Premium Essay

Stroke, a Chronic Disease Summary

In: Other Topics

Submitted By nerdy83
Words 688
Pages 3
Stroke, A Chronic Disease Summary.

[Type the document subtitle]

After being faced with a number of choices for my Chronic Disease assessment I chose the infamous Stroke. Having a very close and personal relationship with the disease made my choice easy. One of my best friends growing up and the Best Man at my wedding Nick, His mother Debbie had a stroke 5 years ago. Being that I have grown up with this woman and seeing how strong willed and stubborn she was at times makes the reality more prevalent than I would have ever known. This disease has taken Debbie’s freedom from her. This stroke made her dependent on someone for the rest of her life. She can no longer perform simple tasks that we as humans take for granted every day. When in the presence of such a debilitating disease the respect for said disease grows tremendously. The best way to understand a stroke is to compare it to a heart attack, but it is like a brain attack. There are several different types of Stroke. Two forms are caused by blood clots, embolic stroke and thrombotic stroke. Embolic stroke is when a blood clot forms somewhere in the body (usually the heart.) and travels through the bloodstream to the brain. Once in the brain, the clot will eventually travel to a blood vessel small enough to block its passage. The clot lodges there, blocking the vessel and causing a stroke. The medical word for this type of clot is Embolic. Thrombotic stroke is the second type of blood clot stroke. The blood flow is impaired because of a blockage to one or more of the arteries supplying blood to the brain. This process leading to the blockage is known as thrombosis. Another type of stroke is the hemorrhagic stroke which is caused by the breakage or “blow-out” of a blood vessel in the brain. The medical word for this type of breakage is hemorrhage. Hemorrhages can be caused by a...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Heart Disease

...ways of lowering the chances of developing heart disease. Regular exercise helps the heart to become stronger, so it can pump more blood around the body with less effort. Smoking avoidance not only reduces the risk of developing heart disease, but also the risk of many other serious illnesses, like cancer and emphysema. High blood pressure increases the chances of developing heart disease. There are usually no signs or symptoms of high blood pressure, so one may not be aware of having it. Therefore this needs to be checked with the doctor regularly. Alcohol avoidance is another preventive step to prevent heart diseases. People who drink heavily are more likely to die of heart disease than those who do not. Therefore, alcohol consumption should be in moderation. Eating habits are another important factor. Eating well can also help prevent heart disease. No one food can provide all the nutrition you need, so one must eat from a variety of foods every day from the following four food groups: 1. Bread, other cereals and potatoes 2.fruits and vegetables 3.low-fat milk and dairy foods 4. Meat, fish and alternatives such as beans and lentils. Although the heart is designed to last one well for one's whole life, but one must take care of it and follow the healthy life style measures and steps as discussed above. Types of Heart Diseases Summary: The main focus of this paper is to highlight the types of heart diseases Heart disease is a name given to a variety of conditions......

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Health Promotion

...Promotion Health promotion has become a very important role for the nurse to play in the care of the patient. The United States Public Health Service states “health promotion is the process of advocating health in order to enhance the probability that personal (individual, family, and community), private (professional and business), and public (federal, state, and local government) support of positive health practices will become a societal norm.” (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 16) Health promotion can be identified as primary, secondary or tertiary prevention. With primary prevention of health promotion the focus is on prevention of disease processes. Secondary prevention focuses to identify the disease before the manifestation of symptoms become apparent and the tertiary focus of health promotion is the treatment of the symptoms of the disease process once is has manifested in the patient. (Grand Canyon University, 2011, para. 8- 10) The role of the nurse changes as the prevention focus changes. For example, a group of individuals living along the Texas/Mexico border was identified as being high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patient population was working class poor without the ability to afford health insurance and clinics with waiting lists so long they were not adequately serving the community. The study showed there was a “demand for health education among the very poor and for participatory programs that meet their needs through......

Words: 1146 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nursing Roles in Health Promotion

...longer lives that are free of preventable diseases, disabilities, injury, and pre-mature death. (U.S.Department of Health and Human Services, 2012). Today’s society, individuals are living longer, with diseases still abundant, and healthcare cost on the rise there is a greater need for health promotion. In the new healthcare reform, nurses will play a vital part in health promotion and disease prevention in all levels; Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary. Affordable Care Act is here and healthcare is changing as well as the role of nursing. The new healthcare focus on health promotion and disease prevention vs disease oriented. Nurses are one of the key players in the new healthcare reform. For this reason, the roles and responsibilities of nurses are evolving with the times. One of the primary role of nursing is the responsibility as educator in health promotion and disease prevention. Another important Nurse’s role is the function as a case manager or coordinator for individual health promotion. The case manager’s role, the nurse has the responsibility to collaborate with other nurses, physicians, social workers, nutritionist, psychologists, therapists, individuals, and community groups. These two roles are one of multiple roles and responsibilities of nursing in the healthcare reform. There is three levels of disease prevention; primary, secondary, and tertiary. In primary prevention, the focus is to reduce the risks of obtaining a disease before it...

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations

...Health Promotion in American Indians/Alaska Natives Mona Reed Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V August 02, 2015 Health Promotion in American Indians/Alaska Natives American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) are people who maintain a tribal or community attachment and are descendants from any of the original inhabitants of North, South and Central America. The U.S. Census Bureau, in 2013, reported that there are greater than 5.2 million AI/AN in the United States, and that number is expected to increase to 11.2 million by 2060 (CDC, 2015a). AI/ANs have experienced a lower health status when compared to the national average of the non-Hispanic white population. The Indian Health Service (IHS), who provides health care services to those who reside on reservations, reports that this is due to inadequate education, discrimination in delivery of health services, disproportionate poverty and cultural differences. Also noted is that less than half of “AI/ANs permanently reside on a reservation and therefore have limited or no access to IHS services” (Indian Health Service, 2015a). In addition, the CDC reported in 2013 that 26.9% of AI/ANs lacked health insurance coverage. This writer will compare and contrast the health status of the AI/AN population with the non-Hispanic White population. Health disparities in the AI/AN population are well documented in research. The Office of Minority Health (OMH) Health Disparities Overview notes that this population suffers from low......

Words: 1705 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Community Teaching Experience Paper.Doc

...University: NRS-427V | Concepts in Community and Public Health February 23, 2014 Summary of Teaching Plan The primary prevention and health promotion for cardiovascular disease or heart disease are necessary for the Isabella County, Michigan because of the high rate of this disease. Cardiovascular disease is a class of diseases that involve the heart, and the blood vessels including arteries, capillaries, and veins. Cardiovascular disease refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, principally cardiac disease, vascular diseases of the brain and kidney, and peripheral arterial disease. The two most common causes of cardiovascular disease are atherosclerosis and hypertension. Physiological and morphological changes with aging alter cardiovascular function and lead to an increased risk of this disease for healthy individuals with asymptomatic problems (Wikipedia, 2014). In teaching summary, it is necessary for the Isabella County to be informed of the high rate of cardiovascular disease for adults age 65 and older. The presentation was held at the community center of Mt. Pleasant, Isabella County during the annual “Together We Can”. It was surprising that the audience participation was 100 percent. Most of them paid attention to the Okinawa big poster, which highlighted how to reach the age of 100 and older without cardiovascular disease. Between the session breaks, we provided time for discussion the topic that they have learned so...

Words: 1664 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Diabetic Case Study

...Diabetes Case Study NUR/427 January 13, 2011 Diabetes Case Study Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that affects millions of people across the nation. According to LeMone and Burke (2008), “Approximately 1.3 million new cases of DM are diagnosed each year in the United States” (pg 563). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 23.6 million people in the United States have DM. Collectively 17.9 million people were diagnosed and 5.7 million people were undiagnosed with DM in the year 2007. Of all the documented cases 90-95 percent have type II DM and the remaining 5-10 percent have type I DM (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008). In the United States DM is the sixth most leading cause of death by a disease. Deaths are commonly caused by the cardiovascular effects associated with DM that result in coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, and stroke. People diagnosed with DM are two to four times more likely to have heart disease or have a stroke than people who are not diabetic. DM is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the United States. DM is also the most common cause of nontraumatic amputations and newly diagnosed blindness (LeMone & Burke, 2008). Signs and Symptoms Before someone is diagnosed with DM he or she usually experiences common signs and symptoms of the disease that leads him or her to see a physician. In type I DM the signs and symptoms that commonly present are the result of hyperglycemia.......

Words: 1173 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

C228

...Identification of Community Greenville County is located in upstate South Carolina along Interstate 85. It is found halfway between Atlanta, Georgia and Charlotte, North Carolina. Greenville is part of the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area and is the largest city in this area (“Greenville, South Carolina,” n.d.). Approximately 59.7% of the population consists of individuals between the ages of 20-64 (“Demographics,” 2014). The leading causes of death in this county include cancer, followed closely by heart disease, chronic lower respiratory disease, stroke, and accidents (“County by County,” 2013). Industry overview consists of manufacturing, health care, public education, and engineering/construction. Approximately 58.5% of the population in Greenville County works a white-collar job, with Greenville Health Systems providing the most jobs followed by the School District of Greenville County (“County of Greenville,” 2014). Summary of Tools Population Economic Status Assessment The Population Economic Status Assessment of the county was used to obtain population size, average household income, unemployment rates, and percentages of households below poverty level. The estimated population of Greenville County was 482,752 (“Demographics,” 2014). Of these, 76.9% of the population consists of whites, 18.5% African Americans, and 8.7% Hispanic or Latino (“Demographics,” 2014). The median household income was $48,480 in 2013 and 10.83% of......

Words: 2441 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Joint Commission

...The Joint Commission HCS/430 October 20, 2014 Kelly Gantt The Joint Commission The Joint Commission is independent, not for profit organization that has been around since 1951. According to the Joint Commission (2014), “The Joint Commission accredits and certifies more than 20,500 health care organizations and programs in the United States. Joint Commission accreditation and certification is recognized nationwide as a symbol of quality that reflects an organization’s commitment to meeting certain performance standards” (para. 1). The Joint Commission’s mission is “to continuously improve health care for the public, in collaboration with other stakeholders, by evaluating health care organizations and inspiring them to excel in providing safe and effective care of the highest quality and value” (The Joint Commission, 2014, para. 1). The Joint Commission’s vision is “all people always experience the safest, highest quality, best-value health care across all settings” (The Joint Commission, 2014, para. 2). The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits health care organizations and programs in America and around the world. This organization is the United States (U.S.) oldest and largest accrediting body for health care. For a health care organization to become accredited through the Joint Commission they must have an on-site evaluation every three years and laboratories every two years (The Joint Commission, 2014). Joint Commission International (JCI) was founded in 1994......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Case Study Larry Garcia

...measures or test. Mental Health: stressful employment, emotional and financial responsibilities for his parents. Learning needs: Visual learner (reading Introduction to the disease process: According to "Center For Disease Control And Prevention" (2012), “hypertension, also referred to as high blood pressure, when the force of blood against your artery walls is out of the normal range” (High Blood Pressure Facts). A healthy blood pressure reading is lower than 120/80mmHg and pre-hypertension is between 120/80mm Hg and 139/89mmHg. Stage 1 hypertension is between 140/90mm Hg and 159/99mm Hg and stage 2 hypertension is a reading of 160/100mm Hg or higher. Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers the systolic pressure (the heart beats) over the diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes.) Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases including hypertension include: increasing age, male, race (African Americans, Hispanics), diabetes, family history, high sodium diet, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and tobacco use. The extra pressure to the walls of the arteries from the high blood pressure can damage the arteries and organs. This risk of damage is increased the longer the pressure remains at an elevated level. This damage causes the arteries to thicken and harden increasing the risk of a heart attack, stroke congestive heart failure, and kidney failure. Larry has the risk factors that include being a middle-aged male Hispanic adult with a family history of hypertension.......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Fitness

...are leading a sedentary lifestyle because of modern conveniences. This cause many overall health issues. The most serious crisis is the condition of being overweight or obese. According to the report by Lunau, Kate, “Don’t just sit there: It’s tied to obesity, diabetes, even cancer… and daily exercise won’t make up for it. In 2004, 66% of US adults were obese, 16% of American children were overweight, with another 34% at risk of becoming overweight. These statistics, as startling as they are, are expected to rise even more. In fact, US researchers predicted that 75% of Americans will be overweight by the year 2015. What’s more, a sedentary lifestyle, also linked to the development of many illnesses, such as cardiovascular (or heart) disease, strokes, certain forms of cancer, and high blood pressure. These serious health issues can be prevented by adding exercise to our daily lifestyle. b) Next, is the biggest misconception that exercise has to be a chore? People who shy away from exercising say it’s either too difficult or too time consuming. WRONG! Too often, people assume the only ways to exercise are to go to the gym or to go for a run, but in reality the best way to keep you and your family fit is to make exercise a lifestyle rather than an activity. In simpler terms, start finding opportunities to be active rather than trying to make opportunities to be active. When you have to make time to go for a run or to the gym, that’s when exercise becomes a chore. Instead find a......

Words: 787 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Arjgjfghjhggggggggg

...ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Benefits of Influenza Vaccination for Low-, Intermediate-, and High-Risk Senior Citizens Kristin L. Nichol, MD, MPH; J. Wuorenma, RN, BSN; T. von Sternberg, MD Background: Vaccination rates for healthy senior citizens are lower than those for senior citizens with underlying medical conditions such as chronic heart or lung disease. Uncertainty about the benefits of influenza vaccination for healthy senior citizens may contribute to lower rates of utilization in this group. Objective: To clarify the benefits of influenza vaccina- tion among low-risk senior citizens while concurrently assessing the benefits for intermediate- and high-risk senior citizens. Methods: All elderly members of a large health maintenance organization were included in each of 6 consecutive study cohorts. Subjects were grouped according to risk status: high risk (having heart or lung disease), intermediate risk (having diabetes, renal disease, stroke and/or dementia, or rheumatologic disease), and low risk. Outcomes were compared between vaccinated and unvaccinated subjects after controlling for baseline demographic and health characteristics. Results: There were more than 20 000 subjects in each pitalizations (P .001), a 32% decrease in hospitalizations for all respiratory conditions (P .001), and a 27% decrease in hospitalizations for congestive heart failure (P .001). Immunization was also associated with a 50% reduction in all-cause mortality (P .001). Within the......

Words: 6723 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Diet Study

... | | |No points for late submission. | | |All REQUIRED FORMS MUST BE TURNED IN the Dropbox in D2L one iProfile| | |pdf file (from iProfile report wizard that includes: Macronutrient | | |Distribution, Food Journal Summary, Intake compared to DRI, Intake | | |Spreadsheet, MyPlate, and Activity Journal Summary), AND this Diet | | |Study Project document-MSWord doc, docx or rtf). Deductions will be| | |made if more/less than what is required is submitted or in different| | |format - 10 points |...

Words: 3418 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Heart Disease in Brookhaven

...Heart Disease and Stroke in Brookhaven Joanne Lauten Chamberlain College of Nursing NR443 Community Health Nursing Heart Disease and Stroke in Brookhaven Public health is a dynamic field of medicine that is concerned primarily with improving the health of populations rather than just the health of individuals. Nies defines public health nursing as; “preserving the health of the community and surrounding population by focusing on health promotion and maintenance” (Nies & Mcewen, 2007). Community Health Nurses are aware that stroke is one of the world’s leading preventable causes of death. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) every forty seconds someone in the United States has a stroke, making it the fourth leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control , 2012). Community Brookhaven is one of ten towns in Suffolk County, New York, and the largest town in New York State. Its south coastline is Great South Bay, and the Atlantic Ocean on the north. A large part of Fire Island and the Great South Bay are in the town. It has a large hill, known as "Bald Hill", in the hamlet of Farmingville, which marks where the glacier which formed Long Island stopped. At the top of Bald Hill is a Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Brookhaven National Laboratory is also located within the town. Demographic Data Epidemiologic Data According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Brookhaven’s total population is 490,016. The median age is 35 years,......

Words: 1736 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hypertension

...narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. Hypertension is the consistent elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure. It is also the most common primary diagnosis in the United States (Brashers, 2010). It is one of the most common worldwide diseases afflicting humans. Because of the associated morbidity and mortality and the cost to society, hypertension is an important public health challenge. Over the past several decades, extensive research, widespread patient education, and a concerted effort on the part of health care professionals have led to decreased mortality and morbidity rates from the multiple organ damage arising from years of untreated hypertension. I. Prevalence of disease (in US) and risk factors Hypertension is a major U.S. health problem affecting some 50 million individuals. Approximately 65% of Americans older than age 60 have hypertension. Of those diagnosed with hypertension, over 30% do not have their hypertension adequately treated and controlled. Ninety to ninety-five percent of hypertension is idiopathic and called primary hypertension. Five to ten percent of hypertension is the result of an identifiable etiologic cause and is called secondary hypertension. According to Center of Disease Control (CDC) the prevalence of hypertension, 45.3% had been treated with antihypertensive medication. Percentages of those treated for HBP were higher among women than men (56.1% versus 45.2%) and increased with age. The age-adjusted proportion......

Words: 4889 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Heart Failure

...Heart Failure Christy Harding Western Governors University C155- Pathopharmacological Foundations for Advance Nursing Practice Heart failure affects nearly 6 million Americans. It is the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than 65. Roughly 550,000 people are diagnosed with heart failure each year (Emory Healthcare, 2014). Heart failure is a pathologic state where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the demand of the body’s metabolic needs or when the ventricle’s ability to fill is impaired. It is not a disease, but rather a complex clinical syndrome. The symptoms of heart failure come from pulmonary vascular congestion and inadequate perfusion of the systemic circulation. Individuals experience orthopnea, fatigue, dyspnea, cough with frothy sputum, peripheral edema, and decreased urinary output. Heart failure is caused by many conditions that damage the heart’s muscle. Any form of heart disease can lead to heart failure. A1. Pathophysiology Heart failure arises as a consequence of an abnormality in cardiac structure, conduction, rhythm, or function (Figueroa & Peters, 2006). Heart failure always begins with an index event. This event could be silent, as with the expression of a genetic mutation, or obvious, such as a myocardial infarction (Francis & Tang, 2003). Heart failure can be categorized into systolic ventricular dysfunction also known as systolic heart failure or diastolic ventricular dysfunction also known as diastolic heart......

Words: 6854 - Pages: 28