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Supervision

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By Lauren27
Words 1101
Pages 5
Supervision, Consultation, and Advocacy

Lauren Young

Survey of Research in Human Development for Professional Counselors

Fall Quarter 2013

Abstract
Inside the draft includes an evaluation of two supervision models for mental health. The benefits of a supervisor and a supervisee are narrated during the training process and once the training process is completed. The ethical importance of clinical supervision is defined and supported in the draft. Consultation and advocacy are both defined for the field of counseling as well as compared and contrasted for the mental health specialization. One can relate the role of advocacy and consultation as she becomes a professional counselor within mental health. Institutional and social barriers that might impede or hinder the access and equity of success for ones clients is also discussed. In addition, strategies are deliberated that one can utilize in their work to address multicultural issues and advocate for diverse populations. Lastly, one develops a hypothetical example of consultation for a couple.

Clinical Supervision
According to Milne and Oliver (2000), “clinical supervision is central to initial professional training and to continuing professional development, taking up a significant proportion of mental health professionals’ time” (p. 291). An integrated approach to supervision has been developed by combining the developmental model of Littrell, Lee-Borden, and Lorenz (1979) and Bernard's (1979, 1997) discrimination model. Littrell et al. (1979), developmental model describes how supervisors foster change and increase responsibility in supervisees over the course of four sequential stages. Nelson, Johnson, & Thorngren (2000), describe the four stages of the developmental model as in stage one, supervisors assume teacher and counselor roles as they focus on establishing a relationship and...

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