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Sociology Essay and Class Notes Prep

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tashareid16
Words 2927
Pages 12
Chapter 1

What is sociology?

* Seeks to explain, describe, and predict human behavior

* Not concerned with individual human beings

* Concerned with human beings in reaction to other human beings

* Puts emphasis on group behavior (two or more people) (small group/large groups)

* Looks at group social interaction, social behavior an influence of social structures on people

How old is sociology? 200 years

Why did sociology (as social science develop)?

Who was the founding father of sociology?

Main contributions of Sociology
Early

Auguste compte: Founding father of sociology, coined the word sociology

How is Sociology different from other social sciences?

Emile Durkheim: influenced development of functionalism

4 types of suicide by Durkheim:
Egoistic: Mentally ill, lonely, social outcast, depression
Altruistic: Kamikaze pilots, suicide bombers, cult members, obligation to the group,
Fatalistic: Inmates, elderly, terminally ill, hopelessness
Anomic: Anyone who cant deal with chaos, such as stock market crash or 1929-Insecurity

Anomie:
When society’s norms are questions, much social change,
Society is rapidly changing
Institutions are weakened, family, religion.
Gender norms are questioned; values and belief systems are questioned

Theory of structural functionalism

1 If a structure exists in society its because its functional, the social structure exists because it works

Social structures: anything external to people that has ways of affecting us, like religions, schools,

Any pattern of social organization external to people that has a way of influencing us.

Example:
Family
Peers
Media
Religion
School
Exams
Laws
Marriage

3. This theory explains that society s a large social system with inter relation parts, all working together for a reason

4. If something in society…...

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