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Sociology Method Notes

In: Social Issues

Submitted By mariakypreos
Words 271
Pages 2
Methods
Overt observation- the researcher makes their true identity and the truth as to what they are carrying out known to the people or subject being studied.
It avoids ethical problems of deceit
It allows them to ask obvious questions that would seem strange if they were using overt observation
The observer can record research openly
They can use interview methods
The disadvantages:
A group may refuse researchers study on their group
The group or subject may act differently ‘’we only show you want you want to see’’

Covert observation- the researcher hides their true identity as a researcher from the group being studied
Practical issues- it reduces the risk of altering peoples behavior and sometimes is the only way to get valid information
Laud Humphreys (1970) study of gay men in toilets
It requires the researcher to keep up an act, which could potentially be blown at any small mistake, which could determine the results of the study. (Could be practically dangerous if in a gang as violence or physical harm could come to the researcher)
Ethical issues:
Some people find it immoral to deceive people and obtaining information from them by pretending about who they are.
Some researchers may have to abruptly leave a group without an explanation
They may have to participate in violent or immoral or illegal activities
They may have legal duty to report them

Advantages of participant observation:
1. validity
2. insight
3. flexibility
4. practical advantages
Disadvantages of participant observation:
1.Practical
2. ethical problems
3. Representativeness
4. Reliability
5. Bias and lack of objectivity
6. Validity
7.Lack of a concept of...

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