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State and Federal Systems Paper

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State and Federal Prison Systems Paper
CJS/230

State and Federal Prison Systems There are many different state and federal prisons. Some of these prisons are government owned and operated, and others are privately owned. Prisons are for criminals that are serving more than a year’s time. State prisons were created and based on the 18th century age of enlightenment designs. Over a million people are in diverse types of state level and government operated prison systems. Every state started with one prison which was based on the Auburn prison in New York (Foster, 2006). Each state can have from three to a hundred prisons depending on their necessity for them. In time because of overpopulation, and unique cases such as women and children being criminals there was a need to expand prisons, and to create a place for women and juveniles to go to serve their time.
In state and federal prisons there are several various levels of security. Today’s prisons have security levels such as minimum security, medium security, maximum security, closed-high security, and open security. There are many prisons that are considered multi-level prisons and they consist of multiple security levels. State prisons can have anywhere from 10,000 to 150,000 inmates at any given time (Foster, 2006). I believe that one way state prisons can get overcapacity problems under control is to not keep people in there that are first time offenders or they have committed very small crimes. Most state prisons are over capacity, and this makes it very difficult for the operation of the prison to be efficient and work correctly. I feel that it is imperative to go out into the local communities and have the officers get to know the people in the neighborhoods that they are protecting. They should put on fundraisers, carnivals, or even raffles for safety consciousness, drug awareness, and crime...

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