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Sociology

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Glossary of Sociological Terms

|11-Plus Exam |Examination introduced with the 1944 Education Act, sat by all pupils in the state sector|
| |at the age of 11. If they passed they went to the selective Grammar School, or if they |
| |failed to the Secondary Modern School. This exam still exists in some counties such as |
| |Kent and also in Northern Ireland. |
|12-Plus Exam |Exam made available only to a minority of 'high-flyers' in Secondary Modern schools, |
| |offering a late chance to go to Grammar School at the age of 12. |
|'30-30-40 society' |A term associated with Will Hutton to describe an increasingly insecure and polarised |
| |society. The bottom 30 per cent is socially excluded by poverty from the rest of society.|
| |The next 30 per cent live in fear and insecurity of falling into poverty. Only the top 40|
| |per cent feel secure and confident. |

A

|abortion |The 1967 Abortion Act permitted termination of pregnancy by a registered practitioner |
| |subject to certain conditions and was introduced in 1968. Currently around one-third of |
|...

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