Free Essay

Stereotypes

In: Other Topics

Submitted By courtneybass315
Words 2054
Pages 9
Introduction
In today’s society we encounter many differences in the people around us. Whether based on culture, gender, ethnicity, or age these factors all have some stereotypes attached to them. In our paper, we will discuss stereotyping, both thoughtful and non-thoughtful. We will also address stereotyping in an organization. Our society can be split up into many various groups by gender, race, or even by traits. The world consists of both men and women, blacks and whites, Democrats and Republicans, all who live their own distinct way of life. “Stereotypes are qualities perceived to be associated with particular groups or categories of people (Schneider, 2005).” We stereotype other people all the time because of gender, race, color, and we usually do not even realize it. Stereotypes are so widespread and used so often that they seem to be a natural behavior for human beings. The purpose of this paper is to give a clear explanation on stereotyping. We will evaluate the cognitive (thoughtful/non-thoughtful) approach that suggest putting people into categories is necessary in the thought process that surely sets the presidents of stereotyping.
In the last 20 years our society has experienced in explosion of research and theories in stereotyping. Most information has been learned from using the difference between relatively non-thoughtful and relatively thoughtful thinking processes (Weegner, Clark, & Petty). The present research shows both thoughtful and non-thoughtful thinking leads to the same stereotypic judgments. The journal we examined concentrates on the process of stereotyping and the different amounts of thinking, it involves. For the most part, automatic processes have been studied as means by which stereotypes influence perception and judgment.

Non-thoughtful
Non-thoughtful stereotyping may be most related to how we see stereotyping in society most generally, where stereotypes can be viewed as judgmental heuristics that are relied upon by social perceivers whenever they lack the ability or the inclination to think more extensively about the unique personal qualities of outgroup members (Weegner, Clark, & Petty). According to this approach stereotyping usually happens more often when the person’s feelings about the target subject is minimal in their thinking process is low. This prediction is backed by many factual research studies. While this type of stereotyping mostly takes place in a negative manner, there is something known as thoughtful stereotyping.
Thoughtful
“Social perceivers” are engaged in effortful thinking about target-relevant information” (Weegner, Clark, & Petty). This type of stereotyping can be used positively, as it involves actual information before making judgments about someone. Research also shows that stereotypes arise when an individual is engaged in effortful thinking about a target subject. When a person thinks about the information they are given, analyze it with their existing knowledge, examines its legitimacy and importance, then tries to put all the information into an intelligible and excusable overall impression (Schneider, 2005). The ultimate question is why do we stereotype? As stated in an article by Nicole Russom, “Stereotyping is a short-cut for our brain to process information about people and groups. It is something our brain does automatically to help us to categorize and to make sense of the world. And while this makes sense from an information processing point of view, there are some situations where stereotyping can work against us” (Russom, 2013). This is where the negative and positive aspects of stereotyping take place. There are many reasons why people form stereotypes. Cognitive efficiency is one explanation. This occurs once a person has categorized a group and no longer needs to consider information about each individual member. Stereotyping also satisfies people’s needs to understand and predict the social world. Individuals feel as if they no longer have to imagine what a person is like or will do if they have formed a stereotype.
There are some important factors that some people have trouble distinguishing when differentiating between to stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Although all apply to social behaviors people develop towards one another their meanings are completely different. Prejudice means prejudgment, and is an attitude about another person based on his or her perceived membership in a group. We use our attitudes of prejudice to manage our approach avoidance behaviors. Negative attitudes of prejudice usually result in avoiding a particular person, place, or thing. Stereotyping is cognitions or beliefs. People use stereotypes to categorize others in ways that are overly simplistic based on group membership. Discrimination is behavior based on stereotypes and prejudice. If a person has negative attitudes or beliefs about a perceived group, he or she might act on those beliefs or attitudes in situations like hiring a new employee, or selling a person a house in a particular neighborhood.
Stereotypes in the World of Business
Stereotyping has become customary in the world of business and management. It seems like the business world has created a monstrous machine that we all get into a categorized into the smallest details. With such a diverse business world, it is destined that most individuals will work alongside the one of a different race, culture, religion and gender. Thus, stereotyping will most likely occur when working in such a diverse environment. In an organizational structure frame of reference, managers tend to engage in stereotypes more often than others, because managers have so many other responsibilities, stereotyping assist in make quick decisions (Arvey & Campion, 2007). Negative perception views of employer through stereotypes usually restrict the person’s ability to contribute to the company.
Gender Inequality
Gender equality is a big concern when it comes to the workplace for both men and women. In the past, women have experienced historical inequality, not only socially, but as working professionals. Women are usually the ones that would raise the children, cook, and other household chores. At an early age we experienced this inequality. Boys are dressed in blue, while girls are dressed in pink. Boys get cars and trucks to play with while girls get Barbie dolls. Boys get chores like mowing the lawn and taking out trash, while girls do the dishes and laundry. Women have even been excluded from specific jobs like doctors. Research and studies have shown both men and women have negative stereotypes about women being effective doctors (Arvey & Campion, 2007). As well, to be a great mother, you have to commit a lot of time and energy, so therefore you have less time and energy for work, did you cannot do a great job. That being said, a woman who is a mother is usually not offered opportunities for advancement, which is very disturbing to women. This creates what we call a halo effect.

Advantages
Stereotyping does have its advantages, because it makes comprehending easier since it allows us to keep consistency. It is a simple way of organizing and remembering information about other people. Also, it reduces the amount of cognitive effort we need to make when generalizing information about a person or group. It is easier to deal with an outrageous amount of stimuli if we use stereotypes (Macintosh, 2010). It also enables us to respond quickly and appropriately when we meet new people. Lastly, it can provide us with a sense of belonging to a group, because of our shared beliefs about people in other groups. Here is an example. If a car dealership manager is looking to hire a new salesman, that person who is young, motivated and fresh will get the position compared to another candidate who is older, and married with children. The manager believes that it will be easier to bring on board a person. Jan and shredding rather than a person older and more engaged with family life. They had the job responsibilities that come along with it. This fact the manager’s assurance that it is more fitting to rely on stereotypes rather than bring on board someone of another culture.
Disadvantages
The advantages of stereotyping are extremely limited. The issue arises when we wrongfully stereotype, and in particular when we “speed read” others, depicting inaccurate images because we see only what we want our eyes to see (Weegner, Clark, & Petty). This leads us to make assumptions about others we know very little about them. It may also encourage us to make mistakes when given a small amount of information. Stereotyping can also affect what we remember and forget about other people. In general, it leads us to view members of opposite groups in a negative way, leading to prejudice and discrimination (Schneider, 2005). The results are groundless outcomes. According to an article tilted Stereotyping Has Long Negative Impacts, negative stereotypes can have continuing psychological effects on people who experience it. It also states, research studies show people are more likely to be aggressive after they have faced prejudice in a given situation. They are also more likely to exhibit a lack of self-control. People who have faced prejudice may also have trouble making rational decisions. Another factor resulting from negative stereotyping could be a decrease in confidence levels (Kemick, 2015). This is also known as the golem effect which implies that a person will behave in a more negative manner when people have lower expectations of them (Arvey & Campion, 2007). For example, all psychologists are not quiet and mild, and all athletes are not barbaric and social.
Stereotyping can bottleneck, a company during hiring interviews, when the person conducting the interview makes impulsive discriminations that are usually incorrect, which are based on appearance, sex, race, educational background, and age. For example, black men are viewed as dangerous and lacking real knowledge, and they (we) face large amounts of discrimination every day. More than likely, the interviewer will block out the persons creativity, ambition, sense of instability, and the most critical, that person’s contribution to the organization.
If stereotyping is implemented in mixed management, it will turn into the largest obstacle in expanding and building skills and an organization by not taking advantage of individual’s abilities, and such prejudices feels a business person’s spirit (Arvey & Campion, 2007). The organization can really suffer because higher management does not know all, and cannot do all things. A stereotypical assumption referring to economic\social class demolishes everything that an organization is working towards, including its profits.
Conclusion
In conclusion, the cognitive approach alone does not give us an understanding of stereotyping. However, it does set in place the fact that through our natural thought processes, we do categorize which leads to stereotyping. also focuses on the significance of the targeted individual and the target group. Stereotypes can cause great damage and can have a bad effect on an individual insight or as a whole group. Both thoughtful and non-thoughtful stereotypes lead to the same judgments. There is no “pure” culture anymore due to today’s demographics, and work environment. Even though stereotyping is man’s natural way of categorizing people, and it does have its advantages. When applicable, it should not be used as a standard platform when making recruitment decisions for a job position. An effective interview with lesson the subjective element in the interview process. Stereotyping in an organization structure is not just making fun of coworkers, it promotes rejection and outcasts. It also makes whoever is stereotyping appear very ignorant. Stereotyping creates barriers to communication in work environments and should be avoided. Works Cited
Arvey, R., & Campion, J. (2007). A Summary and Review of Recent Research. The Employment Interview:, 35, 287-322.
Green, L. (1998-99). Virginia Commonwealth University, Perspectives on Multiculturalism. Retrieved from Ferris State University: www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/links/VCU.html
Kemick, A. (2015, August 12). Stereotyping Has Lasting Negative Impacts. Retrieved from U.S. News & World Report Website: http://www.usnews.com/science/articles/2010/08/12/stereotyping-has-lasting-negative-impact
Macintosh, Z. (2010, August 11). Negative Stereotypes Stick With You. Retrieved from Live Science Web site: www.m.livescience.com/8480-negative-stereotypes-stick.html
Russom, N. (2013, July 12). What do people say about you? The pros and cons of stereotyping. Retrieved from HR Daily Community Web site: http://community.hrdaily.com.au/profiles/blogs/what-do-people-say-about-you-the-pros-and-cons-of-stereotyping
Schneider, D. (2005). The Psychology of Stereotyping (1 ed.). Guilford Publications Inc.
Weegner, D., Clark, J. K., & Petty, R. (n.d.). Not all stereotyping is created equal: Differential consequences of thoughtful versus nonthoughtful stereotyping. Personality & Psychology, 42-59.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Stereotype Stereotypes

...A stereotype can be deliberated upon in a variety of contexts in both negative and positive traits. However, this depends on the way we come to define a stereotype. One may form a prejudice to a specific race, group, culture or tradition, gender, religion, national origin, age group, or point of status, under a certain influence. Such an influence may derive from former experiences, social reference groups, reliance on popular media sources, or simply a fear of one being different from a significant other. The extent to which stereotypes contribute to our universal understanding is a crucial point of discussion. This is not to say that one may entirely agree that we are obliged to make use of stereotypes to gain an understanding of the world....

Words: 1421 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...Associate Program Material Stereotypes and Prejudice Worksheet Please complete the following exercises, remembering that you are in an academic setting and should remain unbiased, considerate, and professional when completing this worksheet. Part I Select three of the identity categories below and name or describe at least 3 related stereotypes for each: • Race • Ethnicity • Religion • Gender • Sexual orientation • Age • Disability |Category |Stereotype 1 |Stereotype 2 |Stereotype 3 | |Race |African Americans are better at |African American men are well |Caucasians have no rhythm and | | |sports. |endowed |cannot dance. | |Gender |Women are not as strong as men. |Women are not politicians. |Women are supposed to be | | | | |submissive and do as they are | | | | |told. | |Disability |People with disabilities cannot |Having a mental disability means |People with disabilities are ......

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...Stereotypes are things that we as humans wish we could sometimes avoid. Many of us hold stereotypes with conviction and many of us hold stereotypes that can be easily shaped through open minded experience. Making assumptions about another person, especially one you’ve never personally met, is essentially judging a book by its cover. Whether certain stereotypes are true or not for a given person or group, they actually have a significant effect on the identities of both the person being stereotyped and the person stereotyping. Having a presence on the internet as a YouTube video creator and as a rising natural bodybuilder, I am actively viewed and stereotyped by thousands of people on a daily basis. Many people are convinced that I took steroids or diuretics to get to the (far from amazing in my opinion) muscularity and conditioning that I displayed in many pictures I took in 2011. I am stereotyped as being obsessed about everything under the umbrella of bodybuilding, from food to training. I’ve learned that all of these stereotypes that I deal with online and offline help shape my identity, but fortunately in positive ways. “Roids!” That’s one of the most frequent words a successful bodybuilder hears. Why in the world would I want to be associated with taking steroids or any performance or cosmetic enhancing drugs? There’s something special about being a pure, 100% natural bodybuilder that differentiates it from being one of the big guys you’ve seen before in...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...Common Stereotypes Lori Woodard PHI 103 Aaron Novinger May 7, 2012 Running Head: Common Stereotypes Stereotyping in generally is characterized as a way of discrimination through prejudicial preconceived perceptions. It mainly consists of hasty generalizations about an individual based on these prejudices. Some examples of common misconceptional prejudices are women are the weaker sex, Jewish people are obsessed with money, and Blacks are more likely to be anti-social, violent, and more likely to commit a crime. (Rivers, 2011)In my lifetime, I have faced many stereotypes. Of the many that are out there, the three main stereotypes I still face today are gender stereotyping, social and economic status stereotyping, and ethnical stereotyping. Gender stereotyping has been one of the most common stereotypes I have had to face. This is because I had been born a female. The most common stereotypes about woman are they are the weaker sex, they are better barefoot and pregnant, and their place is to raise the children and to stay in the kitchen. This perception...

Words: 1092 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...still hold some preconceptions about people, things or ideas, something that doesn’t change. We become victims of stereotypes, both by projecting them onto others and by being stereotyped by others. Whether we believe them or not, we have got certain images in our minds that we firmly hold on to and unconsciously refuse to let go. Stereotypical image is a composite made of different sources and forms. Therefore, a strong distinction needs to be made between an image and a picture, the former hasn’t got a material form, it is intangible. Accordingly, a stereotypical image would be made of physical pictures, drawings, paintings, but also a mental or acoustic image, so it essentially becomes a combination of different types of images. If we were to call upon an image of ‘a housewife’ or ‘an alcoholic’ it would elicit certain images and pictures in our minds, that we have acquired throughout our lives. Stereotypes are developed through various apparatuses of newspapers, movies etc. We live with them whether we believe them or not, they construct a significant part of popular culture. Etymologically stereotype was a certain kind of plate or a mould, which was being used to reproduce a newspaper or a magazine. Over a period of time it acquired a meaning of a fixed image and this is essentially what an idea of a stereotype is today. In today’s society the word stereotype is almost always a term of abuse. However, when Walter Lippmann formulated the term, he did not want it to be......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Stereotype

...small. A recent survey in Fortune (Fisher 1992) reported that only 4.8 percent of top managerial positions were held by women, compared to 2.9 percent in 1986. One widely accepted explanation for this small number of female executives is the persistence of negative stereotypes about women as managers. Attitudes about the role of women in society may have changed dramatically, but women are still perceived as being less suited than men for managerial positions. Such preconceptions about female managers may cause firms to underutilize a significant part of the work force. By the year 2000 women will represent nearly half of the total labor force, yet discrimination based on sex continues to occur in such areas as performance appraisal, mentoring opportunities, pay, and available career paths. Given the low birth rate in the early and middle 1970s and the current shortage of skilled, motivated workers, organizations simply cannot afford the effects of discrimination based on stereotypes of about 50 percent of their work force. THE STEREOTYPE OF FEMALE MANAGERS The existence of actual differences between male and female managers has been challenged for some time in the research literature, but strongly held stereotypes are resistant to change. Just how are female managers regarded differently than their male counterparts? In a study by Heilman et al. 0989), researchers asked male managers to characterize both male and female managers. The results indicated a tendency to......

Words: 2634 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...Steinberg Stereotypes Two story plots from famous shows today can really show how our society looks at different races. Stereotypes can be seen very well in particularly “Everybody Hates Chris” and “George Lopez.” In both of this series, the writers make it a huge focus on how stereotypes are given to people with a certain race. Both shows I will analyze to show the positive and negative stereo types that are shown. Everybody Hates Chris is a show that many ethnic groups can connect and relate to. The show is about an African American 13 year old that lives in the projects of New York City. After leaving their old house, the family moves to the “nicer” side of Bed Stuy during a crack epidemic. Instead of going to his local high school, his parents force him to go an all-white high school in the safer part of the city. Chris doesn’t want to go because he will be the only black kid and doesn’t know anybody at the school. During the first day of school Chris is walking down the hallway when a white classmate steps on his shoes and knocks over his textbooks. Next the classmate insults Chris by saying “nice shoes bojangles” and Chris immediately replies “Bojangles? , that’s not what your mother was calling me when I was tap dancing in her pants last night .” The crowd around them gasps in shock and the classmate instantly lands a punch on Chris right in the stomach and falls on the principle. Right after he falls, the principal suspends Chris from school for fighting (Rock,...

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...British stereotypes How do different British stereotypes influence the way we see Britons? If you think of a stereotype, you instantly focus on what it describes. The images you create are then used to recognize both populations and countries, and the stereotype is used as a basic layer to gather information. So, the stereotypes often make the first impression of (for instance) a country. The knowledge is important as it also can give you the will to find out more about the country. This is both positive and negative, because the population is also exposed, which brings us to the question: How do different stereotypes influence the way we see Britons? The British stereotypes influence our vision upon the Britons, by giving us an idea of how they act or behave as human beings. However, some of the allegations are true, but the majority of stereotypes are created as a product of our own imagination. This is why we have to consider whether to believe in the stories or not, and also figure out where these stereotypes origin and why they were made. Stereotypes in general presents a population in a “typical” point of view, as the statements are based on what we know about their society, or what the rest of the world believes. A mental picture A stereotype is a mental picture of a population, where the population is stereotyped because of a common quality. In this context the mental picture doesn’t only affect us, the creators of the stereotypes, but......

Words: 1703 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...lives, one that is both overt and inferential". (625). Omi discusses that racism still remains in media today such as music, popular culture, and American films through stereotypes. In your own words, what does Omni mean by "overt racism" and "inferential racism"? Discuss how a specific ethnicity is represented in our current popular culture (news, television shows, movies, advertising, etc.) and how it affects people's lives. Be sure to address whether or not, the ethnicity is seen as "overt" or "inferential" and whether they create and/or sustain ethnic stereotypes. In other words, is the ethnicity you choose depicted in a positive or negative way. Omi also explains that media not only exposes these stereotypes, but it also makes them more concrete. He discusses stereotypes still seen in films today such as "the inscrutable or sinister Oriental; the sly Mexican; and the submissive Negro" (629). In general, do you think certain groups are more prone to stereotyping than others and if so, why? Even with our country growing to be so diverse, do you think the media, movies, music, and news today are still stereotyping? Do you think there are some stereotypes that suppress people and instead of trying to move away from and break the stereotypes they choose to make them true? Do those same stereotypes influence Americans to act or think a certain way towards another race? If yes, how or...

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...RUNNING HEADER: Stereotypes 1 Stereotypes Throughout My Life John Doe PHI Dr. Dolittle 6-6-2013 Stereotypes 2 Stereotypes Throughout My Life Stereotyping has always been a part of human nature. Stereotyping is preconceived opinion of a person or group of people based on an oversimplified conception, opinion, or image. The reasons for this belief are numerous ranging from self preservation to prejudice. For instance, if someone encounters an individual wearing gang colors and gang related attire the perspective of that person might be that they are dangerous, involved in illegal activity, or an outcast from main stream society. In reality, this person may only be wearing matching colored sports team clothing to show support of their favorite team. Regardless of the reason for stereotyping, the fact remains that it “has a lasting negative impact on those who experience it.” (Kemick, 2011). This paper will prove that military service, level of education, and race can have negative impacts on those who experience it. People who serve in the military are often stereotyped by those who have not served in the military with certain characteristics. The characteristics range from being rigid, non-conformist, conservative, obsessive compulsive, controlling, aggressive, stern, domineering, and even having the propensity to use force to solve a problem. This belief is often held because of the stringent training that all......

Words: 1019 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...We live in a society that is riddled with stereotypes. They come in many forms. Some examples include: gender-based, racial, sexual orientation, or stereotypes based on certain behaviors or personality traits. Stereotypes are damaging and can detract from one’s quality of life. We all tend to form these misconceptions about others at one time or another and have more than likely felt the lingering negative impact stereotypes can leave with a person. There are several stereotypes that I have experienced and felt the effects of in my life. The first one being something that I first noticed years ago when I was a teenager and I still experience it from time to time in my life. I am an introvert and have been confronted with the belief that if one is introverted it means they are “snobby” or “rude”. I have always had difficulties making conversation with others, especially when it comes to small talk with people I do not know very well. One could make an argument that if someone does not appear social or contribute to conversation that they must be rude. This is not a valid argument and is based on the fallacy referred to as hasty generalization. “The fallacy of hasty generalization is committed when one has inadequate support for the conclusion, but one still jumps to a conclusion.” (Mosser, 2011, section 4.2). One may encounter someone who seems a bit more reserved and not as extroverted and conclude that maybe the person does not want to be bothered. Conversation comes......

Words: 1113 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...TTW: Gender Stereotypes – Cheating Jen Garcia October 17, 2011 Human Relations In today’s society, men and women are still not viewed equally. There are still many stereotypes for men and women in the dating arena. One would think there are many stereotypes when it comes to cheating. It would be assumed that men cheat more than women. Are the stereotypes correct? Are they way off base? Let’s find out. Let’s talk about cheating. When it is said a couple is breaking up due to cheating, it is sometimes assumed the male of the relationship was the cheater. According to a stereotype, males are larger cheaters than women. (Elizabeth, 2010) The stereotype also says that women are less liking to cheat because once they are in a committed relationship, they focus on one person. However, women do cheat, just for different reasons. Men cheat because they look at it as a challenge. Women begin to cheat when they begin the need to feel more attractive. Cheating is a bad idea no matter what the reasoning. There is never a good outcome when cheating is done. Especially if the couple has children, the outcome gets very complicated. As I am doing more research online, I found some new statistics. According to a website, a recent study showed forty-five to fifty-five percent of married women engage in a relationship outside of their marriage. The study also showed that fifty to sixty percent of men engage in relationships outside of their marriage. (Alexander, 2010) This study......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Stereotypes

...English Composition 101.0816 October 31, 2013     Don’t Let Stereotypes Warp Your Judgment  The author’s essay “Don’t Let Stereotypes Warp Your Judgments” by Robert Heilbroner discusses about the many faces of stereotyping. Heilbroner reminds us that stereotyping affects many areas of our lives from how we view the world as a whole to how we view each individually. According to Heilbroner there is nothing positive/good about stereotyping. The author states that it makes people lazy thinkers and that it harms both the people we are stereotyping and ourselves. The author gives us three ways we can stop stereotyping people.        My grandmother believed that all hispanic people are illiterate, dark colored and dangerous. I didn’t understand why she believed this; she didn’t even meet many hispanic people.  I have never heard my grandmother say anything positive about hispanic people until my mother was part of the family.  She must have seen or heard something negative said about hispanic people and now judges all hispanic people the same way.  The judgment on my grandmother’s part is very unfair.  She has not met every hispanic person in the world, so she can’t say that all hispanic people are illerterate and dangerous.  She could say that a group of hispanic people was beating on a single person or wasn’t able to read, but as the author suggests we should not judge everyone by one man or just one specific incident. Which the first way the author gives to stop......

Words: 772 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...Stereotypes play an important role in today's society and particularly in Propaganda. According to the Webster's Dictionary stereotyping is defined as a fixed conventional notion or conception of an individual or group of people, heldby a number of people. Stereotypes can be basic or complex generalizations which people apply to individuals or groups based on their appearance, behaviour and beliefs. Stereotypes are found everywhere. Though our world seems to be improving in many ways it seems almost impossible to liberate it from stereotypes. Stereotypes have existed since the beginning of time in our everyday life through religion, politics and the media. Humans have the tendency to "use stereotypes in their humour, their descriptions of others, and even in their beliefs." One may believe it is possible to rid oneself of such habits; however if one looked at the regular promotions of propaganda, it would make this objective impossible. Stereotypes, however, aren't always negative; hence, this essay will discuss the negative and positive aspects of stereotypes used by propaganda. Propaganda is a force which can influence and affect everyone; bringing changes in behavior, attitudes and ones beliefs. It is also known that media impacts its viewersmodifying their judgments based on the information which they receive. Substantial amounts of stereotypes broadcasted through propaganda have similar effects. This essay will illustrate how stereotypes are generally portrayed and......

Words: 481 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Stereotypes

...STEREOTYPES 1. Introduction People are living within societies in which having different cultural background. Cross-cultural literacy is difficult to undertake due to the stumbling block such as generalization that people make and stereotypes that people have. Stereotyping is the way to use the fixed images of people belonging to a group, which have a tendency to categorize people based on a group they belong to rather than processing the information individually. Generalization usually comes before stereotyping, in order to generalize certain group of people. For example, all Italian loves spaghetti, and Maria is Italian, hence in conclusion Maria loves spaghetti. In that case, people are stereotyping Maria, which in fact Maria might or might not love spaghetti as she comes from North Eastern part of Italy whose has Germanic Austrian background. In fact, stereotyping leads to arrange some conception map in a way of thinking in which aimed to facilitate the progress of information. Stereotyping can be considered normal when faced with a new situation. Stereotyping triggers the mindset that has been collectively programming to set up that each group has the same pattern, which in fact it may be different with the perception to certain things. In the worst case, stereotyping may lead to possibility of racism, exclusion and personal discrimination towards ethnic identity, culture, occupation, age, sex, education grounds and some more. However, this essay later will......

Words: 3719 - Pages: 15