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State and Federal Prison Systems Paper

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State and Federal Prison Systems
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Out prisons today are based on the creation of the 19th century prisons. The long term goal is provide inmates with a humane and spiritual atmosphere versus the inhumane and terrible living situations. They want to get away from the harsh corporal punishment that had been around for so long. Survey data compiled by the Public Safety Performance Project of the Pew Center on the States, in partnership with the Association of State Correctional Administrators, indicate that as of January 1, 2010, there were 1,404,053 persons under the jurisdiction of state prison authorities, 4,777 (0.3 percent) fewer than there were on December 31, 2008. (The Pew, 2010) This does not mean that all these people are incarcerated but under the supervision which consists of: incarceration, parole, juvenile and/or probation.

There has been a dramatic increase in the amount of incarcerated persons in the past decades and it only seems to be getting larger. The majority of inmates are imprisoned on drug charges resulting because of the harsher sentencing on the war on drugs. Some states have eliminated the possibility of parole. Judges have attempted to ease up on smaller crimes but in turn have extended the terms for harsher sentences. With the increase of prisons available, it makes it that much more accessible to house inmates.

In order to sort through the more serious from the less serious, guidelines must be followed. They have to point out exactly what is considered which and this in turn will determine the length and type of sentence a defendant must endure. There are several programs that are intended to rehabilitate the convicted in hopes to release them back into society. There are also programs that help potential inmates clear their records before even being convicted. When this happens, it gives the criminal a…...

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