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Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Cold War

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The Cold War era was a time of extreme tension and paranoia around the world. The Soviet Union and the U.S. were both preparing for war, although trying to avoid it, and used their intelligence agencies to gather information about the enemy and their intentions. By virtue of experience, the Soviets were simply better at some things than the U.S were, but the U.S. had its own areas of expertise as well. Both countries had its successes and failures, from disinformation campaigns to the use of SIGINT, but in the end, only the U.S. was left standing. Although the two great superpowers were trying to avoid a mass conflict, which many feared would involve mass destruction, both countries intelligence activities were aimed at preparing for a potential …show more content…
It was very effective at conducting disinformation campaigns to publicize stories that were exaggerated or not even relatively true. Additionally, they were also effective at using denial and deception measures to prevent the U.S. from gathering information on activity inside buildings that were used for their nuclear program and left the U.S. with significant intelligence gaps (Bukharin, O). Perhaps most importantly for the Soviets, the KGB was very proficient at suppressing internal dissent and revolutions in its proxy states and at gathering personal intelligence (Soviets) (Rollins, D). In terms of its weaknesses, the Soviets were not near as efficient at gathering electronic intelligence in the same manner that the U.S. did against them, and they were not quite as technologically advanced (Rollins, D). While the Soviets weaknesses hindered them in some ways, their intelligence services still managed to be extremely successful during the Cold …show more content…
(2017, October 27). Addressing Russian Influence: What Can We Learn From U.S. Cold War Counter-Propaganda Efforts? Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://www.lawfareblog.com/addressing-russian-influence-what-can-we-learn-us- cold-war-counter-propaganda-efforts
Gates, R. (n.d.). US Intelligence and the End of the Cold War. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/US_Intelligence_and_the_End_of_the_Cold_War
Hedley, J. (2008, June 27). US Intelligence and the End of the Cold War. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi- publications/csi-studies/studies/summer00/art02.html
History.com Staff. (2010). Cuban Missile Crisis. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/cuban-missile-crisis
NIE 11-5-59. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2018, from http://www.astronautix.com/data/5911nie.pdf
Rollins, D. (n.d.). Ex-Soviet Agent Tells of Strengths, Weaknesses of CIA, KGB. Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90- 00552R000605740006-5.pdf
Soviets put brutal end to Hungarian revolution. (n.d.). Retrieved March 21, 2018, from https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviets-put-brutal-end-to-hungarian-

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