Free Essay

Stock Market Development & Economic Growth - Term Papers

In: Business and Management

Submitted By RashedPSTU
Words 391
Pages 2
Letter of Motivation

Dear Sir/Madam
I hereby wish to express my interest in your Master in International Business and Management Program. Companies and their operations in national and international markets have always fascinated me. That is why I am aiming for a profession in that direction. In search of the right education and qualification for the career I’m striking for Hochschule Osnabrück University of applied science appear as one of the best places to study. Not just because of its excellent rankings but also because of its International Management Program, which combines the academic theory with important soft-skills and meaningful knowledge about foreign cultures and the intercourse with them and all of that in a personal environment. On an international market that is driven by globalization the importance of teaching exactly those additional skills increased significantly in the last few years. You cannot do business globally without interacting with foreign cultures and for that you need to understand them.

As a fundament for the applied degree program I can show both theoretical and practical prerequisites. For that I want to take this program for a long term results where I can implement this knowledge to expand my own business or my near ones to globally. I live in a third world country. So, getting proper business knowledge is very difficult for us. We get only theoretical knowledge rather than practical knowledge. There is a very few scope to survey various renowned company or visiting outside the country to adopt with different culture. If I get practical knowledge, I am sure within a decade I will be capable to establish a company and on the above perspective I think university of applied science is best option for me.
After completing the degree program, My desire is to find a job in Germany. I may stay there maximum two years to get some practical experience about the professional field. Finally I will back to my country and will start a business. It may be entrepreneurial or partnership business. I will try heart and soul to run my business smoothly through implementing the theoretical and practical knowledge. However, I think your university can only fulfill my desire and as far as I know university of applied science only provide the practical oriented education which is crying need for me.

Sincerely yours
RASHED

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Term Paper of Financial Market

... “FINANCIAL MARKET” IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS IN ECON. 101(ECONOMIC W/ TAXATION & LANDREFORM) SUBMITTED TO: MR. ANDASIL J. ABUBAKAR, M (PHIL) “Instructor” SUBMITTED BY: GROUP 1 STUDENTS 1st semester/ A.Y 2012-2013 PART 1- FINANCIAL MARKET INTRODUCTION Throughout his text, Mishkin stresses that the evolution of financial markets, both in the U.S. and throughout the world, has resulted from an intricate interplay of three factors: chance, necessity, and design. In short, history matters, and it matters a lot. In addition, throughout his text Mishkin consistently stresses the importance of information. He argues that it is impossible to understand the special nature of financial markets relative to markets for real goods and services unless one understands the peculiar types of "asymmetric information problems" intrinsically associated with financial assets. He argues that these asymmetric information problems have largely shaped the structure of financial markets in the past, and that the recent surge of innovations in information technology (IT) -- in particular, Internet-related IT -- is leading to a dramatic restucturing of financial markets today. The notes, below, provide basic background information on financial markets as covered in Mishkin in Chapters 2 and 4.......

Words: 1588 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Economic Development and Growth

...Economic Development and Growth Stages of Economic Growth: (Walt Rostow) 1. Traditional Society: economy dominated by subsistence activity where output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Agriculture is the most important industry. 2. Transitional Stage: through investment by developed countries into LDCs, a social climate emerges that encourages the pursuit of economic objectives. Banking and manufacturing begin at this point in addition to the emergence of a transport and communications infrastructure to support trade. 3. Take off: industrialisation increases with workers switching from the agricultural sector to the manufacturing sector. New industries emerge. Movement from rural to urban areas. 4. Drive to Maturity: long period of sustained economic progress and GNP continues to increase. Economy is diversifying into new areas. Technology improves. Less reliance on imports. 5. High Mass Consumption: increase in real income and the population enjoy an increased standard of living. Increased resources are devoted to social welfare and security. Economic Development: is an increase in GNP per head of population, which is accompanied by a fundamental change in the structure of society. Economic Growth: is an increase in GNP per head of population, without any changes in the structure of society. Characteristics of LDCs: ➢ High rate of population growth: rates are very high, resulting in economic problems that are hard to solve by the......

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Long Term Performance of Value vs. Growth Stocks:

...LONG TERM PERFORMANCE OF VALUE VS. GROWTH STOCKS: EVIDENCE FROM INTERNATIONAL MARKETS Zugang Liu, Pennsylvania State University Hazleton, USA Jia Wang, Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA ABSTRACT This paper studies the long-term risk and return characteristics of value stocks versus growth stocks for three international markets: Asia, Scandinavia, and Europe. We focus on the downside of returns and use Value at Risk as our risk measure. We find that value stocks outperform growth stocks in terms of both risks and returns across all time horizons for all three markets. We further conduct cross country analysis. Interestingly, we find that there is some risk and return trade off in short term investment horizon across the three countries. When investment horizon lengthens, Scandinavian market has the best performance in both risks and returns for both value and growth indexes. Keywords: Value, Growth, Risk, Time Horizon 1. INTRODUCTION Value or growth? This is an age old debate in the investment world. Value style stock commonly refers to a stock that is undervalued relative to its fundamentals (i.e. dividends, earnings, sales, etc) and often has a low market to book ratio, a high dividend yield or a low P/E ratio. Growth style stocks are often shares from companies that are expected to grow at a higher than average rate and such stocks often have high market to book ratios, low dividend yields or high P/E ratios. Which one is more profitable? Basu (1977), among others,......

Words: 4356 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditure

...THE JOURNAL OF FINANCE • VOL. LVI, NO. 6 • DEC. 2001 The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures LOUIS K. C. CHAN, JOSEF LAKONISHOK, and THEODORE SOUGIANNIS* ABSTRACT We examine whether stock prices fully value firms’ intangible assets, specifically research and development ~R&D!. Under current U.S. accounting standards, financial statements do not report intangible assets and R&D spending is expensed. Nonetheless, the average historical stock returns of firms doing R&D matches the returns of firms without R&D. However, the market is apparently too pessimistic about beaten-down R&D-intensive technology stocks’ prospects. Companies with high R&D to equity market value ~which tend to have poor past returns! earn large excess returns. A similar relation exists between advertising and stock returns. R&D intensity is positively associated with return volatility. THE MARKET VALUE OF A F IRM’S SHARES ultimately ref lects the value of all its net assets. When most of the assets are physical, such as plant and equipment, the link between asset values and stock prices is relatively apparent. In modern economies, however, a large part of a firm’s value may ref lect its intangible assets, such as brand names. Under generally accepted U.S. accounting principles, many types of intangible assets are not reported in firms’ financial statements. When a firm has large amounts of such intangibles, the lack of accounting information generally complicates the task......

Words: 13462 - Pages: 54

Free Essay

Stock Market Development & Economic Growth

...Stock Market Development & Economic Growth in Bangladesh –Rabita Sabah Abstract This paper examines the state of relationship between the stock market development & economic growth in Bangladesh. As a third world country, the economic development of Bangladesh is still dependent on the ups & downs of some macroeconomic as well as capital market factors , like, GDP, real GDP, GDP growth, market capitalization, volatility of stocks, Financial Statement information and other financial factors. This paper has been prepared & presented to have a clear view about contribution of capital market to the economic growth of Bangladesh. So far I know, no analytical study regarding this issue still has not been conducted in Bangladesh. So that I’ve desired to study on this topic in a deeper detail to focus on the relationship of capital market & economic growth from both economic & accounting point of view. I also have focused on how the reporting of the Financial Statements of different institutions according to various local & international standards can have an impact in accelerating the economic advancement in Bangladesh. In assessing the impact of stock market on our country’s economy, I have used some statistical techniques & finance issues as correlation & regression analysis, measurement of cost of capital, index method etc based on the data obtained from the main stock exchange of the country DSE. The study reveals that there is a very close & positive relationship of......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

A Term Paper on the Role of Entrepreneurship in Economic Development of Nigeria

...andy chuks Role of business in Economic Development in Nigeria[->0] Share This, Tweet, +1 or Recommend &&&&&&&&&The role of business or entrepreneurship in economic development in Nigeria is very crucial and forms the backbone of National development. Below are some of the roles played by business in developing the economy of Nigeria. - Employment Generation: In Nigeria privately own small, medium and large scale business has come to be known as major source employment creation, unlike pre independence era where government was the major employer. By doing this business has helped in reducing the rate of unemployment. Businesses employs people to help them achieve their aims and objectives, with the establishment of businesses in Nigeria unemployment rate have fallen to some extent. - Direct Creation of Wealth by Contribution to the Gross National Product (GNP): GNP is the total monetary value of all goods and services produced in a country within a particular year. Businesses contributes directly to this because with more businesses the GNP will increase, also as businesses grow GNP increases. A country's level of economic development in determined by its GNP. - Provision of Technical Innovation: Innovations has been engineering by businesses seeking to improve their products and services. These innovations has brought tremendous improvement in the economy of countries. - Providing Competition: Businesses compete among themselves to perform better, this......

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Effects of Banking Sector and Stock Market Development on the Malaysian Economic Growth: an Empirical Investigation

...AND STOCK MARKET DEVELOPMENT ON THE MALAYSIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION BY HAFSAH AHMAD A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN ECONOMICS KULLIYYAH OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA MAY 2005 1 ABSTRACT This study investigates the long-run relationship between financial development (banking sector and stock market development) and economic growth in Malaysia. Six variables based on Malaysian quarterly data from 1978:1 to 2002:4 are employed, namely real GDP per capita, investment rate and ratios of credit, deposit, market capitalization, and value of shares traded to GDP. Two dynamic frameworks are adopted - Vector Auto regression (VAR) with error correction formulation for causality analyses and dynamic OLS (DOLS) procedure for estimation of growthfinance long-run relation. Causality analyses show that there is bi-directional causality between financial development (banking sector and stock market development) and economic growth. Analyses on growth-finance long-run relations indicate that banking sector development and stock market development individually have an independent positive effect on long-run economic growth. They enhance economic growth through both channels – the volume and efficiency of investment, with the latter being the main source of their independent effect. The study also shows that banking sector development......

Words: 4882 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Long Term Finance and Economic Growth

...Long-term Finance and Economic Growth Working Group on Long-term Finance The views expressed in this report are those of the Working Group on Long-term Finance and do not necessarily represent the views of the individual members of the Group of Thirty. ISBN 1-56708-160-6 Copies of this paper are available for $49 from: The Group of Thirty 1726 M Street, N.W., Suite 200 Washington, D.C. 20036 Tel.: (202) 331-2472 E-mail: info@group30.org; www.group30.org Long-term Finance and Economic Growth Published by Group of Thirty© Washington, D.C. 2013 Table of Contents Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5 Glossary .............................................................................................................................................................................................6 Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................8 Acknowledgments ..................................................................................................................................................................10 Working Group on Long-term Finance ................................................................................................................

Words: 26174 - Pages: 105

Premium Essay

Money Market and Economic Development

...The Study The financial system is created to move funds from surplus economic units to deficit economic units in order to produce goods and services and to make investment in new equipment and facilities so as to facilitate the growth of the economy and improve the standard of living of its citizens. It is generally recognized that financial system plays a catalytic role in the process of economic development. The financial system of any nation is a function of the size of its economy. A growing economy places more responsibilities on the financial sector to mobilize the needed capital to facilitate production, generate employment and income. An economy that does not experience growth on sustained basis is likely to have a very passive financial sector as there are no incentives for investment. Through the process of growth, financial system offers a wide range of portfolio options for savers and issuable instruments for investors, a function often referred to as financial intermediation (Oke, 2000). The Nigerian financial system comprises of various institutions, markets and operations that are in the business of providing financial services. These institutions can be broadly categorized into money and capital markets. While money market is a market in which short term financial instruments are traded, the capital market on the other hand deals with long term transactions. The major players in the money market are the banks and discount houses. The intermediation role of......

Words: 1201 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Termpaper on Roll of Capital Market on the Economic Development of Bangladesh

... A Term Paper On “The Role of Capital Market on The Economic Development of Bangladesh” GOVT. SUHRAWARDY COLLEGE, PIROJPUR Department of Accounting Term Paper On “The Role of Capital Market on The Economic Development of Bangladesh” Submitted To: Md. Faruk Hosain Assistant Professor Department of Accounting Govt. Suhrawardy College, Pirojpur Submitted By: Alamgir Hossain Roll No- 9792874 Reg. No-1727384 Session-2010-2011 BBA (Hons) 4th Year Department of Accounting Govt. Suhrawardy College, Pirojpur Date of Submission: February 12, 2014 Letter of Transmittal Date : Md. Faruk Hosain Assistant Professor Govt. Suhrawardy College, Pirojpur Subject: Submission of Term Paper on “The role of capital market on the economic development of Bangladesh”. Sir, As a part of BBA program a term paper is enclosed herewith. The report was prepared on “The role of capital market on the economic development of Bangladesh.” In the course of preparation the report, I tried with the best of my capacity to accommodate as much information and relevant issues as possible and tried to follow the instructions as you have suggested. In the time of preparation the report, relevant documents, data, information were studied and practical knowledge had been gathered. I tried my best to make this report as much informative as possible. I sincerely believe that it will satisfy your requirements. I however sincerely believe that this report will serve the......

Words: 7483 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Economics Term Paper

...[pic] TERM PAPER OF MICRO ECONOMICS ON BUDGET 2009:AN EVALUTION OF ITS EFFECTS ON AAM AADMI INTRODUCTION OF BUDGET 2009 The main challenges outlined by the Finance Minister, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, while presenting his Budget speech for the short term and long term perspective of the Indian economy are: 1. To lead economy to high GDP growth rate of 9% p.a. at the earliest. 2. To deepen and broaden the agenda for inclusive development. 3. To improve delivery mechanisms of the government. In keeping with tradition, the Budget proposals are a mixed bag of the good and the bad. Some of the biggest disappointments in the Budget proposals are that there are no provisions for any reforms in the FDI policy, the public sector enterprises such as banks and insurance companies are to remain in the public sector and there is a projected fiscal deficit of 6.8%. The major positives are the proposals to abolish Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT), Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT) as well as to phase out surcharge on income tax starting with its elimination in this Budget from personal income tax. Another significant benefit is the clarification on taxation of Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs). This synopsis prepared by the tax......

Words: 5890 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Financial Development and Economic Growth in Malaysia

...serta peningkatan pesat inovasi kewangan dalam ekonomi berasaskan kredit boleh mempengaruhi pertumbuhan ekonomi di sesebuah negara. Ini yang menjadikan peranan sektor kewangan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sering menimbulkan perdebatan di kalangan ahli-ahli ekonomi. Misalnya Miller (1998) yang menyatakan bahawa sektor kewangan telah dilebih-nyatakan(over-stressed) terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi. Manakala, ahli ekonomi lain seperti Schumpeter (1911) dan Mikinnon (1973) yang menggunakan pelbagai kaedah ekonometrik telah memberikan kesimpulan yang sama, iaitu sektor kewangan adalah penting untuk mempengaruhi kegiatan ekonomi di sesebuah negara. Pandangan ini menyokong hipotesis sektor kewangan mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi (finance leading growth) atau dikenali sebagai hipotesis dorongan penawaran. Ini bererti pembangunan sektor kewangan adalah pra-syarat kepada perkembangan kegiatan ekonomi. Sebaliknya, jika pembangunan kewangan dipengaruhi oleh pertumbuhan ekonomi, maka keadaan ini menyokong hipotesis ikutan permintaan (demand hypothesis). Menyedari kepentingan sektor kewangan sebagai pendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi, sistem kewangan telah mengalami perubahan yang radikal serta kemajuan. Reformasi, liberalisasi dan inovasi dalam sektor kewangan telah menjadi semakin maju, kukuh dan berkembang. Selain itu, Malaysia telah memperkenalkan Pelan Induk Sektor Kewangan(PISK). Pelan Induk Sektor Kewangan(PISK) ini menggariskan empat strategi utama, iaitu pertama, menambahkan......

Words: 3302 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Financial Development and Economic Growth

...literature review discusses objectives of financial development and economic growth as well as existing relationship of this concept. Financial development is strongly connected with economic situation, but we do not know for sure if this always implies economic growth. There are many factors which influence relationship between financial development and economic growth and its effects such as financial liberalization, government ownership of the banks, monetary policy and rate of inflation, institutional and regulatory framework of financial markets in particular countries. Many researchers are trying to give the right questions and explanations on this field but still there are unresolved issues and implications which give open space for future investigations. Table of Contents 1. Introduction………………………………………………………….2 2. Literature Review……………………………………………………2 2.1. Relationship between Financial Development and Economic Growth………2 2.2. Empirical methodologies……………………………………………………..5 2.3. Effects of Merger and Acquisitions in Bank Industry on relationship between financial development and economic growth…………………………………7 3. Conclusion…………………………………………………………....8 4. Reference List………………………………………………………..9 1. Introduction Financial system is a basis of current economic trends and there is no possibility of doing......

Words: 2803 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Stock Market Development & Economic Growth in Bangladesh

...This paper examines the state of relationship between the stock market development & economic growth in Bangladesh. As a third world country, the economic development of Bangladesh is still dependent on the ups & downs of some macroeconomic as well as capital market factors , like, GDP, real GDP, GDP growth, market capitalization, volatility of stocks, Financial Statement information and other financial factors. This paper has been prepared & presented to have a clear view about contribution of capital market to the economic growth of Bangladesh. So far I know, no analytical study regarding this issue still has not been conducted in Bangladesh. So that I’ve desired to study on this topic in a deeper detail to focus on the relationship of capital market & economic growth from both economic & accounting point of view. I also have focused on how the reporting of the Financial Statements of different institutions according to various local & international standards can have an impact in accelerating the economic advancement in Bangladesh. In assessing the impact of stock market on our country’s economy, I have used some statistical techniques & finance issues as correlation & regression analysis, measurement of cost of capital, index method etc based on the data obtained from the main stock exchange of the country DSE. The study reveals that there is a very close & positive relationship of stock market development of Bangladesh with this country’s economic growth. And also......

Words: 294 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Financial Development and Economic Growth

...financial development and economic growth nexus 1 1.3 Review of the empirical literature 4 1.3.1 Time series 5 1.3.2 Cross-country studies 6 1.3.3 Panel data studies 7 3 Conclusions 8 4 References 9 1 Introduction “Finance is powerful. The financial system can be an engine of economic prosperity – or a destructive cause of economic decline and misery.” Levine, R. (2011) p.85 Obviously, financial system and economy are related. But what is the nature of this relationship? The objective of this paper is to critically evaluate the existing theoretical and empirical literature on the finance-growth nexus. What is the role of the financial sector in economic growth? Does finance cause growth or simply follows it? There is no wide agreement about this task among recognised economists. Even Nobel Prize winners disagree in regard to the role of finance in economic development. Levine (2003) states that the role of finance as a major determinant of economic growth is over-stressed. Moreover Levine (2003) argued that where enterprise leads finance follows. Quite the opposite, important acknowledgment should be taken into account and it follows as “[the idea] that financial markets contribute to economic growth is a proposition too obvious for serious discussion.” Levine (2003) p.1 Similar to that, he also declared that the finance growth nexus cannot be safely ignored without substantially impeding our understanding of economic......

Words: 3466 - Pages: 14