Southern Gothic Literature

In: English and Literature

Submitted By meera2
Words 1433
Pages 6
Southern Gothic Literature
Southern gothic literature became famous by Edgar Allen Poe in the 1900’s. Then in the 1920’s and 1930’s William Faulkner made it popular again. Southern gothic literature is the writing about the American south such as, the plantations, dusty downtowns, and aging southern belles. Three southern gothic literature authors that have changed and twisted it to make it their own are William Faulkner, Harper Lee, and Eudora Welty. William Faulkner’s story “A Rose for Emily”, Eudora Welty’s story “A Worn Path”, and Harper Lee's book To Kill A Mockingbird are three southern gothic books that show southern gothic writing. In “A Worn Path”, “A Rose for Emily”, and To Kill A Mockingbird the authors use the element of horror to scare and surprise the reader.
Without a doubt there are many ways to make someone think of what you want them to think of just by using words. Eudora Welty makes you think that someone is going to get killed and that the story will end sad. In “A Worn Path” the main character Phoenix goes on this journey to get her grandson’s medication. Phoenix is an old negro woman, she has hallucinations on her journey and isn’t afraid of anything. This story shows horror being used because on her journey she runs into a young white hunter and his dog. When she is walking, she hears a dog and turns around. The dog then jumps up and pushes her into a ditch. The dog’s owner comes along and helps her up. However,when he finds out where she is going,(into town), he tells her to go home because it is too far. When she refuses to go home he points his gun at her. She just stood there and stared at the gun. He said “Doesn't the gun scare you?” She replied, “No, sir, I seen plenty go off closer by, in my day, and for less than what I have done” You would think that she was going to get killed and that she would…...

Similar Documents

Southern Gothic Literature

...Southern Gothic Literature Southern gothic literature became famous by Edgar Allen Poe in the 1900’s. Then in the 1920’s and 1930’s William Faulkner made it popular again. Southern gothic literature is the writing about the American south such as, the plantations, dusty downtowns, and aging southern belles. Three southern gothic literature authors that have changed and twisted it to make it their own are William Faulkner, Harper Lee, and Eudora Welty. William Faulkner’s story “A Rose for Emily”, Eudora Welty’s story “A Worn Path”, and Harper Lee's book To Kill A Mockingbird are three southern gothic books that show southern gothic writing. In “A Worn Path”, “A Rose for Emily”, and To Kill A Mockingbird the authors use the element of horror to scare and surprise the reader. Without a doubt there are many ways to make someone think of what you want them to think of just by using words. Eudora Welty makes you think that someone is going to get killed and that the story will end sad. In “A Worn Path” the main character Phoenix goes on this journey to get her grandson’s medication. Phoenix is an old negro woman, she has hallucinations on her journey and isn’t afraid of anything. This story shows horror being used because on her journey she runs into a young white hunter and his dog. When she is walking, she hears a dog and turns around. The dog then jumps up and pushes her into a ditch. The dog’s owner comes along and helps her up. However...

Words: 1433 - Pages: 6

Gothic Elements

...The southern gothic style is one that employs the use of macabre, ironic events to examine the values of the American south. Two of the most iconic writers to use this style are Flannery O’ Conner and William Faulkner. O’Conner’s short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find,” which depicts a southern family’s demise at the hands of a ruthless murderer, and Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily,” in which a well-to-do woman is discovered to have the rotting corpse of her lover in her bedroom, are two perfect examples of southern gothic stories. While both O’Conner and Faulkner use the southern gothic style, however, they use it to illuminate different aspects of southern culture. The most important and defining aspect of southern gothic writing is the use of macabre, or grotesque, events. Such events are easily identified in both stories. “A Rose for Emily, told through the eyes of an entire southern town, depicts a woman named Emily, who is the last remaining member of a once great family. The town watches as Emily grows more and more estranged as years pass. Eventually, when she dies alone, the town enters the house and is shocked to find the badly decomposed body of her lover, who had been assumed to have left Emily years before, in the bed of an upstairs room. Faulkner ends the story on a decidedly gruesome note, writing “Then we noticed that in the second pillow was the indentation of a head. One of us lifted something from it, and leaning forward, that faint and...

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

American Gothic

...Grant Wood, American Gothic English Assignment American Gothic American Gothic is a classic American painting by Wood Grant. The traditional painting was created in the year 1930. Wood paints an image of two farmers in the Midwest. Due to time period that the painting was created in (1930s), American Gothic refers to the Great Depression. Wood paints the two farmers expressions with much importance. The man looks right at the viewer with strong determined eyes. He is holding his pitchfork with strength. The woman looks of to the left of the painting. Her expression portrays fear and sadness. Behind the two subjects is a house lit up by the afternoon sun. American Gothic is a very simple painting; two people and a house. The viewers eyes looks first at the man’s intense stare and then continues to wander around the painting. Wood's choice of clothing, hairstyle, color all play important rolls in determining the time setting and to give the painting an overall mood. First of all, the color scheme is very muted one. This gives the painting a depressing mood and a one- dimensional feeling. The many vertical and horizontal lines generate eye movement from pitchfork to the coat of the man on up to the faces of both figures to the window between them; then, as the roof angles, the viewer's eye is led toward the left and right with the roofs of the house and barn. The repetition of shape with the pitchfork and the window helps the viewer to see...

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Norfolk Southern

...Summary Chapter 3. Analyzing the Firm Company Background Bethany Ethics and Current Events Norfolk Southern operates around a “Thoroughbred Code of Ethics,” known internally as SPIRIT: Safety, Performance, Integrity, Respect, Innovation, and Teamwork (NSwebsite). The company’s core values * Environmental commitment * http://www.nscorp.com/content/nscorp/en/news/investors-customers-communities-benefit-from-more-info-on-norfolk-southerns-environmental-commitment.html * Giving back * Norfolk Southern Foundation supports nonprofit organizations * Created in 1983, has donated almost $131 million since * Increased sum of grants to $7 million in 2013 – 13% increase from 2011 * "As a leading transportation provider, we believe we also should take the lead in investing in the communities where we operate," said Norfolk Southern CEO Wick Moorman. * Set 2013 grant sum to be $7 million as well * http://www.nscorp.com/content/nscorp/en/get-to-know-norfolk-southern/the-norfolk-southern-story.html * Top 100 military friendly employers * http://www.nscorp.com/content/nscorp/en/news/Norfolk-Southern-named-to-Top-100-Military-Friendly-Employers-list-by-G-I-Jobs-magazine.html Organizational Analysis Carly Structure Carly Leadership Charles Wick Moorman To generally examine the Norfolk Southern corporate side one must look into the board of directors and internal business structure. Norfolk...

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

China Southern

...3.2.1 Strengths Largest fleet, most developed route network As the the Asian fleet the largest, most developed route network airlines, CSA tightly around the goal of building an international scale network carriers strategic transformation, actively promote the three network construction as "hub routes network, sales and marketing network, service support network", extensive brand service, strengthen the construction of information technology, to maintain the innovative edge. (China Southern, 2012) In 2011, the Group ranked first among all Chinese airlines in terms of its fleet size, flight routes network and volume of passenger traffic. The Group has a network of flight routes with Guangzhou as the core hub and Beijing as a major hub, covering China and the rest of Asia and connecting Europe, America, Australia and Africa. The Company joined the SKYTEAM in November 2007. Up to the date of this report, the Group has established a network connecting 926 destinations of 173 countries and regions and covering major cities around the world. (CSA Annual report 2011, pg3) Better safety control By September, 2012, China Southern have kept a safe record of 10 million flying hours and carried close to 600 million passengers without incident. The airline’s safety commitment has - and continues to be - unwavering both throughout China and globally. On September 28, 2012, China Southern was honoured with the Diamond Flight Safety Award by the Civil Aviation Administration of......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Serena Southern Literature

...Land and the Promise it brings Many characteristics in Serena by Ron Rash display a sense of southern literature. Land is a major characteristic of the southern literature due to how southerners value the resource. Southerners value land as the most prosperous resource because it provide all the essentials for living. The since of community in Serena resembling the small communities scattered out through the south. Another major characteristic of the southern literature is the aspects of social class within the small communities. In the south you typically have to urn you social ranking by displaying your worth. Land is a major characteristic of the south, mainly due to how it is acquired. Land in the south is usually passed down through generations and is thought of as a family heirloom. Southerners conceder land as the ultimate resource because it provides shelter, food, and wealth. The importance and prosperity of land is shown through Pemberton’s logging company. Pemberton’s company grows throughout the book by acquires lots of land “Thirty-four thousand acres. There were seven thousand more east of Waynesville that we’ve already logged”, either by tricking people to purchase less desirable land or persuading people to sell the land to him (Rash 14). In the south land is thought of as personal treasure. Selling land is like selling heirlooms that have been passed down through generations, because most the land acquired by southerners is inherited from relatives...

Words: 841 - Pages: 4

Southern Aspects of Gothic Literature

...ENG 102 06 May 2013 Southern Aspects of Gothic Literature Southern gothic writing is a sub genre of the gothic writhing that was originated and most popular during the 1800s in Europe. Southern gothic is unique to American literature in the way that it relies on supernatural, ironic, or unusual events that guide the plot (wisegeek.org.) Unlike gothic style it uses the tools not for the purpose of suspense, but to explore the social issues, and reveal the cultural character of the American south (people.duke.edu.) It is considered to be “Grotesque” which displays a character whose negative qualities allow the author to highlight unpleasant aspects in southern culture. Its defining feature is that it symbolizes problems created by the established pattern and then questions the established pattern’s morality and ethical justification (wisegeek.org.) Some of the other specific features that this style of literature has, is its freakishness; being an outsider; imprisonment; violence; and even the sense of setting in which it takes place(wisegeek.org.) There is usually an important character that is set apart from the world by some kind of negative way, or disability (wisegeek.org.) Some characters may not follow the established cultural pattern but in the end they are considered heroes. Some kind of difference allows them to see a new way of doing things that help bring people to the dark side. When speaking of imprisonment, it is both literal and figurative...

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Gothic Architecture

...Gothic Architecture can be viewed as the skyscrapers of the medieval era with the sheer height of the buildings and the slender windows and columns adding to the verticality of the buildings. In his book 'Gothic' Prof. Dr Bruno Klein enlightens the readers that Gothic Architecture was not entirely initiated with the construction of St. Denis by Abbot Sugar but rather played as major catalyst for the movement which had slowly started to appear in the late Romanesque movement. By instigating a search through Klein's work a better understanding of the Gothic movement can be achieved. This paper will discuss in detail factors that contributed towards the Gothic movement and how the movement was not initiated by the construction of St. Denise by Abbot Sugar but rather a few years before hand. By exploring factors such as political, social and cultural beliefs and values that influence the dramatic change that helped emerge the gothic movement and differ it from its predecessor. Aim of this paper is showcase and illuminate the differences between Gothic and Romanesque Architecture but also how past Architectural styles transcends over time rather than stop with the Architectural movement ends and moves to another. The fact that the founding stone of Gothic Architecture was laid on the july 14 1140 can be disputed (Toman and Bednorz 2007, pg 28). According to Prof. Dr. Bruno Klein the rebuilding of the choir of the Benedictine church of St. Denis was begun at the influence of...

Words: 2282 - Pages: 10

Southern Jag

...Market Analysis Summary Southern Jag's focuses on local and tourist restaurant seekers. People that have a desire for good food and a fascinating atmosphere. Southern Jag is located right by Southern University A&M College. The city of Scotlandville is one of a kind area. The restaurant is in the center of all aspects and will draw in a lot of alumni and visitors coming to town for the games and events that take place on campus. The market section is there is a Jack in the Box, McDonalds, Popeyes As the city of Long Branch is re-developing, we can see that a fine dining establishment like Gabri's is needed here. The city will have much to offer and the people that it draws expect a place where they will get the best of everything. Gabri's Lounge and Restaurant will offer a new fine dining concept to the area. The elegant atmosphere, our excellent food and our friendly staff will stand out and make a name in Long Branch and Monmouth County. We will succeed by giving people a combination of excellent and interesting food in an environment that attracts successful people that want to get a little bit more out of life than just the ordinary! Market Segmentation Southern Jag Restaurant intends to cater to a wide group of people. We want everyone to feel welcome and relaxed in a cozy atmosphere with a wide and varied menu. It is our goal to have "something for everyone" everyday on our menu. In looking at our market analysis, we have defined...

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

A2 English Literature Gothic Terms

...OPPOSITE EXTREMES Also known as polar opposites. OPPOSITE EXTREMES Also known as polar opposites. CONFLICT Can be physical, or a clash of ideas / desires. CONFLICT Can be physical, or a clash of ideas / desires. ABERRATION Something that should be natural but has gone wrong. ABERRATION Something that should be natural but has gone wrong. TERROR Extreme fear. TERROR Extreme fear. AWE A sense of wonder (can be uplifting, or frightening). AWE A sense of wonder (can be uplifting, or frightening). THE SUPERNATURAL Whatever cannot be explained in the physical world. THE SUPERNATURAL Whatever cannot be explained in the physical world. DARKNESS May be literal or metaphorical. DARKNESS May be literal or metaphorical. ENTRAPMENT Can be physically luring someone into a place, situation or relationship, or mentally entrapping them into wrong ideas. ENTRAPMENT Can be physically luring someone into a place, situation or relationship, or mentally entrapping them into wrong ideas. IMPRISONMENT Physical. IMPRISONMENT Physical. OVER-REACHING Aiming too high, or for something you shouldn’t have. OVER-REACHING Aiming too high, or for something you shouldn’t have. MARGINAL Feeling or being on the edge of things either physically or emotionally / socially. MARGINAL Feeling or being on the edge of things either physically or emotionally / socially. PREDATORY Preying on others, either to physically harm them, or...

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

American Gothic Literature

...American Gothic Literature 1. The Adventure of The German Student / Washington Irving The Adventure of The German Student consists a few of the elements which compile Gothic stories. This story tells the happenings of a young German student, Gottfried Wolfgang. Wolfgang is described as a man of good family, but also as a person who is intensely immersed in the mystical side of existence. As a student, he dedicated himself to his studies, until both his physical health and imagination have become "diseased" ("he took up a notion, I do not know from what cause, that there was an evil influence hanging over him"). His family and friends, who watched him get melancholy and morbidly obsessed with the dark side, decided to send him to complete his studies in France, in order for him to be happily influenced by "the splendor and gayeties of Paris". Wolfgang arrived to Paris in the beginning of the Reign of Terror (the French Revolution) and witnessed scenes of butchery and cruelty which gained the exact opposite of what his friends and family aimed for; He had become even more introverted and consumed with his own private, dark world of imagination. Little by little Wolfgang also becomes sexually obsessed. The quote describes the beginning of the process, while using the element of a dream state (one of the elements of gothic literature) Since Wolfgang is too shy to actually approach a woman, he gives himself over to romantic and erotic dreams, in which one particular woman...

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5

The Gothic Novel

...Rebekka Westermeyer ENG Comp 1 McGough 3/12/2015 The Gothic Novel In the late eighteenth, early nineteenth century, gothic fiction arose as a new genre in the literary field. Functioning as cult literature gothic literature compels readers to think, and really consider the immense emotion writers could stimulate. Often overly dramatic with its supernatural, horrific, and suspenseful material, this melancholy form of literature prompted the use of darkness and mystery in order to spawn feelings of obscurity, secrecy, and trepidation. Gothic literature operates as a pulp genre that was often seen as an intense type of romance with its stylized, non-realistic, idealized or emblematic tales presented in the form of an adventure through the use of a discovery quest. Yet its evocative powers of horror and terror explore the gratification and titillations of shockingly perverse. Before being applied to the context of a literary form the term gothic originally referred to an ancient Germanic tribe that derived from what is now known as southern Sweden, before migrating to the shores of the Baltic Sea known as the Goths. This tribe eventually split into two factions that would be known as the Visigoths or West Goths and the Ostrogoths or East Goths. Centuries would pass before the term gothic would once again emerge this time with a different meaning. Sometime during the renaissance Greco-Roman culture was rediscovered by Europeans. In this rediscovery the term “gothic” now...

Words: 2414 - Pages: 10

Gothic Women

...“The role of women in the gothic genre is as victims, always subject to male authority.” Compare and contrast the extent to which this interpretation is relevant to your three chosen texts. “The wolf consumes red riding hood – what else can you expect if you talk to strange men, comments Perrault briskly. Let’s not bother our heads with the mysteries of sadomasochistic attraction” Angela Carter; Foreword to Perrault’s Short Stories. In much of today’s feminist writings, the Gothic era is frequently defined as a period in which the oppression of females was at its most intense. In response to fin de siècle anxieties of a social revolution in which gender stereotypes could be overhauled, gothic writers, it is claimed, sought to reassert cultural and gender norms – a reassertion which inevitably resulted in the oppression of women. In view of such contemporary analysis, it is thus all too tempting to offer a sweeping judgement of gothic literature as victimising, oppressive and misogynistic; Dracula’s “victims” are all “unambiguously women[1]”, Poe victimises through an “idealised and dehumanising image of women[2]”, while Carter is a “pseudo feminist” who merely “reinforces patriarchal views” with her “pornographic” writing[3]. Yet such views are largely artificial, and are primarily based on potted summaries of the above works, rather than a closer textual analysis. If one takes the definition of a victim as a being who is subject to the successful predatory actions...

Words: 5092 - Pages: 21

Norfolk Southern

...Norfolk Southern The rail freight industry has had fluctuations in achievements with regards to various ways of shipment. The competition of shipment with various other means available in terms of sky and highway has made rail transportation less desirable. Rail freight is very inflexible; which is the reason why road freight transport has become very popular. The current status of rail freight transportation is not very efficient. In terms of the process of how Southern Norfolk and its associated transportation companies; there is not much cooperation regarding effectively swapping 40” boxes for 53” boxes. The issue came about decades ago when there were not enough 53” boxes so the focus was on creation of more 53” without much forecasting into the future of how this would ultimately affect the rail transportation industry. Norfolk Southern began operations in 1838 which connected two points in Virginia. Growth occurred rapidly for the company when they gained and additional 14 US states to service. President Mahone was responsible for the linking of Norfolk and Petersburg, Southside, Virginia, and Tennessee. A partner in one of the acquired firms Kimbell was responsible for creation of the Pochantas Coalfields West Virginia which created lines leading the various states including Ohio. When Virginia merged with Southwest this was considered an innovative and new way of the rail transportation industry with Northwest leading the trade. Conrail, which was originally the...

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Comparison of Gothic Literature

...In the gothic genre (whether in the form of music, art, or literature) a flare for drama seems to be a common thread throughout. In the book the Castle of Otranto, the protagonist Theodore is a classic prince charming. He is always willing to protect a damsel in distress and there is no shortage of those in this story. Theodore is a very passionate man and falls so deeply in love with Matilda that he is willing to risk his life in order to protect and be with her. Likewise, the man from the song “The Unquiet Grave" by Faith and the Muse is also deeply passionate about the woman he loves. Both The Castle of Otranto and “The Unquiet Grave” have elements of supernatural happenings which enhance the drama of the plot. In this essay, I will describe the similarities of the two main characters from each piece of writing being reviewed, as well as which method of coping with grief I found most satisfactory. Theodore and the young man in the song appear to have many similar personality and behaviour traits. Theodore is considered very valiant and noble by many of the characters in the book, particularly the women. An example of this adoration for Theodore comes from a statement that Bianca (Matilda’s handmade) makes to Manfred stating that “he is as comely a youth as ever trod on christian ground: we are all in love with him: there is not a soul in the castle but would be rejoiced to have him for our prince” (Walpole, 1764, p. 122). Theodore also shows immense loyalty to the women...

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5