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Sociology of Karl Marx

In: Social Issues

Submitted By sruthi2210
Words 2099
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INSTITUTION: University of Botswana
FACULTY: Faculty of Education
DEPARTMENT: Department of Primary Education
PROGRAMME: Bachelor of Education Primary
COURSE: Sociology of Religion
COURSE CODE: TRS 315
Assignment: identify either Karl Marxx or Max Weber and compare his ideas with any other theorist who expressed his/her views on religion.
Names: Oabona Moses Sello
ID #: 201204434
Due date: April 15 2014

Introduction
This essay intends to explicitly compare Karl Marx and Emile David Durkheim ideas on religion from a sociological and functionalist perspective. Functionalists’ belief that religion is beneficial for both the community and its members e.g. it unifies the society which in turn gives each individual member a source of support when they need it. It will begin with their brief historical backgrounds, definition of religion as well as their similarities and differences in studying it.
Karl Marx
Marx was born in Prussia on May 5, 1818. He began exploring sociopolitical theories at university among the Young Hegelians. He became a journalist, and his socialist writings would get him expelled from Germany and France. In 1848, he published The Communist Manifesto with Friedrich Engels and was exiled to London, where he wrote the first volume of Das Kapital and lived the remainder of his life (Engels, 1869). Marx is considered as one of the founders of economic history and sociology.
Emile Durkheim
According to Jones (1986) “David Emile Durkheim was born in France, on April 15, 1857 and raised in a Jewish family with his father as a rabbi. Emile was, thus destined for the rabbinate, and a part of his early education was spent in a rabbinical school” (p.12). Durkheim is considered the father of modern sociology and well known for his work on Division of Labour in 1912. Definition of Religion Both Marx and Durkheim have rather contrasting...

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