Premium Essay

Stage of Development

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kasher
Words 1131
Pages 5
Stage of Development: Infant/Toddler
Erika Salvador
ECE 332 Child Development
Carrie Phillips
April 5, 2012

Stage of Development: Infant/Toddler
Neonates from the moment of conception to the point of delivery are dependent on their mother to live a healthy life style to avoid the obvious risks of delivering a child with abnormalities. Neonates are born with the instinct that they need to be nurtured, loved and cared for. Bonding is the formation of feelings of attachment between the parents and their children (Rathus, 2011). In order for a bond to occur between the neonate and the mother the mother must provide a healthy nurturing experience to help enrich her neonate’s physical growth and development.
Developmental characteristics and milestones of infants and toddlers are many. Between birth and three, children rapidly achieve many important milestones that create the foundation for later growth and development ( Haliburton, 2004). Children must feel safe and secure to develop that sense of trust which then creates independence in the later years. Children are all different and their milestones at their own pace, however they need support of their parent and caregiver in order for this to happen. At the age group from birth to 8months their characteristics are as follows: * Reaches towards interesting objects * Puts hand/objects in mouth * Repeatedly grasps and releases objects * Lifts and holds up head * Sits up alone * Rolls over * Crawl
(Haliburton, 2004).

According to Piaget there are four stages of cognitive development : sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational (Rathus, 2011, p.98). Piaget divides sensorimotor in 6 stages of development: * Reflexive responses- a neonate is able to larch on to his mothers breast * primary circular reactions- at age 1to 4 mos a…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Stage of Development of Nursing

...Stages of Development The practice of professional nursing have evolved over the years, contemporary nursing practice is different from that of the past, but issues affecting the profession today are related to our history. Developing a sense of nursing evolution provides the background necessary to understand current nursing practice. The development of the discipline of nursing practice has gone through stages which helped in shaping the characteristics of the discipline as a human science. Thus, we have these stages of development of theoretical nursing: 1. Stage of Practice, Apprenticeship and Services. This stage deals with the provision of health care for the promotion of healing and sense of well being and creation of healthy environment in order to minimize suffering and deterioration. 2. Stage of Education and Administration. In this stage the focus is on social goals to empower nurses to provide effective and quality care by developing programs that suits best for nurses to develop their craft. 3. Stage of Research. This stage nurses needs to improve the nursing practice, by engaging in any scientific studies. There is a challenge to develop the substantive content needed for practice with nursing disciplinary perspective. 4. Stage of Theory. This stage gives emphasis on the basic query around the heart of nursing and its undertaking and objectives, and focus on the attempt of the development of nursing theory and research and legitimacy of the approach of......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Freaud Stages of Personality Development

...Eric Erikson was a worldwide famous psychologist and psychoanalyst. He was well known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. Erikson graduated from The Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute as a child analyst where he was trained by the prestigious psychoanalyst Anna Freud. He was deeply fascinated with the various theories on personality development. It was this fascination that marked the beginning of his integration of the analytic clinical perspective with the social and economic events that influence a child. So what is Erikson's Stages of Development? In this essay we will discuss this matter. Erikson life-stage virtues, in order of the eight stages in which they may be acquired, are: 1. Basic trust vs. basic mistrust - This stage covers the period of infancy. 0-1 year of age. - Whether or not the baby develops basic trust or basic mistrust is not merely a matter of nurture. It depends on the quality of the maternal relationship. If successful, the baby develops a sense of trust, which “forms the basis in the child for a sense of identity“. 2. Autonomy vs. Shame - Covers early childhood - Introduces the concept of autonomy vs. shame and doubt. During this stage the child is trying to master toilet training. 3. Purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Preschool / 3–6 years - Does the child have the ability to or do things on their own, such as dress him or herself? If "guilty" about making his or her own choices, the child will not function well.. ...

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Five Stages of Team Development

...Five Stages of Team Development December 17, 2012 Abstract This paper will evaluate the five stages of team development; Forming stage, Storming stage, Norming stage, Performing stage and Adjourning stage. “Building effective, cohesive teams has never played such a pivotal role in a company’s success as it does today”. PI Worldwide 2010 Retrieved from on December 17, 2012. Team building is an important part of ensuring success within an organization. All the stages may not be used in every instance, however it is a guideline that, if used correctly, will ensure better communication, decision making, increased productivity and overall success. PI Worldwide 2010 Retrieved from on December 17, 2012. I will evaluate each stage and compare it with real-life experiences to show how effective this system can be. Forming Stage The forming stage is where a group of people come together to work on a project. In this initial stage of team development the members take a more formal approach to how they communicate with each other, “there would be no clear idea of goals or expectations”. Management Study Guide 2008-2010 Retrieved from on December 17, 2012. This stage reminds me of a project I was chosen to be part of. A group of us were chosen to develop a plan of...

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Erickson's Stages of Psychological Development

...3 Generations Project JD Henderson 1030-1Y7 Introduction: For this assignment, I interviewed three individuals of different ages, asking them five of the same questions in an attempt to classify them within Erickson’s Stages of Psychological Development. My first subject, Miss Delightful, was a lively six year old girl that loved to talk. I went to her house where we had met at several different grown-up functions prior to the interview, and there we proceeded to talk for 45 minutes. My second subject was my thirty-two year old buddy, Big Red. We met three years ago on the Ocoee River when I moved back to town. I interviewed him at my house for about ten minutes. My third subject was my seventy-nine year old Grandmother: sweet, always perfect hair, and willing to give you good words of encouragement and advice Grandmother. At my grandparents’ home we had coffee and cake while I spent a half hour listening to sound words of wisdom. Interview #1 “Miss. Delightful, where do you see yourself in 10 years?” Her response, “I see myself being able to say all my ABC’s and being able to play a whole song on the piano.” Then I asked, “So what is a good age to get married?” She replied, “At the age of 10.” Next I asked, “Who is your hero/who do you look up to the most?” With her mom ten feet away, she stated, “DADDY.” Then I proceeded to ask, “How are boys and girls different?” She replied, “Because their birthdays are different, they get different stuff.” Then I......

Words: 1003 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Stages of Development in Children

...Stages of Development in Children Anthony Hoolehan Purdue University - North Central EDPS - 235 Learning and Motivation Dr. Joseph Schroer May 7, 2013 Abstract Educational psychology is a very important field to study. It does not always tell you what to do as a teacher, but it can give you the principles to use in making a good decision and a language to discuss your experiences and thinking. This paper has knowledge of great thinkers who help me understand how to be an intentional teacher in the classroom. Piaget and Vygotsky's views of cognitive development help me understand how children think differently and see the world differently. I want to be able to take in and build off what the book gives me and relate certain criteria to the way I teach and learn about things through my experiences in the classroom. Teacher Efficacy Teacher efficacy is the belief you have in yourself as a teacher that what you do makes a difference (Henson, 2002; Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001). The successful teachers are the ones that truly care about their students’ academic progress and monitor it daily. Being able to observe the classroom last semester really gave me an understanding of what teaching is really like. Fortunately, I was lucky enough to get a first year teacher that has a true passion for what she does. She was always creating new ideas for the classroom environment and new holiday themes like “spooktacular spiders” during Thanksgiving.......

Words: 4196 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Stages of Business Development

...Stages of Business Development When we are born we’re call an infant, as we grow from infancy we grow into childhood, from childhood we grow into adolescence, and from adolescence we grow into adulthood. In the same way we grow and develop through the different stages of life so does a business. Every business undergoes a life cycle that is referred to as stages of business development. Hisrich et al., describes the three major stages of business development funding as: the early stage financing, the expansion or development financing, and the acquisition and leveraged buyout financing (Hisrich et al. 2010). Under each major stage there is a smaller stage that a business goes through. Although, there are others such as Churchill & Lewis who claim that there are five stages in which a business moves through; these stages are: existence, survival, success, take-off, and resource maturity (Churchill & Lewis, 1983). This paper is intended to compare and contrast the two authors on stages of business development and revealing the outcome of an entrepreneur’s unsuccessful fate with one company. The Early Stage Financing: Through each stage the business will grow and develop if the entrepreneur uses good decision making strategies, proper planning, financial funding, and hard work. In the early stage Hisrich et al. refers to this stage as the time when entrepreneurs will find that it is the most difficult because they will need seed capital and start-up capital funding to be......

Words: 1607 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Essay on Stages of Development

...STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT If your child develop well, the learning potential is increased; and the chances of failure in school are less. Development is a gradual process- or building up of permanent age related changes in a person. In these essay, I will describe and discuss stages of development from birth to 8 years of age. Next, I will discuss why stages of development is important to a child. Lastly, I will briefly summarize this essay; indicating whether stages o f development is healthy or not healthy in an early childhood development. From the time of birth to 8 of age: your little ones moves through a steady progression of developing, thinking skills and learning emotional regulation as well as social growth. Children and adult pass a number of different stages during their lifetime. These stages happen around certain ages. Sometimes researches refer to the stages as time of life. Here are some stages usually referred to in early childhood development. Prenatal Stage is from conception to birth Infancy is from birth to the time of walking-around about 12 to 18months. Toddler hood from 18 months to 3 years. Preschool Stage from 3years to 6 years and; Early School from 6 years to 8 years Each stage has important changes that happen in that stage. Here are some examples; Prenatal Stages body grows quickly from time of conception or pregnancy and organs are and begin to work. The health and well being of the mother is very important. Infancy......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

...Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget is a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children. Piaget believed that children play an active role in the growth of intelligence. He regarded children as philosophers who perceive the world as he or she experiences it (ICELS). Therefore in Piaget’s most prominent work, his theory on the four stages of cognitive development, much of his inspiration came from observations of children. The theory of cognitive development focuses on mental processes such as perceiving, remembering, believing, and reasoning. Through his work, Piaget showed that children think in considerably different ways than adults do and as such he saw cognitive development as a progressive reorganization of mental processes resulting from maturation and experience (1973). To explain this theory, Piaget used the concept of stages to describe his development as a sequence of the four following stages: sensory – motor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations. There are three elements however to understanding his theory of cognitive development. They are schema, the fours process that enable transition from on stage to another, and finally the four stages themselves. He began his studies by making naturalistic observations. Piaget made careful, detailed observations of children, typically his own children or their friends, from these he wrote diary descriptions charting their......

Words: 2023 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Adolescent Stages of Development

...Adolescent Stages of Development Adolescence is probably the most difficult period in life of every individual since it is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood. In this period adolescents undergo significant changes in physiological, psychological and social aspects. Naturally, these changes produce a significant impact on their lifestyle, behaviour, psychology, etc. Traditionally, adolescence is considered to start at preteens, mostly from around 9-10 years of age till 19-20 years of age. Basically, adolescence may be divided into three main stages middle childhood (8-11), early adolescence (11-14), and middle adolescence (15-18) while the last years of adolescence may be characterised as the last years when individuals completely grew into adults. Adolescence is a time of great change for a child. It is a time where they begin to explore who they are as individuals and develop their own identities as they get closer into adulthood. Erik Erikson theorized that in adolescence “the main task is developing an identity” and that a healthy identity is developed when they try on alternate identities and reflect on these experiences (Pressley &ump; McCormick, 2007, p.147). Michael Nakkula says “identity is not the culmination of a key event or series of events, although key events can play an important role in the larger process. It is rather, the lived experience of an ongoing process-the process of integrating successes, failures, routines, habits, rituals,...

Words: 1510 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Stages of Ego Development

...Stages of Ego Development Jillian Whalen PSY/230 June 20, 2014 Chris Allen Shreve Stages of Ego Development Jane Leovinger created a method of recognizing which stage of ego development one may be in at any given age. A verbal sentence completion test is implemented to help the participant understand more about which one of the nine stages of development she may be experiencing at the time and what she needs to do in order to move on to the next stage. Each stage explains what level of maturity, acceptance, and understanding one may be in at the time of test completion. They also help the individual understand their internal feelings about environmental factors surrounding them and how these factors form the ego. Loevinger notes that not everyone reaches self-actualization and many may be stuck at certain stages. Stage one – The Pre-Social and Symbolic Stage: Because this stage occurs at infancy, it is not as understood as well as other stages because the child is non-verbal and unable to complete the sentence completion test. An infant’s ego, according to Loevinger, is most interested in gratifying immediate needs, such as feedings and diaper changes. She also notes that infants form a close bond with their primary care giver. While the child recognizes she is a different entity from the world that surrounds her, she has trouble distinguishing her own identity from the caregiver. Stage two- The Impulsive Stage Loevinger describes this stage in......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

.Development Stage

...joukossaansaannot and discrimiosoitteessatunnemme rikokset presidentti todistaja Bancroft Clark, examined impact of prejudice tulit kaatuakirkkaus putosithelahtee vahvaa maaritelty molemmilla muulla She veljille minority children. koon nahdaan development. In particular, she explored how and postgnostilainen her husband nation on child epapuhdasta kansainvalinen kaytetty lahtenyt vankileireille vaan Northsidefounded tajuta kuolivat race recognition impacts a child’s self-esteem (Lal, 2002). uhkaavat mainittiin Harlem’s Her ahdistus tarkoitusta kelvoton terveet jaksanut orjuuden kokosivat Center kadessani syntinne for Child Development, an neljakymmenta osoittivatatmenneiden York, synneista husband held a faculty position City University of organization pyysi hylkasi was never allowed to ellei laumasheNew a job maaritelty jaakoon that continues jalkeeni vaiheessa teach there. ohdakkeet olemattomia lahtekaaajetaan missa nuorena riensi ylempanabut she pakenevat oikeaan Instead, found to provide psychological and niinko piirittivat pysahtyi seuraukset savu of the aineita pahuutensatolahestulkoon analyzing research data and eventually became executive director kukka alat kruunun tuhannet loydan educational support children in valta tuleen kaantaa Child Development in upper Manhattan (Benjamin, 2007). Northside riittava selkaan valtiota vaan for kuunnelkaa hienoa tsetseenien the community. hyvaan lahteaCenterterveys kumpikin kunnes kansammesopimusta kokemuksia minahan tekonsa puute......

Words: 68177 - Pages: 273

Premium Essay

Five Stages of Group Development

...One cannot expect a new team to perform well when it first comes together. As with many things, the progress of a group isn’t always neat and tidy. Sometimes groups will revert to an earlier stage if there’s a major change such as a group member leaves or another is added, or for various other reasons. Groups tend to develop in stages. As you work with a support group, or with almost any group of people who are working together toward a common cause, you'll be able to see the progression. Many theories have been developed to explain the process of group development. One of them is the five-stage model of group development which is the basis for subsequent models. The five-stage model of group development The five stage group development model characterizes groups as proceeding through the distinct stage of forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. The forming, storming, norming, performing model of group development was first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965, later he added a fifth stage, "adjourning”. These phases are all necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face up to challenges, to tackle problems, to find solutions, to plan work and to deliver results. * Forming: It is the first stage in group development, where there is much uncertainty. Individual behavior is driven by the desire to be accepted by the others, and avoid controversy or conflict. Serious issues and feelings are avoided, and people focus on being busy with......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Stages of Development

...STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Influences on Physical and Cognitive Development Early Childhood 1-6 years old Katherine Wright STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT Influences on Physical and Cognitive Development Early Childhood 1-6 years old There are eight stages of development. The first stage is infancy age 0-1 year old, the second stage is toddler stage ages 1-2 years old, the third stage is early childhood ages 2-6 years old, the fourth stage is elementary and middle school stage ages 6-12 years old, the adolescence stage ages 12-18 years is the fifth stage, the sixth stage is the young adult stage age 19-40, the seventh stage is the middle adulthood stage age 40-65, and the eighth stage is the late adulthood stage age 65 to death. The eight stages are called Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. These stages describe how a human should develop as they pass through life .Each stage that is conquered successfully means that a person conquers new challenges. Each stage builds as you successfully complete earlier stages. If the stages aren’t successfully completed, they can resurface as problems in the future. In the second stage, which is early childhood the development process is Crisis: Initiative vs. Guilt Description: Children have newfound power at this stage as they have developed motor skills and become more and more engaged in social interaction with people around them. They now must learn to achieve a balance between eagerness for more adventure and more......

Words: 1258 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Development Through the Stages of Life

...Development through the life stages Conception: This is when development of the embryo starts, when the sperm meets the egg. Women who are trying to get conceive stop drinking, smoking and taking drugs (even over the counter ones) to ensure their body is fully ready for pregnancy. At this time women also try to get in the right mind set so that they are not only physically ready but also mentally as pregnancy and birth can be a traumatic experience and they need to be able to keep sane and not and not succumb mental trauma it can cause. Emotional stability is also a big thing a women needs to consider when she is trying to conceive because she needs to be in control of her emotions as pregnancy is a taxing process and even conception. If a woman is trying to conceive but has no success it can cause her to get frustrated and begin to think something is wrong with her, so she needs to be stable enough in her emotions that it doesn’t overwhelm her and prevent her chances of conception further. Pregnancy: Also known as gestation, is when a woman carries a baby after successful conception. Pregnancy is commonly known to last nine months when really it is slightly longer at 40 weeks. Pregnancy has 3 stages called trimesters and each lasts around 3 months. The first trimester goes from 0 to 12 weeks, during this time your hormone levels change and the uterus begins to become habitable for a baby to grow and develop these changes also come with negative ones. These......

Words: 4759 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Stages of Development

...Stages of Development from Early Childhood Through Middle Childhood We can break child development into five separate stages. The stages consist of infancy (birth-2), early childhood (2-6), middle childhood (6-10), early adolescence (10-14), and late adolescence (14-18). For each stage there are different types of developmental achievements that will be reached. This paper will serve as a comparison for the early and middle childhood developmental periods. There will be a detailed comparison of the two age groups for each of the following developmental characteristics: • Physical development • Emotional development • Cognitive development • Intellectual development • Language development • Reading/Writing development • Social development • Interpersonal development Physical Development (Early Childhood) During the early childhood stage children begin to lose their roundish baby like appearance. Their bodies become more proportionate with the lengthening of their arms and legs. They begin to acquire fine motor skills. These newfound skills allow them to grip a pencil in more functional way. This is a good time to provide them with puzzles and blocks, as well as supervising them while they them use scissors and paper. Although it is normal for boys to be more physically active then girls both will show an increase in energy. They will develop more control over......

Words: 1530 - Pages: 7