State and Federal Prison System

In: Other Topics

Submitted By IMAPRINCESS87
Words 667
Pages 3
State and Federal Prison Systems

CJS/230
May 21, 2012
Frank Merenda

The number of prisons in each state, today, range from “three in North Dakota to over 100 in Texas”.(Foster, 2006) Although there are many state prisons they were all basically based on the Auburn model, established in 1816. Federal prisons also began this way and in 1930 the Federal Bureau of Prisons was created and the federal prisons of today have not changed much since then.
The Texas Department of Corrections (TDC), established in 1849, located in Huntsville Texas, is a good example of a state prison system. Today, the central unit in Huntsville is still the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and it known as the “capital of capital punishment”. (Foster, 2006) It is said this facility carries out more executions than any other prison. Be that as it may and even with the state and federal prison systems separated the state prisons growth still continues. The “get-tough” legislation and the “War on Drugs” have tripled jail and prison populations. (Foster, 2006) Today a lot of the state prison growth comes from parole violators and increased confinement of violent criminals. The growth has slowed some from the past but it still continues.
To help slow the growth in the state prison systems U.S. correction professionals could try spending more on treatment and rehabilitation to keep nonviolent offenders out of prison. The drug problems of today seem to be filling up the state prisons. So these nonviolent offenders could be put on rehabilitation programs instead of put in prison. The ones that do go to prison should have a mandatory rehabilitation program they must complete. Upon completion they should be released, instead of held for numerous years for having small amounts of drugs on them at the time of arrest. If a nonviolent, non-drug, crime is…...

Similar Documents

State and Federal Prison Systems

...State and Federal Prison Systems Leslie Cable 4/12/2013 CJS/230 Larry Doyle State prisons hold people who are arrested by local police and sheriff departments. Federal prisons hold people who are arrested by the federal bureau of investigations (FBI). The state and federal prisons have security levels for every type of prisoners. State prisons are run by the department of corrections while the federal prisons are run by the justice department. “The Federal Bureau of Prisons was created by an act of Congress and signed into law by President Herbert Hoover on May 14, 1930,” (Foster, 2006, Pg. 134). State prisons have more inmates than they do staff while federal prisons have more staff than they do prisoners. An example of a state prison is San Quentin state prison in California. San Quentin was opened in the 1850s and housed both men and women prisoners. In 1933, the women’s prison at Tehachapi was built. Tehachapi was shut down after an earthquake hit it in July 1952 then it was reopened as a men’s prison three years later. “Despite periodic schemes to shut it down – “the prison that would not die” – San Quentin held nearly 6,000 inmates in 2003,” (Foster, 2006, Pg. 127). The only way I could explain the growth of state prisons is that more people are arrested for crimes than ever before. People are committing more crimes than he is or she is used to and then are sentenced to prison time. More people are arrested for drug...

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

State and Federal Prison System Paper

...State and Federal Prison System Paper Tashia Coffiel CJS/230 July 22, 2012 Jason Skeens State and federal governments maintain closed correctional facilities to house convicted felons. Prisons are usually categorized according to their level of security and inmate populations as maximum-, medium-, and minimum-security institutions. A state prison is where those that are convicted and are sentenced through the state court for crimes that they have committed. State personnel man the state prison and federal government runs the federal prisons. Federal prisons are for those that commit federal crimes and are prosecuted by the federal government. Although they are built nearly the same the difference is what the two prisons are used for. The state prison is very similar to federal prisons that both incarcerate/rehabilitate and execute offenders. The states have areas of responsibility on enforcing criminal laws and then you have the federal government that there responsibility and enforcement of laws. Federal laws are more serious than crimes n the state courts. The penalties for federal crimes are harsher than state crimes. Federal crimes are usually geared towards immigrations, drugs, bombing, terrorism, money laundering, etc. while the state is geared towards state crimes like murder, rape, theft, etc. The prison system for the state is devised of a network that holds most of the U.S. prison populations. The beginning of the penitentiaries in each state...

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Prison System

... the mercy of those who are in charge, and of each other, and dignity is a scarce commodity. Various issues occur amongst our local prisons which is why the nation's prison system must be changed because of major problems with the system such as overcrowding, unsanitary conditions in prisons and conflicts between rank and file prison officers. This is why this idea of a new prison system was created; this prison, Arkham Prison, is more of a rehabilitation place than a detention center helping inmates come together and do what they need to do. Rehabilitate. Inmates Arkham Prison is mainly a juvenile delinquent detention center. Juvenile delinquency is a serious threat to the current and future safety of American society. Minors are typically less experienced; therefore, their perception about good and bad differ from adults, and they are much more sensitive to manipulations. The rationale behind giving special handling with young offenders is the idea of parens patriae. This doctrine suggests that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and nurture children when their parents fail to do so. (Peak, 2012) Therefore, when a minor commits a crime, he should receive a treatment rather than a punishment, and the legislator must make sure that the justice system considers the well-being of the specific offender more deeply than the seriousness of the offence. This approach aims to alter one’s course of criminal behavior and to turn his into a productive citizen in the...

Words: 1556 - Pages: 7

State and Federal Prison Systems

...Assignment: State and Federal Prison Systems Denise Silven CJS/230 July 10, 2011 Joseph Micieli Assignment: State and Federal Prison Systems An example of a state prison system would be the Texas Department of Corrections located in Huntsville, Texas. This facility was established in 1849 and to this day is the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Additionally, this facility became the “control model in Texas prisons” and “emphasized farm work and strict discipline within a centralized bureaucratic environment.” The growth of state prison populations is the result of “get-tough” legislation which sends more people to prison and keeps them there for longer periods of time. (Foster, 2006). In my opinion, United States corrections professionals could solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems by implementing stronger rehabilitation programs. Upon entry in the state prison facility, inmates could be given an incentive to enter and complete one or more rehabilitation program depending on the degree of severity of the crime or crimes that the inmate committed. I believe that an inmate that sees a program to completion is possibly dedicated to changing their behavior in order to avoid becoming a repeat offender. The security levels in state and federal prisons are maximum-security, close-high-security, medium-security, minimum-security, and open-security. The differences in these levels are: (1) maximum...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Differences Between the State and Federal Court System

... from those of Florida’s laws. If the case involves state laws and doesn’t interfere with the United States Constitution, the state courts will hear the case not the federal courts. If cases do interfere with the U.S. Constitution, the federal courts will hear the case not the state courts. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE STATE AND FEDERAL COURT SYSTEMS 3 The structure of the state courts are set up a bit differently compared to the federal courts. In state courts, cases are first heard in trial courts, here trials are held and testimony is taken. There are two different state trial courts, general jurisdiction and limited jurisdiction. Limited jurisdictions are usually small claims courts where many times lawyers are not required. General jurisdiction is jurisdiction above limited jurisdiction. They hear a variety of subject and sometimes hear appealed cases from limited jurisdiction. The appellate court is after trial courts. Here, the appellate courts focus on question of the laws that are being disputed. They review the application of the laws making sure laws are being followed. After the appellate courts is the highest state court. The decisions made by this court are all final, unless the United States Supreme Court overrules any decisions. The federal court system has U.S. District Courts, which is equal to the state trial court of general jurisdiction, except it deals with federal matters. There are different types of district courts that are specialized for......

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

State and Federal Prison Systems

...State and Federal Prisons Systems The Auburn prison system has also been referred to the congregate system. The State of New York was the first to use this system in 1819 (The Auburn System (n.d.). By combining traits from the Philadelphia system with traits such as uniform silence, hard labor , and togetherness; side by side during meals, work, and prayer. The tier system of housing is used. Each level is offense specific and uniform coded by color. Prison growth has been on the rise with our current economical troubles. As times get rough, the amount of crime rises. The acts of society toward past inmates can often dictate if they are going to possibly become a repeat offender. Stress, financial troubles, employment issues, and drugs are among the top reasons a person reoffends. To help reduce the number of repeat offenders, correction personnel need to start the rehabilitation process within the prison walls. Preparing inmates for the real world can play a large role in their success. Having community resources available when times get rough can make or break a person. Just knowing they are not on their own is a huge stress reliever. With hands-on programs and true support, anything is possible. Each state has their own system for security levels. In Missouri, our levels are numbered and categorized. They are numbered from one to five; one being minimum and five being maximum. Minimum prisons have inmates with a custody level ranging from one to...

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

State and Federal Prison

...Jail and Prison Paper Tameki Reed CJA/204 05/31/11 Robert White Jail and Prison Paper When it comes to jail and prison, there is a distinctive set of differences. Jail is a place of incarceration that is locally operated, while prisons are conducted by the state government or the federal government. Within the United States, there are about 3,600 jails but there are only about 100 federal prisons or rehabilitation facilities. Jails house inmates who have been convicted of a misdemeanors and their sentence is no greater than two years. In addition, a person may be held in jail while awaiting trial, has an unpaid bond, or was recently jailed. If a person is convicted of a state crime he or she will serve their sentence in a state prison as opposed to federal crimes which lands offenders in federal prisons. A jail’s amenities are very limited because of the light sentence and short periods of time spent there. A county jail offers work release, substance abuse programs, and may provide basic necessities to inmates. Prisons also offer work release programs, vocational training, halfway houses, as well as recreational facilities. Inmates at prisons will serve decades within the facility while others have to serve lifetime sentences behind bars. A major concern of prison staff and administrators is disruptive and violent behavior. Their concerns pertain to the safety of inmates as well as employees of the prison facility. Disruptive and violent behavior is not tolerated...

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

State and Federal Prison Systems Paper

...State and Federal Prison Systems Date Professor Name Out prisons today are based on the creation of the 19th century prisons. The long term goal is provide inmates with a humane and spiritual atmosphere versus the inhumane and terrible living situations. They want to get away from the harsh corporal punishment that had been around for so long. Survey data compiled by the Public Safety Performance Project of the Pew Center on the States, in partnership with the Association of State Correctional Administrators, indicate that as of January 1, 2010, there were 1,404,053 persons under the jurisdiction of state prison authorities, 4,777 (0.3 percent) fewer than there were on December 31, 2008. (The Pew, 2010) This does not mean that all these people are incarcerated but under the supervision which consists of: incarceration, parole, juvenile and/or probation. There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of incarcerated persons in the past decades and it only seems to be getting larger. The majority of inmates are imprisoned on drug charges resulting because of the harsher sentencing on the war on drugs. Some states have eliminated the possibility of parole. Judges have attempted to ease up on smaller crimes but in turn have extended the terms for harsher sentences. With the increase of prisons available, it makes it that much more accessible to house inmates. In order to sort through the more serious from the less serious, guidelines must be followed. They have to...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Prison System

...Prison Assignment This assignment is a research and reflection paper on some aspect of the prison system. You have some choice of what focus you would like to take. You can do one of the following options: 1. If you enjoy history you can research a historical prison. 2. You can compare the prison system in Canada with the United States, or another country. 3. Lastly you can create your own perfect prison system. With this option you would consider such things as: * how big would the cells be and what would be included in them? * what activities would the inmates be allowed to do? * what rehabilitation programs would your prison have? * would you use solitary confinement and if so under what circumstances and for how long? * what would be the key purpose of putting people in prison and for what crimes would you use prison? This paper should be approximately 2 pages double spaced and organized with an introduction, conclusion and several body paragraphs. Be sure to cite your sources using the MLA (EasyBib can be used for websites). The paper will be evaluated based on the following criteria: Content – a thorough analysis of your topic with sources referenced /20 Communication – clearly written with proper grammar and spelling /10 Total /30 Some issues you may consider including: 1. The Ashley Smith case or how to deal with mentally ill inmates who are suicidal? 2. The use of......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Federal Prison Comparison

...Running head: PRISON COMPARISON PAPER Federal Prison Comparison Paper Jessica Cantu University of Phoenix Introduction to Corrections CJA 234 Jeffery Newton November 12, 2011 Federal Prison Comparison Paper There are different kinds of state prisons are: supermax, maximum security, close-high security, medium security, minimum security, and open security. Supermax prisons are permanent lockdown. Maximum security prisons are usually older, larger, walled facilities. They also have the most rigorous security procedures and the lowest inmate to guard ratio. Close-high security are a kind of maximum security but less restrictive and the inmate to guard ratio is a bit higher. Medium security prisons are smaller and newer, and have double fences instead of walls. These prisons also have dorm or pod housing rather than cells; however, the inmate to guard ratio is a bit higher. Minimum security prisons are also newer and smaller as well as minimal perimeter security and fewer internal controls. Again there is an even higher inmate to guard ratio and the inmates live in rooms or dorms and have more privacy and amenities than those in other prisons. Open security prisons are better known as nonsecure facilities; work release centers, prerelease centers, and halfway houses. These facilities have no armed guards and no fences (Foster, 2006). John Gotti John Gotti grew up in poverty but quickly rose in prominence, and was one of the crime family's...

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

History of State and Federal Prison

...). In1880s, with the establishment of Sing Sing penitentiary, the state prison system came into existence. It is one of the oldest state prisons and is still being used at present. The state penitentiary system is comprised of a set-up of small jails that has the majority of prisoner population of United States. Ever since the beginning of state systems the jail population has been augmenting vigorously. Although the former history of federal prison system initiated in 1890, however it wasn't until 1930 that bill was signed by President Hoover concerning the establishment of proper federal system that virtually initiated the configuration of federal prison facilities and decrees. By nineteenth century penitentiaries became viewed as more than an alternative to atrocious corporal reprimands. It was seen as rehabilitative and competent way of altering the folks from within to turn out to be better individuals....

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

Federal Prison

...Federal prison comparison Christopher Gault CJA/234 December 19, 2011 Rollin Cook Federal prison comparison In this paper describe the prisons that certain individuals were sent to. I will make sure I compare and contrast the similarities and differences between these individuals. The individuals I will be discussing are Martha Stewart, Ivan Boesky, Michael Milken, Manuel Noriega, Timothy McVeigh, and Terry Nichols. All of these individuals were convicted of Federal crimes and sent to a Federal prison to serve their time. Martha Stewart was assigned to the minimum security women's prison in Alderson, W. Va., known as "Camp Cupcake." It is called that because it is a very low security prison and your time spent there should be easy. The West Virginia federal correctional facility is located in the hills of the Allegheny Mountains; this prison is more than 400 miles south of Stewart's Westport home. Martha Stewart wanted to go to a prison closer to her home so she could be close to her elderly mother. The low security facility was opened in 1927 as the first federal prison for women, Martha wasn’t the first big name to spend time at the facility. The prison once housed Billie Holiday, as well as Lynette Fromme and Sara Jane Moore. Both of these women tried to assassinate President Gerald Ford. The prison has no perimeter fence, and inmates can spend their free time playing volleyball and tennis or even doing aerobics. So that explains why they call it “Camp Cupcake...

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

State and Federal Prison System Paper

...State and Federal Prison Systems Paper March 4, 2012 CJS/230 An example of a state prison would be Louisiana State Penitentiary which is also known as Angola and is located in Angola, Louisiana. In 1880, Major James purchased an 8,000 acre plantation in west Feliciana parish called Angola. Angola is the state’s oldest and only maximum security prison with an inmate population of 5,108 and employs 1,740 employees. This maximum security prison is 86 percent violent offenders and 52 percent are serving a life sentence which will never be released from prison. The growth of state prison population is the result of (get tough) legislation which sends more people to prison and keeps them there for longer periods of time. United States Corrections professionals could solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems by getting stronger rehabilitation programs. I think that upon the inmate arriving to the prison they should be given an incentive to enter, they should also be required to complete at least two rehabilitation programs. After completing at least two or more rehabilitation programs depending on how much time the inmate has, they can be offered several other programs that will help them from becoming a repeat offender. This is especially needed since 52 percent of them will never be released. That is over half the inmate population. The more the inmate gets interested in the programs that are being offered, the better chance that inmate then will...

Words: 443 - Pages: 2

Federal Prison Comparison

...Federal Prison Comparison Tanya Gildner CJA/234 May 30, 2011 Sherri Webster Federal Prison Comparison Depending on the type of crime an individual commits will depend on the type of prison he or she is sentenced to stay. If an individual commits a bank robbery, or commits a crime in another state he or she will be sentenced to a federal prison. This paper will consist of eight individuals who have been sentenced to federal prisons for crimes they have committed. Though the crimes are not of similarity, they have one thing in common and that is spending time in a federal prison. Martha Stewart Martha Stewart is a successful businesswoman, and she has established a well-known business. Martha Stewart committed a crime of “…obstructing justice, conspiracy, and making false statements during an insider trade investigation…” (Crawford, 2004). Martha was found guilty of the charges brought against her, which she did receive a prison sentence of five months in a federal prison. Afterwards Martha was placed on house arrest for an additional two months and served two years of probation. The federal prison where Martha was detained to was Alderson Federal Prison. Alderson Federal Prison is known as the oldest prison for women. Alderson is a minimum security prison that was set up to rehabilitate women prisoners back into society. Ivan Boesky Like Martha Stewart, Ivan Boesky was incarcerated for insider trading as well. “Once considered wall street’s leading...

Words: 974 - Pages: 4

State and Federal Prison System

...State and Federal Prison Systems CJS/230 May 21, 2012 Frank Merenda The number of prisons in each state, today, range from “three in North Dakota to over 100 in Texas”.(Foster, 2006) Although there are many state prisons they were all basically based on the Auburn model, established in 1816. Federal prisons also began this way and in 1930 the Federal Bureau of Prisons was created and the federal prisons of today have not changed much since then. The Texas Department of Corrections (TDC), established in 1849, located in Huntsville Texas, is a good example of a state prison system. Today, the central unit in Huntsville is still the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice and it known as the “capital of capital punishment”. (Foster, 2006) It is said this facility carries out more executions than any other prison. Be that as it may and even with the state and federal prison systems separated the state prisons growth still continues. The “get-tough” legislation and the “War on Drugs” have tripled jail and prison populations. (Foster, 2006) Today a lot of the state prison growth comes from parole violators and increased confinement of violent criminals. The growth has slowed some from the past but it still continues. To help slow the growth in the state prison systems U.S. correction professionals could try spending more on treatment and rehabilitation to keep nonviolent offenders out of prison. The drug problems of today seem to be filling...

Words: 667 - Pages: 3