fatalistic: Inmates, elderly, terminally ill, hopelessness
Anomic: Anyone who cant deal with chaos, such as stock market crash or 1929-Insecurity

When society’s norms are questions, much social change,
Society is rapidly changing
Institutions are weakened, family, religion.
Gender norms are questioned; values and belief systems are questioned

Theory of structural functionalism

1 If a structure exists in society its because its functional, the social structure exists because it works

Social structures: anything external to people that has ways of affecting us, like religions, schools,

Any pattern of social organization external to people that has a way of influencing us.


3. This theory explains that society s a large social system with inter relation parts, all working together for a reason

4. If something in society…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Resume Guide for Teachers Final Revised

...Education (Type 10), Physical Education (Type 10) List any endorsements you expect Example: Illinois Initial Elementary Certificate (Type 03), expected July 2014 Middle Grade Endorsement expected in Language Arts Education Institution, City, State (Expected) Graduation Month Year Write out the full name of your (expected) degree; also list Minors and Concentrations *Please note that all degrees are written in singular, for example: Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education GPA: 4.0/4.0 (it is recommended that you include your GPA if it is 3.0 or higher) Other possible information to include: Study Abroad, Relevant Coursework, or Academic Awards and Honors Experience Experience is mandatory and the heart of any teaching resume; however, it can be represented in a variety of ways. Choose the most rich, concrete, relevant teaching experiences to put on your resume. Keep in mind that after each experience, there will be bullet points (accomplishment statements) detailing your experience more fully. Refer to page 7 for more advice on creating an accomplishment statement. Important Note: within each section, experiences are to be listed in reverse chronological order. Teaching Experience (Student Teaching) Student teaching is your most relevant teaching experience directly out of college. Therefore, it will directly follow the education section and take up the most amount of space on a teaching resume directly after college. Include specific lesson......

Words: 4695 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay


...side of her brain and out the other, so she feels she has to start at the beginning. She has the sense that the way she is reading may be a problem, but it worked for her in the past, so why change now? In this chapter . . . you explore answers to the following questions: HOW can SQ3R help you own what you read? p. 190 WHAT improves reading comprehension? p. 200 HOW do you customize a text with highlighting and notes? p. 205 HOW can you read online materials effectively? p. 208 ISBN 1-256-09222-3 © Shutterstock Keys to Effective Learning: Study Skills and Habits for Success, Sixth Edition, by Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits. Published by Allyn & Bacon. Copyright © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc. Habit for Success ask questions Questions are the backbone of learning. They help you see what you do—and don’t— understand. Asking questions as you read print and online materials will broaden and anchor your knowledge. ■ ■ ■ ■ Real People Ask Questions p. 199 Powerful Questions about Asking Questions p. 209 Habit Summary p. 212 Test Prep: Start It Now p. 219 How Can SQ3R Help You Own What You Read? Reading ension h Compre g L ● ● ● ● ike Hanh, you may be surprised at how much reading there is in college. On any given day, you may be faced with assignments like these: A textbook chapter on the history of South African apartheid (world history) A research study linking sleep deprivation and memory problems (psychology) A journal......

Words: 9955 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay


...Sociology & Family Theorizing and Researching 1. Structural Theories a) Materialism & Conflict theory Marx & Engles -changes in family lives reflect material change (ex, the mode of production, industrialization) macro-micro focus -power differences characterize society at all levels (ex, capitalism creates: exploitation of men in the workforce; oppression of women b) Political Economy -assumes the power of the one class over another (social control), capitalist relations of production -a more concentrated focus on how economic and political processes shape society and history and therefore family, families c) Structural Functionalism Parsons & Bales -the social institution of the family - family is seen as a function, and different parts of society helps it move along -the nuclear family performs functions -they saw the families as a main faction, economic support, these functions that happen in nuclear families include economic support -equilibrium, all parts help it work as a whole -hierarchical generations and role specialization within families produces harmony -the different roles that men and women take on, allows the family be a harmony -parsons and bales, gendered perspective on families, families having instrumental roles such as achieving income, feed the family, cloth the family, this would be men 2. Symbolic Interactionism Mead & Cooley - individuals create their own family realities through micro level......

Words: 8656 - Pages: 35

Free Essay

Gs Syllabus

...will  Begin your preparation without any false starts and thus save valuable time and effort  Know exactly which books to refer for IAS  Select the right optionals within a short time  Save time and money by reading the right books and notes  Decide whether you require coaching and if you do then which one  Learn how to read newspapers for current affairs and GK  Gain inspiration from success stories of previous IAS toppers Page 1 Get Set Go IAS How to read this e-Book? While the chapters are arranged logically and in sequence, articles that are relevant from this e-Book’s point of view but which have been published on IAS Kracker or some other site are not included here to avoid repetition. Instead I have included them as links or under the tag of ‘Additional Reading’ at the bottom of each page. I suggest you go through these articles included under Additional Reading and even the other links as they are there to provide you additional insight into your IAS preparation. No doubt you will benefit tremendously if you read this way. Also at the end of this e-Book some bonus links are provided to free study material, You Tube videos of past IAS toppers, interviews and the like. Be sure to check them out! Note: This eBook contains affiliate links to sites where you can purchase IAS books online. Page 2 Get Set Go IAS Contents How to read this......

Words: 10243 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay


...practical suggestions on how to begin writing your short essay. Although all writers must find the methods that work best for them, you may find some of the following ideas helpful. But no matter how you actually begin putting words on paper, it is absolutely essential to maintain two basic ideas concerning your writing task. Before you write a single sentence, you should always remind yourself that 1. You have some valuable ideas to tell your reader, and 2. More than anything, you want to communicate those ideas to your reader. These reminders may seem obvious to you, but without a solid commitment to your own opinions as well as to your reader, your prose will be lifeless and boring. If you don’t care about your subject, you can’t very well expect anyone else to. Have confidence that your ideas are worthwhile and that your reader genuinely wants, or needs, to know what you think. Equally important, you must also have a strong desire to tell others what you are thinking. One of the most common mistakes inexperienced writers 4 PART ONE - THE BASICS OF THE SHORT ESSAY make is failing to move past early stages in the writing process in which they are writing for—or writing to—themselves only. In the first stages of composing an essay, writers frequently “talk” on paper to themselves, exploring thoughts, discovering new insights, making connections, selecting examples, and so on. The ultimate goal of a finished essay, however, is to communicate your opinions to others......

Words: 234754 - Pages: 940

Premium Essay

Feeding Program

...------------------------------------------------- Why Teach? Why do teachers teach? It is a rather simple question, however the question, what is a teacher, must be addressed first. Merriam-Webster’s definition of a teacher is “one whose occupation is to instruct" (Merriam-Webster, 2008, para. 1). That is a rather one dimensional definition of a teacher, as teachers these days, offer so much more to the class than just the information. They offer themselves. A collective definition of a teacher, is someone who “yearns to help children learn, watch them grow, and make a meaningful difference in the world” (Teacher Support Network, 2007, para. 2). This definition must be the main reason as to why individuals pursue teaching as a career. Generally the pay is low to fair, but the overall rewards are much greater, for as a teacher one can touch the hearts of the young and open their minds in order to tap their thirst for knowledge. ------------------------------------------------- [edit]The Long Road Becoming a teacher is a lengthy process obtained by numerous routes, such as night school or attending a four year college. Regardless of the process it is important to obtain at least a Bachelors degree in the desired teaching area, as well as a teacher certification which should include clinical experience (Lewis, L., Parsad, B., Carey, N., Bartfai, N., Farris, E. & Smerdon, B., 1999, para. 3). The average starting salaries were about $31,704 in the year 2003-04, whereas......

Words: 21735 - Pages: 87

Free Essay

A Way to Studyin Finland

...7.5 Exchange Studies, CEMS and Double Degrees 7.6 Changing the Master’s Programme 7.7 Academic Recognition of Previous Studies 7.8 Cost of Study 8 General Information 43 43 43 44 44 46 8.1 Residence Permit 8.2 Accommodation 8.3 Insurance and Student Health Services 8.4 Student Union AYY 8.5 Further Information and Useful Links 5 How to Apply 26 26 26 28 28 29 29 31 33 5.1 Online Application System 5.2 Required Application Documents 5.2.1 Programme-specific Enclosures 5.2.2 Translations 5.2.3 Attesting the Copies 5.2.4 Country-specific Requirements 5.3 Information on ECTS Credits and Grades 5.4 Delivering the Application Documents 4 5 1 Aalto University School of Business The Aalto University provides world class education in the fields of art, business and technology. The university was founded in 2010 when three prestigious universities, Helsinki School of Economics, the Helsinki University of Technology and University of Art and Design Helsinki merged. The merger opened up a world of possibilities for multidisciplinary education and research. The Aalto University School of Business is the new name of the Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) which was founded in 1911. The Aalto University School of Business engages in economics and business research and education. It is the largest institution of its kind in Finland with over 4,000 students. The Aalto University School of Business belongs to the top 1% of schools of business that have been......

Words: 16785 - Pages: 68

Premium Essay


...established the International Center for Collaborative Solutions as an academic partner with the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, an independent government agency that reports directly to the President of the United States. In January 2004, the University opened a new multimillion dollar classroom and laboratory building with 400 additional students’ parking spaces on its new west campus, directly adjacent to the main campus. In the summer of 2008, Sullivan University accepted its inaugural class of Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) students, at its main campus in Louisville, to provide career opportunities to students and to meet the growing need for pharmacists in the region. To accommodate this new program, an 80,000 square foot building on nearly 6 acres, adjacent to the Louisville campus was purchased and a 20,000 square foot, three-story wing was added to meet the unique needs of pharmacy education. In the fall of 2010, Sullivan University welcomed an inaugural class of eleven students to its first Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree program. The degree, a Ph.D. in Management, allows students to concentrate some of their studies in Strategic Management, Information Technology (IT) Management, Conflict Management, or Human Resource Leadership. With the addition of the Ph.D. program, the University’s Mission Statement, whose core is to provide stair-step educational opportunities with appropriate support mechanisms, was revised to appropriately include research......

Words: 103133 - Pages: 413

Premium Essay

The Psychology Works

...point 1 above). 7. One or more criterion-related validity estimates should be reported. For each such estimate, the size and nature of the sample used to estimate it should be reported together with the 95% confidence interval for all such validity estimates. 8. The incremental validity of the test over and above alternative information available on candidates from other potentially predictive variables such as GCSE, A level, and undergraduate degree results should be reported. This validity information should not focus solely on the issue of whether or not the incremental validity is statistically significant, but also on effect size. 9. The extent to which systematic sub-group differences on the test exist in relation to social class, educational background, gender, and ethnicity should be investigated. The mean and standard deviation of the test scores in each group should be reported as well as d scores. The extent to which the predictive validity of the test (and sub-components of the test) is relatively equal in relation to all sub-groups should be examined, as should the relationship between the size of sub-group differences on the test and the size of sub-group differences with respect to other predictor variables (such as GCSE, A level, and undergraduate degree results). The consequences of including and excluding the aptitude test results on subgroup selection ratios should be reported. If sub-group differences are apparent, the use of......

Words: 31453 - Pages: 126

Premium Essay

Serial Killer

...COGNITION: Talking and Thinking about Serial Killers 12 The Serial Killer was (Cognitively) Framed William E. Deal 153 155 vi C O NTENTS 13 Wolves and Widows: Naming, Metaphor, and the Language of Serial Murder Wendy M. Zirngibl 166 14 An Arresting Conversation: Police Philosophize about the Armed and Dangerous S. Waller (with Diane Amarillas and Karen Kos) 178 PART VI PSYCHO-OLOGY: Killer Mindsets and Meditations on Murder 15 Psychopathy and Will to Power: Ted Bundy and Dennis Rader Richard M. Gray 189 191 206 16 The Thread of Death, or the Compulsion to Kill J. S. Piven A Solemn Afterword: A Message from the Victim’s Network Mary Miller 218 222 226 A Timeline of Serial Killers Amanda Howard Notes on Contributors CON TEN TS vii JOHN M. DORIS FOREWORD Why a philosophy book about serial killers? For all that, why think about serial killers at all? Haven’t we got enough spiders in our heads without filling up on stuff like that? I know I do. I’m a recovering serial killer addict. I’ve read more than I can remember – or care to – about such aberrations, both factual and fictional. But I’m older now, and possibly a little wiser; I’ve gotten clean, and shaken my infatuation with moral obscenity. Maybe this is the natural course of things; towards the end of a long and admirable life, much of it dedicated to the prevention of cruelty to children, my father watched little but comedies. When you’ve done all you......

Words: 90119 - Pages: 361

Premium Essay

Cyrus the Great

...difficulty telling you apart. Contents Preface to the second edition Preface for instructors Acknowledgments 1 2 Everything you wanted to know about critical theory but were afraid to ask Psychoanalytic criticism The origins of the unconscious The defenses, anxiety, and core issues Dreams and dream symbols The meaning of death The meaning of sexuality Lacanian psychoanalysis Classical psychoanalysis and literature Some questions psychoanalytic critics ask about literary texts “What’s Love Got to Do with It?”: a psychoanalytic reading of The Great Gatsby Questions for further practice: psychoanalytic approaches to other literary works For further reading For advanced readers Marxist criticism The fundamental premises of Marxism The class system in America The role of ideology Human behavior, the commodity, and the family Marxism and literature Some questions Marxist critics ask about literary texts You are what you own: a Marxist reading of The Great Gatsby Questions for further practice: Marxist approaches to other literary works For further reading For advanced readers xi xiii xv 1 11 12 15 18 21 24 26 34 37 39 49 50 50 53 53 55 56 61 64 68 69 79 79 80 3 viii Contents 4 Feminist criticism Traditional gender roles A summary of feminist premises Getting beyond patriarchy French feminism Multicultural feminism Gender studies and feminism Feminism and literature Some questions feminist critics ask about literary texts “. . . next they’ll throw......

Words: 221284 - Pages: 886

Free Essay

Contemporary Approach

...Perspective Academic Contingencies Economic Contingencies Unanticipated Emergent Themes Systems Spring Eternal Charter Take-Over Impact on Students with Disabilities Community as Resource Summary CHAPTER 4: Discussion and Summary Review of Results Unanticipated Emergent Themes Independent Systems District of Charters 50 51 55 58 58 61 63 63 65 66 68 69 70 72 72 73 76 78 82 82 83 vii The Limitations of this Study Charter School Logistics Member Check Alternative Explanations Future Research Legislative Motives Community Engagement Conflicting Motives Systems of Support References Appendices 85 85 86 87 87 87 88 88 89 90 101 viii LIST OF APPENDICIES APPENDIX A Potential Interview Participants………………………….101 APPENDIX B Interview Notes Table……………………………………103 APPENDIX C Interview Summary Table……………………………….106 APPENDIX D Human Subjects Consent HSCL #17117………………..109 APPENDIX E Table of Key Informants…………………………………113 APPENDIX F Document Summary Table………………………………115 APPENDIX G Document Codes and Sources…………………………..118 APPENDIX H Member Check Questions…………………………….…121 APPENDIX I New Orleans Public Schooling Options……………….…123 APPENDIX J Common Application Form……………………………...125 ix LIST OF CHARTS Chart 1: List of New Orleans Public Schools………………………………3 Chart 2: LEAP Score summary……………………………………………66 x CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Review of Literature Introduction Two years after the devastation of Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, Louisiana was......

Words: 27801 - Pages: 112

Premium Essay


...Richmond/Innsbrook, Virginia 5 13 19 Richmond/Emerywood, Virginia 11 11 22 Virginia Beach, Virginia 49 21 81 4 8 38 Virginia Beach/ College of Culinary Arts, Virginia Equipment Instructional equipment is available according to the program curriculum so students can acquire an understanding of the kind of equipment they could expect to encounter in an entry-level position in their field. The equipment must be shared by students; accordingly, ECPI University cannot guarantee students hands-on use of the equipment beyond that called for in the curriculum. To complete the requirements of their programs, students may have to schedule use of the equipment outside normal class hours. Equipment may be used for class assignments only. Class Hours for ECPI University Monday through Thursday: 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Monday through Thursday: 5:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. Hybrid: Friday 5:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. and Saturday 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. plus Online Page 12 ECPI UNIVERSITY About ECPI University Degree Overview Master of Science overview The master of science degree program provides students with problem-solving and decision-making skills for the business environment. Each graduate will possess a well-rounded technical education that facilitates entry into higher-level positions commensurate with a technical lead or project manager. Technical skills emphasized by the program will include database......

Words: 149595 - Pages: 599

Premium Essay

Scavenger Hunt Questions and Answers

...Virginia Virginia Beach, Virginia Virginia Beach/ School of Culinary Arts, Virginia CLASSROOMS 16 9 6 5 22 9 17 9 13 8 5 11 49 4 LABS 18 11 13 6 2 15 25 19 19 25 13 11 21 8 OFFICES 24 17 19 16 27 31 49 32 30 34 19 22 81 38 Equipment Instructional equipment is available according to the program curriculum so students can acquire an understanding of the kind of equipment they could expect to encounter in an entry-level position in their field. The equipment must be shared by students; accordingly, ECPI University cannot guarantee students hands-on use of the equipment beyond that called for in the curriculum. To complete the requirements of their programs, students may have to schedule use of the equipment outside normal class hours. Equipment may be used for class assignments only. Page 17 2012 Catalog ECPI University About ECPI University Program Information Below is a list of the degree and diploma programs offered and the concentrations available. The programs of study vary at the campus locations and not all programs are offered at all locations. School of Technology Computer and Information Science Master of Science in Information Technology Bachelor of Science in Computer & Information Science Database Programming Healthcare IT Network Security Simulation & Game Programming Web Development Associate of Science in Computer & Information Science Accounting Business Systems Administration Database Programming Network Security Simulation & Game......

Words: 130938 - Pages: 524

Premium Essay

Business Administration

...Textbooks and Maintenance of Standard of Education” the erstwhile University Grants Commission was designated as competent authority to develop review and revise curricula beyond Class-XII. With the repeal of UGC Act, the same function was assigned to the Higher Education Commission under its Ordinance of 2002 Section 10 Sub-Section 1 (v). In compliance with the above provisions, the HEC undertakes revamping and refurbishing of curricula after regular intervals in a democratic manner involving universities/DAIs, research and development institutions and local Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The intellectual inputs by expatriate Pakistanis working in universities and R&D institutions of technically advanced countries are also invited to contribute and their views are incorporated where considered appropriate by the National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC). To bring international compatibility to qualifications held from Pakistani universities/DAIs for promotion of students mobility and job seekers around the globe, a Committee comprising of Conveners of the National Curriculum Revision Committee of HEC met in 2009 and developed a unified template for standardized 4-year/8-semester BS degree programmes. This unified template was aimed to inculcate broader base of knowledge in the subjects like English, Sociology, Philosophy, Economics etc. in addition to major discipline of study. The Bachelor (BS) degree course requires to be completed in 4-years/8-semesters, and shall......

Words: 58162 - Pages: 233