Free Essay

Sports Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By keyanawiggins
Words 2533
Pages 11
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and experiences of organism in relation to the environment. Sports psychology is concerned with the psychological foundations, processes, and consequences of the psychological regulation of sport-related activities of one or several persons acting as the subject of the activity.
Applied sports and exercise psychology involves the idea of theory and research into the field to those individuals such as coaches, fitness professionals, and athletic trainers about psychological aspects of their sports or activity. The ultimate goal that’s trying to be reached through applied sports and exercise psychology is to facilitate optimal involvement, performance, and enjoyment in sport and exercise.
Throughout this literature review I will go into detail on what is it to be a sports psychologist, and what are their major job and the benefits of this practice. Many individuals get their masters or even undergraduate degrees in sports psychology. Today many schools don’t offer this option so you can also get a master’s in clinical psychology if you want to pursue the career of a sports psychologist. By giving detailed descriptions and the goals, steps necessary to take to become a sports psychologist, athletic trainer and many other careers you can get into. I found a few scholarly articles that help explain the ultimate goal of applied sports and exercise psychology. Is applied sports and exercise psychology necessary in enhancing an athlete’s performance? Is an athlete able to perform better and perform at their best ability without going through the practice of applied sports and exercise psychology?

Educational Aspects

Sports psychology is a combination of many several disciplines within sports science and psychology. Those looking and wanting to succeed in this field can take various pathways in their education to obtain this career. Some of the employment options available for this type of career include counseling/therapy, teaching, coaching, research, and many others. A bachelor’s degree in sports psychology or even a double major in psychology and a sports-related subject can still open up some career opportunities. Most of the entry-level and higher jobs in this type of field do require a graduate degree. Clinical or Applied sports psychologist education requirements include doctoral degree for most positions, depending on your state you would need to be licensure and have a certification. According to the U.S Bureau of labor statistics the average salary for any psychologist is about $89,810. Clinical sports psychologist are typically counseling athletes who are facing personal and career crises such as anxiety, performance issues, behavior modification and mental responses to physical injuries. Applied sports psychologist work closely with sports teams on various methods of mental conditioning, including visualization, concentration and relaxation techniques. They work alongside coaches, trainers, and managers; others practice independently and perform consulting services on an as-needed basis. According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics the average salary for psychologist, including sports psychologist is $89,810 per year in May 2014. The employment rate for this career field is expected to increase by 12% between 2012 and 2022 which is believed to be the national average for all careers. Salaries are based on the psychologist’s area of specialization and how long they are experienced in this field, the employing organization and the amount of advanced training received. Those experienced psychologist who work for professional sports teams, or professional athletes may earn six-figure salaries. While those who aren’t working for these teams but an educational or research setting is going to receive a more modest salary. Positions for potential psychologists with master’s degrees are limited and individuals may face intense competition for the available jobs. Sports psychologist with a master’s degree may expect to most likely be working as assistant counselors or in research positions, directly supervised by a licensed psychologist. The time spent volunteering with a sports teams or interning under the supervision of sports and exercise psychology professionals may help you improve to a full-time position. Entry level positions for a licensed sports psychologist typically require you to obtain a master’s or doctorate degree in clinical psychology, sports psychology, or counseling. At this time very few schools offer full sports and exercise psychology programs at the undergraduate and graduate level. Undergraduate students may consider becoming a double major in psychology and exercise science or major in one discipline with a minor.
Graduate and post-graduate students usually complete coursework in exercise science, kinesiology and clinical psychology. A one-year internship through a program that is approved by the American Psychological Association may be a requirement for graduation. Once you obtain your state licensing or certification as a psychologist you are able to continue your education and training through several professional organizations. Some of the organizations include the APA and the association for applied sport psychology.

Psychological Skills Used in Applied Sports and Exercise Psychology A skill that is commonly used by psychologist in the field of applied sports and exercise psychology include anxiety or energy management. This skill is commonly used to help individuals who experience arousal at a level that is either too high or low for optimal performance. These techniques are used for anxiety, stress, and anger management, some common treatments include: breathing, progressive relaxation, meditation, and cognitive techniques. Attention and concentration control help the athlete focus their awareness on relevant cues so they can effectively deal with their current situation. Helps them maintain their mental intensity with a situation; some treatments include attention control training, and expand awareness. Communication helps to improve a group’s cohesion and individual interaction when in a sports setting. Techniques include teaching active listening and communication skills, helping individuals create a free and open environment, and assertiveness training. Goal setting is a major skill used by coaches to set goals for the team to reach and build from. It’s used for enhancing motivation, focusing attention on aspects of performance that need improvement or facilitating rehabilitation from injury. The establishment of goal setting includes emphasis on skill development, identifying dates for attaining goals, identifying goal achievement strategies and providing regular goal evaluation.
Team building is the process of helping the members included in your group enhances their ability to work cohesively through improvement of communication, group objectives, trust, and respect. These strategies are usually put into effect at the beginning of a season to help the players become more familiar and trusting with each other. Some techniques include group introductions, rope courses, and individual and team goal setting. Time Management/Organization is the ability to plan and maintain one’s regular schedule in a way that avoids confusion, conflict, and undue stress. Some time management techniques include teaching how to use a planner, learning the demands of a task, setting legitimate goals for tasks, understanding the demands of one’s life and developing pre-performance routines.

Sports Psychology
There are a wide variety of athletic sports, whether it be the most common of all, football, or the not so common, and high jump. Sports are considered as one of many favorite pastimes, and overtime it has become very competitive. Not only do people enjoy watching sports, but many people also love to play sports. Over the years these games have grown worldwide, and now these great athletes are not only good at what they do, they also play to win. How do these athletes get so good at what they do? Could it be genetics or maybe the environment they grow up in, or can it be just self-determination? Sports Psychology is a growing psychological process. These days you may see more Sport Psychologists coaching your favorite golf or tennis player. Even if these athletes are at their best, there is always room to improve mentally and physically. The mind and the body work together as one. In fact many have said that "sports are more of a mental process than a physical one." If an athlete lacks concentration, has no motivation, and has a poor mental attitude, that person is unlikely to succeed. He cannot work well as one nor can he work well as a team player because he needs to have self-confidence.
Self-confidence is very essential. Many sports psychologists help athletes to realize that if you are less confident about yourself, the tendency is for that someone not to take the challenge and the risks. On the other hand, if one has over-confidence, you could end up losing a game for taking things for granted and not trying hard enough. With having self-confidence, anything seems possible, and without it, you will conquer nothing. Therefore psychologists help to build that confidence up, where you can perform at a professional level.
On a different level, sports involve many emotions, a lot of competition, cooperation, decision making and achievements. People involved in sports attempt to master very difficult skills, often subjecting themselves to intense physical stress as well as social pressure. Athletes aim to succeed so much that they are pressured to handle the stress from managers, fans, and owners, not to mention the immense competition. Athletes also have to integrate their social lives with work. For one, they have to worry about being traded to a different team in another state, and then they may end up spending hours and hours away from the family for training. When dealing with such stress, many cannot cope and need psychological help. This is where the psychologist steps in. He or she may specialize in a area in psyche such as motivation, relaxation or counseling. Sports psychologist has come a long way for athletes. Not only does it deal with motor performance and motor skills, now sports psychology deals with a wide range of topics. Some may think, "Why spend time and money on a psychologist since it’s all mental?" Well the fact of the matter is that you might go cuckoo not having someone to talk to.

Professional Roles Everyone has a specific role when it comes to applied sports and exercise psychology; these roles include athletic trainer, physical therapist, coach, psychologist, and performance enhancement consultant. Athletic Trainers work to prevent, assess, and treat injuries in athletes and exercisers. They provide acute and long–term care for injured physically active people, as well as design and monitor rehabilitation programs. The Physical Therapist typically works in a sports medicine or hospital clinic to provide acute and long-term care for a variety of sport and work–related injuries. Designs and monitors rehabilitation programs. The Coach is the organizational leader of a specific sports team. Often manages team affairs such as traveling, recruiting, and scheduling in addition to having a primary role as a teacher of sport-specific skills and strategy. The Psychologist is trained in clinical or counseling psychology to provide individual or group therapy relative to a broad range of behavioral and emotional issues. Typically works in a public clinic or private practice. Performance Enhancement Consultants are professionals trained in sport and exercise but are not licensed psychologists or counselors. Also known as sport and exercise psychology consultants or mental coaches. Provides individual or group consultations geared towards performance–related issues.

Effects of a Coach Transition Each year, many coaches leave their positions (e.g., experience transitions). This change can have damaging effects on athletes, sports programs, and coaches (O’Connor & Bennie, 2006; Raedeke, Warren, & Granzyk, 2002). As a consequence, understanding the factors that influence coach transitions is pertinent. To address this need, 2 qualitative descriptive studies were conducted to examine the work-environment factors that influence coach transitions. In Study 1, 21 full-time, part-time, and volunteer coaches from across Canada participated in semi structured interviews.
Through a process of inductive content analysis (Miles & Huberman, 1994), 10 lower-order themes describing reasons coaches transitioned between positions were identified. These 10 lower-order themes were grouped into 4 higher-order themes: (a) interpersonal considerations, (b) work demands, (c) career concerns, and (d) positive coaching experiences. Building on Study 1, Study 2 sought to explicitly explore the positive and negative factors influencing transitions with a further 14 coaches. Following analysis, 2 overarching themes depicting reasons for transitions were identified: seeking opportunities to be more successful or achieve more success, and leaving a negative or challenging work environment.
These 2 overarching themes were underpinned by a further 6 higher-order themes. Overall, results indicated there are various factors influencing coaches’ transitions, and that such transitions can be motivated by positive factors. Findings highlight the importance of practitioners and sports organizations providing support to enable coaches to advance their career and also provide better support and strategies to optimize coaches’ working environment. (Knight 2015).
Applied sports and exercise psychology is a career where psychologist is in high demand, due to the many kids we have today who are becoming involved in sports. As these kids experience the wins, losses, triumphs, and downfalls they will come across a change in their behavior and performance. It the job of a applied/clinical sports psychologist to help their performance to still fulfill these activities the best of their ability. The main goal of applied sport and exercise psychology involves extending theory and research into the field to educate coaches, athletes, parents, fitness professionals, and athletic trainers. This field of study includes a combination of individual and group consulting depending on the style of the psychologist conducting. The educations aspects to becoming a clinical or applied sports psychologist include doctoral degree for most positions, depending on your state you would need to be licensure and have a certification. Clinical sports psychologist are typically counseling athletes who are facing personal and career crises such as anxiety, performance issues, behavior modification and mental responses to physical injuries. Applied sports psychologist work closely with sports teams on various methods of mental conditioning, including visualization, concentration and relaxation techniques There are few common psychological skills used in the field of applied sport and exercise psychology. These include anxiety or energy management, attention and concentration control, communication, goal setting, imagery, visualization, mental practice, self-talk, team building, and time management/Organization. A field such as this has its perks such as helping potential professional athletes with improving their skill, or professional athlete maintain their skills.

Work Cited * Harris, D. V., & Harris, B. L. (1984). The athlete's guide to sports psychology: Mental skills for physical people (Vol. 1). Human Kinetics. * Knight, C., Rodgers, W., Reade, I., Mrak, J., & Hall, C. (2015). Coach transitions: Influence of interpersonal and work environment factors. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 170-187. * Iso-Ahola, S. E., & Hatfield, B. D. (1986). Psychology of sports: A social psychological approach. William C Brown Pub. * Silva, J. M., & Stevens, D. E. (2002). Psychological foundations of sport. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, c2002. xviii, 558 p.: illustrations; 25 cm.. * Gill, D. L. (2000). Psychological dynamics of sport and exercise . Human Kinetics. * Thomson, J. (2014). Training for Performance: Lessons from Sports Psychology Applied to Musical Training (Doctoral dissertation, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES). * Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D. (2014). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6E. Human Kinetics. * Bhardwaj, S. K. (2015). BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCE AND SPORTS. Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research, 3(1).

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Psychology and Sports

...The Psychological Effect of Injury Sanjay Arikupurathu Nova Southeastern University Introduction to Psychology Dr. Davis September 24, 2013 An injury can have a variety of impacts on a person’s life. There are many factors that come into play when determining the severity of an injury including, gender, age, and location on the body. An injury to oneself can be heartbreaking and can affect more than your physical state. They affect your mental and emotional well-beings as well, and create a reluctance to perform certain activities if these states become too fragile. If you are not trained mentally to persevere even during the toughest times, you may be forced to abandon the things you love doing. The time you need assistance the most is when you are coping and rehabilitating from an injury. Your support system is what will determine if you can return to full strength from your injury, no matter the severity. For most people, an injury limits only your social activities. But for some, an injury can derail their entire life, and extinguish the things they are most passionate about. When an athlete suffers an injury, it can be a major setback in their career and livelihood. An injury to an athlete truly tests their mental toughness because it affects their ability to cope and rehabilitate as well as return to the field/court. The type of injury can range from something minor such as sprain or a bruise to a crushed bone or torn ligament....

Words: 1220 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sport Psychology

...Hardly a day goes by without sport professionals, psychologists and sport commentators warning us of the dangers of image “psyching your self out” while all the time making sure their own images are presented in line with the appropriate conventions (Forrester, Michael A. 2000). Our thoughts (images) can trigger neural and muscle pattern activity in corresponding parts of the body. As a part of the body is thought about in action, neural activity increases in that location. Perhaps, in some way, neural pathways appropriate for that skilled movement are strengthened.” By this rationale, I have an example on how we could visualize (image) tasks to improve performance by imagery, such as healing an illness or losing weight (Shackell, E. M., & Standing, L. G. 2007). I strongly agree that (images) are triggered in the body to give the person natural patterns on completing an activity. I’m currently a personal trainer part time and use mirrors, visual aids or metal imagery to help assist my...

Words: 426 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sports Psychology

...In Psychology there are sever key relationships with the mentality of a performer a sporting performance. One important factor is anxiety. Anxiety according to Weinberg and Gould is “a negative emotional state characterized by nervousness, worry, apprehension and associated w/ activation or arousal of the body” There are two parts to anxiety that cover both the thinking, known as cognitive anxiety and the physical effects known as somatic anxiety. Examples of cognitive anxiety include negative self-talk such as telling yourself that you aren’t good enough, an inability to concentrate on the task at hand and constantly performing well in training but are struggling to translate that into a competitive environment. Somatic examples include sweating, constant need of the toilet, muscle tension, headaches, dry mouth, bad sleeping patterns and feeling ill. This list is not exhaustive. Another view on anxiety can be that of both trait and state anxiety. Sometimes we can refer to anxiety as a stable personality component and sometimes it can be a change in a mood state. State anxiety is defined by Spielberger as “An emotional state characterized by subjective, consciously perceived feelings of apprehension and tension accompanied by or associated with activation or arousal of the autonomic nervous system” Tests can be taken to assess your state anxiety and self-confidence known as the competitive state anxiety inventory (CSAI-2)....

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Sports Psychology

...Roles of a Sports Psychologist The areas sports psychologists teach vary from one person to another depending on their experience and qualifications. Below are the top roles of an applied sports psychologist, a person who helps athletes improve performance via mental training. Help athlete cope with performance fears - Sports psychologists can help athletes overcome their fears. Athletes can suffer from fear of failure, fear of embarrassment, or even anxiety within their performance. Athletes who are perfectionists, or highly dedicated to their sport, tend to be the athletes that worry too much about what other people think about their performance. Help athlete improve mental skills for performance - The most common role for a sports psychologist is to teach mental skills for enhanced performance. They can help athlete improve 3+e confidence in their game, focus on achieving goals and trust in athletic performance. These mental skills not only help athlete improve performance, but also help in other areas of their life. Help athlete mentally prepare for competition - Another common role of a sports psychologist is to help athletes to mentally prepare for not only practice but also competition. Help athlete return after injury - Returning to training after an injury can be tough for an athlete depending on the extent of their injury....

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Health and Sports Psychology Review

...Health and Sports Psychology Literature Review Psychology/635 November 9, 2015 Health and Sports Psychology Literature Review Introduction According to Brown & Mahoney (1984), sports psychology beginnings is in the motor of learning and motor performances. One of first publications in the U. S. was on the way spectators viewed competitive bicycling (Brown & Mahoney, 1984). Sports psychology focuses on the knowledge from kinesiology and psychology. Sports psychology involves all of the psychological aspects that are includes in sports. This includes how psychological aspects affect performance, along with how sports can affect the mind and body. Health and sports psychology identify how psychological factors impact health, as well as the aspects of sports. Sports psychologists can employ shaping and chaining, reinforcement schedules, and one-trial learning techniques in teaching new technical skills among athletes. Shaping and Chaining Before identifying how shaping and chaining can be employed to teach new technical skills to athletes, sports psychologists have to understand each process of shaping and chaining. If a behavior does not take place, it is not associated with an individual’s performance or listed in the abilities that he or she is able to perform. Shaping can be used to add behaviors that can help athletes perform, effectively and efficiently....

Words: 1628 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sports Psychology Pre-Shot Mental Preparation

...Alex Civitano Reflection Paper #3 I am going to be writing about an in-game refocusing routine for a tennis player. I am a track runner and have never played tennis competitively, which is why I am interested in giving the tennis player’s refocusing routine and mental aspect a try from the perspective of a situation where the player is between points in the middle of a game. First, I will explain some of the important principles for a person beginning their training in the mental game. Next, I will go into how it is very important to be “forgetful” in a competition that has downtime, such as tennis with paused gameplay between points. I will then show my mental checklist and end by explaining my pre-shot routine. There a few important principles to take into account when beginning the training of one’s mental game and trying to find success in this mental game. The first principle is to be comfortable being uncomfortable. New ways of thinking acting are always awkward at first. Even bad habits are comfortable things to most people. Negative thinking is comfortable because it is easy to be hard on ourselves. Retraining the body and mind requires discomfort while learning new and better ways of playing. The second principle is to commit to a fair test of time. Success in the mental game will not be overnight. We will make mistakes and learn from them; mistakes are important sources of feedback during the learning process. The benefits we will get from a heightened......

Words: 1701 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Period 6: Europe publishes he journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise. The increase of interest in sports psychology is expanding. → Coleman Griffith made the contribution of developing the first laboratory in sports psychology and helped start the education of coaching in schools. →Franklin Henry’s contribution to sports psychology was training and mentoring other teachers and professors to help continue the studies of sports...

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Imagery, Peetlep Model and Technology

...Harmon Capella University Abstract The use of imagery in the realm of sport psychology is widely accepted and used to enhance skill, reduce anxiety, increase decision making skills, etc. Although several models are available to construct imagery scripts, the PEETLEP model offers seven concepts that should improve the delivery system over more traditional oriented approaches. Integrate that model with advances in technology (video capture, podcasts, virtual reality), the sport psychologist has the opportunity to help an athlete enhance their performance like no other time in history. Imagery conducted for sport performance is referred to as sport imagery, but can be used interchangeably with the broader term mental imagery (Taylor and Wilson, 2005). Several other terms including mental practice, mental rehearsal, and visualization have also been used to refer to various components of mental imagery in sport (Morris, Spittle, & Watt, 2005; Taylor and Wilson, 2005; Weinburg & Gould, 2007). Specifically, sport imagery can be defined as using all senses to re-create or create a sport experience in the mind with the goal of enhancing sport performance during training and competition (Morris, Spittle, & Watt, 2005; Vealey & Greenleaf, 2001; Weinberg & Gould, 2007)....

Words: 3414 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Fields of Psychology

...Biopsychology: Biopsychology is a field of psychology that analyzes how the brain and neurotransmitters influence our behaviors, thoughts and feelings. This field can be thought of as a combination of basic psychology and neuroscience. Clinical Psychology: Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior and psychiatric problems. Cognitive Psychology: Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. Comparative Psychology: Comparative psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior. Modern research on animal behavior began with the work of Charles Darwin and Georges Romanes and has continued to grow into a multidisciplinary subject. Today, biologists, psychologists, anthropologists, ecologists, geneticists and many others contribute to the study of animal behavior. Counseling Psychology: Counseling psychology focuses on providing therapeutic treatments to clients who experience a wide variety of symptoms. It is also one of the largest specialty areas within psychology....

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...My personal experiences using sport psychology is as follows, I used to hate PE so much and would do anything I could to avoid it. One time I could not get out of the activities so I tricked my brain and used some meditation to remove myself from my body so I could just do the sports without thinking about it. I didn't know at the time there was such a thing as fitness and sports psychology. Jay Granat, earned his Masters and Ph.D. in Counseling from The University of Michigan. He is the author of To Get In The Zone And Stay In The Zone With Sport Psychology And Self-Hypnosis, How To Lower Your Golf Score With Sport Psychology And Self-Hypnosis, How To Conquer Test Anxiety and How To Bowl In The Zone With Sport Psychology And Self-Hypnosis and How To Break A Hitting Slump With Sport Psychology and Self-Hypnosis, 21 Creative Ways To Conquer Stress and 18 Ways To Relax With Self-Hypnosis, Meditation And Visualization How To Get Into The Zone In Just One Minute and Zone Tennis. I think that is so cool and interesting because I always felt that the brain was the most powerful of all the body parts . You can change your body with your brain if you can gain enough control. I got that information about Jay Granat from this website: I have seen people getting prepared for a sports game. Along with all the stretching , I have seen some practicing breathing techniques....

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...The Sport Of Paintball Gabriel Colon Prof. P. DeVaughn PSY 105 August 1st, 2012 Strayer University The sport of paintball is a sport in which you have to trust your teammates and follow certain rules in order to win a match. Why I like this sport? I’m considered a person who likes to take risks, highly motivated and like to work in team. Paintball is also a good way to free the stress that I accumulate during the week. When I’m on the field, I feel free, but at the same time with a lot of responsibilities. Psychology plays an important role in this sport. If I were going to classify paintball under a subfield of psychology, I would classify it under cognitive psychology, which is also included under experimental psychology, the two best subfields to classify this sport. These two subfields are the ones that are focused in the studies of the psychological processes, like perception, learning, motivation, memory, thinking, reasoning, and decision-making. First of all, you have to learn how to play paintball. Learning is the first step that every human take before performing any task in life. You can’t do something if you don’t learn how to do it. When you start school, kindergarten, there you learn how to learn. Once you learned all the basics and strategies of the game, you are going to love the sport. Second, you have to be motivated to play it. If you go to the field unmotivated, the results are going to be, disqualification and maybe hurt....

Words: 730 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Careers in Psychology

...Careers In Psychology BEH/225 April 15, 2015 Elizabeth Brook Morford Careers in Psychology In looking at the different types of work you might choose in the field of psychology, I would probably go with either Social Worker or Sports Psychologist. A few of the things that interest me about these two options would be; Social workers help individuals obtain perceptible services, provide counseling to individuals and families, and work to improve social and health services in the public. Sports psychology is a fairly new branch of psychology. Sports psychologists work with athletes struggling to overcome psychological blocks that hamper their athletic performance. I think this would be a great career for anyone that loves sports and would be interested in helping athletes reach their full potential. Job Description and areas of work for a Social Worker: Social workers are employed in a wide assortment of settings. For example, they may practice in community mental health services where they provide individual and family counseling or help facilitate adoptions and foster care placement. Social workers are also found in hospitals, schools, social service agencies, and correctional facilities. The setting in which a social worker is employed will likely depend on the individual’s area of specialization....

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...* Clinical Psychology: Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior and psychiatric problems. * Cognitive Psychology: Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. * Comparative Psychology: Comparative...

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Sports Physiology

...Understanding the different concepts and theories relating to Sports Psychology and performance, it can be evaluated that there are many possible psychological responses to implement a plan to ensure a student achieves there absolute best in the sport European Handball. European handball is team of 7 passes a ball to throw it in the goal. The game is quite fast and includes a lot of body contact, as the defenders try to stop the attackers from approaching the ball. (About Applied Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2007) With a game like European handball, a game plan will be needed as well as many strategies and a scheme to win the game will need to be set in place. There are strategies’ that not only improve my endurance and my fitness, but certain psychology strategies that improve my performance physically and mentally. If I want to take my game to the next level I have to be willing to take my training far beyond where most handball players stop. By over coming performance fears, injuries, stress and reaching certain goals there are many strategies that can be done to do so. (Quinn, 2013) Motivation, Anxiety and Arousal are the three main strategies that I used to improve in my performance. Getting good in a sport requires both physical and mental. You have to work hard on your conditioning and physical game to make it happening. A game strategy such as motivation is the best way to get you on top....

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...Zirin’s purpose of work is to inform his readers about the current issues in sports. The intended audience is the sports nation and everybody involved. This source educates the entire world on the seriousness of concussions. From children playing pee-wee football to adults playing in the NFL, concussions cause brain damage. They can cause a player to be inactive for a month, year, or a lifetime. In some very serious circumstances concussions may cause death. Zirin, Dave. "High Price of Concussions." Progressive Oct. 2010: 42. Wilson OmniFile Full Text Mega Edition. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <>. 2 NFL commissioner Rodger Goodell is taking serious steps to make his players more safe. Coaches are looking at what Goodell is doing and are following him by example. Goodell feels that if coaches and players see how serious the problem is, they will find more and more ways to protect the youth. "Heads up! NFL Commissioner Rodger Goodell talks about the importance of protecting student athletes from traumatic head injuries." State Legislatures 37.2 (2011): 21. Gale Student Resources in Context. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <>. 3 E:60 is a segment conducted by the ESPN network. This network covers every single sport and is a very credible source. The purpose was to inform its viewers on the seriousness of concussions....

Words: 2713 - Pages: 11