Free Essay

Somalia

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Ubelmi
Words 1368
Pages 6
Current Event Somalia

Historically known for having one of the most popular trading ports in Africa. Somalia lies on the East African coast of the Indian Ocean bordering Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Kenya. Over 80% of the country’s population is ethnic Somalis of Afro-Asiatic descent. Somalia has a rich history of poetry and is believed to be the first region Camels were domesticated. It is also one of the first areas of Africa were Islam was adopted. A sea full of fish and land full of natural resources one would assume this coastal country would be one of the thriving African nation states in the 21st century; those assumptions were valid a few decades ago. With the push of democracy and the pressure of Western Powers to eliminate authoritarian leader Siad Barre, eventually caused a civil war beginning in the early 90’s. Mogadishu was named the most dangerous city in the world year after year. Many Somalis fled to neighboring Kenya or to North America and Europe. The other numerous millions were abandoned by the world having to deal with civil war, droughts, and famine. Numerous failed attempts of legitimate political leaders gaining power lead to a radical Islamic Militant group rise.

Al-Shabaab has been reigning terror in Somalia and neighboring East African for near a decade. With the recent push for democracy in Somalia, a western backed election resulted in a victory for Hassan Sheikh Mohamud in 2012. President Mohamud became president backed up by the world powers and the African union. His main mission was vocalized from the day he stepped into office. His missions were to revive the failed nation state of Somalia, and to remove the existence of the radical Islamic group Al-Shabaab. Al-Shabaab may not have the presence they’ve had in the past in the capital of Mogadishu, but they are without doubt still in well existence. The same group responsible for the Westgate mall attack a year ago in neighboring, Nairobi, Kenya, have also been carrying out numerous cowardly attacks in Somalia. Though most Somali nationals are against this radical militant group, some do support them. The ones who do support Al-Shabaab believe the African union troops are committing unethical acts in Somalia. A report surfaced early this month about the AU. “African Union soldiers stationed in Somalia have raped and sexually exploited women and girls on their military bases, Human Rights Watch says in a new report. The report released Monday accuses soldiers of working through Somalia go-betweens to use a variety of ploys, such as humanitarian aid, to force women and girls to have sex as well as to sexually assault women who came to the bases seeking medical help or water.” (Mullen & Karikari) These reports are devastating for the African Union who are suppose to be in Somalia assisting the government on the plague Al-Shabaab has caused Somalia. The Somali government issued a Statement. “The government condemns all forms of abuse against the Somali people and remains committed to ensuring perpetrators of any crime against its civilians are brought to justice. The government will lead a rigorous and prompt investigation into the allegations with all stakeholders and necessary action will be taken as required.” (Mullen & Karikari) With the AU and Somali government taking no action on these allegations it could cause some people who were siding with them to possible lean towards Al-Shabaab.

The AU and Al-Shabaab have been involved in a decent amount of conflict this month. Around the same time reports of rape allegedly committed by the AU, Al-Shabaab was attacking the AU. “ Somali Islamist militants ambushed African Union peacekeeping troops in southwestern Somalia. The militants attacked a convoy carrying Ethiopian AU troops in two locations between the towns of Qansahdheere and Burdhoo, The African troops eventually stopped the attack and secured the area.” ( Nor & Hanna) This month of September has been very eventful for the two sides conflicting in Somalia. While the AU is on the ground defending, the USA and western powers are using their technological advanced warfare on Al-Shabaab. This was also the same warfare that took out Al- Shabaab leader Godane. “The U.S. military said it killed Godane in a thunderous attack Monday. Godane had been at the helm since the group started a campaign of terror in East Africa, killing Somali officials, aid workers and others in spate of suicide bombings. Commandos flew in Monday and took the leader out with the help of drones and laser-guided missiles.” (Nor & Hanna)

The exchanging of attacks continues in the month of September. While the AU is defending the ground and the Western Powers are weakening Al-Shabaab through intensive drone missions. With everything going on this month Al-Shabaab are still showing signs of somewhat strong existence. “ A suicide bomber hit an African Union Mission in Somalia convoy on Monday, killing 16 people, Lower Shabelle Gov. Abdukadir Mohamed Sidi said. Sidi said the explosion destroyed two buses traveling behind the military convoy, which was transporting the governor as he traveled back from Mogadishu. The blast killed 16 civilians and injured 22 people, including two soldiers. The Al-Shabaab terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack and said Americans and South Africans were among those killed. The bombing comes a week after a U.S. airstrike claimed the life of the group’s leader, Ahmed Godane.” (Nor) This war is not heavily media covered but without a doubt is going on. The back and forth attacks going on during this month of September are undeniable. With every attack Al-Shabaab commits the AU & U.S. strike back more intensively and strategically. “ Al-Shabaab militants on Saturday shot dead the deputy chief of Somalia’s anti-terrorism unity, Mohamed Qanuni, in a drive by shooting in Mogadishu, Police said.” (Nor) Al-Shabaab like most other terrorist groups is quick to claim responsibility instantly of their attacks usually via web. They took responsibility of Qanuni’s death instantly. “ Today we gunned down the new deputy head of Somalia’s Anti-Terrorism Unity Mohamed Qanuni, along other top official in broad daylight drive by shooting in Mogadishu our fighters, Abu Musab said in a statement posted on a pro Al-Shabaab website and on Radio Al Andalus.” (Nor)

The beautiful country on the coast of East Africa has seen nothing but war and political conflict for the past two decades and counting. These events presented in this paper have all happened with in the last few weeks. Each side exchanging conflicts are not solving the situation nor is it making Somalia a stable or safe nation. Though the AU and the U.S. believe they are winning this war it is very visible Al-Shabaab is not going out without a strong fight. It is unknown how long the AU will remain in this area and it is unknown what will happen after they decide to leave. What is known is numerous innocent lives are being lost and a resolution for this conflict does not same near. These types of wars are not only being fought in Somalia, but also in Nigeria, Mali, and numerous other countries of Africa. Many radical militant groups have been rising to revolt against these western backed African nation states. With corruption and propaganda going on with in these nation states governments, it is to be believed that these radical militant groups won’t be disappearing anytime soon.

Bibliography

Karimi, Faith, Journalist Omar Nor Reported from Mogadishu, Faith Karimi, Jason Hanna Wrote, and Reported In Atlanta. "Al-Shabaab Names Successor to Slain Leader; Somalia on High Alert." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Mullen, Jethro, and Faith Karimi. "Rights Group: African Union Soldiers Raped, Exploited Somali Women, Girls." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Nor, Omar, Faith Karimi, Jason Hanna, and Michael Pearson. "Suicide Bombing Kills 16, Somali Official Says." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Nor, Omar. "Top Somali Anti-terrorism Officer Shot Dead in Mogadishu." CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Jan. 1970. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

"Somalia Profile." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2014.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Somalia

...Somalia is a country with a history of violence, unrest, and strategic implications regarding counterterrorism for the United States (U.S.). Of particular interest is the Al Shabaab organization, an Islamic extremist group attempting to overthrow the United Nations (UN) sanctioned Transitional Federal Government (TFG). According to the National Counter-Terrorism Center, the group has exerted temporary and, at times, sustained control over strategic locations in southern and central Somalia by recruiting, at times forcibly, regional sub-clans and their militias, using guerrilla asymmetrical warfare and terrorist tactics against the TFG of Somalia and its allies, African Union (AU) peacekeepers, and Nongovernmental aid Organizations (NGO). Traditional warfare should not be considered an option as the threat faced does not constitute a conventional war where military forces are attempting to achieve strategic objectives against a recognized state. Commensurate to the threat, an Islamic extremist organization, irregular warfare strategies and capabilities are ideal in neutralizing these threats. The U.S., in support of the AU, is uniquely positioned to provide support through irregular warfare capabilities implemented by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM). Although the Al Shabaab organization could be categorized as aninsurgency, it may not necessarily be feasible to approach the threatwith a counterinsurgency strategy. The organization does not appearto have the support of......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Somalia

...Somali language Number of Speakers: According to Gordon (2005), approximately 13 million people speak Somali, but upwards of 25 million individuals are commonly estimated to speak the language. The exact number of speakers is unknown because of the recent civil wars and the resultant waves of migration. Key Dialects: There are three main dialects of Somali: Northern Somali, Benaadir (coastal Somali), and Af-Ashraaf (Ashraaf). Northern Somali is the primary dialect and is the basis for standard Somali. Geographical Center: Somalia and independent Somaliland (northern Somalia) GENERAL INTRODUCTION Somali is perhaps the best documented and most thoroughly studied Cushitic language. It is spoken by roughly eight million people in Somalia and independent Somaliland (northern Somalia), where it is the official language. Outside Somalia, it is spoken by approximately five million people in a number of countries, including Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Italy, Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Speakers of Somali are typically multilingual in Arabic and Italian. Alternate names of the language are Af-Soomaali and Af-Maxaad Tiri. LINGUISTIC AFFILIATION Somali is an Eastern Cushitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Related languages include Afar and Oromo. LANGUAGE VARIATION There are three primary regional dialects of Somali: Northern Somali, Benaadir Somali, and Af-Ashraaf Somali. Northern Somali is...

Words: 1309 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Somalia

...Soc 355: Minority Group Relations Somalia Presentation Paper When I walked into the presentation tonight I had no idea what to expect. I thought for a second it might be another presentation that just simply bores the audience with listing statistics of bullies in schools or dealing with discrimination that I would never come across or face. It was not though; the presentation was a real experience. In a sense, it could have been too real. Somalia is a country that is located on the far east of Africa. This country is in a region known as the “Horn of Africa”. Somalia is in the center of what is said to be the worst drought in Africa in over 60 years. With most of the country side being couple empty and home to absolutely nothing, the region has been officially declared as one of the few famines areas in world history. There are currently over 10 million men, women and children that are desperate need of food and water. Over 600,000 children are in despair as their country fights poverty, drought, and civil war. There is no more grass in the fields. Farms are no longer filled with animals. There is no longer food for parents to provide to their children. There is no more water in wells. The countryside people are forced to abandon their homes, their cities, and their farms to make the treacherous voyage towards a refugee camp. They leave because they have absolutely nothing left. They leave on a path on foot that is faced with dangerous obstacles of facing wild......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Somalia

...Aniela Santoso EIL 320 Section 6 October 15, 2014 The Solutions of Food Shortage in Somalia Africa, or as known as the Dark Continent, is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. Every time this continent is mentioned, usually we immediately think about extreme poverty, children’s malnutrition, food and water shortage, also deadly diseases such as HIV/AIDS and Ebola. We only recognize the problem from the surface and just rely on humanitarian organization’s aid. But in reality, people in Africa, especially in Somalia, have undergone a very serious problem of food shortage and famine for a long time and still depend on international’s aid without helpful solution. In fact, Somalia has experienced a situation of acute malnutrition in more than 30 percent of children, at least two deaths per 10,000 people every day and access to less than four litres of water a day (CARE, 2012). Therefore, this paper will examine the possibly long-term solutions in economic, social, and political sectors to overcome the root of this problem. Food shortage in Somalia occurred as a result of natural and human factors. There are three major factors that cause this problem, which is dominated by human factors. First, Somalia has experienced civil war and political unrest as a result of the domination of an organization called Al Qaeda, which is led by Al Shahaab. Al Qaeda prohibited any deliveries of food aid from any organizations and agencies (Erdenemunkh, 2013). Second,...

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Somalia

...Somalia (/sɵˈmɑːliə/ so-mah-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال‎ aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia[1] (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية‎Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent's mainland,[6] and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands.[3] Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.[7] Somalia has a population of around 10 million. Around 85% of residents are ethnic Somalis,[3] who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities make up the remainder and are largely concentrated in the southern regions.[8] The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afro-Asiatic family.[3] Most people in the country are Muslim,[9] with the majority beingSunni.[10] In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre,[11][12] and is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt.[13][14][15][16] During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Geledi Sultanate. In the late 19th century...

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Somalia

...Somalia has been without an effective central government since President Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991. Years of fighting between rival warlords and an inability to deal with famine and disease have led to the deaths of up to one million people. Comprised of a former British protectorate and an Italian colony, Somalia was created in 1960 when the two territories merged. Since then its development has been slow. Relations with neighbours have been soured by its territorial claims on Somali-inhabited areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Djibouti. In 1970 Mr Barre proclaimed a socialist state, paving the way for close relations with the USSR. In 1977, with the help of Soviet arms, Somalia attempted to seize the Ogaden region of Ethiopia, but was defeated thanks to Soviet and Cuban backing for Ethiopia, which had turned Marxist. In 1991 President Barre was overthrown by opposing clans. But they failed to agree on a replacement and plunged the country into lawlessness and clan warfare. Continue reading the main story At a glance * Scene of Africa's worst humanitarian crisis: aid agencies warn that millions face starvation * No effective government since 1991 * Islamist militia and UN-backed transitional government compete for control of country * The self-proclaimed state of Somaliland and the region of Puntland run their own affairs Country profiles compiled by BBC Monitoring In 2000 clan elders and other senior figures appointed Abdulkassim Salat......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Piracy in Somalia

...Piracy in Somalia Somalia has been dealing with piracy for decades now. Piracy is a major problem in today’s waters, but what exactly is piracy? Piracy is the practice of attacking and robbing ships at sea. The piracy epidemic in Somalia is not going to go away overnight. Piracy in Somalia has drastically affected everything about the country. Piracy might now sound like a whole lot of a big deal, but the real fact is, it is a big deal. Solving such an issue as piracy is not an easy task by any means. To solve any issue one must understand the effects of the issue. The effect of Somalian piracy on the shores of Somalia can be fully understood, but it takes, time, patience and hard work. The Somalian pirates have caused untold mayhem on Somalia’s environment, economy people, and the Government One of the biggest thing affected by the piracy in Somalia is the environment. Somali pirates are linked to illegal fishing and toxic waste dumping. As Saeed Shabazz puts it. Over fishing is a huge problem for Somalia right now. Not only is it a problem for them but also for the world. Since there is over fishing the fish populations in that area are deplenishing. The fish are not given enough time to reproduce causing less fish. Thus the effect of that is less food all around, which causes the Somalian pirates to move all along the shores of Somalia depleting the resources in the sea. Toxic waste dumping by the pirates in the sea is also another major problem. The waste the......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Security Stability in Somalia

...Security Stability in Somalia Since their indirect elections on September 12, 2012, and despite the fragile regional security situation of the Horn of Africa, Somalia has continued to experience significant and sustained progress towards security stability in their country. In order for Somalia to succeed as viable and trusted state, the United States (US) as well as the International Community should not allow another security stability failure in Somalia. The US and the International Community must focus on helping to sustain Somalia’s efforts against the fight of the Al-Shabaab terrorist organization, help to counter piracy, and to help build capacity and capability in the Somali government and its institutions. While at the same time provide the support to attend Somali basic humanitarian aid needs and financial assistance. First, one of the reasons why the general security conditions in Somalia keep on improving is principally thanks to the sustained operations carried out against the Jihadist organization Al-Shabaab by the Somali national security forces in conjunction with the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), and with other associates and allied militias of the government. These operations are currently successful in managing to achieve the retreat of the Islamist radicals from some of the main cities of the south and center of the country. The sustainment of these operations will deteriorate Al-Shabaab operations capacity as a military force, promote the......

Words: 2676 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Irregular Warfare Strategy for Somalia

...struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. I will discuss where the U.S. may apply military force in conjunction with other means of national power to stabilize the nation of Somalia. I will also discuss why it would be considered as an Irregular Warfare environment. Body Somalia gained its independence from British control in 1960, where the British relinquished control and gave Somalia to the United Nations. Somalia was governed by civilians until 1969; after which the military rebellion by General Muhammed Siad Barre took place. General Muhammed Siad Barre was a military tyranny that was in command of Somalia and it’s military. His tyranny lasted over 2 decades. During the 1970s the United States government communicated with General Barre and donated over 100 million dollars to help stabilize the Somali economy. The United States knew it was within there best interest to keep General Barre in power of Somalia for a while. The United States also knew that by the late 1980s the Somali economy would be unable to sustain itself and foreign aid would be withdrawn. After the collapse of Somalia’s economy, the United States revolted against General Barre’s oppressive regime. Different warlords of Somalia fought together against General Barre, ending his power and forcing him to flee the country. The United States maintained the tyranny by supporting General Barre and his dictatorship because they had an agenda. They......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid in Somalia

...The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid in Somalia Rachel Gardner Professor Marco Mena Sociology of Developing Countries Strayer University 5/4/2014 The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid Foreign aid plays a major role in the sustainability of economic and social activities of developing nations. Whether in the form of development or humanitarian aid, the foreign aid is key to ensuring better living conditions and economic development for these states. These forms of aid are influential in pushing for progress in among the developing nations, but the presence of war greatly affects progress. War has a bearing impact on the distribution of foreign aid in the developing nations due to the resulting impediments that hinder effective movements of the aid to the intended population. One such country is Somalia that has for decades faced civil war due to the lack of a stable government. The effect of the war is eminent; starving population, poor infrastructure, disease outbreaks and mass displacements of the country’s citizens into refugee camps. However, the country has also received large amounts of foreign aid to assist it in addressing its current troubles, but due the continued prevalence of war in the country no substantial gain has been witnessed. Judging from countries facing similar conditions, it becomes apparent that key is vital for the effectiveness of foreign aid failure to which no significant development can occur. Peace is a key factor in......

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Somalia

...Somalia tends to be known for its poverty, upheaval and destructive past, there has up until recently been a lack of leadership or government, healthcare and economic growth. I hope to look more deeply into why all of this is and how it has affected Somalia. I will discuss how a healthy population affects the economy of Somalia. Also how the IMF and the world bank have helped or made various things worse and lastly what role leadership has played in improving the healthcare system in Somalia. There are so many things that come into play that have had devastating effects on Somalia like civil wars that lasted for years on end it seemed like. The International Monetary Fund is helping Somalia rebuild because Somalia has looked like a destruction zone for many years now. The IMF is building institutions and trying to restore security to cut down on warfare. Along with various financial institutions being built with the help of the International Monetary Fund. Since Somalia is rebuilding it has made it a point to have international relations which will help in Somalia becoming a great place and sustaining in the growth of Somalia. The IMF is focusing a lot on forming particular institutions that are very much needed in a place that has very poor infrastructure. Institutions like public institutions which will provide social and economic services for the people. The IMF has strived to gain international relations which they did which will help provide healthcare or medicine,......

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Famine Case Study

... Examine causes and consequences of a recent famine. Since July 2011, Somalia has been hit with East Africa’s worst drought in 60 years, with over 12 million people in east African region needing food aid, according to the UN. They have also warned that this drought and famine could cause death of over 750 000 people in Somalia. As it can be seen on Map 1, other countries around Somalia such as Djibouti, Kenya, and Ethiopia have been affected as well. The key on the map shows that the areas marked with dark red are areas affected the most. The UN officially declared famine on 20 July 2011 in southern Somalia. Since then, 4 more regions including the entire Bay region in Somalia were declared famine. Somalia has been affected by constant drought for the past 30 years, while having civil war causing destruction to its rural and urban economies. Somalia has been categorized as a “failed state”. So what has caused them to become a failed state? Causes of this recent famine can be categorized into social, economic, and environmental. Somalia is also known as a failed state, a country without government. Besides the civil war they have had for the past 20 years, corrupted governments and lack of infrastructures. Firstly, Somalia has a corrupted government and lack of infrastructure. This prevents any form of aid group or government from transporting food and any other aid items. Also, the Somalia ordered 700 tons of corn from South Africa to help feed the people, but......

Words: 615 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Revenue Recognition

...and this is what I have to say. The Oromo people live in the Oromo and tigray areas as well as in Kenya(which part of Ethiopia is Oromo and Tigray regions?) But the Oromo people were originally from south Somalia (Where is your resource). Later on they migrated to Ethiopia and Kenya. Now the Oromo people live in what they call the Oromo country also known as biyya-Oromo. The Oromo people lived strictly by culture. But they are now coming out of that little shell(What is that mean) and opening the door to civilization (how did they live in earlier time, explain). Were (where) their language is slowly mixing with the Amharic language. The Oromo people use to live in small muddy tukuls, made of poop and straw, but are now slowly changing their way of life.(Can u write a little bit how this small muddy tukules made, the steps) They now have phones and electronics in their language even the internet offers that language. (Tutiye You need to write more about their culture, what most of them eat, The Oromo people believed in god waaq (Upper Case). (What is Waaq explain the ceremony) Elaburate more what it is) Waaq was on of those gods that existed in the Oromo tribe and also Somalia a while before the introduction of the Islam and Christian religion. In the Oromo and Somalia tribes no idols were worshiped except for waaq. Waaq was apparently very important to the Oromo tribe. When it comes to jobs the Oromo people still need some work and it is important that all......

Words: 1110 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Omalia State Failure, Piracy

...Terms and Conditions of the license agreement available at http://heinonline.org/HOL/License -- The search text of this PDF is generated from uncorrected OCR text. -- To obtain permission to use this article beyond the scope of your HeinOnline license, please use: https://www.copyright.com/ccc/basicSearch.do? &operation=go&searchType=0 &lastSearch=simple&all=on&titleOrStdNo=0042-6571 50TH ANNIVERSARY COMMEMORATIVE ESSAY Somalia: State Failure, Piracy, and the Challenge to International Law MARIO SILVA* Introduction .......................................................................................... I. T he Failed State ......................................................................... A . In General ........................................................................ B. Case Study: Somalia ........................................................ 1. Political Instability in Somalia ............................. 2. Economic Instability in Somalia .......................... 3. Humanitarian Challenges and Societal Instability in Somalia ............................................ II. P iracy ......................................................................................... A . In General ........................................................................ B. International Treaties and International Actions to Halt P iracy ............................................................................... 1. Actions Taken by the United Nations......

Words: 11276 - Pages: 46

Free Essay

Marjuana

...Somalia Ethel Ragland Strayer University Sociology of Developing Countries 300 Dr. Donna Robinson Sunday, February 01, 2015 Africa: Somalia Somalia has a population of about 1048,043 this evaluation was produced from the official census system taken by the Somalia government calculated in Somalia by the Nomads and refugee’s movements in reaction to famine and world clan warfare. (July 2014 World Fact Book) This region is made up of 85% Somalia, 15% non-Somalia including 30,000 Arabs and Bantu people. Somalia has generally been allocated into three regions – Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia. Resulting in the collapse of the SiadBarre regime (1969-91) the country descended into civil conflict with overwhelming consequences. These results has made gross domestic products and human development between the lowest in the world .Out of 170 countries Somalia is in the middle of the five least developed countries measured by 2012 Human Development Index. The pre-eminence of accustomed Clan- based system obstruct social cohesion and inescapable traditional practices, such as polygamy and forced marriages, exclusion of women from education and employment opportunities. In which will results in some of the worst gender equal opportunity indicators in the world. (World Bank.org......

Words: 984 - Pages: 4