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In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Binge35
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• What is the motivation that drives internalism?
We have an epistemic obligation to form belifs responsibly and this obligation can only be filled if we can jusify our beliefs. Not only should we have good reasons to hold a particular belief, but we should know what those reasons are. We should know not only that we know, but we should know why we know. • What is the motivation behind externalism?
This accors with our basic intuitions concerning most our beliefs. Most people do not always know why they believe as they do but they still believe they are rational in believing as they do.
Many beliefs we hold are not capable of being justified from an internalist perspective. The reliability of our memories. Our senses are providing an accurate representation of the world. • How does externalism answer the question of quality control? • How does this presentation suggests bringing internalism and externalism together?
There are some beliefs that we are warranted in holding which we do not seem to be able to justify: memories and senses are reliable.
We have an epistemic duty to withhold affirming some beliefs without sufficient evidence: discovery for cancer, life on other planets.
Both internalism and externalism are necessary.
Externalism can incorporate internalism (but not vice versa) Read and take notes of chapter 7 of How Do You Know? A Short Introduction to the Issues of Epistemology, “Do We Need Justification?” As you do, make sure you understand the following points and questions: • Explain what it means for a belief to be justified.
Justification refers to a person having reasons or evidence for his beliefs and formulates them in a rational fashion. • Explain the distinction between a...

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