Premium Essay

Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Cold War

Submitted By
Words 1371
Pages 6
The Cold War era was a time of extreme tension and paranoia around the world. The Soviet Union and the U.S. were both preparing for war, although trying to avoid it, and used their intelligence agencies to gather information about the enemy and their intentions. By virtue of experience, the Soviets were simply better at some things than the U.S were, but the U.S. had its own areas of expertise as well. Both countries had its successes and failures, from disinformation campaigns to the use of SIGINT, but in the end, only the U.S. was left standing. Although the two great superpowers were trying to avoid a mass conflict, which many feared would involve mass destruction, both countries intelligence activities were aimed at preparing for a potential …show more content…
It was very effective at conducting disinformation campaigns to publicize stories that were exaggerated or not even relatively true. Additionally, they were also effective at using denial and deception measures to prevent the U.S. from gathering information on activity inside buildings that were used for their nuclear program and left the U.S. with significant intelligence gaps (Bukharin, O). Perhaps most importantly for the Soviets, the KGB was very proficient at suppressing internal dissent and revolutions in its proxy states and at gathering personal intelligence (Soviets) (Rollins, D). In terms of its weaknesses, the Soviets were not near as efficient at gathering electronic intelligence in the same manner that the U.S. did against them, and they were not quite as technologically advanced (Rollins, D). While the Soviets weaknesses hindered them in some ways, their intelligence services still managed to be extremely successful during the Cold …show more content…
(2017, October 27). Addressing Russian Influence: What Can We Learn From U.S. Cold War Counter-Propaganda Efforts? Retrieved March 21, 2018, from cold-war-counter-propaganda-efforts
Gates, R. (n.d.). US Intelligence and the End of the Cold War. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from
Hedley, J. (2008, June 27). US Intelligence and the End of the Cold War. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from publications/csi-studies/studies/summer00/art02.html Staff. (2010). Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from
NIE 11-5-59. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2018, from
Rollins, D. (n.d.). Ex-Soviet Agent Tells of Strengths, Weaknesses of CIA, KGB. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from 00552R000605740006-5.pdf
Soviets put brutal end to Hungarian revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2018, from

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Swot Analysis.Docx

...------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form Economic Types of Economic Systems "You can't always get what you want." That's what the Rolling Stones sang, anyway (check it out: great song even if it's a bit before your time). And while Mick Jagger probably didn't have Econ 101 in mind, he managed to sum up perfectly the core concept underlying all economics. Scarcity is the fundamental challenge confronting all individuals and nations. We all face limitations... so we all have to make choices. We can't always get what we want. How we deal with these limitations—that is, how we prioritize and allocate our limited income, time, and resources—are the basic economic challenge that has confronted individuals and nations throughout history. But not every nation has addressed this challenge in the same way. Societies have developed different broad economic approaches to manage their resources. Economists generally recognize four basic types of economic systems—traditional, command, market, and mixed—but they don’t completely agree on the question of which system best addresses the challenge of scarcity. A traditional economic system is—here's a shocker—shaped by tradition. The work that people do, the goods and services they provide, how they use and exchange resources… all tend to follow long-established patterns. These economic systems are not very dynamic—things don’t change very much. Standards of living are static; individuals......

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

A2 History Essay Feedback

...Past Papers, Marks Scheme indicative content and examiners Report comments June 2010 A) How far did ‘peaceful coexistence’ ease Cold War tensions between the Soviet Union and the USA in the years 1953–61? Mark Scheme: Candidates should have knowledge about the main features of ‘peaceful coexistence’ in the period 1953-61. Developments which helped to ease Cold War tensions might include: the end of the Korean War (1953); Soviet settlement of border disputes with Turkey and Iran (1953) and recognition of Israel (1953); Austrian independence and improved Soviet-Yugoslav relations (1955); the ‘Geneva spirit’ based on east-west summit diplomacy and Khrushchev’s visit to the USA in 1959. Developments which sustained Cold War tensions during the period might include: US attitudes towards communism in the 1950s (domino theory, ‘roll back’, Eisenhower doctrine); Soviet concept of peaceful coexistence based on long-term victory of communism; the impact of the Hungarian Rising (1956) and the launch of Sputnik (1957); the U2 spy plane incident (1960) and the issue of Germany (1958-1961). At Levels 1 and 2 simple or more developed statements will provide either only simple or more developed statements about peaceful coexistence with either only implicit reference to the extent tensions were eased or argument based on insufficient evidence. At Level 3, students should provide some......

Words: 7464 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Jf Kennedy

...Contents: Introduction ……………………………………………………………………..……..3 John F. Kennedy – the background and the path to success……………………….......3 Leadership capabilities of John F. Kennedy..…………………………………….……5 1. Leadership strengths……………………………………………….………………5 2. Leadership weaknesses.……………………………………………………………6 3. Emotional intelligence .……………………………………………………………7 Conclusion ………………………………………………………………………….…7 References ………………………………………………………………………....…..8 1. Introduction This work’s aim is to show leadership capabilities of great man – John F. Kennedy. He was the 35th President of U.S.A., the youngest and very modern. After his tragic death, his legend is still alive and his influence on American life and politics was seen for a long time. This paper will provide analysis of how Kennedy’s leadership style and present how successful leader he was. 2. John F. Kennedy – the background and the path to success John F. Kennedy’s way to Presidency started in 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts, where he was born as the second son of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. The Kennedy family was reach, Joseph Kennedy was successful businessman, Rose’s father, John Fitzgerald, was the mayor of Boston.(Ratma, 2002) Both Joseph and Rose expected from their children to achieve a lot, especially from sons. Parents believed that all citizens should serve their country and being politician is the most honorable way of doing that. They pay attention......

Words: 3173 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Effect of the Berlin Crisis on the Cold War

...Impact of the Berlin Blockade Crisis on the Emergence of the Cold War Assess the impact of the Berlin blockade crisis on the emergence of the Cold War The Berlin blockade crisis (BBC) of 1948 was when the Soviet Union (SU) blocked all railway, road and canal access to sectors of Berlin (Department of Politics, 2013). After World War Two (WWII), Germany was split into four sectors. The SU had control of East Germany whilst France, Britain and the United States (US) shared control of West Germany. Berlin which was also divided among the same four states was located in the heart of the Soviet sector of Germany (International Relations: Pols 104 Tutorial Course Book, 2013). It is evident that the BBC had an enormous impact on the emergence of the Cold War (CW). It is often defined as the first battle and trigger of the CW. One reason as to why it had such an impact is the significance of Berlin and the European economy. Also, the BBC accelerated the emergence of the CW due to the situation it left both the SU and Western parties in. Finally, the BBC confirmed that a policy of ‘containment’ was needed towards the SU from the US, which increased tensions between the parties. The BBC resulted in as escalation of mistrust and suspicion between what was once known as the ‘Grand Alliance’ (Berlin Blockade, 2013). However, the BBC signified the end of any cooperation that still existed. It is therefore evident that the impact of the BBC on the emergence of the CW was......

Words: 1796 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

How Much Did Castles Change in the Middle Ages and Why

...Introduction Castles first came to England in 1066 when William, Duke of Normandy, won the battle of Hastings. The Normans needed castles because they had taken control of England by force and were hated by many English people. The Normans had to protect themselves from English rebellions and they needed to keep power over and show strength to the English people. William made sure that castles were built all over England in major towns. The first castles were built very quickly and were very simple, but during the reign of William and throughout the rest of the Middle Ages (1066-1500) the design of castles changed. In this essay I will talk about how much castles changed during the Middle Ages and the reasons for this. Motte & Bailey Castles (1066 – 1078) The first castles to be built in England by the Normans were called Motte & Bailey castles. They had: • The Keep – a wooden tower used when under attack and for soldiers to keep lookout. • A Motte - a large mound of earth that the Keep was built on. • A Bailey – a large yard that sat next to the Motte, attached to the Motte by a wooden bridge. • A Palisade – a wooden fence all around the Bailey with a ditch around the outside. • Wooden gateway - the entrance to the castle with a wooden bridge over the ditch. Norman soldiers lived in wooden buildings in the Bailey. Motte & Bailey castles were made of earth and wood, which was easy to find, and they could be built really quickly, in 7-21 days. The......

Words: 1596 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Supply Officer

...Wendell K Stephens Strategic MGMT Seg 2 RAND Corporation 1. What made RAND so Conducive to fostering and facilitating strategic thinking and strategic thinkers during the cold war? The original organizational direction of RAND corporations was to allow a small select group of intellectuals who were successful in collaborating with scientific work for the military during and after the World War II. The formation of RAND was initially placed under the guidance of the Air Force, however, the sentiment of senior leaders in the military, government, and intellectuals participating felt that continuing under the umbrella of one of the branches of the military might stagnate the benefit of having a group of “free thinkers” from achieving great results. RAND was given independence to conduct research and this freedom of thought was “guarded” within this group of researchers. RAND attracted creative talent and individuals who were free thinkers who found comfort in not being held to a deadline or driven towards an A or B outcome choice. RAND fostered strategic thinking based on all of the intellectuals from various disciplines like economics, mathematics, research analysis, were placed in an environment with colleagues from the most influential intellectual institutions of the day as well as the federal sector, military and civilians branches of government. RAND received a grant from Henry Ford II ($1,000,000) which allowed the organization to......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...The Edexcel International GCSE in History Schemes of work We are happy to provide these new enhanced schemes of work for you to amend and adapt to suit your teaching purposes. We hope you find them useful. Practical support to help you deliver this specification Schemes of work These schemes of work have been produced to help you implement this Edexcel specification. They are offered as examples of possible models that you should feel free to adapt to meet your needs and are not intended to be in any way prescriptive. It is in editable word format to make adaptation as easy as possible. These schemes of work give guidance for: * Content to be covered * Approximate time to spend on different key themes * Ideas for incorporating and developing the assessment skills related to each unit. Suggested teaching time This is based on a two year teaching course of five and a half terms with one and a half hours of history teaching each week. This would be a seventy week course with total teaching time of approximately 100 hours. The schemes suggest the following timescale for the different sections: * Paper 1: 20 hours for each of the two topics: Total 40 hours. * Paper 2 Section A: 20 hours for the topic: Total 20 hours. * Paper 2 Section B: 25 hours for the topic since it covers a longer period in time. Total 25 hours. * Revision: 15 hours. Possible options for those with less teaching time * 20 hours for Section Paper 2 Section......

Words: 19278 - Pages: 78

Free Essay

Business Policy

...beverages sector and is ranked among the top 10 companies in Sri Lanka with over 4,600 employees. Supermarket industry is one of the high competitive industries in Sri Lanka. Within this assignment we analyzed the internal and external factors that affected to Cargills and generate strategies which help to gain competitive advantage among competitors. In this Assignment we concern about SWOT analysis and TOWS matrix. According to those analyses we develop corporate, business and functional strategies to Cargills which help to achieve its vision Contents Executive Summary 2 Our Business 4 Overview of the Industry 5 Organization Vision, Mission and Objectives 7 Vision 7 Mission 7 Objectives 7 SWOT Analysis 8 Strengths 8 Weaknesses 9 Opportunities 10 Threats 10 TOWS Matrix 11 SO Strategies- 11 ST Strategies- 11 WO Strategies- 11 WT Strategies - 11 Strategies 12 References 15 Our Business Cargills (Ceylon) PLC is one of the foremost and the largest retail chain in Sri Lanka with having over 150 outlets widen transversely the island covering 20 districts, counting Cargills Big City...

Words: 3073 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...workplace. It is my understanding that I am more relationship oriented, thus making me less focused on the task. My environment needs to be restructured where my position power is strong, tasks are structured, and relationships between me and my followers are good. According to Hackman (2009), “the most favorable conditions exist when the relationship between the leader and followers is good, the task is highly structured task, and the leader’s position power is strong" (p.80). What does this assessment reveal about your potential strengths and weaknesses as a leader (or follower)? Strengths: I work best when the conditions are favorable. My favorable conditions include pleasant, friendly, supportive, open, considerate, agreeable, and kind followers. This exercise has also proven to me that I am very concerned with relationships and building trusting ones. Weaknesses: I do not work well in unfavorable conditions such as; rejecting, tense, distant, cold, boring, quarrelsome, gloomy, backbiting, and untrustworthy, nasty, and insincere followers. I have always had issues with coworkers and followers...

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Crisis of Crimea and Ukraine

...The Crisis of Crimea and Ukraine Key Lessons for President Obama from Presidents Reagan and Clinton [pic] SOURCE: AP/Greg Gibson President Bill Clinton reads a statement at the conclusion of the NATO 50th anniversary summit, Sunday April 25, 1999, in the Ronald Reagan Building in Washington. By Rudy deLeon and Aarthi Gunasekaran | May 14, 2014 In the past two months, the Crimea and Ukraine crisis has grown. Russia annexed the Crimean Peninsula, the Ukrainian government and pro-Russian militia are engaged in a back and forth standoff in eastern Ukraine, and Russian President Vladimir Putin has threatened that the conflict “essentially puts the nation on the brink of civil war.” The United States has been at the forefront of building international support for Ukraine, and the Obama administration continues to assemble Western support. However, efforts to reach a diplomatic settlement, or at least to reduce immediate tensions, are still in progress. As the Obama administration prepares its next steps in response to Russia in Ukraine, it can examine lessons from two other administrations in times of crisis. First, the Reagan administration’s reaction in 1983 to the Soviet downing of a civilian Korean airliner and its response to the terrorist attack against U.S. Marines on a peacekeeping mission in Lebanon. Second, the Clinton administration’s initiative to proactively expand and deepen partnerships in Europe during the 1990s through its Partnership for......

Words: 3876 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

3 Year Marketing Plan

...Introduction 3 Mission Statement 3 The Product 3 Consumer Product Classification 3 Target Market 3 Competitive Situation Analysis 4 Analysis of Competition using Porter’s 5 Forces Model 4 SWOT Analysis 4 Strengths 5 Weaknesses 5 Opportunities 6 Threats 6 Market Objectives 6 Product Objective 6 Price Objective 6 Place Objective 6 Promotion Objective 7 Marketing Strategies 7 Product Strategies 7 Price Strategies 7 Place Strategies 8 Promotion Strategies 8 Tactics and Action Plan 8 Product Action Plan 8 Price Action Plan 8 Place Action Plan 9 Promotion Action Plan 9 Monitoring Procedures 9 Introduction Company G is a highly knowledgeable company in the electronics field. We are now venturing into the small appliance arena. With our knowledge of technology and the resources we have available to us, we are confident that the line of appliances we are offering will open up many new doors and possibilities to our company. Mission Statement “We enable consumers to improve the quality and convenience of their lives by providing high-quality, innovative electronic solutions.” The Product Company G has been working to create a beverage maker that not only services hot beverages but can also be transformed into a cold beverage maker. This appliance will blend both worlds together and allow a consumer to have one appliance to do several different drinks. * Serving size is eight (8) cups or less. This feature allows......

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Marketing Plan

...make busy customers lives easier. Have you ever started your slow cooker before you left for work and come home to food that is either not ready or over cooked? Well, not no more! This slow cooker will keep your food cold until it is ready to automatically start cooking, to give you a perfect meal every time. Mission Statement “We enable consumers to improve the quality and convenience of their lives by providing innovative electronics solutions.” The Product Our product is a durable attractive stainless steel, slow cookers that is offered in many sizes and colors to fit the customer’s personal need. Our new innovative slow cooker has many features. This slow cooker is programmable, so the food will be perfectly cooked when you walk in your door. This slow cooker will keep the food refrigerated until it needs to start cooking. It allows the customer to program what type of meat, the size of the meat, the vegetables included, and what time the customer would like it to be complete. It will automatically change settings from refrigerate, high, low, and warm. The food will be perfectly cooked when it was programmed to be complete. This slow cooker is programmed to make sure that the type of meat selected has been at the correct temperate, whether it be hot or cold, for the correct amount of time. This will give the customer peace of mind that the food they are eating has been at safe temperatures during the whole cooking process. Our slow cooker has a removable liner to......

Words: 3157 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...POLITICAL SCENE * A context of modernizing elements facing deep-seated conservative interests has been the basis of Mexican politics since Independence and remains so today. Within that context certain trends have appeared in recent years: political modernization and the anchoring of democracy; the integration into wider political and economic blocs including modifications in the historic relationship with the United States (the key foreign element in modern Mexican life); and the persistence of regional issues of great influence on national progress. * The most important trend in recent years, and one seemingly well set to continue, is the anchoring of democracy in Mexico. While Mexico has been a formal democracy since Independence, in reality the nation has been plagued by essentially a series of caudillos, representatives of local and regional power arrangements that have been successful at reaching national levels. * As the PRI’s dominance waned in the wake of growing calls for real democracy and an opening of the nation to the world in the 1970s, eighties and nineties, there was a true awakening of democratic forces in the country. New political forces such as the PAN (Partido Acción Nacional or National Action Party – centre-right) and the PDR (Partido de la Revolución Democrática or Party of the Democratic Revolution – centre-left) increasingly challenged the PRI and eventually, in 2000, this led to the electoral victory of the PAN under President Vicente......

Words: 2083 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

The Coldwar Peace and Conflict > The Cold War 1945-1991 > Overview of US-Soviet relations and the Cold War The Cold War 1945-1991 Overview of US-Soviet relations and the Cold War David Mclean Charles Sturt University Principal Focus: Students investigate key features and issues in the history of the Cold War 1945 - 1991 Outcomes Students: H1.1 describe the role of key features, issues, individuals, groups and events of select twentieth-century studies (Extract from Modern History Stage 6 Syllabus Board of Studies NSW 2004.) Key features and issues: • origins and development of the Cold War • influence of ideologies on the Cold War • impact of crises on changing superpower relations • the arms race • reasons for the end of the Cold War This is the transcript of a talk given at a seminar co-sponsored by the History Teachers’ Association of New South Wales and the US Information Service in Sydney on 2 September 1995. From this tutorial you will learn about: • influence of ideologies that led resulted in the division of the world into two opposed camps from 1945 • emerging differences between the superpowers Contents 1. US – Soviet relations were not synonymous with the Cold War 2. Chronology of the Cold War 3. Influence of ideologies of communism and capitalism on the Cold War 4. Soviet Objectives 5. American objectives 6. The Arms Race 7. The Third World was important for the Cold War 8. Why did the Cold War not end earlier? 9. Did......

Words: 4442 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Cola Wars

...Roberto ARDITA Giuseppe CARIOLA Elena FILIPPELLO Gloria FILOCAMO Andrea ALI’ Andrea RIZZO Emanuele ARENA Annamaria AIELLO Sebastiano SPORTARO Prospero CONTI Maria Cristina LUISI Paola FAILLA Stefania ALAIMO Massimo Maria AYARI Neila CALVAGNA Giorgia CRUCITTI Alessia Case study Cola Wars continue: Coke and Pepsi in 2006 Google Inc. Nucor at Crossroad Caterpillar Tractor Co Komatsu Ltd. Crown Cork and Seal Apple Inc. in 2010 Cola Wars continue: Coke and Pepsi in 2006 Google Inc. Nucor at Crossroad Caterpillar Tractor Co Komatsu Ltd. Crown Cork and Seal Apple Inc. in 2010 Cola Wars continue: Coke and Pepsi in 2006 Google Inc. Nucor at Crossroad Caterpillar Tractor Co Komatsu Ltd. Crown Cork and Seal Apple Inc. in 2010 Seminar guidelines 1. Each student has 20 minutes for presentation. You are required to provide a Powerpoint presentation (please download your Powerpoint file before presentations start) 2. Presentation must be organized as follows: - first, a summary of the case must be given; then - answer to each question (see below) must be provided. The answer must make explicit reference to the relevant parts of the theory and of the data provided by the case study. 1 QUESTIONS: 1. Coca Wars...

Words: 809 - Pages: 4