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Survival of the Fittest

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Survival of the Fittest

The most basic reality of evolution is survival of the fittest. For millions of years, only the most capable members of any given species will survive and proceate, while the weaker ones will not. This harsh but undeniable reality is also true for humans. Since the existance of the first human beings, limited resources meant that only the strongest succeeded in the race for survival.
This undeniable fact means that all human beings have competition inscribed in their DNA. No matter how selfless an action may appear, human nature is inevitably governed by self-interest. Evidently this does not sound very nice from a philosophical viewpoint. It would be much more noble to be inspired by an interest in the welfare of others rather than one´s own. This vision of a ""selfless"" human nature is the foundation of many currents of thought, namely marxism, where an ideal human community is envisioned and where people do not seek their own welfare as a basic objective. However, history has shown that even in this kind of ""ideal"" community, people still seek their own welfare, and leaders are more interested in increasing their own posessions than in achieving equality for all.
This had lead to the development of economic systems that are based on human beings´self interest. Because men and women inevitably search for their own fulfillment, the most effective system has proven to be one like the market economy, where each person´s search for their own benefit leads to the most effective allocation of resources and thus an increased wealth for all.
The fact that human nature is driven by self interest does not mean that there are no selfless actions. It simply means that when a person performs a selfless action, he or she is rewarded with a positive feeling that makes the action worthwhile. The issue that becomes interesting is effectively what...

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