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Supply vs Demand

In: Business and Management

Submitted By SLoOoM
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Supply and demand are basic economic concepts that are usually applied in a market environment where there is a presence of a manufacturing firm and consumers. Both are also components of an economic model which is an instrument in determining the price and quantity of a particular product in a given time or place.
“Supply” is defined as “the amount of goods or services that can be provided by a company to its consumers or clients in an open market” while “demand” is said to be “the willingness of the consumers or clients to buy or receive products or services from a firm in the same open market.” These concepts are always present in every economic activity – whether in business and anyplace where economic exchange is present.
In economics, both concepts also adhere to their own respective laws. The law involves a particular concept and its relationship to the price and its counterpart concept. The law of supply states that the supply and price are directly related. If there is an increase in price, the same increase applies to the supply due to the owner’s increased production and expectation of profits. If the price goes down, there is no reason to increase production.
On the other hand, the law of demand conveys the inverse relationship between price and demand. If the demand is high, the price goes down to make the product more available, and the reverse happens when the demand is low while the price goes up to make up for the product costs. Both laws only apply as there are no factors considered except for price and quantity.
“Supply” is determined by marginal costs and requires the company as a perfect competitor. On the other side, marginal utility characterizes demand. In “demand,” the consumer is the requirement as the perfect competitor.
To observe both changes in demand and supply, they are illustrated in a graph. The price sits on the vertical axis...

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