Business and Management
Submitted By jumanahsb
Subject : Organization Behavior Section : EAR
Designed by :
Hala wael alsayeh 1102320
Jumanah Badahdah 1132443
Hadiya Gadiri 1102329
Halima Mohamed 1102310
Shorooq Ba- Saiwar 1102365
There are certain jobs that require individual focus and attention, but a vast majority of projects require teamwork to be done . Nowadays being able to work productively with a team is one of the most essential aspects of achieving success in a business setting. It’s important for increasing creativity in the workplace and improving the quality of work. Also, employees that have the ability to work together are usually better able to serve their company needs, so teamwork is very important for all kind of organizations and it is used in all aspects of life . This essay will explain what is the meaning of a teamwork , the differences between teamwork and group work , characteristics of effective team and benefits of teamwork .Also , we will displayed the key roles of the team and teamwork skills. Finally we will see how organizations care about the teamwork in real life .
As a beginning , we should know the definition of teamwork and the differences between teamwork and group work . First, teamwork is a group of people work together as a team by using their individual skills in order to achieve a common goal , despite any personal conflict between individuals , that means the team work should be collaboratively .
Secondly ,we will explain the differences between group work and teamwork . First of all , teamwork focus on team goals while group work focus on individual goals . Second, teamwork members frequently come together for discussion and decision making . On the other hand, the individuals of group come together to share information , ideas and perspectives. Third , in group work the purpose , goals and approach to work shaped by manager but in teamwork the purpose and goals shaped by team leader with team members . In addition , the teamwork concern with outcomes of everyone and challenges the team faces . However, every member in group work focus on his own outcomes and challenges . The last point in differences is group work produce individual work products whereas teamwork produce collective work products .
How build an effective team is the aim of the new studies , they found some characteristics of productive and effective teams . Firstly , the team must has a clear goal . Secondly , each member of the team should be understand the job that he or she is expected to do and it is called clear role . In addition, an effective team should has shared leadership which mean the responsibilities of leadership rotate periodically among the members of the team . Also , it should have a diverse responsibilities. Another point of effective team that is open communication , that means the team members tell each other how they feel about the team’s project and the team’s operation. Finally, the team must be develop a working relationship with the supervisor and with other teams, so the last characteristics of an effective team is external relations.
When the organization use an effective team, it will produce better result. That means teamwork has some benefits for the organization. We will explain some of them . First of all, when a team works on problem-solving, the benefit is a diversity ideas and perspectives . Secondly , duties can be shared and get done quicker . Also , teamwork encourages a greater commitment to quality. Furthermore , when employees work on teams, they tend to feel like they're really part of the process , so the moral of them will improve as a result . The last point in benefits is called synergy and its occurs when forces combine and the result is greater than the sum of the individual parts .
There is an accurate system which explains individual behavior and its influence on team success. These behavioral patterns are called "Team Roles" . These nine roles cover the types of individual behavior at work in a team. The first role is Shaper, it is the challenging role that seeks to drive the team to overcome obstacles. Secondly, Implementer which looks to convert ideas into actions. Thirdly, Completer Finisher which looks for errors and focuses on on-time delivery. In addition, Coordinator role that means mature. more important role, the team worker ’cooperative’ which focus on team objectives over self-interest. Also, Resource Investigator role that explores opportunities and develops contacts. The next role is Plant ‘creative’ that uses imagination to solve problems. In addition, Monitor Evaluator which evaluates ideas and suggestions. Finally, the Specialist role that feeds technical information into the group. All these roles are based on the personalities of teamwork members.
With these roles , every team should have something called teamwork skills to be able to communicate clearly on intellectual and emotional levels . Effective communicators must able to; explain their own ideas and express their feelings in an open but non-threatening way. Another important thing is listening carefully to others and asking questions to clarify other's ideas and emotions. Also the effective communicators have to sense how others feel based on their nonverbal communication. Finally ,reflecting on the activities and interactions of their group and encourage other group members to do so as well. On another hand, there are some skills for healthy teamwork clime. Firstly, openness, means group members are willing to get to know one another, particularly those with different interests and backgrounds. They are open to new ideas, diverse viewpoints, and the variety of individuals present within the group. Secondly, trust and self-disclosure. Group members trust one another enough to share their own ideas and feelings. A sense of mutual trust develops only to the extent that everyone is willing to self-disclose and be honest yet respectful .Most important one is respect , group members communicate their opinions in a way that respects others, focusing on “What can we learn?” rather than “Who is to blame? " . Last one is support, that means group members demonstrate support for one another as they accomplish their goals. They exemplify a sense of team loyalty and both cheer on the group as a whole and help members who are experiencing difficulties .
Finally , to be sure that teamwork is very important nowadays and many organization use it . We will take a look on some examples of successful teamwork in business life . First of all ,Google company .Google Company depends on teamwork place in their business . Their teamwork start with a clear vision , right culture and they are building a culture that will help to change the world in a positive way . Also, they build their company based on the strength of teamwork and give the name of "Googlers" for each team member . Another example of successful teamwork is Sabic, which focus on teamwork and mark it as an item of their "Charter of ethics " in two positions . The first one is “ The cooperative between team members to achieve the goal organization" and the second one is “Open the opportunity for teamwork to achieve one goal “. The last example is about collaborative climate and Apple company is the most famous organization which interests of teamwork and collaborative work place. They trust on teamwork which is working without watching all times and all members respect each other , plus on that they have a space to be a creative and say their opinion. Also , build collaborative climate is the new value of educational sector because they believe it will make students more open to the outside world .
In conclusion ,teamwork has become an essential element for the success and survival of a business , so we should adapt with the new style of working and when you work in a team focus on aim and forget your name if you want to achieve the effective goals. Remember this quotation which said “ There is no I in team , but there is in win“
The References :
1) http://www.academia.edu/1807803/Work_Teams_in_Organizational_Behavior ( it is a book about teamwork in organization behavior)
7) the website of university of Waterloo