Free Essay

Speaking

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hoanang92
Words 850
Pages 4
Mr Know-All
July 15th, 2011 · No Comments · 1800 Word Level, Short Stories

This story by English author W Somerset Maugham (1874–1965) is about culture, manners, outward appearances, values and – most importantly of all – prejudice. Prejudice exists because it is human nature to stereotype new people we meet based on race or how they look before getting to know them. The moral of the story can be summed up in the English proverb: “You should not judge a book by its cover”.

Resources
Our Story (2702 words) epub pdf read online
Original Story epub pdf read online
1988 TV Drama watch online
The words and expressions in our Simplified English version of the story which are not in our Pre-Intermediate Level 1800 word list are: avenue, belief, cabin, clasp, cocktail, cologne, compliment, cunning, deck, faint, fancy-dress, fierce, flash, flesh, fluency, humor, insult, Levantine, magnify, martini, modest, oriental, pearl, porthole, ready-made, talkative, thump, trunk, victory.

Many English words have more than one meaning. There are several words in the story that are in our Pre-Intermediate level 1800 word list but are used in way that is different to their most common meaning. The words are:

“ball”… a formal dance. (การเต้นรำ)
“familiar”… used to describe someone who is too friendly and not respectful. (ที่สนิทสนม)
“patience”… the British name for a card game played by one person; in America it is known as solitaire. (เล่นไพ่คนเดียว)
“post”… one’s current job or duties in a company or organization (หน้าที่)
“rubbish”… foolish talk; nonsense (ไร้สาระ)
“trade”… the kind of business or occupation you do (อาชีพ)
“wardrobe”… as well as meaning a tall piece of furniture in which clothes are stored, the word ‘wardrobe’ (ตู้เสื้อผ้า) is also a collective noun used to refer to a set of clothes such as ‘summer wardrobe’, ‘winter wardrobe’, ‘travel wardrobe’.
Maugham was a popular English author of plays, novels and short stories, and is said to have been the highest paid writer in the world during the 1930s. He traveled widely, and was one of the best known writers of travel stories in the period between the first and second world wars. This story, which takes place on a ship, is one of those travel stories.

The central theme is stated in very first paragraph. From the start, the narrator expresses his prejudices against the man with whom he must share a cabin on the ship (Mr Kelada). Later, we learn that he dislikes Kelada’s name, his belongings, his appearance, his manners and even his pride in being British.

One of our recent stories, Shooting an Elephant, dealt with prejudice due to differences in class. In this story the prejudice has nothing to do with class as the narrator and Kelada are sharing a room and so must be traveling in the same passenger class. In fact, the narrator’s comments about the number of travel stickers on Kelada’s suitcases, the size of his wardrobe trunk, and his expensive toiletries and monogramed brush suggest that the narrator may be jealous because Kelada appears to be either more wealthy or more sophisticated than he is.

As the story develops, the narrator changes from referring to Kelada by name to using the term “Levantine”. When Britain took over part of the Levant at the end of the First World War, some in the new government used the term “Levantine” as an insult to local people of mixed Arab and European blood. This suggests that the narrator’s prejudice against Mr Kelada is an example of racism, which is supported by the fact that he also refers to Kelada’s “oriental smile” and possible birth in Alexandria or Beirut.

A suggestion I have seen on another website is that Maugham could actually be describing religious prejudice. At the time the story was written, the word Levant was apparently a word used to refer to people who were Jewish. Kelada’s great pride, forceful personality, and description as being “dark-skinned, with a fleshy, hooked nose” all fit with what may have been the then popular stereotype of a successful Jewish businessman.

The climax of the story develops from an argument over pearls, and Kelada’s claim that the newly developed cultured pearl industry would not reduce the value of those produced naturally. In this he is correct as nowadays natural pearls are very rare and very valuable. However, the cultured pearl industry has grown to be much larger than the natural pearl industry, and over 99% of the pearls sold around the world today are of the cultured variety.

“Mr Know-All” is a narrative written in the first person. This allows the reader to see the point of view (including opinions, thoughts, and feelings) only of the narrator, and no other characters. A very important part of reading a story like this is trying to understand the narrator’s position in relation to the story being told as quickly as is possible. In Mr Know-All, the whole meaning will be lost if the reader fails to see the narrator’s prejudice about Mr Kelada’s ethnic origins from the very beginning of the story.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Public Speaking

...A.J. Claudio English 312 May 6, 2012 Public Speaking Statement: Public speaking can be challenging when people are struggling to get their speech together. When on-stage speaking in front of a group of people may not seem so bad, unless you are unprepared to speak then it may become extremely nerve racking. Delivering a speech is easier for some than for others; however, it may be difficult for anyone who is ill prepared. Some ways you can be unprepared is by not spending your time writing your speech, getting all the facts straight and in order. This results in your work remaining incomplete. Also if you do not rehearse you are more likely to make a mistake or say something that doesn’t contribute to the subject of your speech. When all the facts are in order, the speaker is able to exude confidence when delivering his/her speech. A well written speech will also stick to the point and follow a certain order, whether it is time sequence or importance. When writing a speech, one must keep in mind who they are speaking to and what is the purpose of giving the speech. If you do not spend the time writing with a purpose, delivering the speech may become very difficult. So research your subject, find a purpose, and write with confidence. In class while watching my classmates delivers their speeches I was able to identify the people who were prepared and those who weren’t. The ones that were prepared had a very well executed presentation and they kept me involved.......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...1- Public speaking features communication between a speaker and an audience. The speaker does the talking while the audience listens. It is important to recognize how the audience is reacting when the speaker is delivering the message to make adjustments as needed. Public speaking is audience centered. Message is centered to the needs and interest of the audience. It is important to keep in mind the audience interest and needs. Public speaking emphasizes the spoken word. A combination of gestures, postures, voice intonation, eye contact and other body language will have impact on the speech. Public speaking is usually a prepared presentation. The speech is planned and executed before the actual presentation. 2- The difference between hearing and listening is that when we listen, we are paying attention to the speaker and we are receiving the intended message, when we are hearing, we are not focusing on the intended message. Some techniques used to improved listening skills are filtering out distractions, focusing on the speaker(s), and showing that you are paying attention, this is called interactive listening. This skill is particularly relevant, because both speaker and audience can convey and understand the information. Paying attention to the audience can help the speaker on modifying the tone of voice, the rate of speed or some other aspect of the delivery method. 3- Methods for delivering oral presentation; Reading from a manuscript; This method is......

Words: 447 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...The Importance of Public Speaking 1. What is public speaking? a. Why is important? b. Why some people don’t do well in public speaking? c. Why is this important to my profession and myself? 2. Challenges and benefits of public speaking. a. How to improve public speaking? b. How to become an effective public speaker. c. What are the qualities of a good public speaker? 3. The foundation of public speaking. a. Inventing and development of public speech. b. Arrangement of the styles in the speech. c. The uses of public speaking. “The Importance of Speech; there never have been in the history of the world a time when the spoken word has been equaled in value and importance by any means of communication. If one traces the development of mankind from what he considers its earliest stage he will find that wandering family of savages depended entirely upon what its members said to one another. A little later when a group of families made a clan or tribe the individuals still heard the commands of the leader, or in tribal council voiced their own opinions. The beginnings of poetry show us the bard who recited to his audiences. Drama, in all primitive societies a valuable spreader of knowledge, entertainment, and religion, is entirely oral”. (Holt & Stratton, 1924) (Holt & Stratton) As the author stated public speaking is important because this is how our public figures and leaders communicate with us. Public figures in......

Words: 1654 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...PLEASE READ THIS FIRST PAGE CAREFULLY. IT SHOULD BE DELETED WHEN YOU SUBMIT YOUR ASSIGNMENT FOR GRADING. General Rationale This document contains the instructions for the Speech Criticism Assignment. It is designed as an opportunity for you to observe and critique a presentation in a formal manner using the canons of rhetoric as a framework. Instructions 1. Carefully listen to and view the assigned presentation for this assignment. Review your professor’s announcements for the specific presentation(s) for this assignment. 2. Write an introductory section that gains the audience’s attention, gives a sense of your overall impression of the presentation, and sets up the rest of your critique. 3. Write a section about the invention canon of rhetoric as related to this presentation. 4. Write a section about the arrangement canon of rhetoric as related to this presentation. 5. Write a section about the style canon of rhetoric as related to this presentation. 6. Write a section about the delivery canon of rhetoric as related to this presentation. 7. Write a concluding section that summarizes the major critiques of the presentation and ends comfortably. Additional Expectations and Suggestions * This should be three or four double-spaced pages. * Use headings to identify clearly which canon through which you are evaluating. The four middle sections should be relatively equally developed. * Use the Questions for Canons of Rhetoric document......

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Dreams of Speaking

...[pic] Author: Gail Jones Title: Dreams of Speaking Publisher: Vintage, 2007, Surrey (Great Britain) Gail Jones is an Australian writer and academic. She was born in 1955 in Harvey, Australia. She is currently a professor at the University of Western Sydney. Alice could be seen scribbling away, a cup of coffee before her , trying to render the world in prose, trying to unlock with words the complicated inside of things..." (Jones, 2007, 47) This quote is perfect to explain and even help picture what was going through Alice's mind. Poetry behind machines, technology and modernity in general. I decided to begin with it because this simple mix of words was what made me continue to read the book and it sums it up pretty well. The first few chapters focus on Alice's childhood, her family and her love story with Stephen. Obviously, this was useful to give some insight about the main character's personality and background. In the middle of the text there are some parts where the story stops momentarily and some remarks are made by Mr. Sakamoto, Alice or the author herself. This happens throughout the book and it can help or difficult the task of reading it depending on the perspective. I found it interesting and annoying at the same time. Further ahead, she meets Mr. Sakamoto. An elderly man from Nagasaki. Now this is when the book really begins for me. He was writing a biography about Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the phone. They got along......

Words: 1019 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...topic you both enjoy in public speaking. It’s important to get to the point quickly. Good structure is of paramount importance as the audience only has one chance to understand what is being said. If the speaker lose the ‘thread” of what is being said they may not pick it up again, or if the speaker have missed vital points. A clear and simple structure will prevent this from happening. The easiest way to do this is in the format of a formal structure which provides the basic elements of; Introduction- gives you the first impression of the subject and background theory Main section- speakers elaborate on their chosen are of expertise. Conclusion- picks up from the point the presentation started, followed by a clear summary of the main points and finally a question or statement for the audience to think about. When making a public speech it’s important to believe in what you say so you can persuade people. Practice many times before you present your speech so you can read it confidently and smoothly. Many people make the common mistake of reading their speech too quickly so they can “get it over with”. If someone got up on stage and said.” Um, I think cars are kind of cool and uh yeah I really like cars” no one would be convinced that cars are cool because the speaker didn’t give any proof of examples to back up his or her statement. If the speaker doesn’t believe in topic why should the audience? Another good tip to remember when speaking publicly is to get involved in......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...AUDIENCE ADAPTATION Ask yourself these questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Who is your audience? What knowledge does the audience already have about the topic? What will the audience find interesting? What are the values, needs, and beliefs of the audience? What are the motivations of the audience? What are the demographics of the audience? Analyze the following: • • • • • • Age Gender Education Group Affiliations Socio-economic Status Ethnicity 7. What is your context? • • • • • • • • • • Large or small audience? What are the expectations? Do current events affect your speech? Outdoors or indoors? Noise? Are appropriate teaching tools available? What is the size of the room? Is the audience seated or standing? Is the room hot or cold? Are there chairs or tables? INTRODUCTIONS AND CONCLUSIONS Purposes of the Introduction: To obtain the listener’s attention. To create a favorable first impression; if you lose them here, you may lose them for good. To arouse interest in your subject. To orient the audience to the different parts of your speech. 1. 2. 3. 4. Four Parts to an Introduction: 1. Attention-getting Phase—capture the interest of audience. 2. Orientation Phase—articulate the purpose and identify with audience (why should they listen?). 3. Credibility Phase—what type of expertise do you have? 4. Preview of Main Points—delineate main topics. First: ATTENTION-GETTING PHASE  Ask Audience to Physically Move.  Create Curiosity.  Refer to the......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Public Speaking

...Public Speaking Essay Exam 1 Hello Mr. Trump, I hear that next week you will be sharing your own favorite hobbies with business students in Queens, New York, so I am going to help you construct your speech. Anyone can deliver an interesting informative speech, for example, President Barack Obama is known for giving informative speeches to the United States. Let me explain exactly what an informative speech is; it is a speech that intends to educate the audience on a particular topic. This type of speech focuses on using description, demonstration, and visuals to explain a subject, a person, or in this case your own hobbies. An informative speech is not the same thing as a persuasive speech. Although the two can merge together, an informative speech relies more on communicating pure information to the audience. The invention of a speech is very important. Being organized is an absolute must when delivering a speech. If the speaker is unorganized and unprepared, it can definitely affect the presentation towards the group. Start off by constructing an outline for your speech. To start off, write down your favorite hobbies and narrow them down to a few. Make note to include the importance of hobbies in your speech. The three hobbies that I selected were shopping, baking with my grandmother, and reading novels. Time, style, and delivery are very important. The most important skill in speaking is storytelling. The arrangement of your draft should follow your outline. When......

Words: 586 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...[MUSIC PLAYING] Hi. I'm Topher Morrison. I'm a professional speaker and a best-selling author. And for the past 20 years, I've been paid to travel the world and speak to hundreds of thousands of people. Now I specialize in training and mentoring individuals who want to learn how to make a substantial level of income doing the exact same thing. Hi. I'm Dr. Sunny Karir. And I'm a body-language expert from Silver Lining Coaching. I've worked with some of the world's biggest organizations, including Microsoft, Amex, and JPMorgan. I work with their people and teach them fantastic body-language techniques to get the most out of every single speech. Hello. I'm Benjamin Ball of Benjamin Ball Associates. We specialize in helping leaders communicate more effectively. We do this for presentations, for speeches, and for investor communications, in particular. Hello. I'm Lynne Parker. And I'm a comedy producer. I set up my company, Funny Women, eight years ago to provide a platform for women in the comedy industry. Since then, I've worked with thousands of women to help them enhance their skills and to help them to perform better in public. My name's David Vaughan Thomas of Maynard Leigh Associates. And we train people in presentation skills. Over the years, we've trained many thousands, ranging from top actors, to CEOs, celebrities, movie stars, and people who just need to make a really, really powerful presentation. Hi. I'm Cindy Michelle Waterfield. I run the Speakers Company.......

Words: 12375 - Pages: 50

Free Essay

Motivational Speaking

...Whenever the term motivational speaker is introduced to a conversation, I instantaneously imagine an overly enthusiastic man, preparing to deliver the same watered-down, cookie cutter speech that has roamed the halls of every high school. Therefore, it was only natural for me to shrink back in fatigued anguish at the thought of having to endure the same torturous event in which I would be expected to appreciate with mock enticement. Mr. Christopher Taylor is a man of too many words and very little tolerance for ignorance. Walking into the room, the weight of his presence was awakening. Something about the way my older peers glanced at him with the up most respect sent a trigger alerting me to the significance of him. Although he sat patiently through his detailed introduction, his eyes focused around the room, seemingly categorizing each student into a database, well organized through years of practice. Light applause trailed him as he took a firm stance in the front of the ballroom. Deceptively, he began with generalized questions about how people perceive each other, trivial knowledge that determined little, other than the common sense of his audience. After a series of varyingly mediocre topics, Mr. Taylor quieted down and pondered to himself for a second, gaining his thoughts and deciding how best to approach the next topic, “How many of you are pre-med students?” he asked inquisitively. I was one of many of the proud students who raised their hands. Nodding in......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Public Speaking

...Introduction I am a public speaker and have been presenting for quite awhile for trainings prog, seminar, workshops,classes and motivational seminars. I have been a contestant for a few toastmasters competition and have faced real situations where I myself felt that I have nothing to say and out of idea. Thus in this book, I would like to provide a consice and easy to follow book where every reader will be able to better prepare for a prepared presentation or even an impromptu presentation. Thus I will be limiting on being long winded and will be as best as I could to be on the point. Prepared Presentation There are now a myriad of tools available for presentation. Don’t just stick to the mainstream Microsoft powerpoint. Be more experimental and try new ways to present. There are different approaches to presenting. Some presentation begins with video or animation while some begins with a more different approach such as a trivia question Below are some other tools that I suggests readers to experiment on: Prezi Animoto Slideshar Endnote (must add some description under each) Research For every prepared presentation, please be doing your research thourough ly.there is no excuse on not doing your research as you are given time to prepare.Thus quality shouldnot be compromised. And please it breaks my heart when I see student or even adults using uncredited resources like some individual blogs as their main chuck of nformation. If your presentation is about......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Public Speaking

...For the mediated speech Dev, Bryan, Sal and myself had a few ideas. For a project like this where there were so many possibilities and different directions that we could have gone with, we really wanted to do something that interested us all and not a boring assignment on a trashy pop star or some dead guy from 50 years ago. Sal had mentioned a story to us where a few of his friends had gone out to the bars a few nights prior and saw something pretty disturbing. A bouncer at the bar local to all 4 of us in New Brunswick had gotten extremely physical with a student. While waiting in line Sal’s friends witnessed this bouncer push a student out of the door, down a small flight of steps where his head landed on the cement and began to gush blood. His friends also mentioned that the bouncer had stuck the student in the face with his fist prior to pushing him and apparently the reason was very miniscule but these two had been in a prior argument at the same establishment a few weeks beforehand. When we heard this story I told them of a time just the weekend before where I personally witnessed a similar incident. I was at the Olive Branch bar right on the College Ave campus where a bouncer got a bit over aggressive with one of my friends for smashing a glass. He was grabbed by the neck and dragged out of the front door. After comparing stories we decided to go with an anti inspiration topic about the abuse of power, and more specifically about abusive power that......

Words: 620 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Brilliant Public Speaking

...Brilliant Public Speaking Brilliant Public Speaking June 22, 2014 June 22, 2014 BCOM/275 Christopher J. Brown BCOM/275 Christopher J. Brown 2014 2014 Brilliant Public Speaking The art of public speaking has been around for a very a long time and can be traced all the way back to ancient Greece which is almost 2500 years ago. The principles of speech and public speaking were drawn from the experience and practices of the ancient Greece and besides a few cultural and societal modifications the principles have virtually stayed intact. The definition of public speaking is defined as speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners (Public Speaking, 2007). In the video entitled “Brilliant Public Speaking” it has touched on points that have tied into the reading for this week on many different levels. One such lesson that stands out is the lesson on persuasion and although you may not consider a public speaker to be one who is persuasive it does indeed apply. For example, I have been instructed by my organization to try and procure benefactors in order to sell computers that will cut down on the processing time and labor hours for their organization. Since I have to persuade them in order to buy my product I am must be a good effective public speaker in order sell my point and product. Another example would be if I were going in for a job interview for a potential employer I am going to have......

Words: 745 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Basic of Public Speaking

...Basics of Public Speaking ~ A Step by Step Guide to Successful Presentations ~ Lesson 1 - The Basics of Public Speaking Surveys show that more people are afraid of speaking in public than of dying! This is not only amazing, it is also quite a problem because being able to speak well in public is an important skill in many careers. Being able to speak well is also valuable in getting a good job in the first place. Learn public speaking skill from these articles and you will not only have more success on the job. Being able to get up in front of an audience and give a speech will greatly increase your confidence. The writer of these articles is a professional teacher with 20 years experience helping people speak more effectively. In addition to the articles, you can watch carefully chosen speeches, with comments added, that will show you how to be a great speaker. Before getting into details, here are five tips to help you get going: 1. Don't try to memorize a speech. Instead, use the "key points" approach, described in detail in Lesson 2. 2. Start strong with an interesting opening. It doesn't have to be brilliant, but it has to get the audience focused on your topic. Various ways to do this will be explained in Lesson 5. 3. Don't speak too fast! This is a very common problem as nervous speakers try to finish as quickly as possible. Instead, take your time, and your audience will listen more attentively. 4. Be careful when using visual aids, including (especially...

Words: 9368 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Fear of Public Speaking

...The slightest thought of public speaking can bring an overwhelming fear to most people. It can cause someone to shake and sweat and even have heart palpitations when it’s mentioned. There are a number of different reasons an individual may fear public speaking and in order to overcome that fear it is important to identify those reasons. For some the thought of public speaking can bring fear because they doubt their abilities or feel they may fail their audience. Others may not want to be judged by their audience or they simply feel vulnerable when speaking in front of an audience. One writer, Christopher Carlin states that no matter what your reason for public speaking is it is best to overcome your fears and become an active public speaker (Carlin, 2008). Overcoming a fear of public speaking can be done with hard work, dedication and practice. The more an individual takes an opportunity to speak in front of an audience they more comfortable they will become. According to one article the good thing about overcoming your fear of public speaking is that the fear is learned and with lots of determination and practice this fear can be unlearned (Colombo, n.d.). For me personally public speaking has never been one of my great fears. Luckily, at a young age I was taught to be comfortable with speaking in front of any type of audience, large or small. In middle school and high school I participate on a debate team as well as the school’s drama club. In both activities......

Words: 387 - Pages: 2