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Stages of Memory

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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STAGES OF MEMORY DWIGHT CALDWELL
Aspects of Pyschology-SSCI-1202B-01
Geoffery Hackert
AIU
May 17, 2012

The mind is designed to process thoughts, emotions and has the ability to maintain and reproduce memories. To fully understand the memory process one must look at how memory starts and how each stage is used to complete the process of memory. The model that this paper will discuss will provide definitions and examples of each stage and how the mind uses each to process each stage. The minds are somewhat like a Central Processing Unit that has the ability to multi-task and complete different assignments at a time. The first stage of memory is called sensory memory. This is when sensory information that comes from our five senses is stored for a brief period of time, which generally for no longer than a half-second for visual and information and 3 or 4 seconds for auditory information. We attend to only certain aspects of this sensory memory, allowing this information to pass into the next stage-short term memory (www.psychology.about.com/2012). An example of sensory memory would be a person smelling or tasting something that they did not like and being able to have a feeling of pleasure from the memory or a feeling of disgust because of the initial contact with the food or odor. Short-term memory also known as active memory, this is the process of information that we are aware of or are currently thinking about a certain thing. In language that is more common short-term memory is conscious mind. Sensory memories allow the short-term memory to generate the information in short-term memory (www.psycholgy.about.com/2012). Most of the memories in this stage memory will be kept for about 20 to 30 seconds. With short-term memory most memories are quickly forgotten, attending to this information allows it to continue on to the next stage called long-term memory. An example of short-term memory is reading a sentence quickly, holding the information for a short time, and then disappearing afterward.
Long-term memory is the continued usage and storage of information. This stage of memory is preconscious and unconscious. Information is used outside of our awareness, but can be called into working memory to be used when needed. Some information in this stage may be able to be access and at other times, it may be more difficult to process the memories. Long-term memory erodes overtime-causing memory loss (http://www.human-memory.net). Electrical impulses leap across gaps in our mind, which then releases chemicals called neurotransmitters. The transmitters then disperse across between cells and attach to other surrounding cells. This allows the brain to have millions of impulses that affect the entire mind with different impulses.
Within the brain, these charges are not set to act only one way. The brain is so powerful that different groups process different information within the structure of the brain. When it comes to proactive and retroactive interference this is when learned experience or information cannot be retrieved when needed because the prior information is blocking the needed information from being retrieved then the interference is working forward in time this is to be called proactive. Retroactive is when an individual cannot retrieve information because new information is now blocking the process this is called retroactive interference. Within these processes to get better results in long-term memory, one could use memory building and strengthening techniques. An example of this would be having a person remember a set of words along with other distractor words spelled backwards in order to facilitate the maximum absorption of information in long term memory (Gardiner,Craik &Britwhistle/1972). This allows the first words memorized to be remembered without having the proactive interference blocking the retrieval words that were being memorized. There are numerous terms and ways of forgetting within the sanctuary of memory. One form of forgetting is absentmindedness this is when people don’t pay close attention to what they are doing they then forget where they have placed there keys or neck tie. This is done because the brain did not process or encode the information enough to secure it within the memory bank. Another type of forgetting is Transience this can be defined as a use or lose type of memory. That is when the mind gets rid of information within the brain to make room for newer memories to replace the empty unused space that was created within the mind. The final and last form of forgetting is called Blocking. This is when a person does not encode information correctly and when trying to retrieve the information the ability to do so is not as strong as it would have been if the information were processed properly. An example of this is when a person is on the phone with someone and they call him or her the wrong name. Ways to build memory begins with an individual being able to believe that they are able to accomplish memorizing different things. One main way to build up confidence in believing that a person can remember is by not buying into the stereotype of society says is the way it is. As one gets older people tend to say that you will get sick lose your mind and eventually end up wearing a diaper before its time to check out. That is just a negative and low way to embrace what we call the golden years of life. Another way to help the mind remember is organize thoughts by priority. This helps by ensuring the most urgent and needed responsibilities are done first and the lesser following after that. This allows the mind to keep processing as a person is accomplishing goals and tasks in an effective manner. Finding ways to expand the brain by reading, drawing or playing games that cause the mind to think such as chest, checkers or learning a new language or taking piano lessons helps to build a stronger mind over time.

REFERENCES

http://www.human-memory.net www.psycholgy.about.com/2012 REFERENCES

http://www.euroafrica-multiculture.com http://www.mindtools.com http://www.queendom.com

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