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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. History of India and The World
2. Indian Polity and Governance
3. Geography of India and The World
4. Economy
5. General Science
6. Organisations
7. General Knowledge

HISTORY OF INDIA AND THE WORLD
GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA (1833–58)
Lord W. Bentick (1833–35): First Governor-General of India. Macaulay’s minutes on education were accepted declaring that English should be the official language of India;
Abolished provincial courts of appeal and circuit set up by Cornwallis, appointment of
Commissioners of revenue and circuit.
• Wars: Annexed Coorg (1834), Central Cachar (1834) on the plea of misgovernment.
Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835–1836): Passed the famous Press Law, which liberated the press in
India (called Liberator the Press).
Lord Auckland (1836–42): 1st Anglo-Afghan War (1836–42)—great blow to the prestige of the British in India.
Lord Ellenborough (1842–44): Brought an end to the Afghan War. Annexation of Sindh
(1843); War with Gwalior (1843).
Lord Hardings I (1844–48): 1st Anglo-Sikh war (1845–46) and the Treaty of Lahore 1846
(marked the end of Sikh sovereighty in India); Gave preference to English education in employment. Lord Dalhousie (1848–56): Abolished Titles and Pensions, Widow Remarriage Act (1856).
Made Shimla the summer capital.
• Administrative Reforms: Introduced the system of Centralized control in the newly acquired territories known as Bon-Regulation system; Raised Gurkha regiments.

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• Public Works: Started the first railway line in 1853 (connecting Bombay with Thana);
Started electric telegraph service. Laid the basis of the modern postal system (1854); A separate public works department was set up for the first time; Started work on the Grand
Trunk Road and developed the harbours of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta.
• Wars: Introduced Doctrine of Lapse (Captured Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambhalpur
(1849), Baghat (1850), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853) and Nagpur (1854); Fought 2nd
Anglo-Sikh War (1848–49) and annexed the whole of the Punjab; 2nd Anglo-Burmese War
(1852) and annexation of Lower Burma or Pegu; Annexation of Berar in 1853; Annexation of Avadh in 1856 on charges of maladministration.
Lord Canning (1856–58): The last Governor General and first Viceroy of India; Revolt of
1857; Passed the Act of 1858, which ended the rule of the East India Company. Withdrew
Doctrine of Lapse. Mutiny took place in his time.
Governer Generals and Viceroys (1858–1947)
Lord Canning (1858–62): The Indian Councils Act of 1862 was passed, which proved to be a landmark in the constitutional history of India; The Indian Penal Code of Criminal Procedure
(1859) was passed; The Indian High Court Act (1861) was enacted; Income Tax was introduced for the first time in 1858; The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras founded in 1857.
Lord Elgin I (1862–63): Wahabi Movement (Pan-Islamic Movement).
Sir John Lawrence (1864–69): Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe; High
Courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1865; Expanded canal works and railways; Bhutan War (1865); Advocated State-managed railways; Created the Indian Forest
Department and recognised the native Judicial service.
Lord Mayo (1869–72): Introduced financial decentralization in India, Established Rajkot
College at Kathiarwar and Mayo College at Ajmer for the princes; Organised the Statistical
Survey of India, Established the Department of Agriculture & Commerce. He was the only
Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in Andamans in 1872, Introduction of State
Railways. For the first time in Indian history, a census was held in 1871.
Lord Northbrook (1872–76): Kuka Movement of Punjab took rebellious turn during his period. Lord Lytton (1876–80): Most infamous Governor-General, pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated drain of wealth of India; Arranged the
Grand Darbar in Delhi (in 1877) when the country was suffering from a servere famine; Passed the Royal Title Act (1876) and Queen Victoriya was declared as the Kaisar-i-Hind; Arms Act
(1878) made mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms; Passed the infamous Vernacular
Press Act (1878); Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in 1878-79 and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years, the 2nd Afghan war proved a failure (Viceroy of reverse characters). Lord Ripon (1880–84): Repeal of the Vernacular Press Act, 1882; The First Factory Act,
1881 to improve labour condition, Resolution of Local Self Government in 1882, Resolution on
Land Revenue Policy; Appointed Hunter Commission (for education reforms) in 1882; The Ilbert
Bill controversy erupted during his time (1883) enabled Indian district magistrates to try
European criminals. But this was withdrawn later.
Lord Dufferin (1884–88): 3rd Burmese War (Annexation of Upper and Lower Burma) in
1885, Establishment of Indian National Congress in 1885.

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Services into imperial, provincial and subordinate; Indian Council Act of 1892 (introduced elections which was indirect); Appointment of the Durand Commission to define the line between
British India and Afghanistan (1893).
Lord Elgin II (1894–99): The Munda uprising (Birsa Munda) of 1899, Convention delimiting the frontier between China and India was ratified, Great famine of 1896–97, Lyall Commission appointed after famine (1897), Assassination of two British officials-Rand & Amherst-by
Chapekar Brothers in 1897.
Lord Curzon (1899–1905): Appointed a Police Commission in 1902 under Andrew Frazer;
Set up the Universities Commission and accordingly the Indian Universities Act of 1904 was passed; Set up the Department of Commerce and Industry; Calcutta Corporation Act (1899);
Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper Currency Act (in 1899) and put India on a gold standard;
Partition of Bengal took place in 1905. Created NWFP and Archaeological Survey of India.
Extended railways to a Great extent.
Lord Minto II (1905–10): Swadeshi Movement (1905–08); Foundation of the Muslim
League, 1906; Surat session and split in the Congress (1907), Newspapers Act, 1908; MorleyMinto Reforms, 1909.
Lord Hardinge (1910–16): Annulment of the partition of Bengal (1911), Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi (1911); Delhi Darbar and Coronation of King George V and Queen Mary
(1911); Establishment of Hindu Mahasabha by Madan Mohan Malviya (1915); Annie Besant announced Home Rule Movement and a bomb was thrown at him, but he escaped unhurt.
Lord Chelmsford (1916–21): Home Rule Movement launched by Tilak and Annie Besant
(1916); Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League (1916); Arrival of Gandhi in India
(1915); Champaran Satyagraha (1917); Montague’s August Declaration (1917); Kheda
Satyagraha and Satyagraha at Ahmedabad (1918); Government of India Act (1919), Repressive
Rowlatt Act (1919); Jalianwala Bagh Massacre (1919); Khilafat Movement (1920–22); Noncooperation Movement (1920–22), Saddler Commission (1917) and an Indian Sir S. P. Sinha was appointed Governor of Bengal.
Lord Reading (1921–26): Criminal Law Amendment Act and abolition of cotton excise;
Repeal of Press Act of 1910 & Rowlatt Act of 1919; Violent Moplah rebellion in Kerala (1921);
Foundation of CPI (1921); Chauri Chaura Incident (1922); Foundation of Swaraj Party (1923);
Kakori Train Dacoity (1925); Foundation of RSS (1925); Murder of Swami Shardhanand (1926).
Suppressed non-cooperation movement.
Lord Irwin (1926–31): Simon Commission announced in 1927; Butler Commission (1927);
Nehru Report (1928); 14 points of Jinnah (1929); Lahore session of Congress and ‘Poorna
Swaraj’ declaration (1929); Civil Disobedience Movement (1930); Dandhi march (1930); Ist
Round Table Conference (1930); Gandhi-Irwin Pact (1931); Martyrdom of Jatin Das (hunger strike) Lord Willingdon (1931–36): 2nd Round Table Conference (1931); Civil Disobedience
Movement (1932); Announcement of MacDonald’s Communal Award (1932); IIIrd Round Table
Conference Foundation of Congress Socialist Party-CSP (1934); Government of India Act
(1935); Burma separated from India (1935); All India Kisan Sabha (1936); Poona Pact was signed. Lord Linlithgow (1936–43): General Election (1936–37); Congress ministries in 1937 and
Resignation of Congress ministries in 1939; ‘Deliverance Day’ by Muslim League in 1939;
Foundation of Forward Block by S.C. Bose (1939); Lahore Resolution (1940); August Offer
(1940); Cripps Mission (1942); Quit India Movement (1942) and Outbreak of Second World War in 1939.
Lord Wavell (1943–1947): C.R. Formula 1944; Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference in 1945;
End of IInd World War in 1945; INA Trials in 1945; Naval mutiny in 1946; Cabinet Mission,

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16th August, 1946 and first meeting of the constituent assembly was held on Dec. 9, 1946.
Lord Mountbatten (March–August 1947): Announced the 3 June, 1947 Plan; Introduction of Indian Independence Bill in the house of Commons and passed by the British Parliament on
July 4, 1947; Appointment of 2 boundary commissions under Sir Cryil Radicliffe.
Governor Generals of Independent India (1947–50)
Lord Mountbatten (1947–48): The first Governor General of free India; Kashmir acceded to
India (Oct. 1947); Murder of Gandhi (Jan. 30, 1948).
C. Rajagopalachari (June 1948–January 25, 1950): The last Governor General of free India;
The only Indian Governor-General.

Books of Freedom Struggle
Work

Author

Causes of the Indian Mutiny
Ghulam Giri
To all fighters of freedom, Why Socialism
Pakhtoon
Problems of the East
My Indian Years
Economic History of India
Pather Panchali
Precepts of Jesus
A Gift of Monotheists
Satyarth Prakash
Anand Math
Devi Chaudharani
Sitaram
The Indian Struggle
Poverty & Un-British Rule in India
The Spirit of Islam
A Nation in the Making
Unhappy India
The Indian War of Independence
India Divided
The Discovery of India
Neel Darpan
Hind Swaraj
What Congress and Gandhi have done to the untouchables

Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan
Jyotiba Phule
J.P. Narayan
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Lord Curzon
Lord Hardinge II
R.C. Dutt
Bibhuti Bhushan Banerjee
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Bankim C. Chatterjee
Bankim C. Chatterjee
Bankim C. Chatterjee
S.C. Bose
Dadabhai Naoroji
Syyed Ameer Ali
S.N. Banerjee
Lala Lajpat Rai
V. D. Savarkar
Rajendra Prasad
Jawahar Lal Nehru
Dinbandhu Mitra
M.K. Gandhi
B.R. Ambedkar

Newspaper/Journals

Founder/Editor

Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq
AI-Hilal
AI-Balagh
Independent

Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan
Abul Kalam Azad
Abul Kalam Azad
Motilal Nehru

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New India (Daily)
Commonweal
Pratap
Essays in Indian Economics
Samvad Kaumudi (Bengali)
Mirat-ul-Akhbar

Lala Lajpat Rai
Annie Besant
Annie Besant
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi
M.G. Ranade
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Raja Ram Mohan Roy (first Persian newspaper)

Newspaper/Journals

Founder/Editor (contd.)

Indian Mirror
Nav Jeevan
Young India
Harijan
Prabudha Bharat
Udbodhana
Indian Socialist
Talwar (in Berlin)
Free Hindustan (in Vancouver)
Hindustan Times
Kranti
Bengal Gazette (1780, India’s
First Newspaper)
Kesari
Amrita Bazar Patrika
Vande Mataram
Yugantar

Davevendra Nath Tagore
M.K.Gandhi
M.K.Gandhi
M.K.Gandhi
Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
Shyamji Krishna Verma
Birendra Nath Chattopadhyaya
Tarak Nath Das
K.M Pannikar
Mirajkhar , Joglekar , Ghate
J. K. Hikki
B. G. Tilak
Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh
Aurbindo Ghosh
Barindra Kumar Ghosh

World History: Important Dates
BC
10000–4000 Development of settlement into cities and development of skills, such as wheel and pottery making and improved methods of cultivation.
5500–3000 Earliest recorded date of Egyptian calender; first phonetic writing appears;
Sumerians develop a city-state civilization.
3000–2000 Pharaonic rule begins in Egypt; completion of the construction of the Great
Pyramid at Giza.
3000–1500 The most ancient civilization on the Indian subcontinent, the sophisticated and extensive Indus Valley Civilization, flourishes in what is today Pakistan.
900–800
Phoenicians establish Carthage: The Iliad and Odyssey was composed by the
Greek poet Homer.
400–300
Pentateuch-first five Books of the Old Testament evolve in final form.
300–251
Invention of Mayan calendar in Yucatan-more exact than older calenders.
101–51
Juleus Caesar (100–44 BC) invades Britain (55 BC) and conquers Gaul, France.
776
First Olympiad in Greece.
753
Rome founded.
490
Battle of Marathon, the Greeks defeated the Iranians/Persians.

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221
55
44
4

Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes.
Chin-Hung Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China completed.
Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General.
Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.
Birth of Jesus Christ.

AD
29
43
570
622
800
871
901
1066
1215
1280
1338
1431
1443
1453

1486
1492
1498
1517
1529–36
1564
1571
1577
1588
1600
1605

Crucifixation of Jesus Christ.
Roman conquest of Britain.
Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.
Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (“hijira”), Beginning of Hijira
Era (Muhammadan calender) on July 15.
Charlemagne crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s.
Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.
Death of King Alfred the Great.
Battle of Hastings; Norman invasion of England. William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandly, defeated the English king Harold II at Hastings.
Magna Carta or the Great Charter signed by King John II at Runnymede in
England on June 15.
Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.
The Hundred Years War broke out; it lasted upto 1453.
Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, obtained victory over the English at
Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.
The Black death i.e., plague broke out in England.
The capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman
Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries, where they spread the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature.
This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.
Bartholomew Diaz rounded the cope of Good Hope.
Columbus sailed on his first expedition to the West Indies which later led to the discovery of America (the New World).
Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the seat route to India via the Cape of
Good Hope.
Beginning of reformation.
Reformation in England under Henry VIII.
Birth of Shakespeare.
Battle of Lapanto; Turks defeated by the Christian League.
Drake, the famous English Admiral; started his voyage round the world for the first time and phindered Spanish ships and ports in South America.
Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ‘Armada’; England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’.
Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st December).
Gunpowder plot in England to blow up the English parliament.

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1649
1649–60
1660
1665
1679
1688

1704
1707
1763
1776
1783
1789
1798
1805

1815

1821
1827
1833
1837
1839
1854
1861
1863
1869
1885
1899
1905

Shakespeare passes away.
Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.
The Commonwealth and the Protectorate in England.
Restoration of monarchy in England.
The great plague in London.
Habeas Corpus Act.
The Glorious or Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began. Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the Divine Rights of Kings.
Battle of Blenheim; Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the
French army.
Union of England and Scotland.
Treaty of Paris; It ended the Seven Years War (1756–63); weakened France, made England a great colonial power.
Declaration of American Independence and formation of a Federal Republic of
13 states called the Union States of America (July 4).
Treaty of Versailles; England recognised the independence of the United States of America.
George Washington elected First President of USA. Beginning of French
Revolution; Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14).
Battle of the Nile. The English under Nelson gained victory over the French.
Battle of Trafalgar; Death of Nelson.
Battle of Austerliz – Napolean Bonaparte rounted a combined army of the
Russians and the Austrians.
Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to St. Helena.
Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe; The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because it disregarded national claims.
Death of Napolean at St. Helena (May 5).
Battle of Navatino; the allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the
Turkish fleet; This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.
Emancipation Act of 1833; It abolished slavery in the British dominions.
Accession of Queen Victoria to the throne of England.
Introduction of Penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland Hill: Aden annexed by England.
The Crimean War began, Russia attacked Turkey; England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.
American Civil War started, Abraham Lincon elected 16th President of USA.
Slavery abolished in America.
Suez Canal opened for traffic.
General Gordon captured and slain at Khartoum.
Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war.
Battle of the sea of Japan; Japan inflicted a crushing naval defeat on Russia; a wave of nationalism spread in Asia.

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1914
1916
1917

1918
1919
1920
1921
1923
1924
1925
1928
1933
1935
1939
1940
1941

1942

1943

1944
1945

Chinese Republican Revolution; Amundsen reached South Pole (December 14)
Outbreak of World War-I (August 4)
Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle). The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German Fleet under Admiral Scheer.
(March/Febuary) Revolution in Russia; the Czar abdicated and later assassinated; reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Lvov, Kerensky).
(November/October) Revolution in Russia: Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).
End of World War I (November 11)
The Paris Conference; the Treaty of Versailles.
Foundation of the League of Nations (January 10)
The Irish Free State established with the status of a Dominion like Canada
(December 6).
Turkish Republic proclaimed with Kemal Ataturk as its First President.
Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia.
Treaty of Locarno (between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and
Belgium).
Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war; it had no effect).
Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia); Italy annexed Abyssinia
(Ethiopia); Plebiscite in Saar.
Germany invaded Poland: Outbreak of World War II (September. 1).
Fall of France after German invasion (June 5); Italy entered World War II (June
11).
Hitler invades Russia (June 22): Framing of the Atlantic Charter (August 14);
Japan attacked Pearl Harbour (Hawaii Islands) (December 7); USA entered
World War II (December 8); China entered World War II (December. 10) Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (December 22).
Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (Febuary. 15); Battle of Coral Sea,
Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3);
Battle of Stalingrad (September. 19).
Defeat of Germany at Stalingrad (Febuary. 8); Battle of the Bismarck Sea,
America defeated Japan in a naval battle (March 4); Invasion of Italy by the
Allies, Armistice between Italy and the Allies (September 3).
Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General Ike
(Eisenhower); (D-Day) (June 6); Liberation of Paris (August 25).
Execution of Mussolini (April 22); Unconditional surrender of Germany to the
Allies (May 7); USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan
(August 6 and August 9); Unconditional surrender of Japan (August 14); World
War II ended (August 14); Foundation of UNO (October 24).

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IMPORTANT CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
As of January 2012, there have been 97 amendments to the
Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.
No.

Amendments

Enforced since Objectives

1.

Amend articles 15, 19, 85, 87,
174, 176, 341, 342, 372 and 376.
Insert articles 31A and 31B.
Insert schedule 9.

18 June 1951

2. each Amend article 81.

1 May 1953

3.

Amend schedule 7.

22 February
1955

To fully secure the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws and to place reasonable restriction on freedom of speech.
A new constitutional device, called Schedule
9 introduced to protect laws that are contrary to the Constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights. These laws encroach upon property rights, freedom of speech and equality before law
A technical amendment to fix the size of parliamentary constituency between 650,000 and 850,000 voters.
Limits maximum no of seats in lok sabha up to 500.States would be divided into constituencies such that one member of a constituency will represent not less than
750000 people but not more than every people. Restrictions on property rights and inclusion of related bills in Schedule 9 of the

every
500000
4.
Amend articles 31, 31A and 305.
Amend schedule 9. constitution 5.
Amend article 3.

6.

8.

Amend articles 269 and 286.
Amend schedule 7.
Amend articles 1, 49, 80, 81, 82,
131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216,
217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.
Insert articles 258A, 290A, 298,
350A, 350B, 371, 372A and 378A.
Amend part 8.
Amend schedules 1, 2, 4 and 7.
Amend article 334.

9.

Amend schedule 1.

7.

Pakistan demarcation of
10.
Amend article 240.

27 April 1955

24 December
1955

11 September
1956
1 November
1956

Provide for a consultation mechanism with concerned states in matters relating to the amendments to the territorial matters and in the re-naming of the state
Amend the Union and State Lists with respect to raising of taxes
Reorganization of states on linguistic lines, abolition of Class A, B, C, D states and introduction of Union Territories

5 January 1960 Clarify state's power of compulsory acquisition and requisitioning of private property and include Zamindari abolishion laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution
28 December
Minor adjustments to territory of Indian
1960
Union consequent to agreement with for settlement of disputes by border villages, etc.
11 August 1961 Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as

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11.
Amend articles 66 and 71.
College
Houses of
Joint

19 December

12.

Amend article 240.
Amend schedule 1.

20 December
1961

13.

Amend part 21.

1 December

14.

Amend articles 81 and 240.
Insert article 239A.
Assemblies
Amend schedules 1 and 4.
15.

16. office Amend articles 124, 128, 217,
222, 224, 226, 297, 311 and 316.
Insert article 224A.
Amend schedule 7.
Amend articles 19,
84 and 173.
Amend schedule 3.

17.

Amend article 31A.
Amend schedule 9.

18.

Amend article 3.

19.
Amend article 324. of Courts
20.
Insert article 233A.

21.
22.
23.

24.

25

28 December
1962

a Union Territory, consequent to acquisition from Portugal
Election of Vice President by Electoral
1961
consisting of members of both
Parliament, instead of election by a and Vice President Election procedure from challenge on grounds of existence of any vacancies in the electoral college
Incorporation of Goa, Daman and Diu as a
Union Territory, consequent to acquisition from Portugal
Formation of State of Nagaland, with special
1963
protection under Article 371A
Incorporation of Pondicherry into the Union of India and creation of Legislative

for Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur and
Goa
5 October 1963 Raise retirement age of judges from 60 to 62 and other minor amendments for rationalizing interpretation of rules regarding judges etc.
5 October 1963 Make it obligatory for seekers of public to swear their allegiance to the Indian
Republic and prescribe the various obligtory templates 20 June 1964
To secure the constitutional validity of acquisition of Estates and place land acquisition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution 27 August 1966 Technical Amendment to include Union
Territories in Article 3 and hence permit reorganisation of Union Territories
11 December
Abolish Election Tribunals and enable trial
1966
election petitions by regular High
22 December

Indemnify & validate judgments, decrees,
1966
orders and sentences passed by judges and to validate the appointment, posting, promotion and transfer of judges barring a few who were not eligible for appointment under article 233. Amendment needed to overcome the effect of judgement invalidating appointments of certain judges in the state of Uttar Pradesh
Amend schedule 8.
10 April 1967 Include Sindhi as a Official Language
Amend article 275.
25 September
Provision to form Autonomous states within
Insert articles 244A and 371B.
1969
the State of Assam
Amend articles 330, 332,
23 January
Extend reservation for SC / ST and
333 and 334.
1970
nomination of Anglo Indian members in
Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1980
Amend articles 13 and 368.
5 November
Enable parliament to dilute fundamental
1971
rights through amendments to the constitution Amend article 31.
20 April 1972 Restrict property rights and compensation in
Insert article 31C. case the state takes over private property

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Amend article 366. rulers Insert article 363A.
Remove articles 291 and 362.
27
Amend articles 239A and 240.
Insert articles 239B and 371C.
28

Insert article 312A.
Remove article 314.

29

Amend schedule 9.

constitution
30
Amend article 133. value 31

Amend articles 81, 330 and 332.

32 and Amend article 371.

33

Insert articles 371D and 371E.
Amend schedule 7.
Amend articles 101 and 190.

34

Amend schedule 9.

constitution
35
Amend articles 80 and 81.
Insert article 2A.
Insert schedule 10.
36
Amend articles 80 and 81.
Insert article 371F.
Remove article 2A.
Amend schedules 1 and 4.
Remove schedule 10.
37
Amend articles 239A and 240.
38.
39.

40

Amend articles 123, 213, 239B,
352, 356, 359 and 360.
Amend articles 71 and 329.
Insert article 329A.
Amend schedule 9.

Amend article 297.
Amend schedule 9.

28 December

Abolition of privy purse paid to former

1971

of princely states which were incorporated into the Indian Republic
15 February
Reorganization of Mizoram into a Union
1972
Territory with a legislature and council of ministers 29 August 1972 Rationalize Civil Service rules to make it uniform across those appointed prior to
Independence and post independence
9 June 1972
Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the
27 February
1973

Change the basis for appeals in Supreme
Court of India in case of Civil Suits from criteria to one involving substantial question of law
17 October 1973 Increase size of Parliament from 525 to 545 seats. Increased seats going to the new states formed in North East India and minor adjustment consequent to 1971 Delimitation exercise 1 July 1974
Protection of regional rights in Telengana
Andhra regions of State of Andhra Pradesh
19 May 1974

7 September
1974

Prescribes procedure for resignation by members of parliament and state legislatures and the procedure for verification and acceptance of resignation by house speaker
Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the

1 March 1975

Terms and Conditions for the Incorporation of Sikkim into the Union of India

26 April 1975

Formation of Sikkim as a State within the
Indian Union

3 May 1975

Formation of Arunachal Pradesh legislative assembly 1 August 1975 Enhances the powers of President and
Governors to pass ordinances
10 August 1975 Amendment designed to negate the judgement of Allahabad High Court invalidating Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's election to parliament. Amendment placed restrictions on judicial scrutiny of post of
Prime Minister
27 May 1976
Enable Parliament to make laws with respect to Exclusive Economic Zone and vest the mineral wealth with Union of India

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7 September

two.
42.

Amend articles 31, 31C, 39, 55,
1 April 1977
74, 77, 81, 82, 83, 100, 102, 103,
105, 118, 145, 150, 166, 170, 172,
189, 191, 192, 194, 208, 217, 225,
226, 227, 228, 311, 312, 330, 352,
353, 356, 357, 358, 359, 366, 368 and 371F.
Insert articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A,
48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A,
228A and 257A.
Insert parts 4A and 14A.
Amend schedule 7.
43.
Amend articles 145, 226,
13 April 1978
228 and 366.
Remove articles 31D, 32A, 131A, amendments 144A, 226A and 228A.
44.
Amend articles 19, 22, 30, 31A,
6 September
31C, 38, 71, 74, 77, 83, 103, 105, 1979
123, 132, 133, 134, 139A, 150, 166, mechanisms 172, 192, 194, 213, 217, 225, 226,
227, 239B, 329, 352, 356, 358, enacted 359, 360 and 371F.
Insert articles 134A and 361A.
Remove articles 31,
257A and 329A.
Amend part 12.
Amend schedule 9.
45.
Amend article 334.
25 January
1980

46.

47.

Amend articles 269,
286 and 366.
Amend schedule 7.
Amend schedule 9.

constitution
48.
Amend article 356. rule 49.
Amend article 244. enable Amend schedules 5 and 6.
50.

Amend article 33.

2 February
1983
26 August
1984
1 April 1985
11 September
1984
11 September
1984

Place land reform & other acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
Raise Retirement Age Limit of Chairmen
1976
Members of Union and State Public
Commissions from sixty to sixty
Amendment passed during internal emergency by Indira Gandhi. Provides for curtailment of fundamental rights, imposes fundamental duties and changes to the basic structure of the constitution by making India a "Socialist Secular" Republic

Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Repeals some of the more 'Anti-Freedom' enacted through Amendment Bill 42
Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country. Provides for human rights safeguards and to prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority. Annuls some Amendments in Amendment Bill 42

Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in
Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1990
Amendment to negate judicial pronouncements on scope and applicability on Sales Tax
Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the
Article 356 amended to permit President's up to two years in the state of Punjab
Recognize Tripura as a Tribal State and the creation of a Tripura Tribal Areas
Autonomous District Council
Technical Amendment to curtailment of
Fundamental Rights as per Part III as prescribed in Article 33 to cover Security

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Amend articles 330 and 332.

52.
Amend articles 101, disqualification 102, 190 and 191. in Insert schedule 10.
53.
Insert article 371G.
54.
&

16 June 1986

1 March 1985

Personnel protecting property and communication infrastructure
Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in
Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies
Anti
Defection
Law
Provide of members from parliament and assembly

20 February

case of defection from one party to other
Special provision with respect to the State of
1987
Mizoram.
Increase the salary of Chief Justice of India

Amend articles 125 and 221.

1 April 1986

Amend schedule 2.

other Judges and to provide for determining future increases without the need for constitutional amendment
20 February
Special powers to Governor consequent to
1987
formation of state of Arunachal Pradesh
30 May 1987
Transition provision to enable formation of state of Goa
21 September
Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in
1987
Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies
9 December
Provision to publish authentic Hindi
1987
translation of constitution as on date and provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of future amendments
30 March 1988 Article 356 amended to permit President's

55.

Insert article 371H.

56.

Insert article 371I.

57.

Amend article 332.

58.

Insert article 394A.
Amend part 22.

59. rule Amend article 356.

Insert article 359A.
Articles

60.
Amend article 276. of 2500/61.
Amend article 326.
62.
Amend article 334.

63.

Amend article 356.
Remove article 359A.

64. rule Amend article 356.

65.

Amend article 338.

stututory
Constitution.
66.
Amend schedule 9.

up to three years in the state of Punjab,

20 December

352 and Article 359A amended to permit imposing emergency in state of Punjab or in specific districts of the state of Punjab
Profession Tax increased from a maximum
1988
Rs. 250/- to a maximum of Rs.

28 March 1989 Reduce age for voting rights from 21 to 18
20 December
Extend reservation for SC / ST and
1989
nomination of Anglo Indian members in
Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2000
6 January 1990 Emergency powers applicable to State of
Punjab, accorded in Article 359A as per amendment 59 repealed
16 April 1990 Article 356 amended to permit President's up to three years and six months in the state of Punjab
12 March 1992 National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes formed and its powers specifed in The
7 June 1990

Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the

constitution

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Amend article 356.
Amend article 356.
Insert articles 239AA and 239AB.

Union
70.
Amend articles 54 and 239AA.

71.

Amend schedule 8.

72.

Amend article 332.

73.
Insert part 9. third 74.
Insert part 9A.
Administrative
administration in cities 75.
Amend article 323B.
76.

Amend schedule 9.

77.
Amend article 16. reservation 78.
Amend schedule 9. constitution 79.
Amend article 334.

80.

Amend articles 269 and 270.
Remove article 272. structures between
81.
Amend article 16.
82.

Amend article 335.

83.

Amend article 243M.

84.

Amend articles 55, 81, 82,
170, 330 and 332.

85. in 86.

Amend article 16.
Amend articles 45 and 51A.
Insert article 21A.

4 October 1990 Article 356 amended to permit President's up to four years in the state of Punjab
12 March 1991 Article 356 amended to permit President's up to five years in the state of Punjab
1 February 1992 To provide for a legislative assembly and council of ministers for Federal National
Capital of Delhi. Delhi continues to be a
Territory
21 December
Include National Capital of Delhi and Union
1991
Territory of Pondicherry in electoral college for Presidential Election
31 August 1992 Include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali as
Official Languages
5 December
Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in
1992
Tripura State Legislative Assembly
24 April 1993 Statutory provisions for Panchyat Raj as level of administration in villages
1 June 1993
Statutory
provisions for Local bodies as third level of urban areas such as towns and
15 May 1994

Provisions for setting up Rent Control
Tribunals
31 August 1994 Enable continuance of 69% reservation in
Tamil Nadu by including the relevant Tamil
Nadu Act under 9th Schedule of the constitution 17 June 1995
A technical amendment to protect to SC/ST Employees in promotions
30 August 1995 Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the

25 January 2000 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in
Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2010
9 June 2000
Implement Tenth Finance Commission recommendation to simplify the tax by pooling and sharing all taxes states and The Centre
9 June 2000
Protect SC / ST reservation in filling backlog of vacancies
8 September
Permit relaxation of qualifying marks and
2000
other criteria in reservation in promotion for
SC / ST candidates
8 September
Exempt Arunachal Pradesh from reservation
2000
for Scheduled Castes in Panchayati Raj institutions 21 February
Extend the usage of 1991 national census
2002
population figures for statewise distribution of parliamentary seats
4 January 2002 A technical amendment to protect seniority case of promotions of SC/ST Employees
12 December
Provides Right to Education until the age of
2002
fourteen and Early childhood care until the age of six

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Amend articles 81, 82,
170 and 330.

22 June 2003

88.

Amend article 270.
Insert article 268A.
Amend schedule 7.
Amend article 338.
Insert article 338A.

15 January
2004

89

Scheduled
Commission for
90
Amend article 332.
91

Amend articles 75 and 164.
Insert article 361B.

Extend the usage of 2001 national census population figures for statewise distribution of parliamentary seats
To extend statutory cover for levy and utilization of Service Tax

28 September
2003

The National Commission for Scheduled
Castes and Scheduled Tribes was bifurcated into The National Commission for
Castes
and
The
National
Scheduled Tribes
28 September
Reservation in Assam Assembly relating to
2003
Bodoland Territory Area
1 January 2004 Restrict the size of council of ministers to 15
% of legislative members & to strengthen

Anti
Amend schedule 10.
92
Amend article 270.
Bodo,
Insert article 268A.
Amend schedules 7 and 8.
93
Amend article 15.

94 in Amend article 164.

95 and Amend article 334.

96

Amend schedule 8.

97

Amend Art 19 and added
Part IXB.

i.e,

Defection laws
7 January 2004 Enable Levy of Service Tax & Include
Dogri, Santali and Maithali as Official
Languages
20 January 2006 To enable provision of reservation for other backward classes (O.B.C.) in government as well as private educational institutions
12 June 2006
To provide for a Minister of Tribal Welfare newly created Jharkand and Chattisgarh
States
25 January 2010 To extend the reservation of seats for SCs
STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Sixty years to Seventy years
23 September
Substituted "Odia" for "Oriya"
2011
12 January
Added the words "or co-operative societies"
2012
after the word "or unions" in Article 19(l)(c) and insertion of article 43B i.e, Promotion of
Co-operative Societies and added Part-IXB
THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

Geography of India and The World
IMPORTANT RIVERS/LAKES OF THE WORLD
Places

Rivers/Lakes

Vancouver (Canada)
Qyuebec (Canada)
Hamiliton (Canada)
Kingston (Canada)
Arvida (Canada)
Sarnia (Canada)
Monetreal (Canada)
Sudbury (Canada)

R. Fraser
R. St. Lawrence
L. Ontario
R. St. Lawrence, L. Ontak
R. Saguenay
L. Huron
R. St. Lawrence, R. Ottawa
L. Huron

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Portland (USA)
Cleveland (USA)
Chicago (USA)
Gary (USA)
Detroit (USA)
Milwaukee (USA)
Philadelphia (USA)
Duluttz (USA)
New York City (USA)
Baton Rouge (USA)
Toledo (USA)
Buffalo (USA)
St. Louis (USA)
Asuncion (Paraguay)
Belem (Brazil)
Manaus (Brazil)
Cairo (Egypt)
Port Said (Egypt)
Alexandria (Egypt)
Khartoum (Sudan)
Omudurma (Sudan)
Kisume (Kenya)
Kampala (Upanda)
Jinja (Upganda)
Lokoja (Nigeria)
Port Harcourt (Nigeria)
Brazzavilie
Kinshasa
Matadi
Boma
Kiruna (Sweden)
Lisbon (Portugal)
Paris (France)
Bordeaux (France)
Lyons (France)
Le Havre (France)
Rouen (France)
Rome (Italy)
Milan (Italy)
Vatican City
Berlin (Germany)
Frankfurt (Germany)
Leipzig (Germany)
Dresden (Germany)
Bingen (Germany)

R. Sacramento, R. America
R. Columbia
L. Erif
L. Michigan, R. Chicago
L. Michigan
L. Erie, R. St. Clair
L. Michigan
R. Delaware
R. St. Louis, L. Superior
R. Hudson
R. Mississippi
L. Erif
L. Ontario
R. Mississippi, R. Missouri
R. Paraguay
R. Amazon
R. Negro, R. Amazon
R. Nile
Suez Canal
R. Nile
R. Blue Nile, R. White Nile
R. Nile
L. Victoria
L. Victoria
R. Nile, L. Victoria
R. Niger, R. Benue
R. Niger
R. Zaire (Congo)
R. Zaire
R. Zaire
R. Zaire
R. Torne
R. Douro
R. Seine
R. Garrone
R. Saone, R. Rhone
R. Seine
R. Seine
R. Tiber
R. Po.
R.Tiber
R. Spree
R. Rhine, R. Main
R. Elbe
R. Elbe
R. Rhine

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Hamburg (Germany)
Bremen (Germany)
Krakow (Poland)
Antwerp (Belgium)
Rotterdam (Netherlands)
London (Britain)
New Castle (U.K.)
Glasgow (U.K.)
Moscow (Russia)
Petrozavosk (Russia)
Stalingrad (Russia)
Krasnoyark (Russia)
Bratsk (Russia)
Irkutsk (Russia)
Nickopol (Ukraine)
Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine)
Zaragoza (Spain)
Nantes (France)
Saratov (Russia)
Rostov (Russia)
Kiev (Ukraine)
Vienna (Austria)
Venice (Italy)
Budapest
Belgrade
Dublin
Madrid
Prague
Bratislava
Dusseldorf (Germany)
Cologne (Germany)
Essen
Wuppertal
Stuttgart
Washington (USA)
Perth (Australia)
Freemantle (Australia)
Sydney (Australia)
Shanghai (China)
Nanking (China)
Hongkong (China)
Macao (China)
Vientiane (Laos)
Phnom Penh (Cambodia)
Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
Mandalay (Myanmar)
Chauk (Myanmar)
Bangkok (Thailand)

R. Rhine, R. Seig
R. Elbe
R. Weser
R. Vistula
R. Scheldt
R. Rhine, R. Maas, R. Schei
R. Thames
R. Tyne
R. Clyde
R. Moskva
L. Onega
R. Volga
R. Yenisey
R. Angara
L. Baikal
R. Dnieper
R. Dnieper
R. Ebro
R. Loire
R. Volga
R. Don
R. Dnieper
R. Danube
R. Po.
R. Danube
R. Danube
R. Liffey
R. Manzanares
R. Vltava
R. Danube
R. Rhine
R. Rhine
R. Ruhr
R. Wupper
R. Neckar
R. Potomac
R. Swan
R. Swan
R. Darling
R. Yangtze Kiang (Chang Jang), R. Hwang Pu
R. Yangtze Kiang
R. Canton
R. Pearl
R. Mekong
R. Mekong, R. Tonie Sap
R. Gambak, R. Kelang
R. Irrawaddy
R. Irrawaddy
R. Chao Praya

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Lahore (Pakistan)
Kathmandu (Nepal)
Colombo (Sri Lanka)
Kabul (Afghanistan)
Bucharest (Romania)
Cognac (France)
Galafi (Romania)
Cambridge (U.K.)
Oxford (U.K.)
Panaji (Goa, India)

R. Tigris
R. Ravi
R. Baghmati, R. Vishnuma
R. Kelani
R. Kabul
R. Dimbovita
R. Charente
R. Danube, R. Siret
R. Cam
R. Thames
R. Mandovi

INDIAN STATES AND THEIR FOLK DANCES
Jharkhand
Uttaranchal
Andhra Pradesh
Chhattisgarh
Arunachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Goa
Assam
West Bengal
Kerala
Meghalaya
Manipur
Nagaland
Odisha
Maharashtra
Karnataka
Gujarat
Punjab
Rajasthan
Mizoram
Jammu & Kashmir
Tamil Nadu
Uttar Pradesh
Bihar
Haryana

Chhau, Sarahul, Jat-Jatin, Karma, Danga, Bidesia, Sohrai.
Gadhwali, Kumayuni, Kajari, Jhora, Raslila, Chappeli
Kuchipudi (Classical), Ghantamardala, Ottam Thedal, Mohiniattam,
Kummi, Siddhi Madhuri, Chhadi.
Goudi, Karma, Jhumar, Dagla, Pali, Tapali, Navrani, Diwari,
Mundari.
Mask dance, War dance etc.
Jhora, Jhali, Chharhi, Dhaman, Chhapeli, Mahasu, Nati, Dangi,
Chamba, Thali, Jhainta, Daf, Stick dance etc.
Mandi, Jhagor, Khol, Dakni, etc.
Bihu, Bichhua, Natpuja, Maharas, Kaligopal, Bagurumba, Naga dance, Khel Gopal Tabal Chongli, Canoe, Jhumura Hobjanai etc.
Kathi, Gambhira, Dhali, Jatra, Baul, Marasia, Mahal, Keertan, etc.
Kathakali (Classical), Rakhal, Nat Rash, Maha Rash, Raukhat etc.
Laho, Baagla, etc.
Manipuri (Classical), Rakhal, Nat Rash, Maha Rash, Raukhat, etc.
Chong, Khaiva, Lim, Nuralim, etc.
Odissi (Classical), Rakhal, Nat Rash, Maha Rash, Raukhat etc.
Lavani, Nakata, Koli, Lezim, Gafa, Dahikala Dasavtar or Bohada,
Tamasha, Mauni, Powara, Gouricha etc.
Yakshagan, Huttari, Suggi, Kunitha, Karga, Lambi etc.
Garba, Dandiya Ras, Tippani Juriun, Bhavai, etc.
Bhangra, Giddha, Daff, Dhaman etc.
Ghumar, Chakri, Ganagor, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, Ghapal,
Panihari, Ginad etc.
Khanatm, Pakhupila, Cherokan etc.
Rauf, Hikat, Mandjas, Kud Dandi Nach, Damali.
Bharatnatyam, Kumi, Kolattam, Kavadi
Nautanki, Raslila, Kajri, Jhora, Chappeli, Jaita.
Jata-Jatin, Bakho-Bakhain, Panwariya, Sama-Chakwa, Bidesia,
Jatra, etc.
Jhumar, Phag Dance, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khor, Gagor etc.

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Financial Committees
Committees

Focus Areas

A.C. Shah Committee
Abid Hussain Committee
Adhyarjuna Committee

NBFC
Development of Capital markets
Changes in NI Act and Stamp Act

A.K. Bhuchar Committee

Coordiantion between Term Lending institutions and Commercial Banks
Insolvency and Wind up laws
Institutional Credit for Agricultural and Rural
Development.
All India Rural Credit Review
Stock Lending Scheme
Job Criteria in bank loans (Approach)
Unemployment
Public Welfare
Share Transfer Reforms
Coordination between Commercial Banks and SFC’s
Wage, Income and Prices
Agricultural Policy
Multi Agency approach in Agricultural
Finance
Finance to Small Scale Industry
Direct Taxes
Capital Adequacy of Banks
Review
Progress and recommend improvement Measures of IRDP
MICR
Regional Imbalances
Estimation of Employments
Mutual Funds (Functioning)
Public Distribution System
Agricultural Finance
Industrial Licensing
Extension of Credit Limits on the Basis of
Consortium
Export Credit
Lead Banking System
Rural Finance
Customer Service in Banks
Credit Requirements of Leasing Industry
Carry Forward System on Stock Exchange
Soiled Banknotes
Industrial Policy

B. Eradi Committee
B. Siaraman Committee
B. Venkatappaiah Committee
B.D. Shah Committee
BD Thakar Committee
Bhagwati Committee
Bhagwati Committee
Bhave Committee
Bhide Committee
Bhootlingam Committee
C. Rao Committee
C.E. Kamath Committee
Chatalier Committee
Chesi Committee
Cook Committee
D.R. Mehta Committee
Damle Committee
Dandekar Committee
Dantwala Committee
Dave Committee
Dharia Committee
D.R. Gadgil Committee
Dutta Committee
G. Lakshmai Narayan Committee
G. Sundaram Committee
Gadgil Committee (1969)
Godwala Committee
Goiporia Committee
G.S. Dahotre Committee
G.S. Patel Committee
Hathi Committee
Hazari Committee (1967)

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J. Reddy Committee
James Raj Committee
Jankiramanan Committee
J.V. Shetty Committee
K. Madhav Das Committee
Kalyansundaram Committee
Kamath Committee
Karve Committee
K.B. Chore Committee
Khanna Committee
Khusrau Committee
K.S. Krishnaswamy Committee
L.K. Jha Committee
L.C. Gupta Committee
Mahadevan Committee
Mahalanobis Committee
Marathe Committee
M.L. Dantwala Committee
Mrs. K,S, Shere Committee
Nadkarni Committee
Nariman Committee
Narsimhan Committee
Omkar Goswami Committee
P.R. Nayak Committee
P. Selvam Committee
P.C. Luther Committee
P.D. Ojha Committee
Pendarkar Committee

Pillai Committee
P.L. Tandon Committee
P.R. Khanna Committee
Purshottam Das Committee
R. Jilani Banks
R.S. Saria Committee
Raghavan Committee
Raja Chelliah Committee
Rajamannar Committee

Working Capital Finance in Banks
Reforms in Insurance Sector
Functioning of Public Sector Banks
Securities Transactions of Banks and
Financial Institutions
Consortium Advances
Urban Cooperative Banks
Introduction of Factoring Services in India
Education Loan Scheme
Small Scale Industry
To review the Symbol of Cash Credit Q
Non Performing Assets
Agricultural Credit
Role of Banks in Priority Sector and 20 Point
Economic Programme
Indirect Taxes
Financial Derivatives
Single Window System
Income Distribution
Licensing of New Banks
Regional Rural Banks
Electronic Fund Transfer
Improved Procedures for Transactions in
PSU Bonds and Units
Branch Expansion Programme
Financial System
Industrial
Sickness and Corporate
Restructuring
Institutional Credit to SSI Sector
Non Performing Assets of Banks
Productivity, Operational Efficiency and
Profitability of Banks
Service Area Approach
Review the System of Inspection of
Commercial, RRB and Urban Cooperative
Banks
Pay Scales of Bank Officers
Export Strategy
Develop appropriate Supervisory Framework for NBFC
Agricultural Finance and Cooperative
Societies
Inspection System of Banks
Agricultural Finance and Cooperative
Societies
Competition Law
Tax Reforms
Centre-State Fiscal Relationships

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Rakesh Mohan Committee
Ram Niwas Mirdha Committee (JPC)
Rangrajan Committee
Rangrajan Committee
Rashid Jilani Committee
Ray Committee
R.G. Saraiya Committee (1972)
R.H. Khan Committee
R.K. Hajara Committee
R.K. Talwar Committee
R.K. Talwar Committee
R.N. Malhotra Committee
R.N. Mirdha Committee
R.V. Gupta Committee
S. Padmanabhan Committee
S. Padmanabhan Committee
Samal Committee
S.C. Choksi Committee
Shankar Lal Gauri Committee
S.K. Kalia Committee
S.L. Kapoor Committee
Sodhani Committee
S.S. Nadkarni Committee
S.S. Tarapore Committee
Sukhmoy Chakravarty Committee
Tambe Committee
Tandon Committee
Tandon Committee
Thakkar Committee
Thingalaya Committee
Tiwari Committee
U.K. Sharma Committee
Usha Thorat Panel
Vaghul Committee
Varshney Committee
Venketaiya Committee
Vipin Malik Committee
V.T. Dehejia Committee
Vyas Committee

Changes in Banking Laws, Bouncing of
Cheques etc.
Petro Chemical Sector
Securities Scam
Computerization of Banking Industry
Public Sector Disinvestment
Cash Credit System
Industrial Sickness
Banking Commission
Harmonization of Banks and Ssis
Differential Interest Rates Scheme
Customer Service
Enactment Having a bearing on Agro
Landings by Commercial Banks
Reforms in Insurance Sector
Cooperative Societies
Agricultural Credit Delivery
Onsite supervision Function of Banks
Inspection of Banks (By RBI)
Rural Credit
Direct Tax Law
Agricultural Marketing
Role of NGO and SHG in Credit
Institutional Credit to SSI
Foreign Exchange Markets in NRI investment in India
Trading in Public Sector Banks
Capital Account Convertibility
To review the working of Monetary System
Term Loans to SSI
Follow up of Bank Credit
Industrial Sickness
Credit Schemes to Self employed
Restructuring of RRB
Rehabilitation of sick Industrial undertakings
Lead Bank Scheme (Review)
Financial Inclusion
Mutul Fund Scheme
Revised methods for Loans (> 2 lakhs)
Review of Rural Financing System
Consolidated Accounting by Banks
To study credit needs of industry and trade likely to be inflated
Rural Credit

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W.S. Saraf Committee
Y.H. Malegam Committee
Y.V. Reddy Committee








Direct Taxes
Technology Issues in Banking Industry
Disclosure norms for Public Issues
Reforms in Small Savings

Working Groups
Working group on benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR)
Working group on surveys
High level committee to review lead bank scheme
Working group to review the business correspondent model
High level group on systems and procedures for currency distribution G20 working group on enhancing sound regulation and

strengthening transparency
• Committee on financial sector assessment
• High level committee on estimation of savings and investment
• Committee on the global financial system (CGFS) on capital flows and emerging market economies
• Task force for diamond Sector
• Technical advisory group on Development of HOusing
Start-up index in India
• Working group on defraying cost of ICT solutions for RRBs
• Working group on IT support for Urban cooperative banks
• Working group on technology upgradation of regional rural banks
• Interest rate futures
• Internal working group to study the recommendations of the NCEUS report
• Working group on improvement of banking services in the union territory of lakshadweep
• Working group on rehabilitation of sick SMEs
• Working group on improvement of banking services in jharkhand
• Working group on improvement of banking services in himachal pradesh
• Internal technical group on seasonal movements in inflation
• Working group to examine the procedures and processes of agricultural loans
• Task force on empowering RRB boards for operational efficiency • Technical group set up to review legislations on money lending
• Working group to suggest measures to assist distressed farmers
• Technical group on statistics for international trade in banking services
• Technical advisory group on development of leading economic indicators for Indian economy
• Working group on savings for the eleventh five year plan (2007–2008 to 2011–12)

Chairman
Deepak Mohanty
Deepak Mohanty
Usha Thorat
P. Vijaya Bhaskar Rao
Usha Thorat
Dr. Rakesh Mohan &
Mr.
Tiff Macklem
Dr. Rakesh Mohan
Dr. C. Rangarajan
Dr. Rakesh Mohan
A.K. Bera
Prof. Amitabh Kundu
Shri G. Padmanabhan
R. Gandhi
Shri G. Srinivasan
Shri V.K. Sharma
Kub Rao
S. Ramaswamy
Dr. K.C. Chakrabarty
V.S. Das
Dr. J. Sadakkadulla
Dr. Balvant Singh
C.P. Swarankar

Dr. K.G. karmakar
Shri S.C. Gupta
Shri S.S. Johi
Shri K.S.R. Rao
Dr. R.B. Barman
Dr. Rakesh Mohan

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• Working group on improvement of banking services in
Uttaranchal
• Working group on cost of NRI remittances
• Working group to formulate a scheme for ensuring reasonableness of bank charges
• Committee on Full Capital account convertibility
• Committee on financial sector plan for north eastern region
• Survey on impact of trade related measures on transaction costs of exports
• Advisory committee on ways and means advances to State governments
• Need and use behavior for small denomination coins
• Debt sustainability at State level in India

• Internal Group to examine issues relating to rural credit and microfinance
• Working group to review export credit
• Internal working Group on RRBs
• Working group on warehouse receipts and commodity futures
• Internal Group to review guidelines on credit flow to SME Sector
• Working group on Regulatory Mechanism for cards
• Group on model fiscal responsibility legislation at state level
• Task force on revival of cooperative credit institutions
• Special group for formulation of Debt restructuring mechanism for medium enterprises
• Working group on screen based trading in government securities
• Expert group on internet deployment of central database management system (CDBMS)
• Report on monitoring of financial conglomerates
• Working group on development financial institutions
• Advisory Committee to advise on the administered interest rates and rationalisation of saving instruments
• Advisory committee on flow of credit to agriculture
• Working group on flow of credit to SSI sector
• Group to study the pension liabilities of the state governments
• Rupee interest rate derivatives
• Working group on instruments of sterlisation
• Working group on information on state government guaranteed advances and bonds
• Working group on cheque truncation and e-cheques
• Working group on introduction of credit derivatives in India
• Group to assess the fiscal risk of state government guarantees
• Advisory committee on ways and means advances to state governments
• Working group on rupee derivatives

Dr. N.D. Jadhav
V.S. Das
P.K. Pain
N. Sadasivam
S.S. Tarapore
Smt. Usha Thorat
Balwant Singh
M.P. Bezbaruah
Sanal
Kumar
Velayudhan
Indira
Rajaraman,
shashank Bhide and
R.K. Pattnaik
Shri H.R. Khan
Shri Anand Sinha
Shri A.V. Sardesai
Shri Prashant Saran
Shri C.S. Murthy
Shri R. Gandhi
Shri H.R. Khan
Prof. A. Vaidyanathan
Shri G. Srinivasan
Smt.
Shyamala
Gopinath
Prof. A. Vaidyanathan
Dr. R.H. Patil
Shri N. Sadasivan
Dr. Rakesh Mohan
Prof. V.S. Vyas
Dr. A.S. Ganguly
B.K. Bhattacharya
Shri G. Padmanabhan
Smt. Usha Thorat
Shri G. Padmanabhan
Dr. Barman, ED
Shri B. Mahapatra
Smt. Usha Thorat
Shri C. Ramachandran
Shri Jaspal Bindra

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Committee on computer audit
Committee on payment systems
Review group on the working of the local area bank scheme
Technical group on statistics of international trade in services
Working group for suggesting operational and prudential guidelines on STRIPS (Separately Traded Registered Interest and
Principal of Securities)
Working group on electronic money
Working group on economic indicators
Information systems audit policy for the banking and financial sector
Working group on consolidated accounting and other quantitative methods to facilitate consolidated supervision
Expert committee to review the system of administered interest rates and other related issues
Inter-departmental group to study the rationalisation of current account facility with reserve bank of India
The Expert Committee on legal aspects of Bank frauds
The Standing Committee on international financial standards and codes standing committee on international financial standards and codes
Technical group on market integrity
Technical group on phasing out of non-banks from call/notice money market (March 2001)
Core group on voluntary disclosure norms for state governments
Task force to study the cooperative credit system and suggest measures for its strengthening
Internal group to review the guidelines related to commercial paper
High Power Committee on urban cooperative banks
Working group for setting up credit information bureau in India
Committee for redesigning of financial statements of non-banking financial companies
Working group on restructuring weak public sector banks
Working group for working out modalities on dissemination of information in electronic form

• Committee on technology upgradation in the banking sector
• Working group of EURO
• New monetary aggregates
• Committee on capital account convertibility

Shri A.L. Narasimhan
Dr. R.H. Patil
Shri G. Ramachandran
Shri Deepak Mohanty
Shri M.R. Ramesh

Mr. Zarir J. Cama
Dr. R.B. barman
Dr.R.B. Burman
Shri Vipin Malik
Dr. Y.V. Reddy
Shri K.W. Korgaonkar
Dr. N.L. Mitra
Dr. Y.V. Reddy

Shri C.R. Muralidharan
Dr. Y.V. Reddy
Dr. Y.V. Reddy
Shri Jagdish Kapoor
Dr. Y.V. Reddy
Shri Madhav Rao
Shri N.H. Siddiqui
Shri V.S.N. Murthy
Shri M.S. Verma
Shri Y.S.P. Thorat and
Shri C.R.
Gopalasundaram
Dr. A. Vasudevan
Shri
V.
Subrahmanayam
Dr. Y.V. Reddy
Shri S.S. Tarapore

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Metals and their Ores
Metal

Ores

Sodium (Na)
Aluminium (Al)
Potassium (K)
Magnesium (Mg)
Calcium (Ca)
Strontium (Sr)
Copper (Cu)
Silver (Ag)
Gold (Au)
Barium (Ba)
Zinc (Zc)
Mercury (Hg)
Tin (Sn)
Lead (Pb)
Antimony (Sb)
Cadmium (Cd)
Bismuth (Bi)
Iron (Fe) pyrites Cobalt (Co)
Nickel (Ni)
Magnese (Mn)
Uranium (U)

Chile, Saltpetre Trona, Borax, Common salt
Bauxite, Corundum, Felspar, Cryolite, Alunite, Kaolin
Nitre (Salt Peter), Carnalite
Magnesite, Dolomite, Epsom salt, Kieserite, Carnalite
Dolomite, Calcite, Gypsum, Fluorospar, Asbestes
Strontianite, Silestine
Cuprite, Copper glance, Copper pyrites
Ruby Silver, Horn silver
Calaverite, Silvenite
Barytes
Zinc Blende, Zincite, Calamine
Cinnabar
Casseterite
Galena
Stibenite
Greenocite
Bismuthite
Haemetite, Lemonite, Magnetite, Siderite, Iron pyritesh, Copper
Smelite
Milarite
Pyrolusite, Magneite
Carnetite, Pitch blende

Alloys & their uses
Alloys

Uses

Brass
Bronze
German Silver
Rolled gold
Gun metal
Delta metal
Munz metal
Dutch metal
Monel metal
Rose metal
Solder
Magnalium
Duralumin
Type metal
Bell metal

In making utensils
In making coins, bell and utensils
In making utensils
In making cheap ornaments
In making gun, barrels, gears and bearings
In making blades of aeroplane
In making coins
In making artificial ornaments
For base containing container
For making automatic fuse
For soldering
For frame of aeroplane
For making utensils
In printing industry
For casting bells, statues

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Nickel steel

For making utensils and surgical cutlery
For making electrical wire, automobile parts

Organisations
Natiional Organisation
Institute/Organisation/Board
National Centre of Organic Farming
National Plant Protection Training Institute
Directorate of Marketing & Inspection
National Institute of Agricultural Marketing
Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC)
Central Frozen Semen Production & Training Institute
Random Sample Poultry Performance Testing Centre
Central Sheep Breeding Farm
National Institute of Animal Health
Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Disease Investigation Laboratory
Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologicals
Animal Health Institute
Institute of Animal Health & Biologicals
Institute of Veterinary Biologicals
Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical and
Engineering Training
Integrated Fisheries Project
Central Institute of Coastal Engineering for Fisheries
Vivekananda Parvathiya Krishi Anusandhan Shala
Central Agriculture Research Institute
Central Agricultural University
Export Inspection Council
Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
Indian Institute of Packaging (IIP)
Marine Products Export Development Authority
Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export
Development Authority (APEDA)
Federation of Indian Export Organisation (FIEO)
Indian Council of Arbitration (ICA)
Indian Diamond Institute
Postal Staff College
Advanced Level Telecom Centre (ALTTC)
Bharat Ratna Bhim Rao Ambedkar Institute of Telecom
Training (BRBRAITT)
National Academy of Telecom Finance and
Management (NATFM)
Telecommunication Engineering Centre (TEC)
Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute

Location
Ghaziabad
Hyderabad (1966)
Faridabad
Jaipur (8 Aug., 1988)
New Delhi (18 Jan., 1994)
Hessarghatta, Karnataka
Gurgaon
Hissar
Baghpat (UP)
Izatnagar
Pune
Kolkata
Jallandhar
Bengaluru
Khanapara, Guwahati
Kochi
Kochi
Bangalore
Almora
Port Blair
Imphal
New Delhi
New Delhi
Mumbai
Kochi (20 April 1972)
New Delhi, (1986)
New Delhi
New Delhi
Surat, (1978)
Ghaziabad
Ghaziabad, (1975)
Jabalpur
Hyderabad
New Delhi
Kolkata

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Rashtriya India Military College
National Defence Academy
Indian Military Academy
Officers Training Academy
Defence Services Staff College
College of Defence Management
College of Military Engineering
National Bal Bhavan
National Council for Teacher Education
National Council of Education Research & Training (NCERT)
Central Institute of Indian Language (CIIL)
Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (CIEFL)
Maharishi Sandipani Rashtriya Veda Vidya Prathisthan
Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan
Rashtriay Sanskrit Vidyapeetha
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha
Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
Indian Council of Philosophical Research (ICPR)
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies (IIAS)
Indian Council of Social Science (ICSSR)
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
Indian Institute of Information Technology Management (IITM)
Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)
Indian Institute of IT, Design & manufacturing (IIITDM)
National Book Trust (NBT)
National Power Training Institute (NPTI)
Central Power Research Institute (CPRI)
Appellate Tribunal for Electricity
Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET)
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA)
Botanical Survey of India
Zoological Survey of India
Forest Survey of India
National Biodiversity Authority
National Institute of Animal Welfare (NIAW)
Animal Welare Board of India
Indian Board of Wildlife
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)
G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and
Development (GBPIHED)
Indian Council of Forest Research & Education (ICFRE)
Forest Research Institute
Arid Forest Research Institute
Rain Forest Research Institute
Institute of Wood Science & Technology
Tropial Forestry Research Institute

Ajmer,
Bangalore,
Belgaum, Chail, Dholpur
Dehradun, (13 Mar 1922)
Khadakwasla
Dehradun, (1932)
Chennai
Wellington
Secunderabad, (Jun 1970)
Pune
New Delhi, (1956)
New Delhi, (Aug 1995)
New Delhi
Mysore
Hyderabad
Ujjain
New Delhi, (1970)
Tirupati
New Delhi
New Delhi, (1972)
New Delhi and
Lucknow, (1977)
Shimla, (1965)
New Delhi
New Delhi, (Sep 1985)
New Delhi
Bengaluru
Gwalior
Allahabad
Jabalpur
New Delhi
Faridabad
Delhi, (7 Apr 2004)
Chennai
Kolkata, (13 Feb 1890)
Kolkata, (1916)
Dehradun, (1 Jun 1981)
Chennai, (1 Oct., 2003)
Ballabhgarh, Faridabad
Chennai
Delhi, (Sept., 1974)
Almora, (1988)
Dehradun
Dehradun
Jodhpur
Jorhat
Bengaluru
Jabalpur

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Himalayan Forest Research Institute
Institute of Forest Productivity
Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-rehabilitation
Institute of Forestry Research and Human
Resources Development
Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute
Indian Institute of Forest Management
Wildlife Institute of India
Salim Ali Centre for Criminology and National
History (SACONH)
Centre for Environmental Education
CPR Environmental Education Centre
Centre for Ecological Sciences
Centre for Mining Environment
SACONH
Centre for Environmental Management of
Degraded Ecosystems
Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
Madras School of Economics
Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Tradition
Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy
Tropical Forest Research Institute
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
Central Health Education Bureau
National Academy of Medical Science
National Institute of Ayurveda
National Institute of Siddha
National Institute for Unani Medicine
Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga
National Institute of Naturopathy
National Institute of Homeopathy
Rashtriya Ayurvedic Vidyapeeth
The Institute of Post Graduate Teaching and
Research in Ayurved
South India Textile Research Association
Northern India Textiles Research Association
Indian Jute Research Association
The Wool Research Association
Sardar Vallabhbhai Institute of Textile Management
Rashtriya Chemicals Fertiliser Ltd.
Institute of Pesticide Formulation Technology
Hindustan Organic Chemicals Ltd.
Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd.,
Centre of Plastic Engineering & Technology
Indian Bureau of Mines
National Aluminium Company Ltd. (NALCO)
Hindustan Copper Ltd. (HCL)

Coimbatore
Shimla
Ranchi
Allahabad
Chhindwara
Bengaluru
Dehradun
Coimbatore
Ahmedabad
Chennai
Bangalore
Ahmedabad
Coikbatore
Delhi
Thiruvanathapuram
Thiruvanathapuram
Bengaluru
Dehradun
Jabalpur
New Delhi, (1 Apr 1987)
New Delhi, (6 Dec 1956)
New Delhi, (1961)
Jaipur
Chennai
Bengaluru
New Delhi
Pune
Kolkata
New Delhi
Jamnagar (Gujarat)
Coimbatore
Ghaziabad
Kolkata
Thane
Coimbatore, (24 Dec.,
2002)
Trombay, (Oct., 1965)
Gurgaon, (1991)
Raigad, (Mahrashtra),
(1960) Pimpri? Pune,
(30 Mar 1954)
Chennai, (1968)
Nagpur, (1948)
Orissa, (7 Jan 1981)
Khetri, Rajasthan
(9 May 1967)

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Agharkar Research Institute
Bose Institute
Indian Association for Cultivation of Science
Indian Institute of Tropical Meterology
Indian Institute of Astro Physics
Jawaharlal Nehru Centres for Advanced Scientific Research
Raman Research Institute
S.N. Bose National Centres for Basic Science
Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleobotany
Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology
International Advance Research Centre for
Powder Metallurgy and New Materials
Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council
Vigyan Prasar
National Accredition Board for Testing and
Calibration Laboratories
Centre for Liquid Crystal Research
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observation Science
Survey Training Institute
Indian Academy of Science
Indian National Science Academy
Indian National Academy of Engineering
National Academy of Science
Indian Science Congress Association
Department of Atomic Energy
Nuclear Fuel Complex
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Project
Tarapur Atomic Power Project
Aryabhatta Atomic Power Project
Narora Atomic Power Project
Kakrapara Atomic Power Project
Kaiga Atomic Power Project
Electronics Corp of India Ltd.
BARC’s Radiation Medicine Centre
Krishi Utpadan Sanrakshan Kendra (KRUSHAK)
Radiation Processing Plant
BRITs Biomolecule Producing Laboratory
Shiram Centre for Industrial Research
International Institute of Population Studies
Centre for Advance Technology
Electron Beam Centre
Defence Metalurgical Research Lab
Harish Chandra Research Institute
Institute of Physics
National Centre for Biological Science of TIFR
Board for Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS)
National Board for Higher Mathematics
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre

Udaipur, (1966)
Pune
Kolkata
Kolkata
Pune
Bengaluru
Bengaluru
Bengaluru
Kolkata
Lucknow
Mumbai
Dehradun
Hyderabad
New Delhi
New Delhi, (1989)
New Delhi
Bengaluru
Nainital
Hyderabad
Bengaluru
New Delhi
New Delhi
Allahabad
Kolkata
Mumbai, (1954)
Hyderabad, (1971)
Kalakkam
(Chennai),
(1985)
Mumbai, (1969)
Rajasthan, (1973)
Bulandsahar, (1991)
Gujarat, (1993)
Karnataka
Hyderabad, (1967)
Mumbai
Lasagoan (Nasik)
Navi Mumbai
Jonaki, Hyderabad
Delhi
Mumbai
Indore
Kharghar, Navi Mumbai
Hyderabad
Allahabad
Bhubaneshwar
Bengaluru
Mumbai
Mumbai
Kolkata, (1977)

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Institute of Plasma Research (IPR)
Indian Research Organisation
National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT)
Indian National Centre for Indian Ocean
Information Services (INCOIS)
National Metallurgical Laboratory
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
Institute of Life Science
Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI)
Biotechnology Park
Biotechnology Incubation Centre
National Centre for Cell Science
Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics
International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
Research, Design & Standards Organisation
Diesel Locomotives Works
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works
Integral Coach Factory
Rail Coach Factory
Rail Wheel Factory
LBS College of Advance Maritime Studies and Research
Maritime Training Institute
Cochin Shipyard Ltd.
Hindustan Shipyard Ltd.
Hooghly Dock and Port Engineers Ltd.
Inland Waterways Authority of India
National Inland Navigation Institute
Central Inland Water Transport Corporation
Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Urban Akademi
Flying Training School
Commission of Railway Safety
Indian Institute of Tourism & Travel Management
National Institute of Water Sports
Artificial Lims Manufacturing Corporation of India
National Institute for Visually Handicapped
National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for Hearing Handicapped
National Institute for Mentally Handicapped
National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research
Institute for the Physically Handicapped
Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities
Sports Authority of India
Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports
Laskmibai National College of Physical Education
High Altitude Training Centre
The Central Soil and Materials Research Station
Central Water & Power Research Station
Sardar Sarovar Construction Advisory Committee

Trombay, (2000)
Ahmedabad
Bengaluru, (1969)
Chennai, (1993)
Hyderabad, (Feb 1999)
Jamshedpur
Durgapur
Bhubaneshwar
New Delhi
Lucknow
Hyderabad
Pune
Hyderabad
New Delhi
Lucknow
Varanasi
Chittaranjan
Chennai
Kapurthala
Bengaluru
Mumbai
Powai, Mumbai
Cochin (1972)
Visakhapatnam
Kolkata, (1984)
Noida, (1986)
Patna, Feb (2004)
Kolkata, (1967)
Fursatganj, (UP)
Gondia
Lucknow
Gwalior
Goa
Kanpur, (1972)
Dehradun
Kolkata
Mumbai
Secunderabad
Cuttack
New Delhi
Chennai
Delhi, (1984)
Patiala
Thiruvanantapuram,
(1957)
Shillaroo (HP)
New Delhi
Khadakwasla,
Pune, (1916)
Vadodara, (1980)

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National Institute of Hydrology
Prasar Bharati
Directorate of Field Publicity
Children’s Film Society of India
Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity
National Film Archieve of India
Film & Television Institute of India
Satyajit Ray Film & Television Institute
Central Board of Film Certification
Film Division
Publication Division
Press Trust of India (PTI)
V.V. Giri National Labour Institute
Central Board for Workers Education (CBWE)
Labour Bureau
National Vocational Training Institute for Women
National Instructional Media Institute
Central Staff Training & Research Institute
Central Training Institute for Instructors
Director General of Mines Safety
National Judicial Academy

Delhi, (1969)
Roorkee, (1978)
New Delhi, (23 Nov
1997)
New Delhi, (1953)
Mumbai, (1955)
Delhi
Pune, (1964)
Pune
Kolkata
Mumbai
Mumbai, (Jan 1948)
Delhi
New Delhi, (27 Aug
1947)
Noida
Nagpur, (1958)
Chandigarh/Shimla
Noida
Chennai
Kolkata, (1968)
Chennai, (1960)
Dhanbad
Bhopal, (17 Aug 1993)

General Knowledge
FAMOUS SITES of world
Site

Location

Al-Aqusa
Jerusalem
Big Ben
London
Brandenberg Gate Berlin
Broadway
New York
Brown House
Berlin
Buckingham PalaceLondon
Colossium
Rome
Downing Street
London
Eiffel Tower
Paris
Fleet Street
London
Harley Street
London
Hyde Park
London
India House
London
Kaaba
Mecca
Kremlin
Moscow
Leaning Tower
Pisa (Italy)
Louvre
Paris

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Merdeka Palace
Jakarta
Oval
London
Pentagon
Washington
Potala
Nanking
Pyramid
Egypt
Red Square
Moscow
Scotland Yard
London
Shew-Dragon Pagoda
Sphinx
Egypt
Statue of Liberty New York
Vatican
Rome
Wailing Wall
Jerusalem
Wall Street
New York
Westminster AbbeyLondon
White Hall
London
White House
Washington

Rangoon

WONDERS OF THE WORLD
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
1. Hanging Garden of Babylon
2. Temple of Diana at Ephesus (Rome)
3. Statue of Jupiter at Olympia
4. Pyramids of Egypt
5. Mausoleum of Mausolus (Ruler of Halicarnasus)
6. Light House of Alexandria
7. The colossus of Rhodes
Seven Wonders of the Medieval World
1. Great Wall of China
2. Porcelain Tower of Nanjing (China)
3. Colosseum of Rome (Italy)
4. Stonehenge of England
5. Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italy)
6. Catacombs of Alexandria
7. Mosque at St. Sophia (Constantinople)
Other Wonders of the World
1. The Sphinx, near Gizeh (Ghiza) in Egypt
2. The Catacombs at Rome
3. The Circus Maximus at Rome
4. The Taj Mahal at Agra (India)
5. Angkorvat Temple in Combodia
6. The Alhambra at Granada in S. Spain
7. Shew Dragon Pagoda or the Golden Pagoda at Yangon in Myanmar

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs New Seven Wonders of the World
(As declared on July 7, 2007 by New Seven Wonders Foundation of Switzerland, at a grand ceremony organised in ‘Stadia da Lutz, Benefica Stadium in Lisban (Portugal).
1. The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
2. The Great Wall of China, China
3. The Pink Ruins of Petra, Jordan
4. The Statue of Christ the Redeemer, Brazil
5. Incan Ruins of Machu Pichu, Peru
6. The Ancient Mayan City of Chichen Itza, Mexico
7. The Colosseum of Rome, Italy

MAN BOOKER PRIZE
Instituted in 1968, it is the highest literary award set up by the Booker Company and the British
Publishers Association along the lines of the Pultizer Prize of USA, worth £20,000 (1992).
The Booker Prize has only been shared in 1974 and 1992. Since 2002, it has been known as the ‘Man Booker Prize’, reflecting the sponsorship by an investment company, the Man
Group plc. The winner receives £50,000 and both the winner and the shorlisted authors are guaranteed a world wide readership plus a dramatic increase in book sales.

TEMPLETON AWARD
Instituted in 1972. This award is conferred by the Templeton Foundation for progress in religion.
It was inauguarated in 1972 by John M. Templeton, a persbyterian of Nassau Bahamas. The prize is a sum in amount of 795,000 Sterling, more than $1.4 million, and it is the world’s largest annual monetary prize given to an individual.

UNESCO’S ASIA-PACIFIC HERITAGE AWARD
UNESCO’s Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation recognise the efforts and contributions of individuals and organisations within the private sector, including private-public partnerships, who have successfully restored and conserved structures and buildings of heritage value in the Asia-Pacific region.

DRONACHARYA AWARD

Field
Instituted in
Cash value

Sports (for coaches)
:
:

1985
Rs. 3 lakh

The award was named after Dronacharya–the legendary guru of the epic age of Mahabharat, who taught archery and sports to Kauravas and Pandavas.
The award comprises fo a cheque, a plaque, a blazer and a citation. Up to 1986, the cash value of the award was Rs.25,000.

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs CHAMELI DEVI AWARD
Endowed by Ms. Laxmi Jain in the memory of her mohter, Chameli Devi Jain, the award goes to a woman journalist on the basis of excellence in terms of writing style, content as well as social concerns. Books and AuthorsFAMOUS BOOKS/PLAYS
Book

Author

A
A Bend in the River
Autobiography of an Unknown Indian
Asian Drama
Arabian Nights
Area of Darkness
A Brief History of Time
A Bend in the River
A China Passage
Alice in Wonderland
Adventures of Tom Sawyer
A Dangerous Place
A Passage to England
A Passage to India
Arms and the Man
As You Like It
A Thousand Splendid Syus
A Study of History

V.S. Naipaul
Nirad C. Chaudhury
Gunnar Myrdal
G.B. Shaw
V.S. Naipal
Stephen Hawking
V.S. Naipal
John Kenneth Gaibrath
Lewis Carrol
Mark Twain
Daniel Patrick Moyanihan
Nirad C. Chaudhury
E.M. Forster
G.B. Shaw
William Shakespare
Khalid Hosseini
Arnold J. Toynbee

B
Business @ the Speed of Thought
Baby and Child
Beating the Street
Back to Methuselah
Ben Hur
Bhutto–A Political Biography
Beloved
Beyond the Horizon
Black Holes and the Baby Universe
Blind Ambitions
Brothers Karamazhov,
The Battle Field 8
By Love Possessed
Breakthrough
Byzantium

Bill Gates
Penelope Each
Peter Lynch
G.B. Shaw
Lewis Wallace
Salmaan Taseer
Toni Morrison
Eugene O’Neill
Stephen Hawking
John Dean
Fyodor Dostoevsky
John O’Hara
James Gould Cozzens
Gen. Moshe Dayan
W.B. Yeats
C

Cavlillac Desert

Marc Reisner

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Crime and Punishment
Confidential Clerk
Caesar and Cleopatra
Candide
Candidate
Care of the Soul
Cherry Orchard
Crown of Wild Olive
Confessions
Creation
Count of Monte Cristo
Crossing the Threshold of Hope
Cry, the Beloved Country
Culture in the Vanity Bag
Coverly Papers

Feodor Dostoyevsky
T.S. Eliot
G.B. Shaw
G.B. Shaw
Voltaire
Thomas Moore
Anton Chekov
John Ruskin
J.J. Rousseau
Gore Vidal
Alexander Dumas
Pope John Paul II
Alan Patan
Nirad C. Chaudhury
Josepy Addison
D

Dark Horse
Das Capital
David Copperfield
Divine Comedy
Death in Venice
Death of a Patriot
Deserted Village
Descent of Man
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Diana Versus Charles
Dilemna of Our Time
Diplomacy
Disclosure
Divine Comedy
Doctor Zhivago
Doctor’s Dilemma
Don Quixote
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Dust to Dust

Tami Hoag
Karl Marx
Charles Dickens
Dante
Thomas Mann
R.E. Harrington
Oliver Goldsmith
Charles Darwin
Edward Gibbon
James Whitaker
Harold Joseph Laksi
Henry Kissinger
Michel Crichton
Alighieri Dante
Boris Pasternak
G.B. Shaw
Miguel de Cervantes
Robers Louis Stevenson
Tami Hoag

E
Eats, Shoots and Leaves
Ends and Means
Earth
Eminent Victorians
Emma
Envoy to Nehru
Essay for Poor to the Rich
Expanding Universe

Lynne Trurs.
A. Huxley
Emile Zola
Lytton Strachey
Jane Austen
Escott Reid
John Kenneth Galbraith
Arthur Stanley Eddington

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Erewhon
Eclipse
Essays of Elia

Samuel Butler
Stephenie Meyer
Chales Lamb
F

From Here to Eternity
Farm House
Family Reunion
Farewell to Arms
Father and Sons
First Circle
For Whom the Bell Tolls
Final Days,
The French Revolution
Freedom at Midnight

James Jones
George Orwell
T.S. Eliot
Enest Hemingway
Ivan Turgenev
Alexander Salzhenitsyn
Ernest Hemingway
J.W. Von Goethe
Thomas Carlyle
Lorry Collins and Dominique
Lapierre
Mary Shelley

Fran Kenstein
G
Giraffe
Gandhi and Stalin
Gatheing Storm
Gone with the Wind
Good Earth
Good Times, Bad Times
Golden Bough
Grammar of Politics
Great Expectations
Great Tragedy
Gulliver’s Travels
Goodbye, Mr.Chips

J.M. Ledgard
Louis Fisher
Winston Churchill
Margaret Michell
Pearl Buck
Harold Evans
James Frazer
Harold Joseph Laski
Charles Dickens
Z.A. Bhutto
Jonathan Swift
James Hilton
H

Half a Life
Hamlet
Heritage
Heroes and Hero Worship
Hinduism
House Divided
Human Factor
Hunchback of Notre Dame
The Harry Potter and Deathly Hallows
House of Meetings

V.S. Naipaul
William Shakespeare
Anthony West
Thomas Carlyle
Nirad C. Choudhary
Pearl S. Buck
Graham Greene
Victor Hugo
J.K. Rowling
Martin Amis

I

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Ideas and Opimous
If I am Assassinated
In Evil Hour
In Memoriam
Importance of Living
Inside Asia
Islamic Bomb
Intimacy
Invisible Man
Isabella
Islands in the Streams
Ivanhoe
In Search of Gandhi

Albert Einstein
Z.A. Bhutto
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Lin Yu Jang
John Gunther
Krousney
Jean Paul Sartre
H.G. Wells
John Keats
Ernest Hemingway
Sir Walter Scott
Richard Attenborough
J

Jane Eyre
Jean Christophe
Jewel
Julius Caesar
Jungle Book
Jurassic Park
Joe Wilson the Creation of Xerox

Charlotte Bronte
Ramain Rolla
Danielle Steel
William Shakespeare
Rudyard Kipling
Michael Crichton
Chasles D. Ellis
K

Kidnapped
Kane and Abel
Kenilworth
King Lear
Kabula Khan
Kim

R.L. Stevenson
Jeffrey Archer
Sir Walter Scott
William Shakespeare
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Rudyard Kipling
L

Life of Pi
Lady Chatterley’s Lover
Last Days of Pompeii
Les Miserable
Lolita
Last Things
Leaders
Leaves of Grass
Latters From the Field
Leviathan
Life of Samuel Johnson
Lighting
Like Water for Chocolate
Long Walk to Freedom
Love Story

Yann Martel
D.H. Lawrence
Edward George Lytton
Victor Hugo
V. Nabakov
C.P. Snow
Richard Nixon
Walt Whitman
Margret Mead
Thomas Hobbes
James Boswell
Danielle Steel
Laura Esquive
Nelson Mandela
Erich Segal

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs M
Magic Mountain
Man and Superman
Marriage and Morals
Mein Kamph
Macbeth
Mahatma Gandhi
Main Street
Major Barbara
Man of Destiny
Man of Property
Man-eaters of Kumoan
Memories of Second World War
Midnight’s Children
Mother
Mother India
Murder in The Cathedral
Myth of Independence
Mysterious Universe
Maurice
Mill on the Floss
Moonwalk
My Son’s Father
Mystic River

Thomas Mann
G.B. Shaw
Bertrand Russell
Hitler
William Shakespeare
Romain Rolland
Sinclair Lewis
G.B. Shaw
G.B. Shaw
John Galsworthy
Jim Corbett
W. Churchil
Salman Rushdie
Maxim Gorky
Katherine Mayo
T.S. Eliot
Z.A. Bhutto
James Jeans
E.M. Forster
George Eliot
Michael Jackson
Dom Moraes
Dennis Lehane
N

No Logo
Nana
Never AT Home
Nineteen Eighty Four
No Full Stops in India
Nine Days’ Wonder
Ninth Symphony
Nostromo

Naomi Klein
Emile Zola
Dom Moraes
George Orwell
Mark Tully
John Mosefield
L. Beethoven
Joseph Conrad
O

On Opera
Oliver Twist
Oliver’ Story
On the Threshold of Hope
One World and India
One World
Operation Shylock
Othello
Odyssey
Of Human Bondage
Old Man and the Sea,
The Origin of Species

Bernard Williams
Charles Dickens
Erich Segal
Pope John Paul
Amold Toynbee
Wendell Wilkie
Philip Roth
William Shakespeare
Homer
Somerset Maugham
Ernest Hemingway
Charles Darwin

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Out of Africa

Isak Dinesen
P

Paradise Lost
Pakistan: the Gathering Storm
Peter Pan
Prince,
The Prince of Power
Pleading Guilty
Prelude
Preoccupations
Preparing for the Twentieth Century
Pride and Prejudice
Primary Colours
Principia Mathematica
Prizes
Pygmalion
Profiles in Courage

John Milton
Benazir Bhutto
J.M. Barrie
Machiavelli Niccalo
Seymour M. Hersh
Scott Turow
William Wordsworth
Seamus Heaney
Paul Kennedy
Jane Austen
Anonymous
Bertrand Russell
Eric Segal
G.B. Shaw
J.F. Kennedy
R

Reading Lolitha in Tehran
Republic
Rabbit, Run
Rape of Bangladesh
Rebel, The
Rebirth
Red Badge of Courage,
The Red Star Over China
Reflections on the French Revolution
Remembering Babylon
Rendezvous with Rama
Riding the Storm
Romeo and Juliet
Room at the Top
Runaway Jury
Rebecca

Azar Nafisi
Plato
John Updik
Anthony Mascarenhas
Alert ampus
Leonid Brezhnew
Stephen Crane
Edgar Snow
Edmund Burke
David Malouf
Arthur C. Clark
Harold MacMillian
William Shakespeare
John Braine Roots
John Grisham
Dephne du Maurier
S

Seven Lies
Sanctuary
Sevel Lamps of Architecture
Shape of Things to Come
She Stoops to Conquer
Siddharta
Sohrab and Rustam
Sons and Lovers
Strangers and Brothers
Strife
Stopping by Woods

Janes Lasdun
William Faulkner
John Ruskin
H.G. Wells
Oliver Goldsmith
Hermann Hess
Matthew Arnold
D.H. Lawrence
C.P. Snow
John Galsworthy
Robert Frost

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Saint John
Scarlet Letter

G.B. Shaw
Nathoniel Hauthrone
T

Tales from Shakespeare
The Secret
Tale of Two Cities
A Talisman
Tarzan of the Apes
Tempest,
The Tenth Insight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
The Affluent Society
The Age of Reason
The Agenda
The Agony and the Ecstasy
The Banayan Tree
The Cancer Word
The Canterbury Tales
The Cardinal
The Castle
The Class
The Clown
The Coup
The End of a Beautiful Era
The Eye of the Storm
The End of History and the Last Man
Trials of Jesus
The Pursuit of Love
The Final Judgement
The Flounder
The Fire Next Time
The God Father
The Hot Zone
The Idiot
The Interpreters
The Lost World
The Masters
The Merchant of Venice
The Third Wave
The Total Zone
The Crucible

Charles Lamb
Rhonda Byrne
Charles Dickens
Sir Walter Scott
Edgar Rice Burroughs
William Shakespeare
James Redfield
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
John Kenneth Galbraith
Jean Paul Sartre
Bob Woodword
Elia Kazan
Hugh Tinker
Alexander Solzhenistayn
Geoffrey Chaucer
Henry Morton Robinson
Franz Kalka
Erich Segal
Heinrich Boll
John Updike
Joseph Brodsky
Patrick White
Franis Fukuyana
John Masefield
Nancy Milford
Richard N. Patterson
Gunter Grass
James Baldwin
Mario Puzo
Richard Prelunid
Feodor Dostoevsky
Wob Soyinka
Michael Crichton
C.P. Snow
William Shakespeare
Ajin Luoffler
Patric White
Arthur Miller
U

Under the Net
Utopia
Universe Around US
Ulysses

Iris Murdoch
Sir Thomas More
James Jeans
James Joyce

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books Click Here For Current Affair News For UPSC,IAS,SSC, Govt. Exams http://upscportal.com/civilservices/current-affairs Unto the Last
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Unless

John Ruskin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Carol Shields
V

View from the UN
Valley of Dolls
Vanity Fair
Very Old Bones
Video Night in Kathmandu

U Thant
Jacqueline Susann
William Thackeray
William Kennedy
Pico Iyer
W

Where I was From
Waiting for Godot
Wake up India
War and Peace
Witness to an Era
World Within Worlds
Wealth of Nations
The Wizard of the Crow

Joan Didion
Samuel Backet
Annie Besant
Leo Tolstoy
Frank Moraes
Stephen Spender
Adam Smith
Ngugi wa Thiongo
Y

You can win
Year of the Upheaval
Yesterday and Today

Shiv Khera
Henry Kissinger
K.P.S Menon
Z

Zorba the Greek
Zhivago
Dr. Zen and the Art of
Motorcycle

Nikos Kazantzakis
Boris Pasternak
Robest Pirosing
Maintenance

Click Here To Buy Hard Copy of This Book: http://www.upscportal.com/civilservices/order-form/gk-books

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