Premium Essay

Still Separate, Still Unequal

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tgoshay
Words 1648
Pages 7
Still Separate, Still Unequal
Segregation is a topic that has been discussed for decades. Segregation in schools wasn't really dealt with. The government basically disguised it and kept it away from the public. Brown V. Board of Education, Plessy V. Ferguson, and Jim Crow Laws was the cover, but it didn't solve anything. Segregation isn't just about race, it's also financially. When money is involved in the situation there's a major advantage. Johnathan Kozol talks about how we're still separate, and unequal. Johnathan Kozol touched on some really great points, when it came down to gproving how we're separate, and unequal. Kozol digs a little deeper to back up his word on being separate and unequal. In the following paragraphs I will summarize Kozol's article "Still Separate, Still Unequal" and continue on what needs to be done to solve this problem.
Many people wonder do segregation still exist, but not many people want to investigate. Jonathan Kozol, did a little more than investigate. Jonathan Kozol pointed out, in most poor neighborhoods the schools have mostly black and Hispanic students (348). The percentage of blacks and Mexicans students were higher than fifty percent. There was a teacher who was 65 years old who taught at a majority black school stated that "Out of eighteen years, this is the first white student I have ever taught" (348). It's not very common that white students attend underclass schools. Kozol stated that there is a school in New York City named Langston Hughes that has 99 percent black and Hispanic students and only 1 percent white (349). Kozol has visited a school named for Martin Luther King Jr. this school was built in a upper middle class white neighborhood. The hope for this school was to have large numbers of white students attending the school just by walking, while black and Hispanic students road the bus or train (349). White...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Still Separate, Still Unequal Analysis

...Still Separate, Still Unequal “Still Separate, Still Unequal”, written by Jonathan Kozol, describes the reality of urban public schools and the isolation and segregation the students there face today. Jonathan Kozol illustrates the grim reality of the inequality that African American and Hispanic children face within todays public education system. In this essay, Kozol shows the reader, with alarming statistics and percentages, just how segregated Americas urban schools have become. He also brings light to the fact that suburban schools, with predominantly white students, are given far better funding and a much higher quality education, than the poverty stricken schools of the urban neighborhoods. Jonathan Kozol brings our attention to the obvious growing trend of racial segregation within America’s urban and inner city schools. He creates logical support by providing frightening statistics to his claims stemming from his research and observations of different school environments. He also provides emotional support by sharing the stories and experiences of the teachers and students, as well as maintaining strong credibility with his informative tone throughout the entire essay. Within this essay, there are many uses of rhetorical appeals including logos, pathos, and ethos. Jonathan Kozol uses reasoning, or logos, to prove that the education systems of today are still as separated and unequal for students based on the color of their skin or their race, as they were 50 years...

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Segregation

...Segregation in Public Schools Mishonda Atkinson Winston Salem State University EDU 2334 April 28, 2015 Abstract After several laws have been passed and civil rights time being over, you would think that segregation in public schools wouldn’t still be going on. Unfortunately, there is still segregation going on in schools. Not only based on race but based on the student’s socioeconomic status. In this paper I will tell you what segregation is, how it has evolved in the past 5 years, and why segregation is important in North Carolina public schools. Segregation in Public Schools According to Webster’s dictionary, the definition of segregation is the practice or policy of keeping people of different races, religions, etc., separate from each other. Gary Orfield(2009) wrote an article stating that schools in the United States are more segregated today than they were in more than four decades. Schools in the US are 44 percent non-white and minorities (mainly African Americans) are rapidly emerging as the majority of public school students. In 1954, Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that the South’s standard of “separate but equal” was “inherently unequal,” and did “irreversible” harm to black students. Now the most reason for segregation in public schools isn’t race, its poverty. Most of the nation’s dropouts occur in non-white public schools, which leads to African Americans unemployed. Schools that are in low income communities don’t get the same......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Dfdsafdsfsdfasdf

...influenced by real life. Some similar events happen in the non-fictional articles that relates to racial discrimination towards negros, such as Tom Robinson and Calpurnia. They are discriminated by whites. The two negative effects of racial discrimination in the novel and article are violence and segregation. One negative effect of racial discrimination is divisiveness, and it is shown in the article “What Price Diversity?”. Blacks and whites have separate facilities even though it is used for the same purpose. They have separate schools for the different races even though it is used for the same purpose. So your race determines what school you can attend. This article states, “Separate education facilities are inherently unequal” (“Diversity” par. 2). The phrase “separate educational facilities” means that there are schools just for whites and another school just for whites. “Are inherently unequal” means that the schools that are for whites, are better than the school blacks are attending. In To Kill a Mockingbird, blacks and whites have separate facilities that is used for the same purpose. Segregation is one of the negative effects of racial discrimination, but violence is also another one. Segregation is a negative effect of racial discrimination in the novel, To Kill A Mocking Bird. Whites do not believe that they are the same as blacks and they deserve a facility to themselves. Calpurnia brings Jem and Scout to a church that is meant for blacks. Lula, a black......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Civil Rights Notes

...• NAACP-National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • Plessy Vs. Ferguson-1896-separate but equal • De facto segregation-segregation by custom and tradition • Sweatt vs. Painter-schools had to admit black people • Sit-ins---would sit and refused to move in order to shame managers into integration • Brown vs. Board-Thurgood Marshall-Linda Brown-ended segregation in all public schools • Montgomery Bus Boycott-Rosa Parks-MLK was a leader • MLK-inspired by Gandhi • Southern Christian Leadership Conference-set out to end segregation • Little Rock Nine-Eisenhower hand to order troops in-LBJ helped it pass, but it was weaker • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee • Freedom Riders- rode buses in the south to protest-were beaten by Whites and KKK • Kennedy used civil rights to win election-promised support • James Meredith-applied to college, but was denied even with a court order • Kennedy assassinated, but Lyndon Johnson carries on his support of African Americans • Civil Rights Act of 1964- Gave power to made segregation illegal, gave power to federal gov. to prevent discrimination • Selma March-many were beaten in front of cameras-shocked nation • Voting Rights Act of 1965-allowed for many African Americans to vote-no more literacy tests • Even though discrimination was ending, it didn’t change people’s attitudes • Watts riot- African American neighborhood-had to send in National Guard • Kerner Commission- studied why the riots were......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Legal Writing Graded Project 2 - Petitioner

...Brown v Board of Ed. Topeka Kansas (1954) by Alexes Mercado http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html The 14th Amendment states: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. In the early 1950's, racial segregation in public schools was normal all across America. Although all the schools were supposed to be equal, most black schools were far inferior in comparison to the all white schools. There was a black third grade girl named Linda Brown from Topeka, Kansas. She had to walk one mile through a railroad switchyard just to get to her school all black school. Yet, there was an all white elementary school only seven blocks away from her home. When her father, Oliver Brown, attempted to enroll Linda in the white elementary school, the principal would not allow it. Frustrated, Mr. Brown then went to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People or the “NAACP. The NAACP was eager to assist the Browns, as it had long wanted to challenge segregation in public schools. Other parents joined the Browns in their......

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Suburban School Policy

...identity of our nation, our suburbs and our public schools. Most of us had never heard of Ferguson, Missouri until it experienced recent civil unrest this past August. As I became curious about the town, I found it was one of many that are experiencing a change from an all-white enclave to home for many Blacks and Hispanics. Indeed, American suburbs are in the midst of an identity crisis. In many metro areas, the affluent and the poor, people of color and whites, the well-educated and poorly educated are “trading places” across urban-suburban boundaries. In fact, the number of Americans living below the federal poverty line is now greater in the suburbs than the cities, and fewer than 20 percent of people in the largest metropolitan areas still live in predominantly white suburbs. Part of this issue was caused by the gentrification of many city neighborhoods, which displaced low-income and working-class families that could no longer afford rapidly rising housing prices. Also in the mix were the thousands of low-income families that were forced to relocate when the high-rise public housing...

Words: 1486 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Civil Right

...were discriminated as well their rights were violated. Furthermore, the article “Land mark: Brown v. Board of education “ explains that in reality Brown v. Board of education consisted on five lawsuits against school district in Kansas, Virginia and the district of Columbia involving public schools system that mandates separate schools from blacks and whites. While the cases were different in nature, however they made the same claim: separate is not equal. Arguing the case before the Supreme Court were, for the Petitioners who were predominantly parents of student of color. They claimed that their children were not receiving an equal education. According to the article “Brown v. board of education,” “The district court found that the facilities provided for colored students were largely equal to those provided to white student. Reasoning that it was required to follow U.S. Supreme Court precedent validating “separate but equal”, the district court ruled in favor of the school board”. [Brown v. Board of education, prg.3]. This demonstrate that the previous case Plessy v. Ferguson influence the decision of the district court because it state that while separate and equal have the same conditions it does not violated the 14 amendment. However, the plaintiffs decided...

Words: 746 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History

...to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immuntites of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”. This alone proves that not only was the fourteenth amendment disreguarded but was unconstitutional under this amendment. This decision was the beginning of the civil rights movement. It ended the notion of the law of the land “separate but equal” which was a court case set decades before. Earl Warren stated “ We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. . ." During the court case Earl Warren referred to a phrase “ with all deliberate speed” of the way of the court case of Brown v. Bored. The Brown v. Board case was important and a pathway for the civil right movement but , it did not have a huge impact right away because it just asked for change with no date for them to succeed by. The southern states were not willing to change right away. They made it difficult to get the process going in such a way asking the attorney general to come up with plans how the desegregation of school was going to happen.The justices replied with the answer “with deliberate speed”.......

Words: 627 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Reading

...Shelbin George Allison Siehnel Writing 201 Reading Response Still Separate, Still Unequal by Jonothan Kozol The general argument made by (Jonothan Kozol) in his work, Still Separate, Still Unequal is that there is still segregation in our schools all around the country. More specifically, (Kozol) argues that education starts even before pre-school and only the wealthy families are able to afford private programs for their children. He quotes Marina Warner “there are expensive children and there are cheap children” (pg6). In this passage, (Kozol) uses this quote to reiterate the point that he was making which was that middle-class/poor families don’t get the same education wealthy families get. The difference between early education is stressed by the author as he talks about wealthy families sending their children to advanced classes even before pre-school begins. Thus resulting in their children being smarter and having a better chance at success in the classroom atmosphere. In conclusion, (Kozol)’s belief is that every child in America should have equal opportunities to strive for excellence. The amount of money you have shouldn’t determine your academic success. In my view, Kozol is right because many individuals are being targeted at a young age and are told that they cannot succeed because of their certain circumstances. However, this shouldn’t be the case, every child should feel like they have the same chance at success. More specifically, I believe......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Harlem Renaissance

...The Harlem Renaissance was more than a period of blues, jazz, and poetry celebrated by African American in New York during the 1920s through to the 1930s; it was a time of political and social protest. There were many talented artists, musicians, scholars, and writers during this time; but the things they drew, wrote, criticize, and the music they played were more than pretty, popular, or entertaining. All of these forms of expression had deeper meaning and the artists often try to explore unique themes related to cultural heritage or current disenfranchisement. “In the early 1900s, the burgeoning African-American middle class began pushing a new political agenda that advocated racial equality. The epicenter of this movement was in New York, where three of the largest civil rights groups established their headquarters” (Biography 3). Together, these groups were not only able to establish a sense of community and empowerment for African Americans in New York and around the country as well. African American intellectuals were beginning to realize that they needed to bond together if they wanted dreams to become a reality. In order to do this, they began organizing and thinking up all the social and political issues to tackle. They would also figure out who or where they need to go to solve these problems. The Harlem Renaissance brought many intelligent and artistic people together giving them the opportunity to help one another find opportunity and an identity. In the......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Brown vs Board of Ed

...In 1951, a class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka, Kansas in the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas. The plaintiffs were thirteen Topeka parents on behalf of their twenty children. The suit called for the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation. Separate elementary schools were operated by the Topeka Board of Education under 1879 Kansas law which permitted (but did not require) districts to maintain separate elementary school facilities for black and white students in twelve communities with populations over 15,000. The Board of Education of Topeka began to end segregation in the Topeka elementary schools in August of 1953, integrating two attendance districts. All the Topeka elementary schools were changed to neighborhood attendance centers in January of 1956, although existing students were allowed to continue attending their prior assigned schools at their option. Then on May 17, 1954 the Warren Court handed down a 9-0 decision which stated, in no uncertain terms that "separate facilities are inherently unequal". Brown did not, however, result in the immediate desegregation of America's public schools, nor did it mandate desegregation of public accommodations, such as restaurants or bathrooms, that were owned by private parties, which would not be accomplished until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. However, it was a giant step forwards for the civil rights movement. Many articles have......

Words: 1322 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

African Americans

...dominate majority group of white Americans they remind structurally pluralism by keeping to their beliefs and traditions. Before and after slavery African Americans did not receive equal treatment. “Even when slavery ended, Jim Crow laws went into effect meaning that the very best of everything was reserved for whites only-school, jobs, neighborhoods, hospitals, etc” (Moore, 2008). In other words, the African Americans took the subordinate status to the dominant white Americans. It was their race that was used to dictate what rights they would be allowed to have in America. At one point they did not have the right to be free and over the years they were given that right back. Even though they regained their right to be free they still were not totally free. They were only allowed to eat in certain places, drink from certain fountains, and ride in the back of the bus. This is not what would be called totally free. They were not even given the opportunities to receive a quality education or to vote. “With the 1896 Supreme Court decision in the case of Plessy v....

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Examine the Ways in Which Feminist Sociologists Have Contributed to Our Understanding of Family Roles and Relationships

...Examine the ways in which feminist sociologists have contributed to our understanding of family roles and relationships Feminists as a whole take a critical view of the family and they argue that family life oppresses women. They mainly focus on issues such as the unequal division of labour and domestic violence against women. Feminists believe that gender inequality is neither natural nor inevitable but something that society created. Feminists belief in the symmetrical family, which promotes the roles of husbands and wives being, not identical, but similar. Feminism does not cover all the beliefs of the different types of feminists and each approaches family life in a different way and provides varied solutions for each problem or issue. There are many feminists who argue that, despite women having jobs and working, there is little or insufficient evidence of a “new man” who helps out and does an equal share of domestic labour. Women seem to have simply acquired the burden of both paid work and unpaid housework, which is known as the dual burden. So the family still remains to be patriarchal; men are benefiting from their wives or partners unpaid housework. Further support comes from Elsa Ferri and Kate Smith (1996) who provide evidence of the dual burden. They found that the employment increase of women outside of home has had little impact on the domestic division of labour between the sexes. Liberal feminism is an individualistic form of the feminist theory,......

Words: 1070 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anthropology

...The Chains of Race It can be argued that since the Europeans sailed the ocean and landed in America, the notions of inferiority and race have been prevalent. The Europeans had “discovered” America and in the same way “discovered” the Native Americans. The question became, how do the natives fit into the Europeans’ belief-system. The Natives were ultimately seen as inferior due to their beliefs which differed from the European’s belief patterns. The Native American’s color became one of the indicators of their inferiority. It could be said, that race, was created in order to separate the cultures and set up categories, inferior and superior groups. Eugenics was the study and perhaps a justification of how races were deemed inferior due to traits inherited from ancestors and was believed to be true by many. By modern standards Eugenics can be seen and identified as a phony science. The European trend of thought on this topic remained consistent, and this ideology was later imposed on yet another, the African Americans. Therefore, the African Americans’ humanity was also questioned and denied. Race later became recognized as a social construct used to distinguish cultures from one another. Race has always been a major crisis here in America since the Europeans “discovered” the natives, to the slavery of the African Americans, and the labor abuse of the Asians, and race will continue to be a basis for many humanitarian movements, as well as a tool it as an incentive for voters...

Words: 1205 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sociology - Child Centredness in Contemporary Families

...Evaluate the view that contemporary families have become more child centred Firstly , child centred society is where children have become more valued and therefore focused on and protected. In this essay I will be evaluating the view that modern families have become more child centred. I will do this by including childhood in the past compared to childhood now , and how childhood has improved through rights and economic improvements and so on. Firstly , childhood is a phase of life between infancy and adulthood and can be said as a modern development as it didn’t develop in western society until the 16th and 17th centuries. For example , a historian Phillip Aries explained that in medieval times childhood did not exist as a separate status. That they were seen as “Little adults” even though they required constant care they were expected to take on adult roles and responsibilities as soon as they were physically able to do so. Such as child labour. It wasn’t until the nineteenth century until that there were restrictions (laws) made to protect children from exploitation and hardship. Which therefore greatly separated children from the adult work life and responsibilities. Children began to be seen as innocent and needed to be protected , as they are also vulnerable. This emphasizes that as attitudes changed towards children there was a social change over time , which has led to child centeredness today. Secondly , strong discipline was used to teach children appropriate......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6