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Special Needs

In: People

Submitted By irina1989
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Special Needs.

People with disabilities? Or disabled people? There are ongoing and unresolved debates about ways to talk about disability. “Defining disability is a difficult task. A multitude of perceptions surrounds the question of what constitutes a disability, and a disability to one person can be a typical part of life to the next.”(Jingwen’s article) We are aware of arguments made by some of the activist movement that “disability” is not only such a primary but such a valued aspect of identity(also of social perception).From this point of view ”disabled” doesn’t signify “damaged” identity.

Brief concept of Socio-Historical Context of Disability in Canada.
From the beginning able-bodied people have historically controlled where disabled people live and how they receive their basic needs. In the Middle Ages, disabled persons were usually cared by family members with support from the church and community (referred to the book).These developments were described as the charity model, which continues to have powerful impact even today. Back then the disabled person is considered an object to be pitied because he or she could neither fit into a society mainstream nor care for his or herself. In the late 18th century the tendency towards disabled people has been changed. Society response was to build large institutions where people with disabilities were accommodated. The further outcome of this movement was the full control of all daily activities and consequent loss of independence.(it is referred to be a medical model).The decision makers of this model were usually physicians who promised to cure or change the symptoms of disability. As a result, disabled persons were defined by their biomedical conditions. After World War 2, medicine advances and provides greater quality care and allows people with disabilities to live much longer than before. During the...

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