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Sunglasses Informative Speech

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SunglassesInformative Speech on the history, creation, and increasing popularity of sunglasses.

Everyone who is anyone has once in their lifetime wore a pair of sunglasses over their eyes. Has anyone ever thought about how lens were first used to block sunrays, was it accidental or was it an idea? There are also many sunglasses companies from decades ago that have all changed the way we see sunglasses, also what and how we see out of them. There are many types o of sunglasses that aren’t directly available to the masses, one pair can range from $5 to $5,000. I personally enjoy wearing my sunglasses for many reasons and in this speech I will go into detail of the reasons why humans love sunglasses. During ancient times in Roman history there was an emperor named Nero. In these times they would hold events in stadiums as the emperors watched in skyline luxury seats. It is said that Nero is the first to ever have any use of lenses to protect his eyes from the glare of the sun. During events of Roman times he was known for using an emerald to view the stadium and prevent glare from the sun, emerald sunglasses. Nero reigned emperor from 54 to 68. Centuries would go by before another sunglasses discovery, the Chinese were the next in line to tamper with the idea however it wasn’t for blocking sun rays or protecting your eye sight. Chinese judges used to wear smoke-colored quartz lenses to shield their eyes from anyone in court, that way their expressions could never be seen until after the final decision. This style of eye wear was used around the 1300s. A market for sunglasses wasn’t started until 1929 by a man named Sam Foster, he opened a market on the beaches of Atlantic City, New Jersey. There are many sunglass brands available right that vary in style and price, especially the price. One of the most expensive brands is Cartier. This brand not only makes quality sunglasses that can protect your eyes but they also make works of art for your face. Versace is also a popular expensive artistic brand available to the public at a high price. $1,000 is a regular asking price for these type of sunglasses. Among the most popular sunglasses name brand is named Ray-Ban. This brand was founded in 1937 by Bausch & Lomb and wasn’t originally for the public purchase. Ray-Ban released their famous aviator glasses for the U.S. Army Air Corp. The style was widely used in WWII and it was the first sunglass to feature anti-glare lens. Gaining instant popularity, this style was light and stylish for the airmen. In 1952, Ray-Ban took a step away from military issue sunglasses and introduced the wayfarer style and in 82’ signed a contract that placed Ray-Bans in over 60 movies and TV shows. These business moves skyrocketed the brand into America’s favorite.

A popular type of sunglasses is polarized. These type of sunglasses were originally created by Ray-Ban for the U.S. Army Airmen. Only a year after their military release they were available to the public. They were designed to shade the sun from your eyes, now they are primarily used by people around bodies of water to reduce the reflecting light from the water. They were introduced in 1936, by Edwin H. Land, he was also the creator of the Polaroid filter on cameras. With Aviators being one of the original types of sunglasses, it stemmed many other styles. The Cat Eye style was introduced and made famous in the 50’s in America. Female celebrities like Marilyn Monroe and Lucy wore them often. Another type of sunglass is the Clubmaster, these are also called brow line sunglasses because of the thick top frame and runs across your eyebrow. Round sunglasses are a popular frame mostly made famous by John Lennon and other rock music artists they come in all shapes and sizes. Sport sunglasses are among the most popular styles, most of these come with polarized lenses. Driving and sunglasses go hand and hand. The sun rays can cause many problems on the road and some sunglasses are specifically modeled for road use. Some of these contain photochromic lenses, these are used to change the color density when exposed to UV light, and when the light fades the glasses revert back to their original state. Tinted lenses are not recommended for night time driving because the increased darkness may cause more problems. Some driving sunglasses possess what is called graduated tint, these types of sunglasses have the darker tint towards the top to shield the eye from sunrays and a clearer bottom to help the driver with the car controls. The making of sunglasses is rather simple now thanks to factory machines that make work easier and faster. A pair consists of light-filtering lenses and a frame that will hold them in place. The highest quality of lenses are optically accurate and don’t distort shapes and lines, these lenses are made from distortion-free ground and polished optical glass. There is also borosilicate glass used in these lenses so that they will be scratch and impact resistant. Soluble organic dyes and metallic oxide pigments are added to the lens material to absorb or reflect light or certain frequencies, these additives must not overly distort colors. The frames for sunglasses are mostly made from plastic or metal. Expensive metal frames are mostly made of mixtures of nickel and other metals such as silver or gold. These designer type of frames have special engineered features like self-locking screws, flexible temples, and sculpted nose-pads. Along with anything designer there are also fakes. Sunglasses get sold on the streets everyday with the name brand on them, but weren’t manufactured by the company. These are not authentic and cost less to produce. There is a substantial amount of profit in the sunglasses market because of the low production cost and the high cost of the in store sunglasses. The profit is huge and the market keeps climbing as they’re more exposed on movies and television across the world. A pair’s production cost could be no more than $10 and they could be sold for $150 in store for profit. Most of the fakes are manufactured in China and most of the authentic brands are manufactured in Italy. So whether you’re walking underneath the extremely bright sun, or you’re inside your house in the shade, sunglasses are an option. Many lenses and styles to choose from based on your situation and personal taste. At the dollar store, or a designer boutique in Beverly Hills you can buy a pair to wear. Ranging from $5 to $5,000 the choice is yours. Made from many materials and tints in many styles and colors sunglasses have been a rising and falling market since the 50’s. Go get a pair.

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