Premium Essay

Summary of Documentations on Paper Recycling in Japan, the U.S., Europe and China

In: Social Issues

Submitted By AIYO1991
Words 1248
Pages 5
Summary of documentations on paper recycling
In Japan, the US, Europe and China
Recycling benefits the environment much more than other waste management methods (Technical University of Denmark and the Danish Topic Centre on Waste and Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP), 2006). With the environmental, economic and societal benefits, we can conclude that building an effective paper recycling system in China would be a good idea. This paper is a basic summary of paper recycling practices in Japan, the US and Europe. It is intended to be a reference for drawing up an appropriate and practical plan for school and office paper recycling projects in China.
Paper Recycling Statistics
Japan has an extraordinary reputation in paper recycling because of its refined and effective paper recycling system. While the volume of recovered paper grew in the 1980s, the paper recycling rate went through a stagnant period before the rate started to rise rapidly in 1997. Japan’s paper recycling rate reached 77.9% in 2011, but the volume was 21.5 million tons, which is less than the 22.7 million tons recycled in 2008, due to less consumption of paper(Paper recycling in Japan, 2012).
According to the 2012 sustainability report of American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA), the U.S. achieved a paper recycling rate of 66.8% (about 46 million tons of paper) in 2011, which was nearly twice the 1990 rate. In addition, the goal of the AF&PA’s “sustainability initiative - Better practices, Better Planet 2020”, is to achieve a paper recycling rate of more than 70% by 2020.
Europe has the highest recycling rate of paper in the world. In the annual monitoring report of European Recovered Paper Council (ERPC), 71.7% (about 58 million tons) of paper consumed in Europe was recycled in 2012, high above the 54% rate in Asia and the world average of 56.5%. 13 out of 44…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

History of Korea China and Japan

...experienced the western influence were China, Korea and Japan. Although all three countries experienced their share of internal and external strife, China and Korea’s modernization efforts were, in comparison to Japan, unsuccessful. The reason for this was because Japan was able to fully utilize their resources and take advantage of the opportunities that they were presented with in Asia, whereas China and Korea were occupied with internal and external conflicts. Although China and Korea weren’t total failures, the Land of the Rising sun overshadowed them. China’s first experience with western imperialism is seen in the 1830’s when they had conflict with the spread of opium and the dwindling of silver within the country. China wished to stop both these events so when they confiscated supplies of opium from British traders, the British government used its newly developed military power to make their dissatisfaction known to the Chinese. This, along with other factors, led to the First Opium War (1839-1842). The result of this was the Treaty of Nanjing, which gave the British Hong Kong and allowed them to stop the trade monopoly of the Canton System. This treaty ultimately led to the Second Opium War (1858-1860), because of the reluctance of the Chinese government to abide by the terms of the treaty. This event also ended with essentially a British victory. The Treaty of Tianjin allowed westerners free movement and enterprise within China. These two events display the......

Words: 1720 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Japan vs China

...Trade between China and Japan is worth about $345bn (£212bn). That alone, stands as a significant portion of trade, investment, and revenue. Short-term revenue, for example would be a one-time exchange of trade whereas long-term revenue would be long-term trade obligations between two business or parties. The full terms of the obligation are usually carried out over more than one year. Some industries are heavily dependent upon long-term revenue for sustained profits and to pay for basic operating costs. Long-term revenue, however, is not simple to define because it can mean different things in different industries. [] Let's take a look at how Japan's economy and trade as well as long-term revenue has been hit as a result of the conflict over the Diaoyu Islands. Japan has the world’s third largest economy, and is the second largest holder of US treasury bonds. It has a large impact on global commodities and energy: it is the largest importer of liquid natural gas (LNG) and third largest importer of crude oil. Despite its financial troubles, it still carries considerable weight in financial global institutions like the IMF, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization. However, Japan's economy contracted in the latest quarter, signaling that like Europe it may already be in recession, further weighing down world growth. Japan's outlook remains bleak, with most economists forecasting a further decline......

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Europe Crisis and Its Effect on the U.S

...United States When we think of our economy we tend to forget how other countries can affect us. The current European crisis affects the United States (U.S.) economy in many ways. Some of those global economic effects are with our interest rates, government bonds, foreign trades, stock markets, and exchange rates. We see those affects in our financial sector within the very basis of our capitalist markets based on supply and demand. The big banks in the U.S. are tied together with the European banks that have become overextended. A second factor is the possible threat is has on our exports. The U.S. exports over 20% of all its exports to the E.U. which makes it our biggest trading partner. These exports also account for over seven million jobs (Richard Wolf). Supply chain is also affected globally by…… With the uncertainty of the European economies in such countries as France, Spain, and Greece, the U.S. has already felt the decline of demand for exports. The U.S. exports $240 billion annually to the European Union (E.U.) but if the crisis in the E.U. continues then …. U. S. companies are heavily invested in Europe. Manufacturing companies such as General Motors (GM) have already seen huge losses from $361 million compared to a profit of $102 million for the same time frame the previous year. Other major U.S. companies such as Whirlpool and Ford also resulted in losses from their previous year (Ariana Eunjung Cha). If the euro were to fail there are......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Japan and China

...| China and Japan | | SOC/335 | April 6, 2013 | | Introduction Nations around the world are ever changing and such cultures have the ability to produce scholars, businessmen, and businesswomen, and educators. It is through such perception that individuals learn of cultures and embrace the distinctions of people to understand the uniqueness of tradition, religion, and working ethnics to build interpersonal relationships among others. In this paper, the relationship between Japan and China will determine how political and economic developments effects Northeast Asia. The relationship between both countries will also present historical meaning toward Japan and China’s relationship, how the relationship changed in the 20th century, and the relationship now. Last, the paper will present Japan and China’s relationship effects on the United States and neighboring countries. Japan and China’s Relationship Affects When considering the relationship of Japan and China one has to perceive the representation of two well-educated countries who illustrates behaviors, strengths, and attitudes of long political and economic tension. However, for Northeast Asia, China, and Japan possess strong will and economic activities that produce economic and political stabilities and enhances its cultures wealth and identity. For Asia, Japan, and China are its giant, and such great incentives places China and Japan in the race of leadership in economic and political......

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Tea Culture in China and Japan

...1. Introduction In China, there is a famous legend of “Shen Nong Tasting Hundred Plants”. Shen nong who is a famous botanist. He tasted various kinds of plants to test them as food or medicine. One day, after walking for a long time, he felt tired and thirsty, so he rested under a tree and started a fire to boil water in a pot. Suddenly some leaves fell into the pot from a nearby tree. He drunk the water and found it not only sweet and tasty, but refreshing as well. Shen Nong felt less tired, so he went on to drink all the water from the pot that was how tea is found (Liu, 2012). In Tang Dynasty, the Chinese tea and tea culture was spread to eastern countries, especially Japan. Though tea originated in China, but it was carried forward in Japan. Nowadays, tea has become a famous drink in the world. There are many types of tea in China and Japan. The main Japanese tea is Sencha, Genmaicha and so on. (Stevens, 2013). In China, the Green tea, Black tea, Oolong teas are very popular. There can be various mixtures of flowers with green tea, black tea and oolong tea (Liu, 2012). In China, tea can be used as a gift for business and etiquette. However in Japan, tea is a kind of art. Japanese tea art is famous all over the world. In my portfolio, I will compare and contrast the Chinese and Japanese tea types. The quality of tea and tea arts. As I am a tea lover, I would gain more tea knowledge about the two types of tea and its culture. 2. Background information At first,tea......

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

China and Japan Essay

...China and Japan Essay As oriental countries, the West often perceives China and Japan as two countries with similar politics, economics, and social norms. What many Westerners may not realize, however, is that starting in the 19th century, Japan ended its traditional isolationist policies while China sought to become isolationist, and that this distinction strongly influenced both Japan and China's political, economic, and social responses to modernization and westernization. Politically, China and Japan's reaction to Western ideas dramatically differed. When President Fillmore sent Commodore Matthew C. Perry to Japan, the ho-shogun and his advisers first resisted the visit, but finally agreed to trade with the United States upon signing the Treaty of Kanagawa in 1858. (Cohen)As a result, Western diplomats soon inundated the Land of the Rising Sun in order to persuade the nation politically, but more importantly to them, economically. The political-diplomatic, cultural-intellectual, and socio-economic relation that followed was christened the Meiji Restoration. In general, the Japanese gradually became very receptive to the concepts of democracy, liberalism, and laissez-faire, but Meiji leaders planned to remain free of Western imperialism by negotiating with Western diplomats. They did not abandon their isolationist policies of over 200 years under the Tokugawa Shogunate only to be absorbed as a European colony; instead, they wanted to learn Western military and......

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Exploring the Prospects for U.S-China Trade

...Exploring the prospects for U.S-China trade With the significant development of economy, China has already exceeded Japan, becoming the second largest economic entity in the world. From 1949 to the present, China's economy grew annually from 4 to 10 percent. There is no doubt that the export contributes a lot to China’s GDP; meanwhile, United States just replaced the European Union, turning into China’s largest trade partner last year. It is obvious that China and U.S. are closely connected in the modern economy. Since U.S. and China are inextricably linked, I would like to analyze the trade between U.S. and China in this paper, and find out what are influencing the value of trade between the two countries. First of all, there are some economic concepts that need to be explained. China has a favourable balance of trade, which means nowadays China exports more than imports; however, U.S. has run a trade deficit every year for more than thirty years, which means U.S. imports more. The import and export are always connected with the exchange rate. For instance, if you are exporting and your local currency becomes strong then your products become more expensive for your buyers. If you are importing and your local currency becomes weak then the products you are importing become more expensive. As we can see, China is exporting more to the U.S., so I would assume that one of the reason why U.S. would import more from China may be the exchange rate of China’s currency Yuan is......

Words: 2007 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

China Japan

...dominant power. Primary Issues Between China and Japan According to the Council on Foreign relations, tensions between the two countries date to the humiliation of China in the Sino-Japanese War. These animosities surfaced in recurring cycles, often involving Chinese anger over Japan’s perceived lack of contrition for wartime crimes (Beehner & Bhattacharji, 2008). The history of World War II remains disputed, and China and Japan face challenges on how to move forward from the past. Growing tensions fueled when a Japanese history textbook distorted historical events surrounding the Nanjing Massacre. Further problems such as territorial and economic issues aggravated the relationship, including Japan’s close alliance with the United States, economic rivalry, trade frictions, and disputes over ownership of islands in the East China Sea. Recently a Chinese trawler collided with Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats near the Diaoyu Islands and resulted in a major diplomatic dispute between the two nations. The rivalry between the two countries continued, when China flexed its muscle to oppose a move to elevate Japan, into permanent membership on the United Nations Security Council. Chinese Government Extends Olive Branch Over the past four decades, Sino-Japan relations have made steady progress, only when both sides honored the agreement reached in the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1978. Chinese relations with Japan during the 1980s were generally close......

Words: 884 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

China and Japan

...China and Japan are geographically separated by the East China Sea, while the two countries are so close together, they are far apart when it comes to culture, values, and the economy. China and Japan have been at odds with each other since The Raping of Nanjing in 1937. “In December of 1937, the Japanese Imperial Army marched into China's capital city of Nanking and proceeded to murder 300,000 out of 600,000 civilians and soldiers in the city. The six weeks of carnage would become known as the Rape of Nanking and represented the single worst atrocity during the World War II era in either the European or Pacific theaters of war” ( The people of China felt like it was the war against Japanese aggression and not World War II. China felt like it was a personal attack because the Japanese were so cruel and evil. Till this day China feels like Japan has downplayed the senseless murders and rapes by calling them an “incident.” Thus, here it is over seventy years later and China and Japan have totally different stories of the event that took place. I will discuss how Japan’s lack of empathy towards China has fostered deep wounds for both countries. What are the primary issues that separate China and Japan? The main issues that separate China and Japan primarily “concern the way the two governments, particularly the Japanese government, look at and handle Japan's aggression against China and its other Asian neighbors, and other related issues from the War, such...

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Financial Reporting: the U.S. V Europe

...the IFRS standard while their branch in the United States is using US-GAAP. While the differences do not outweigh the similarities, GAAP and IFRS standards have caused some concerns in financial reporting. These concerns have led to the evaluation of these two reporting standards and the discussion on whether to move IFRS worldwide. This paper will outline a few of the differences between GAAP and IFRS as well as review the discussion of standardized reporting using IFRS. Introduction Historically, accounting and reporting standards in the United States have been set by the AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accounts) as laid out by the regulations set by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). In 1973, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) was developed by the AICPA as a council for establishing standards for reporting for all United States companies. Under FASB, GAAP was reorganized into approximately 90 accounting standards offering concise methods to follow for financial reporting. This not only allowed for ease of access when reading US financials statements, but also allowed for comparison of documentation for investments, credits, and other financial decisions. On the other hand, the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) were developed by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) based in London. Currently, about 120 nations require the use of IFRS for financial reporting by public companies. Discussions have......

Words: 3687 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

China and Japan

...China and Japan are in somewhat of a battle politically and economically. There are several issues that continue to fuel the fires between the two countries and government behavior on both sides is not helping matters. The documentary suggests economic rivalry, territorial disputes, and the Japanese bid for a seat on the United Nations Security Council are behind the tensions. However, a seemingly larger issue is how World War II is remembered; there are two versions of history and each wants their version to be known as truth. (Taguchi) The documentary explains that accounts of World War II have always been conflicting and a Japanese textbook downplaying their involvement has ignited the Chinese youth. The Chinese remember World War II as “a war against Japanese aggression” and by their accounts Japan is the perpetrator, not the victim. (Taguchi) The Rape of Nanjing, by Chinese accounts, was six weeks of Japanese brutality. The Japanese murdered hundreds of thousands of Chinese and villages of women were raped. According to Oi, some Japanese deny the Rape of Nanjing, while others downplay it and say “it was a battlefield and people were killed”. (Oi) The saying “the winner gets to write history” is certainly relevant in this situation. Japan, playing the innocent, chooses to whitewash their actions and attempt to write history as they see fit. Although the rest of the world is taught about the Rape of Nanjing and other horrific acts perpetrated by Japanese, it...

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

China & Japan

...CHINA & JAPAN The main issues primary issues that separate China and Japan is mainly the acknowledgement of the roles each country during the second Simo-Japanese war during the second war. The main bowl on contention is the Nanking massacre in which Japan invaded China and conquered and occupied Nanjing, which was then China’s capital for six weeks and the mass rape and murder that ensued by the Japanese imperialist army. At lot of the victims were buried in mass graves level of evil and China claims that 300,000 of its citizens lost their lives even though the veracity of that number is debated.1 The saying goes winners get to write history and losers get the gallows and it means the when two cultures clash the winners live to write the history of the events and war while the losers are obliterated. However, in the case of China and Japan both the winner and loser got to write the history but two different versions of it. Fast-forward to today over 70 years after the Nanjing massacre, the historical significance of this event that is being passed down to younger generations in both countries could not be more different and therein is the problem. 1 The Japanese then to glaze over this event and instead focuses on the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki which makes them looks like victims during the war. One of the official history books being used middle schools in japan refers to the massacre as the incidence, downplaying the atrocities committed during that period.1......

Words: 974 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Japan Research Paper

...Running head: GLOBAL BUSINESS CULTURAL ANALYSIS: JAPAN Global Business Cultural Analysis: Japan Albert G. Rodriguez Liberty University Abstract Japan is very similar and very unlike the US. It was amazing to research so many different aspects of one country. The major elements of this country are its culture and how these affect the country itself. How the people process these elements is very important and this is how the Japanese culture develops. From here we move on to see how this compares to US. We look to see how the US compares in their culture when brought next to Japan. Finally we will see how the US manager can be an international manager in Japan. This is mainly done through sensitivity to the other’s culture. This sometimes includes changing the way we act, and other times it is being sensitive to the other culture that is before us. Global Business Cultural Analysis: Japan Japan is an island cluster off the coasts of Russia, South Korea, and China. It is specifically located to the east of the Sea of Japan. It is composed of four major islands and over six-thousand minor ones. The four major islands are: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. It has thousands of shrines, national parks and even imperial palaces. The country of Japan is often called the Land of the Rising Sun. It has one of the largest populations in the world by country despite being such a small country. It has the highest life expectancy in the world (83.10). The islands are......

Words: 9351 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

A Comparative Study of Protections for Workers in America, Europe and Japan

...A Comparative Study of Protections for Workers in America, Europe, and Japan ------------------------------------------------- By: Freda Manning January 31, 2016 MBA 605 Business, Government, and Society Mercy College January 31, 2016 MBA 605 Business, Government, and Society Mercy College Abstract In this paper, I will examine and compare the impact of American, Japanese and European Labor laws and how it's managed throughout the society. I will begin by providing facts on employment protection throughout history for each country and identify their weakness. Next, I will discuss the impact of each country economic structure and how it influences the market and employee regulations. Finally, I will compare various facts of Japanese, American and European labor laws that have a significant impact on the new economic environment. Background In the 1980's employee protection was not a high priority for businesses. Many restraints put on small businesses prevented the growth of private sector corporations (Steiner & Steiner, 2012). Resulting in high unemployment rates and slow economic growth (Steiner & Steiner, 2012). There has been strains placed on the permanent employment system in Japan, because of the larger number of older workers and the increase in the retirement age (Gould, 1984). Historically the U.S government did not interfere in employee relations; employees at times were treated like property, or as a means for production cost. There was......

Words: 2358 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

U.S and China

...University of Phoenix Material United States and China Comparison Using credible Internet sources, including the CIA World Factbook, complete the following chart on the United States and China. You may expand the chart as necessary. Then answer the mini-essays at the end in 150- to 200- words each. | |United States |China | |Population |roughly 312.8 million people |1.3 billion people | |Population Density |2010 is 87.4 people per square mile |143.48 in 2010 | |Median Age |total: 36.9 years |Median age: total: 35.5 years | | |male: 35.6 years |male: 34.9 years | | |Female: 38.2 years (2011 est.) |female: 36.2 years (2011 est.) | | | | | |Gross Domestic Product (GDP) |$14.7 Trillion (2010) |$5.74 Trillion | |Actual GDP |$14.58 Trillion | ...

Words: 695 - Pages: 3