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Tax Reform Paper

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Kaianne28
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Tax Reform Position Paper

Taxes are necessary because they fund the services provided by government. Americans will pay trillions in taxes. Beyond funding government, the federal tax system has profound effects on the economy as a whole and on individual taxpayers, both for today and tomorrow. Taxes change people’s behavior and influence the economy by altering incentives to work, consume, save and invest. This affects economic growth and future income, therefore, future government revenues. In this paper I will highlight the pros and cons of flat tax, national sales tax, and the current tax system.

Flat Tax

Simplicity is considered a significant benefit of the flat tax system. One tax rate makes for easy calculation by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and straight forward payments from taxpayers. Because the flat tax taxes only one income, it is easier to understand and to report. The flat tax remains a popular idea in part because it eliminates double taxation. It eliminates the death tax, capital gains tax and taxation of savings and dividends. Fairness remains a popular feature of the flat tax. A taxpayer who makes $5000 pays the same tax rate as someone who earns $500,000. The taxpayer who makes more pays more taxes simply because their income is greater. It does not discriminate based on income; everyone pays the same percent.

Some of the cons of the flat tax are that the system penalizes the low-income portion of the population. For example, if the tax rate were 10 percent, then someone making $1,000 would have $900 spending income left after taxes. Someone who makes $10,000 is left with $9,000 after taxes; this inequity is thought to prove that a flat tax disproportionately benefits the rich. If the rich paid less tax, many believe that the government would lose significant revenue. A flat tax rate treats individuals and corporations…...

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