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CONTENT: 1. Introduction Taylorism: - Definition 2. Overview -General approach -Contributions -Elements

3. Applications -McDonalds -Toyota

4. Conclusion 5. Reference

INTRODUCTION:

TAYLORISM:

Definition:

Production efficiency and methodology that breaks every action job or task into small and simple segments which can be easily analyzed and taught.

Taylorism,

* Aims to achieve maximum job fragmentation to minimize skill requirements and job learning time, * separates execution of work from work-planning, * separates direct labor from indirect labor * replaces rule of thumb productivity estimates with precise measurements, * introduces time and motion study for optimum job performance, cost accounting, tool and work station design, and * makes possible payment-by-result method of wage determination

Named after the US industrial engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), Taylor believed that the industrial management of his day was amateurish, that management could be formulated as an academic discipline, and that the best results would come from the partnership between a trained and qualified management and a cooperative and innovative workforce. Each side needed the other, and there was no need for trade unions. His approach is also often referred to, as Taylor's Principles, or frequently disparagingly, as Taylorism. Taylor's scientific management consisted of four principles: * Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks.

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