Free Essay

Tawa Tawa as Cure for Dengue Fever

In: Science

Submitted By martinbui
Words 1554
Pages 7
Chapter I: The Introduction

A. Introduction
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection that has become a major international public health concern. Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world, predominantly in urban and semi-urban areas.

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), a potentially lethal complication, was first recognized in the 1950’s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. DHF affects most Asian countries and has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children. There are four distinct, but closely related, viruses that cause dengue. Recovery from infection by one provides lifelong immunity against that virus but confers only partial and transient protection against subsequent infection by the other three viruses. Sequential infection increases the risk of developing DHF.1

1 “Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever,” World Health Organization, March 2009,
15 Oct. 2011 <>.
There is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat DHF. For typical dengue, the immediate concern is the relief of symptoms. Adequate fluid intake for proper body hydration and rest is important. All else will depend on the person’s immune system. However, since the Philippines is abundant with herbal medicines, the Tawa Tawa is being touted as an alternative cure to DHF.

The Tawa Tawa is described as having numerous flowers which measures about 5 to 8 centimeters each with sepals and petals that are obovate-oblong, yellowish-green and covered with large, reddish-brown blotches. The plant has been attested by DHF survivors and herbalists as treatment of DHF.2

The researcher aims to study the possibility of curing DHF by the Tawa Tawa plant. The weed may contain a substance that enables the body to produce more platelets which are essential for blood clotting or anti-bleeding.3

2 Marie Antoinette, “The Tawa Tawa Plant against the Dreaded Dengue,” Factoidz, 21 Oct. 2010, 15 Oct. 2011 <>. 3 Bhaby See, “Foods That Increase Blood Platelets,” Journal Online, 22 June 2011, 15 Oct. 2011 <>. 3 B. Statement of the Problem The study about Tawa Tawa corroborates its bearing as herbal medicine, making headway into developing other cures of DHR. While it is still uncertain whether Tawa Tawa is truly an effective cure for dengue fever, the researcher attempts to undergo a study on the effectiveness of Tawa Tawa as a potential cure for DHR. Furthermore, the researcher aims to elaborate the following questions: 1. What is Tawa Tawa? 2. How can the Tawa Tawa cure Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever? 3. What are the side effects of the Tawa Tawa? 4. How effective is Tawa Tawa as cure for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever?

4 C. Importance of the Study The Philippines is home to many different varieties of both plant and animal species and cultures. These biological and cultural diversities have not failed to propose alternative herbal medicines to cure some of today's existing epidemic diseases, one of which is Dengue. Filipinos' resourcefulness and rich natural endowment make it realistic to discover cures which can serve as replacements to commercially available drugs. Recently, a weed called Tawa Tawa has been proven to cure fever associated to Dengue, an acute disease caused by a bite from a particular species of mosquito, which may bring internal hemorrhaging to a point of death. Dengue fever cases have been infesting the Philippines almost every year, with some regions always having "outbreaks."4 The inevitable development of Philippine alternative medicine may be recognized as a people's response to today's inaccessible, unaffordable, commercialized and non-sustainable cures offered by the field of bio-medicine.5

4 Willie T. Ong, “Tawa Tawa For Dengue Needs Urgent Study,” The Philippine Star, 31 Aug. 2010, 15 Oct. 2011 <>. 5 Yfur Porsche Fernandez, “Tawa Tawa Plant, Latest Dengue Fever Cure,” Suite101, 23 Aug. 2010, 15 Oct. 2011 <>. 5 D. Scope and Delimitation The study holds the primary purpose of proving the efficacy of Tawa Tawa as cure of DHF. There were no subjects being subdued upon the study, all facts were reviewed and studied by the researcher. The study was heavily based on other researches and from the most credible sources of information on the field of medicine: The Philipines’ Department of Health (DoH) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The researcher made an easy-to-follow instructional guide on how to extract Tawa Tawa for the reader. This study is conducted for almost four months, from August 2011 to November 2011. The research paper covers such topics as: 1. The definition of Tawa Tawa 2. Medicinal properties of Tawa Tawa 3. The extraction process of Tawa Tawa 4. The ways on how Tawa Tawa can cure DHF 5. Benefits of Tawa Tawa research in the Philippines 6. Various ways on how to prevent DHF 7. Brief history of DHF cases in the Philippines

6 E. Method used The researcher employed research methods such as library consultation, Internet connection, and newspaper reading for the completion of the study. In the extraction process of Tawa Tawa, the researcher made use of the decoction method.

7 F. Definition of Terms To facilitate the understanding of the different data and analyses being used throughout the study, the researcher enumerates below the terminologies deemed important to the study, but whose usage may be different from their denotative meaning. 1. Aedis Aegypti A disease-transmitting mosquito. A mosquito that can transmit serious diseases such as yellow fever and dengue. 2. Alternative Medicine Alternative medicine is any healing practice that does not fall within conventional medicine. It is based on historical or cultural traditions, rather than on scientific evidence. 3. Antibiotic An agent that destroys bacteria. A naturally produced substance that kills or inactivates bacteria, but has no effect against viruses, used as a medication. 4. Biomedicine Biological science applied to medicine. The employing of the principles of biology, biochemistry, physiology, and other basic sciences to solve problems in clinical medicine. 5. Clot A mass of thickened blood. 8 6. Decoction An extracting process. The extraction of an essence or active ingredient from a substance by boiling. 7. DHF a. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever b. Tropical fever. A tropical disease caused by a virus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and marked by high fever and severe muscle and joint pains. 8. DoH a. Department of Health b. The principal health agency in the Philippines. It is the executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for ensuring access to basic public health services to all Filipinos through the provision of quality health care and the regulation of providers of health goods and services. 9. DoST a. Department of Science and Technology b. The premiere science and technology body in the Philippines charged with the twin mandate of providing central direction, leadership and coordination of all scientific and technological activities, and of formulating policies, programs and projects to support national development. 9 10. Epidemic A fast-spreading disease. An outbreak of a disease that spreads more quickly and more extensively among a group of people than would normally be expected. 11. Hemorrhage Excessive bleeding. The loss of blood from a ruptured blood vessel, either internally or externally. 12. Herbalist Somebody knowledgeable about herbs. A grower, collector, or seller of aromatic herbs, especially those considered to have medicinal properties. 13. Herbal Medicine Herbal medicine, also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine refers to using a plant's seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark, or flowers for medicinal purposes. 14. Hydration To provide water for somebody in order to re-establish or maintain a correct fluid balance. 15. Mosquito A small slender biting fly that feeds on the blood of mammals, including humans, and transmits diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, and dengue. 10 16. Outbreak Outbreak is a term used in epidemiology to describe an occurrence of disease greater than would otherwise be expected at a particular time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or impact upon thousands of people across an entire continent. Two linked cases of a rare infectious disease may be sufficient to constitute an outbreak. Outbreaks may also refer to epidemics, which affect a region in a country or a group of countries, or pandemics, which describe global disease outbreaks. 17. Platelet This is a blood particle involved in clotting. A tiny colorless disk-shaped particle found in large quantities in the blood and playing an important part in the clotting process. 18. Virus A submicroscopic parasitic particle of a nucleic acid surrounded by protein that can only replicate within a host cell. Viruses are not considered to be independent living organisms. 19. Weed A plant in an undesired place.

11 20. WHO a. World Health Organization b. A specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April 1948, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization, which was an agency of the League of Nations.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Wala Lang to Ok Bye

...plant , Tawa-tawa had a report that it can cure dengue fever. According to the article from Dr. Willie T. Ong entitled “Treatment for Dengue” which was published on The Philippine STAR, there is no specific drug to kill the dengue virus. However, doctors can employ various supportive measures to strengthen the body so that it can recover from the disease. Here's how we do it :  1. Patients are encouraged to drink lots of water to keep the body's water at an optimum level. If needed, doctors give dextrose fluid to prevent dehydration.  2. Monitoring of blood count. Doctors check the hematocrit and platelet count regularly to see if there is a need to transfuse blood components.  3. Consider giving medicines to prevent ulcer, since bleeding is a possibility.  4. Encourage the patient to eat regularly, specifically soft, easily digestible foods. Patients are advised to avoid eating dark colored foods, because we need to monitor the stool's color. (Black stools means blood for doctors.)  5. Tawa Tawa plant might help.  In the Philippines, many patients are using Tawa Tawa plants to treat dengue. The Department of Health is still studying the effectiveness of this plant, and has raised concern over the possibility of toxicity with over dosage. However, doctors would usually allow patients to drink it if you ask their permission first.  Here's how to prepare Tawa Tawa:  (1) Take 5 whole Tawa Tawa plants;  (2) Cut off the roots, then wash and clean;  (3) Boil Tawa Tawa......

Words: 685 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Tawa Tawa Plant

...Dengue-Aid is a potent herbal supplement in capsules which is taken from pure extracts from the Euphorbia hirta Linn herbs which is commonly known as “Tawa-Tawa” by the local residents in the Philippines. It had been associated mainly in helping dengue fever victims recover quickly from the viral infection. Tawa-Tawa (Euphorbia hirta Linn) or Asthma Weed is a bushy,slender-stemmed plant that grows up to a height of two inches and has several tiny flowers bunched together with opposite rhombus leaves, which have a toothed margin. This plant had been used in traditional medicine to treat respiratory tract problems, laryngeal spasm, ulcerated cornea and conjunctivitis. It is believed by many that it can augment blood platelet count in the body which is normally low among all dengue fever patients, hence, many native boil its leaves and drink it as a tea. Read more Tawa-Tawa (Euphorbia hirta Linn) Herbal Plant Tawa-Tawa had been widely known to be used as a decoction for dengue fever victims due to its profound properties on increasing the body’s blood platelet count which is normally low once an individual is under this serious viral infection. A few research study shows that Tawa-Tawa shows that it is effective in increasing the body’s blood platelet count upon regular intake as post-test reveals significant increase in the platelet count compared to the pretest results conducted on the experimental group. What Makes Dengue-Aid the Best? * Unlike other herbal capsules......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

“the Effectivity of Euphorbia Hirta L. (Tawa-Tawa)

...Philippine health secretary has said that global warming may have contributed to a 43 percent rise in the number of dengue cases in the country for the first half of the year. According to government figures 15,061 cases of the disease in the Philippines were reported in the first six months of the year. "The increase in the number of dengue cases may be attributed to the constantly changing climate brought by global warming as well as congestion in urban areas," health secretary Francisco Duque said. CEBU City Health Officer Estella Ygoña said dengue cases in the city have significantly decreased. The City Epidemiology Surveillance and Statistics Unit (Cessu) has only recorded 1,623 cases from January to November 2011 compared to 2,871 cases in the same period last 2010, or 43.46 percent lower. Dengue fever also known as breakbone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Dengue viruses are mosquitos-borne viruses which exist in nature as four separate serotypes. Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. The most efficient vector is the female Aedes aegypti. This mosquito is domestic, day-biting, with low and limited flying movements. Dengue virus is transmitted to man through mosquito bites and is therefore ranked among the arbovirus (arthropodborne virus) diseases. Treatment of dengue virus infections is essentially symptomatic and supportive. There are no specific anti-viral tablets or......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

“the Effectivity of Euphorbia Hirta L. (Tawa-Tawa), Prepared in Teabag Form, on Increasing Platelet Levels in Mus Musculus (White Mice)" Tawa Tawa ( Euphorbia hirta Linn)As Alternative Cure For Dengue Fever INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection that has become a major international public health concern. Dengue is found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world, predominantly in urban and semi-urban areas. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), a potentially lethal complication, was first recognized in the 1950’s during dengue epidemics in the Philippines and Thailand. DHF affects most Asian countries and has become a leading cause of hospitalization and death among children. There are four distinct, but closely related, viruses that cause dengue. Recovery from infection by one provides lifelong immunity against that virus but confers only partial and transient protection against subsequent infection by the other three viruses. Sequential infection increases the risk of developing DHF. There is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat DHF. For typical dengue, the immediate concern is the relief of symptoms. Adequate fluid intake for proper body hydration and rest is important. All else will depend on the person’s immune system. However, since the Philippines is abundant with herbal medicines, the Tawa Tawa is being......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...Euphorbia Hirta or "tawa-tawa" Tawa Tawa or  Gatas Gatas  (Euphorbia Hirt)        The Mindoro Post, within its article entitled "Dengue Fever Cure using Tawa tawa" (released The month of January 2010, utilized July 2010), creates, "many individuals understand and also have attested in order to the truth that these people and many more happen to be healed associated with dengue using a simple grass. This particular grass is known as Gatas Gatas within the land associated with Leyte. However in Butuan  and Cagayan de Oro  these people call this “Tawa Tawa” ·               At the same time, a wesite  upon Filipino therapeutic grass offers the organic category associated with Tawa Tawa grass  as well as explains which, "its blossoms tend to be several, each about 5  to 8 cm across. Sepals as well as petals tend to be obovate-oblong, yellowish-green, as well as protected along with big, reddish-brown smears” The effectiveness of Tawa Tawa Plant    ·              One of the studies proving Tawa Tawa's efficacy is an investigatory project entitled "The Effectivity of Euphorbia hirta L. (Tawa-tawa), Prepared in Teabag Form, on Increasing Platelet Levels in Mus musculus (White Mice)." The said science project won the Student Research Presentation sponsored by the College of Agriculture atXavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan in thePhilippines. ·            The said project, as the title suggests, probes on increasing blood platelet levels using Tawa Tawa plant. For......

Words: 8092 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

The Physiologic Effects of the Crude Concoction from Euphorbia Hirta (Tawa-Tawa) Using Staphylococcus Aureus for Anti-Bacterial Tests and Animal Inoculation Assay for Toxicity 1

...Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Background Euphorbia hirta, belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae which is a large family of dicotyledons, with about 300 genera and over 5,000 species. Here in the Philippines, the Euphorbia hirta, is commonly referred to as Tawa-tawa or Gatas-gatas in some provinces. It is also known as Asthma weed or Snake weed in the United States. The plants of 3 different species share Phoretic variations, these plants are: (1) Mutha (Cyperus rotundus), (2) Gatas-gatas (Euphorbia hirta) and (3) Botoncillo (Gomphena globosa). Tawa-tawa is usually very abundant in tropical regions such as the Philippines. A simple weed scattered in sunny lawns, waste places and open grasslands. It is pantropic in distribution. The plant is an annual, hairy herb, usually branched from the base, spreading up to 40 cm long. The stem is slender and often reddish and purplish in color, covered with yellowish bristly hairs especially in younger parts. The leaves are oppositely arranged, elliptical-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1 to 2.5 cm long, toothed at the edge, and blotched with purple in the middle. In the axils appear numerous involucres, purplish or greenish, dense, axillary, short stalk clusters or crowded cymes, about 1 mm long. The capsules are broadly ovoid, hairy, three-angled, about 1.5 cm. The small green flowers constitute the inflourescence characteristics of the euphorbias. The stem and the leaves produce white or milky juice when cut (Lind and......

Words: 8195 - Pages: 33

Free Essay


...Malunggay Mulunggay leaves are full of essential disease-preventing nutrients: These include Vitamin A (wdisease, skin disease, heart ailments, diarrhea, and many other diseases); Talbos ng kamote The talbos ng kamote can healing the diabetes and also it can be Promotes good health, Destroys bacteria and inhibit fungi, Regulates good bowel movements, Lowers blood sugar and cholesterol. Tawa tawa TAWA-TAWA IS good  for Dengue. If it does not totally cure the epidemic disease, at least it helps prevent or delay the effects of Dengue, that is, it lowers the platelet count of the patient’s blood. Aloe vera Aloe vera can healing the any kinds of wounds , cancer and also to the infections. The lagundi plants can healing the caught or the fever Lagundi Leaf decoction- for wounds, ulcers, aromatic baths, and internally to promote the flow of milk to induce menstruation, against gastric colic, and against flatulence. Dahon ng sili * ANTI FATIGUE * CRAMPS,ANTI- RHEUMATIC * BOOST IMMUNITY * APHRODISAIC * INCREASES APPETITE * LOWERS BLOOD PRESSURE * LOWERS CHOLESTEROL ETC. Tuba-tuba THE TUBA-TUBA PLANTS CAN HEALING THE TOOTHACHE AND ALSO TO THE STOMACHACHE . Saluyot Jute leaves are used as a remedy for: • Headache • Stomach ache/Ulcer • Arthritis • Urinary bladder problems LAGNOB The lagnob plant has healing OF DISEASES SUCH AS optimistic bone. URAY/KULITIS Among the many......

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ukay - Ukay

...names as tawa – tawa, gatas – gatas, snakeweed, cat’s hair etc. is a herb found in the Philippines, India, East and West Africa, and some tropical countries. This herb or weed is not only found in the Philippines but throughout Asia. It originated from Central America. This plant is a creeping and is considered a weed. However, ethomedical data in Indian and Asian traditional medicine indicate that the plant is used mostly for intestinal disorders such as diarrhea and antihelminthic and to a lesser extent topical for conjunctivitis and even for respiratory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. This plant is slightly poisonous. This plant describe to be a slender-stemmed, annual hairy plant with many branches from the base to the top, the branches simple or forked and ascending or spreading, up to 40 centimeters tall, reddish or purplish in color. Leaves are opposite, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 1 to 2.5 centimeters long, usually blotched with purple in the middle, toothed at the margin. Involucres are numerous, purplish to greenish in color, borne in dense, axillary, stalkless or short-stalked clusters or crowded cymes, about 1 millimeter in length. Capsules are broadly ovoid, hairy, three-angled, about 1.5 millimeters long. This is plant considered in the Philippines that is to be a folkloric herbal medicine that can cure illnesses like dengue fever and other respiratory illnesses. But for instance the government still doesn’t recommend it as a......

Words: 395 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mechanisms of Corticosteroid Action in Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (Itp): Experimental Studies Using Itp-Prone Mice

...such as chronic liver disease and dengue hemorrhagic fever. In most rural areas a health care institution is often inaccessible and most patients cannot afford high cost medication. Henceforth, herbal medicines are often used as an alternative treatment. Inadequacy of providing supportive treatment to correct the decrease of platelet is fatal to patients. Thus, several decoctions of herbal plants are purportedly used to improve platelet count. Recently, the mortality rate in heparin – induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) has been reported as high as 20% (Greinacher & Lubanow, 2003). Retrospective data shows that up to 8% of heparinized patients will develop the antibody associated with HIT and that approximately 1–5% of patients on heparin will progress to develop HIT with thrombocytopenia suffering from venous and/or arterial thrombosis in at least one-third of cases (Warkentin et al., 1998). Heparin – induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a potentially devastating immune mediated adverse drug reaction caused by the emergence of antibodies that activate platelets in the presence of heparin. Despite thrombocytopenia, bleeding is rare; rather, HIT is strongly associated with thromboembolic complications such as death and amputation which involves in both arterial and venous systems (Franchini, 2005). One of the popular diseases in the tropical country that is responsible for the drastic decrease in platelet count (thrombocytopenia) could be Dengue as reported by the Department of......

Words: 3674 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Tawa Tawa Cytotoxicity and Antimicrobial Property of the Leaf Extract of Euphorbia hirta (Tawa-Tawa) Lorna T. Enerva1,2, Theresita V. Atienza1,3, Zenaida R. Glifonea1, Ofelia B. Villamor1, Normita A. Villa2,3 1 College of Science, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines Taguig City University, Taguig, Philippines 3 Graduate School, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines Email: 2 Received 23 December 2014; accepted 15 March 2015; published 18 March 2015 Copyright © 2015 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). Abstract Tawa-tawa is usually abundant throughout the Philippines in waste places and open grasslands. The plant is an annual hairy herb, usually much-branched from the base. These branches are simple or forked, ascending or spreading up to 40 centimeters long and often reddish or purplish. The leaves are opposite, distichous, oblong-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, 1 to 2.5 centimeters long, toothed at the margin, and usually botched with purple in the middle. The plant deserves special attention because of its medicinal properties. Local tradition credits that this plant can help patients stricken with dengue fever. While it does not fight with the virus, it promotes the development of blood platelets and softens......

Words: 3375 - Pages: 14

Free Essay


...minutes * Let it steep then strain the leaves. * Drink half cup of Oregano three times a day. * Oregano concoction can be stored in suitable glass container for later consumption. BAYABAS Uses: * Bayabas, Herbal Medicine For Stomach Problems * For diarrhea and control stomach parasites Preparation * Gather fresh Bayabas leaves, * Boil chopped pieces of about 4 to 6 tablespoon for every 18 ounces of water. * Strain and let cool. * Drink ¼ cup of decoction every 3-4 hours until symptoms improve. TAWA TAWA Uses * Tawa-tawa tea for Dengue treatment: Procedures in making * Take 5 to 6 full whole Tawa-Tawa plant * Cut of  the roots * Wash  thoroughly * Fill a boiling pot with 1 liiter of clear water * Boil the Tawa-Tawa for 1 (one) minute in slow rolling boil Cool * Let the Dengue victim drink  only the Tawa-Tawa water for 24 hours * Slip 1 to 1.5 glasses of Tawa-Tawa water for every hour Uses * Aloe vera contains hormones called gibberellins and polysaccharides which kills acne-causing bacteria. Preparation * Extract the gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and rub it on the affected area. * Let for 3 – 5 minutes and rinse with water. * Apply oil-free moisturizer. * Repeat twice daily for best results. * Note: This method is great at treating acne scars. GUYABANO TEA USES * GUYABANO (SOUR SOP) TEA FOR CANCER, DIABETES, ARTHRITIS AND OTHER INFLAMMATORY......

Words: 2394 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Efficacy of Tawa-Tawa Plant (Euphorbia Hirta) Treated with Riboflavin in the Development of Blood Platelets

...problems. A normal platelet count in a healthy individual is between 150,000 and 450,000 per μl (microlitre) of blood (150–450 x 109/L). Ninety-five percent of healthy people will have platelet counts in this range. Some will have statistically abnormal platelet counts while having no demonstrable abnormality. However, if it is either very low or very high, the likelihood of an abnormality being present is higher. Some diseases or disorders in the platelet count in the blood are the Thrombocytosis where the presence of platelets in blood is high and Thrombocytopenia where platelets count in blood is low. In this case, a new way to develop platelets is needed. The researchers wanted to test the effectivity of tawa-tawa plant (Euphorbia hirta) treated with Riboflavin in the development of blood platelets. Euphorbia hirta is often used traditionally for female disorders, respiratory ailments (cough, coryza, bronchitis, and asthma), and worm infestations in children, dysentery, jaundice, pimples, gonorrhea, digestive problems, and tumors. It is reported to contain alkanes, triterpenes, phytosterols, tannins, polyphenols, and flavanoids. Background of the study Platelets are important...

Words: 5405 - Pages: 22