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Species Book of Plants

In: Science

Submitted By jrkbuilders556
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(Moringa Oleifera)

Malunggay is a fast-growing, deciduous tree. The bark has a whitish-grey color and is surrounded by thick cork. Young shoots have purplish or greenish-white, hairy bark. The tree has an open crown of drooping. Fragile branches and the leaves build up a feathery foliage of tripinnate leaves. The flowers are fragrant and bisexual, surrounded by five unequal, thinly veined, yellowish-white petals. Flowering begins within the first six months after planting.
Moringa can be propagated from seed or cuttings. Direct seeding is possible because the germination rate of Malunggay is high. After 12 days, the germination rate is about 85%. Production in seedbeds or containers is very time-consuming. In these techniques, the plants can be better protected from insects and other pests. Cuttings of 1 m length and a diameter of at least 4 cm can be also used for propagation. At least one third of the cutting must be buried in the soil.
Leaves - source of B vitamins, vitamin C, provitamin A as beta-carotene, vitamin K, manganese, and protein, among other essential nutrients.
Seed Pods - even when cooked by boiling, it remains particularly high in vitamin C
Seeds - sometimes removed from more mature pods and eaten like peas or roasted like nuts, contain high levels of vitamin C and moderate amounts of B vitamins and dietary minerals.
Malnutrition Relief: Moringa trees have been used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers. Moringa is especially promising as a food source in the tropics because the tree is in full leaf at the end of the dry season when other foods are typically scarce. Furthermore, since moringa thrives in arid and semiarid environments, it is particularly well-suited for consumption during dry seasons.
Bilimbi Tree (“IBA”)
(Averrhoa Bilimbi)


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