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Summary of the Books of the Old Testament

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BIBL 104
Summary of the books of the Old Testament

Genesis

Genesis is a historical narrative with the material organized a specific way for a specific purpose. The Book of Genesis can be divided into two sections: Primitive History and Patriarchal History. The first eleven chapters of Genesis tell an authoritative story about the beginnings of the world by opening with the story of creation. God created the universe and humanity. The Patriarchal history begins with Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve sinned and thereby banished from the Garden of Eden. God sent the Flood to wipe out evil, but delivered Noah and his family along with the animals in the Ark. After the Flood, humanity began again. God chose Abraham to create a chosen people and eventually the Messiah. The chosen line was passed on to Abraham's son Isaac, and then to Isaac's son Jacob. God changed Jacob's name to Israel, and his twelve sons became the ancestors of the twelve tribes of Israel. God had Jacob's son Joseph sent to Egypt by the shameful actions of Joseph's brothers. Eventually things ends up with Jacob and his family being saved from a famine by Joseph, who had risen to a powerful position in Egypt.

Exodus

The Basic Genre’s of the Book of Exodus are historical and of the law. It is historical because it gives the reader, an account of the birth of Moses, who his adoptive parents were, his early adulthood, and how he leads the Israelites out to bondage. It is of the law, because it gives details and descriptions of what God’s covenant is and how it applied to the Israelite’s. The key themes are Israel’s deliverance from slavery in Egypt, the Pass Over, the crossing of the Red Sea, and Gods Covenant. God spares the life of the first born if lambs blood is painted on the doorpost of the family’s home. God uses Moses, with Aaron as his voice box once, to convince and compel Pharaoh to set the...

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