Free Essay

Steroids in Baseball

In: Science

Submitted By affie64
Words 964
Pages 4
Jason Alvey

Major League Baseball: The Steroids Era The use of performance enhancing drugs in Major League Baseball is an issue that caused quite the uproar throughout the nation in the past decade. Superstars and public icons have fallen from grace after being so instrumental in the reemergence of America’s past time. Careers have been made and lost in single seasons under suspicious gains and losses in “abilities.” The United States Government has even begun to come down hard on baseball from many different angles. The main office of Major League Baseball, along with many active players, has taken steps to help prevent the use of illegal performance enhancing drugs. Many Americans claim to want a clean game and true records, but I am a true believer that steroids are here to stay and the public only pretends to care. Some of the biggest names and even some of the record holders in professional baseball have been accused of using various steroids to gain the competitive edge. Barry Bonds has been one of the most popular professional sports figures in this country for more than 15 years, but he is now waiting for a March court date when opening statements will be heard in his Federal perjury trial. Mark McGuire and Sammy Sosa, the two most instrumental players that helped the bring fans back to the stadiums after the 1994 players’ strike, will never be voted into the Hall of Fame because there is a suspicion that they used some type of performance enhancers. Roger Clemens is arguably the best pitcher to ever play the game, yet he too faces federal charges because he is accused of lying to Congress about his use of steroids. These four athletes were once considered role models, but now the public sees them as nothing more than cheaters. Many players that haven’t been called out specifically have had questionable incline and declines in both stature and performance. Ivan Rodriguez has always had the nickname “Pudge” because of his short and stout body, but suddenly lost 50 lbs between the 2003 and 2004 seasons when testing for steroids became mandatory. Bret Boone was only an average 2nd baseman until he signed with the Seattle Mariners in 2001 where he suddenly gained weight and power, hitting over 35 home runs and becoming a perennial All-Star. Then you have Jason Giambi, a former Most Valuable Player of the league, all but admit that he had taken illegal drugs to assist in his performance. Even if these players never took a single performance enhancing drug, their legacies will forever be tainted by the stigma that surrounds this era of baseball. The United States Government has even started taking an active role in the fight to clean up baseball. After Jose Conseco wrote the book Juiced, outlining his role and calling out other players for their involvement involving steroids, Congress held a hearing to attempt to get to the bottom of the situation. Senator Mitchell was asked by the commissioner of baseball to conduct an independent investigation to uncover the extent of steroid use among players. The results of this investigation showed that this form of cheating was a much more common problem than anyone expected. There was even talk of Congress regulating the steroid testing policy if Major League Baseball could not get the problem under control. Many American are in agreement with me when I say that baseball should be a clean, fair sport, but there are far better ways for our legislature to be spending time and money. Steroids have been illegal in professional baseball since the early nineties, but until 2004, there was no policy that required testing to prove none were being taken. In 2003, the Players’ Union agreed to conduct an anonymous test that would decide if mandatory testing would take place. Since more than 5% of the players, 104 to be exact, tested positive, a disciplinary program was instituted the following year. In a letter to the Government Oversight & Reform Committee on June 27, 2008, Commissioner Bud Selig said that baseball saw “a dramatic reduction in positive steroid tests in 2004. One thousand one hundred thirty three (1,133) tests were conducted in 2004. Of those, twelve were positive for steroids.”(1) The number of players testing positive have continued to drop, but some believe that because baseball still has not figured a way to test for Human Growth Hormone (HGH), we will never know if the sport is truly cleaned up. Steroids continue to be an extremely controversial topic with the media and the fans. Some want the record books to contain an asterisk next to anyone’s name that is presumed to be guilty of cheating the game, but what about those that aren’t believed to be cheaters? Until last week, Alex Rodriguez was supposed to be the golden boy that saved baseball from the black eye of steroids, but he admitted to using illegal performance enhancers from 2001-2003. I am definitely not one to condone the use of steroids, but I also believe that as long as there is a way to cheat the system, players will find it. I guess that question that we have to ask ourselves is, do we really even care? 2008 was the highest revenue producing season in the history of Major League Baseball. If you ask me, fans may talk like they want this era of baseball behind us, but they really don’t care.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Selig, Allen H. (Bud). “Letter from Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig.” Letter to Government Oversight & Reform Committee, Congress, 27 June 2008. SIRS Researcher.Leading Issues, Doping in Sports. Gillette Coll. Lib., Gillette, WY. 10 February 2009 <http://sks.sirs.com>.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Baseball and Steroids

...Major League Baseball & Steroids (From 1988 Until ????) By: Joseph Fripp Being an advocate fan of Pro Football and watching Pro Baseball only during their playoffs. Mainly because their season is so long and drawn out. I found it to be rather interesting that one of the four Pro Sport Leagues in America had a very real and serious problem with some of the players in the League using steroids or performance enhancements. I also find it hard to believe that the League commissioner and team owners didn’t know that the league had a drug problem. Now say what you want but the commissioner of Pro Baseball had to have had an idea that something bad was going on within the league by the early 1990’s. Rumors had begun to leak out of many pro players using some form of steroids. Jose Consaco was the first player (to my knowledge) to come out and admit to his use of the drug by way of writing a book. He even went so far as to name, names of certain players he knew was using the drug. Once the story broke many was quick to discredit the book and what Mr. Consaco stated about the using of steroids in Pro Baseball. The non-believers quickly stated that he didn’t have any real facts, no evidence to show or support anyone using the drug and just his statements to say otherwise. So far nearly over a decade numerous pro players continued using the drug. Gaining an unfair advantage over other pro players and making the playing field unleveled. Players like Barry Bonds, Mark......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Baseball and Steroids

...Baseball Players and Using Performance Enhancing Drugs In the recent years the use of steroids in professional sports has become widespread, and major league baseball is more than any other. This paper will discuss using performance enhancing drugs will not get players into the Hall of Fame. Players use performance enhancing drugs to gain a competitive advantage over other teams and players. The definition of cheating is violating rules or restrictions to gain an advantage. It’s plain and simple and is a form of cheating. Major league players who got in the hall of fame in the past used their pure natural talent. The purpose of the Hall of Fame is to recognize outstanding natural talent in the sport of Baseball. Look at our beloved long time baseball legends, Babe Ruth, Hank Aaron, Willie Mays, Mickey Mantle, and many more. How would they feel to see professional baseball players cheat their way in and make it easy on themselves? Baseball meant so much to them and to see future players disrespect our baseball legends and allow them to go to Cooperstown, would be awful to past and present players. Baseball fans know players want to give it all and ultimately make it to the World Series and achieve other outstanding goals, but taking illegal drugs is taking it too far. This leads into the major league baseball punishments for using performance enhancing drugs. The major league baseball has punishments for players who use steroids and performance enhancing drugs. First...

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Steroids in Baseball

...Steroids in Baseball The first example of unethical information that the author uses in this article is the absence of a good numerical estimate of the prevalence of steroid use. There was never any quantitative evidence derived from the interviews and qualitative information that was collected. The New York Times editorial just ran with this article without doing some research of their own and essentially threw gasoline on the fire. Still to this day, Sports Illustrated will not reveal its methods for the gathering of their information. The second example of unethical information that the author uses in this article is SI mentions two types of health risks associated with steroid use: injury and impaired body functions. The evidence of these risks comes primarily from either personal stories of specific players, interviews with doctors who specialize in sports medicine, informal references to research findings, and league statistics showing an increase in time and money spent on disability. With SI specifically choosing the players to interview, this could be considered as bias sampling. They chose the players that were already suspected of steroid use. SI cites about how damaging steroid use is, but most of the article is devoted to the informal information and doesn’t convey a good indication of how widespread these problems likely will be, given the usual dosages taken by ballplayers. The league statistics given is not very convincing since the information......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Steroid Era in Baseball

...Alan Bone ENGL 1020 2B The Steroid Era in Baseball Major league baseball was founded in 1869 and has gone through several different eras in its history. There was the Dead Ball Era, which started in 1869 and ended when Babe Ruth became a ball player in 1919 and now the Steroid Era, which ran from 1992 thru 2006 (Vassalo). The Steroid Era has forever scarred the game and something needs to be done to restore it to its glory days. The MLBPA should agree to impose stricter sanctions on steroid users because the current penalties are too lenient, steroids have altered the game and stiffer penalties would deter players from using. The MLBPA should agree to impose stricter sanctions on steroids users because the current penalties are too lenient. From 2002-2004 baseball did not suspend players for a first-time steroid offense. They instead would offer the player counseling. Only after a player was caught again, was he suspended. When Senator Joseph Biden was told “the current testing policy does not suspend first time offenders-instead they get counseling,” he said, “it’s a joke, it’s a real joke” (Purchia). How could anyone expect anything to get done with a policy that lenient? The following year the MLBPA decided to try and make the steroid policy a little bit stricter. The MLBPA should agree to impose stricter sanctions on steroids users because the current penalties are too lenient. At the beginning of the 2005 season, baseball changed its penalties for......

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

How Steroids Have Changed Baseball

...Steroids Have Changed Baseball Suzanne Dennis South University Steroids Have Changed Baseball Today in the United States kids, teens, and adults watch and play in the sport of baseball. It is probably the number one sport looked upon and what is happening to it is a bit discouraging. Players have started "cheating" by using steroids to help them play stronger and better because they are in league where you have to be the best at what you do to play. The use, distribution and testing policy of steroids in baseball has long been a worry for those involved in our national pastime, and the fans and those involved in baseball at any level deserve a resolution.   How exactly do the ethics just drift away? The conversion into the major league is a conversion from game to business and once the players enter into the pros everything changes. Major League Baseball has become a giant business. How can you see it otherwise? Steroids in baseball have changed dramatically over the past ten years and a major factor impacting the changes may be players' use of performance enhancing drugs. Players need to realize that they are cheating and should be held accountable. In less than four years Babe Ruth's single season record of 60 home runs has been broken by Sammy Sosa, Mark McGwire and Barry Bonds (Hacohen, 2012). Steroids are drugs commonly classified as anabolic, androgenic and corticosteroids. Anabolic steroids are used by athletes to bulk up and improve their performance....

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Does Steroids Provide an Unfair Advantage in Baseball or Does It Even the Playing Field?

...Does Steroids Provide An Unfair Advantage In Baseball or Does It Even The Playing Field? Baseball has been an American pastime for centuries and will be for centuries to come. Adults have been taking their children to baseball games since the Major Leagues first came about in the late 1800s. From the Philadelphia Phillies' great Astrodome to their current Citizens Bank Park or the Atlanta Braves' Fulton County Stadium to their more modern Turner Field baseball has been loved in America. Although the game is as old as it is, baseball has not changed even though the players continue to get better and better. Many fans first take is the use of steroids in baseball. But did steroids really help Barry Bonds become home run king? Because Hank Aaron had the record generations before and he reportedly never injected steroids. Every year it seems like a new player gets brought into the league that is going to be faster, stronger, and an overall better player; except the ones that have the records broken that is. Although steroids are supposed to make athletes bigger, faster, and stronger,; are steroids really making athlete's statistics better or simply bridging the gap between decent athletes and great ones? There are many aspects in hitting a baseball that coaches teach athletes at a young age. Seeing the ball well, swinging with your hips and not just your arms, being disciplined and not swinging at a ball out of the strike zone, these are all examples of what it takes to be a......

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Steroids

...Steroid Use in Major League Baseball Student Name Course Name Instructor Date Steroid Use in Major League Baseball Thesis: Steroid use is prevalent in major league baseball. Players choose to use steroids despite steroids being banned, the effects steroids have on their bodies, and the impact steroids have on their careers and reputation. I. Steroid use is banned in major league baseball. A. Banned substances enhance players’ performance. 1. Batted-ball speed increases when a player takes steroids. 2. Home-run production increases with steroid usage. B. Major league baseball policies ban the use of several substances by players. 1. The league and the players’ union have strict policies against the use of steroids. 2. The league conducts regular testing to ensure players are drug free. 3. Penalties result from steroid use. II. The body is seriously affected by steroid use. A. Several negative physical effects exist to the body. 1. Steroid use affects natural hormone production. 2. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other cardiovascular problems are physical side effects. 3. Steroids cause liver problems. B. Psychological problems exist due to steroid use. 1. Aggressive or enraged behavior has been reported as a side effect. 2. Addiction has been reported also as a side effect. III. The steroid scandal has negatively impacted players’ careers and reputation. A. ......

Words: 3706 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Steroids

...Steroids : Not so Good After All In recent years there have been many stories of athletes, especially in baseball, that have gotten caught using steroids. People single out the idea that the competitor did not abide by the rules. Because of this narrow-minded act, they tend to not look at the harmful effects these drugs have on the body. Steroids are extremely damaging physically and psychologically. There are multiple ways in which a human can experience long and short-term effects from the use of these horrible drugs. The most common effects include diseases and severe brain problems. While HGH and Anabolic steroids are a serious concern for sports, it is a more prominent problem in baseball, but the frightening part people fail to recognize, is that the drugs cause life-threatening problems. Steroids were invented by “A doctor by the name of Dr. Ruzicka, who in the early 1930’s created it for medical purposes, essentially to fight conditions like cancer and AIDS” (Steroids in Sports).The drugs are mainly byproducts of the male hormone called testosterone. When a person takes steroids, they are putting extra testosterone into their body. Excessive testosterone eventually leads to rapid muscle growth. As humans use steroids, they can be faced with horrible health problems such as “high blood pressure, HIV/AIDS (when taken with shared needles), fluid retention, depression, anxiety, mania, low sperm production, and over-exertion” (Steroids in Sports). Additional......

Words: 2480 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Business

...Baseball, Steroids and Business Ethics: How Breaches of Trust Can Change the Game: Knowledge@Wharton (http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article.cfm?articleid=1902) Baseball, Steroids and Business Ethics: How Breaches of Trust Can Change the Game Published : February 20, 2008 in Knowledge@Wharton The day after former Senator George Mitchell released his damning report on performance-enhancing drugs in Major League Baseball last December, President George Bush, a former baseball-team owner himself, seemed to speak for many disgusted fans when he pronounced, "Steroids have sullied the game." The Mitchell Report fingered 89 professional ball players, but many of these allegations were nothing new for baseball watchers. Game of Shadows, a 2006 exposé by a pair of investigative journalists, and Juiced, a 2005 tell-all memoir by player José Canseco, described a world of professional baseball rife with performance-enhancing drug abuse. The ongoing scandal, which first surfaced in the late 1990s, has bubbled on for a decade, leading commentators to label it the "steroids era." With fans aware of such egregious bad behavior, why has attendance at Major League Baseball games reached record-breaking highs during that same time period? Are baseball's "consumers" impervious to the ethical lapses of their teams? No, say Wharton professors, but the case demonstrates how bias, competition and a lack of oversight worked together to create an ethically toxic atmosphere. This is a......

Words: 2491 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Outline for Performance Enhancing Drugs Benefit to Sports

...RESEARCH PAPER Can Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED) actually be positive and beneficial for Major League Baseball? “As the likes of Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, Roger Clemens and Alex Rodriguez saw their usage exposed, the sport fought back with tougher drug testing and after the 2005 season produced a program punitive enough to minimize the game's doping culture.” (Braun's test result gives MLB major jolt; With MVP under cloud, steroid era is revisited Bob Nightengale, USA TODAY), "Probably the biggest sentence to which he was subjected is the impact on whether he'll be a lock for the Hall of Fame and the stigma that is now attached to his name and his records."(Barry Bonds is sentenced in enduring BALCO saga; No end in sight to BALCO's reach by: Jorge L. Ortiz, USA TODAY). Quotes like these could have been seen all over newspapers and magazines all throughout the past decade. Yes, these athletes did use Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED), but a debate has raged on about just how right are we to scrutinize them for those actions and just how inappropriate their actions were? With baseball professionals on both sides arguing how much of an impact they really had on the game. More so, I'd like to ask the question of whether what they had done was actually in a way good for baseball, and whether Performance Enhancing Drugs should even be banned from baseball? Which, I believe they shouldn’t be for numerous reasons. In order to understand just how “not as......

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Plasmodium Spp

...Steroids and Baseball Many people have been questioning Major League Baseball (MLB) about its players using performance enhancing drugs such as steroids. This issue has become controversial because players are cheating to enhance their physical abilities of playing the sport. Many people believe it is immoral and isn’t fair to those who work hard every day through countless hours of practice, sweat, and extreme physical conditioning to get to where they are at; and others are cheating by taking steroids. A great example of performance enhancing drug abuse is the Barry Bonds era. We all believed that he was a man of unique strength and miraculous physical capabilities with his numerous homeruns, but then found out he was cheating by using steroids and made his accomplishments a disgrace to the sport and an embarrassment to its MLB fans. The MLB needs to enforce sterner random drug testing on its players, harsher fines, and repeated offenders should be banned from the sport so it may become a more moral sport. Steroids and other similar muscle building drugs are drugs that can actually increase your abilities instead of hindering them. Most organized sports associations setup a strict drug testing policy which allows very little room for mistakes. Despite the strict trends set by other associations, Major League Baseball still has an extremely lax drug testing policy and has been under heavy media scrutiny. The MLB should strengthen their drug abuse policy to......

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Letter to Editor

...Editor Dear Editor: On August 8 in 2007 Barry Bonds broke the Major League Baseball (MLB) home run records by 31years. However, most major newspapers and magazines columns were indifferent and negative to his home run record. The expressions from them are very different from wild enthusiasms and cheers when he broke Mark McGwire’s single season home run record because Bonds is under suspicion for steroid use. Beside in these cases, major leaguers’ performance enhancing drugs stories rise out many different way such as Jose Canseco autobiography, Mark McGwire admits he uses the steroids and goes on to hit a then record 70 homers. According to the MLB official site, the investigation of MLB organization found that 5 percent to 7 percent of 1438 tests were positive about performance enhancing drugs during the 2003 season. The Major League player were used performance enhancing drug and even existence of the drug policy keep under suspicion about it nowadays . So, I think MLB need to improve current performance enhancing drugs policy. According to the MLB official site, Major League Baseball’s drug policy joint drug prevention and treatment program is established by agreement after the 2004 season between the MLB Players Association and the Office of the Commissioner of Major League Baseball in order to ban baseball players’ performance enhancing drugs including anabolic steroids and other illegal drugs. There was one unannounced mandatory test for each......

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Steroid Era

...League Baseball’s so called “Steroid Era,” it was necessary for congress to step in and take control of the situation. Before congress did their investigation, Major League Baseball did not have strict enough rules to punish players who tested positive with any kind of steroid. Also before congress took control of the situation, there was a variety of drugs that players could use during that time that Major League Baseball had not banned or were not considered a “performance enhancing drug”. Even though the so called “Steroid Era” brought fans back to the game of baseball after the lockout in 1994, it not only damaged the reputation of baseball but it also damaged the purity of the sport. Not only did it affect baseball’s reputation and purity of the game, it also affected the fans who dreamt of playing in Major League Baseball. Now we will focus the main reasons why congress took control of the steroid issue that surrounded Major League Baseball. First, Major League Baseball along with Congress noticed the issue of steroids due to Jose Canseco, an ex-major leaguer, who came clean about the steroid issue in his book titled Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant ’Roids, Smash Hits, and How Baseball Got Big. In this book, Canseco explained how he taught a variety of players how to inject steroids and how it would benefit them in the future. Throughout his book, Canseco provided details as to the players, who later broke many records; that he taught how to use steroids. For example,......

Words: 1218 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Steriods in Baseball

...Steroids in the game of Baseball | The Physical and Statistical Effects | Anonymous | Many players have been accused of the use of steroids. Some have denied it, but has been proven guilty. Some have admitted by will that they have used Performance-Enhancement Drugs/Steroids at some point during their career. EXTERNAL PHYSICAL EFFECTS There are several signs known of to identify steroid use. For example, in men he might notice baldness and growth in the chest (around the breast) area. In women she might notice increase facial hair, reduction around the breast area, and their voice may deepen. In both men and women they may notice Jaundice, aching joints, mood swings, and nervousness. There also can be major effects for men and women from steroid usage; for example, high blood pressure, liver damage, increases of bad cholesterol, males risk shrinking of the testicles and infertility. Females’ menstrual changes these are some of the noticeable signs of steroids use. There has not been any conclusive proof that the use of steroids alone would make a drastic change in the body size or weight. Although steroids are said to enhance the muscle mass, which could give a false belief of increased body strength. To acquire the muscle mass and body strength desired one would need to have a workout plan in place. If the ligaments and tendons are not strong enough to support the muscle mass one could end up with torn ligaments and tendons. Steroids......

Words: 1748 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Steroid Users in Hall of Fame

...Why steroid users should be allowed into the baseball Hall of Fame? The argument is simple and it’s about time for Cooperstown to open the doors to those who have admitted to or have been accused of using performance enhancing drugs or steroids. Ending the witch hunt: Baseball voters are trying to determine whether or not to vote on players these days based on crimes that players may have or not have committed years ago. Some baseball voters have stated that they would vote for players in the steroid era but they would not however vote for anyone found guilty. It’s hard to know who did cheat and who didn’t cheat in the so called steroid era but if one were to gain entry into the sacred hall then the door will open up for others based on their merits. Saving the Hall of Fame: Baseball has always been called America’s game and the Hall of Fame for baseball enthusiast has always been a destination. In 2013 the Hall of Fame only inducted 1 person in and he had not played in over 130 years. The induction ceremony takes place in the summers and it was always a place to go and honor your favorite players and learn about ones prior to them. As a new generation of fans grow up and the players form the late 90’s and early 2000’s are not in the hall fans will likely not make the trip to the place where legends are remembered. The Hall of Fame is a place to honor the greatest that have ever played the game. It is based on what a player does on the field. People agree that the...

Words: 716 - Pages: 3