Free Essay

Tech on the Family

In: People

Submitted By mandyboo98
Words 2362
Pages 10
Technology is binding the world of work and the world of home in ways that redefine what is means to be in each. Some changes are dramatic, others are subtle, but the changes are experienced in the mundane activities of everyday life. To begin this presentation I will tell you a story. This story may not reflect your own lives, but
I imagine some details will have a familiar ring to them.

John is a middle-aged product development manager at a high tech company in Silicon Valley. He bemoans the fact that he no longer has the kind of personnel support he had even 10 years ago. While he shares an administrative assistant with several other managers, he is now expected to handle his own communications, create his own presentations and manage his own time and financial budget. After all, he now has a PC to improve his productivity, and interactive on-line calenders to manage his time. The nature of his work means that he is in constant contact with engineers, the general managers above him, and his counterparts in different sites in his international company. He has more contact, and more in common, with his counterpart in Taiwan than the person in the next cubicle.
He tries very hard not to take too much work home with him, preferring to work late on site, but the international nature of his work means he is on the phone at midnight and at dawn. He is grateful for
E-mail and voice mail since they can fit his schedule. Realistically, he thinks about work problems constantly, in his garden, and in his car. He talks about his work all the time with his wife and volunteers to install network servers at his daughter's school on Net Day.

Meanwhile, his administrative assistant, Sharon, complains that her work load is overwhelming, even to the point where she is expected to move furniture and take out trash. She is expected to learn new programs and upgrades on her own time. Both John and
Sharon now take work and worry home. Sharon checks her E-mail and voice mail in the predawn hours before her children wake to prepare for any tasks that may need to be addressed immediately. She carries a pager and a cell phone so that she can stay in contact with her teenaged children after they come home from school. All of them feel much safer for the presence of these devices. They can now stay out longer and be more independent since they are "in contact." The only time they have been physically together in several weeks is for the anthropologist's visit to their home for an interview.

This vignette is drawn from a host of interviews and observations done over the past seven years in a series of studies dubbed "the Silicon Valley Cultures Project." I have been part of a team of anthropologists, along with Charles Darrah and James
M. Freeman, that have been studying technology and community in
Silicon Valley. While the larger issues addressed by my colleagues here today also interest us, our particular emphasis has been on the study of technology in daily life. We have treated Silicon Valley as a laboratory for technological saturation, where talk about technology surfaces easily at work, at home and in the community and can be therefore captured by eager social scientists. Silicon Valley is also a place with a well defined regional identity, in which discussions of reinventing community are common fare. We have sampled the intersection of technology and community in a variety of ways. In
1995 we worked with the Institute for the Future who combined a large scale statistical survey with an intensive ethnographic study of
"infomated households." These are households with a critical mass of at least five information devices, including some combination of
VCRs, CDs, laser discs, fax machines, answering machines, voice mail services, computers, and cellular phones. How did these devices enter and flow through peoples lives? What impact did they have? This study highlighted an unexpected connection. Infomated households revolved around work, both paid work and an endless series of tasks that formed a greater environment of work ranging from gainful work to voluntary activities and "working on ones family." This project led to 450 detailed interviews with people on work/home/community interface in
Silicon Valley, soon to be partially funded by the National Science
Foundation. We entered a variety of work spaces, at "work" and at home to view how people managed the intersection between these domains. Meanwhile, we also conducted related studies, collected hundreds of stories on how people decided to purchase devices and how they managed interactions across different cultures and generations.
We also interviewed more than fifty community leaders about their visions of the future of community in the Silicon Valley region.
Finally, using this research as a base, we are about to launch an intensive observation-based study of families and work in Silicon
Valley sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, investigating even more deeply the issues highlighted here today.

Please note that I am not separating information technologies from the institutions that act as conduits for the entrance of those devices into the home. Technology is not context free. Devices brought home from work organizations and schools are accompanied by styles of use and assumed purposes that follow that fax or that
Mac into the household. As the boundaries and distinctions blur, we abandoned the idea of sharply separating the domains but instead we traced the flow of technology through peoples lives. It is in the context of this research that I comment on family, community and technology. Technology and Family

As mentioned earlier, one of the most strikingly obvious impacts of information technology is the shift in the work-home relationship. We encountered people that said they never took work home, yet the computer had its own room and engineering magazines littered every flat surface. We had to question our assumption that we knew what "work" was. Work was not a single coherent entity, but a collection of different things. People talked of their
"work" -- ongoing career preparation, finances, parenting. But they distinguished that from their "work-work," that is, paid work for a particular organization. A large proportion of supposedly free time was spent thinking about "work-work" while in the shower, eating, or driving. As is discussed elsewhere in this seminar, information technologies have been instrumental in redefining the scope of work.

We asked people what made them a family? Repeatedly the answer was "we do things together." To these interviewees, the family is not a natural unit that simply exists, but one defined by action.
Families watch TV, camp, travel, eat and talk together. The devices that facilitate that action or talk -- phones, networked computers, pagers, answering machines -- take on a serious purpose for these people. Paging your children to let them know you are concerned that they arrived home safely from school demonstrates parental responsibility. Sharing an evening of movies or technology talk provides an opportunity for doing something together.

The interactions between information saturated work and networked families are governed by complex rules. As one interviewee noted: At the time, there was a lot of hard copy paperwork at my job.
I thought it would be real convenient to have a fax modem. . . I also hoped that the computer would save me time, and get me ahead at work.
I mean, I don't work at home because it is so great. I would rather do other things. But I saw, or hoped, that working at home would allow me to get even more done and give me an advantage at work. And then I thought that if I need an occasional afternoon off, it would be okay because I would be ahead. Of course, that was naive. Everybody works at home and now it is a standard. Working at home doesn't let me get ahead, it stops me from falling behind.

The colonization of home time by work is only the most obvious impact. As we talked to people at work and home we discovered that only certain kinds of work come home. Because the information saturated work environment is infinitely interruptible, activities that require concentration -- especially writing, reading and reflecting -- get shipped home where it is vainly hoped that uninterrupted time can be cultivated. People respond to this relocation in a variety of ways. Some have clearly scheduled
"Mommy is working now" times. Others try to manage post bedtime shifts. Many resist, trying to create boundaries by manipulating the technologies. The interactions can be subtle. For example, a highly placed city official tries to separate work and home by creating a barrier of physical distance, a common strategy. She commutes several hours a day to be able to maintain an affordable, distinct home life.
During that commute she uses her cell phone to begin and end her management day. Her action has led to a "voice mail organization" at city hall in which E-mail contact is reduced. While this is convenient for her, it limits the telecommuting strategies other people in the organization might have used to manage their work-home juggling. Her family driven choices ripple through the organization and back into her colleagues' family lives.

The penetration of work uses of information technology into the home leads to an access dilemma. "I want instant access to you but I want to minimize your access to me." This strategy increasingly leads to the use of home as an environment in which interruptions can be carefully managed, even between family members. Note the tone in this comment, "I get stressed when David doesn't have his (cell) phone on. You know, we have them for a reason, and I'll be trying to call him and I find out that he has the damn thing turned off." Often even non-use of devices is carefully managed -- by turning off the phone, avoiding using cell phones in the car, or checking for E-mail or voice mail at only certain hours.

Changes in work relations and management styles have also altered the way families talk about themselves. Families increasingly view themselves as management problems to be solved, just as they would be at work, with technology. Pagers, cell phones and answering machines, and now palm pilots, are used in tandem to coordinate complex household schedules. Work, school and recreational activities demand transportation, sequencing and division of labor. One software engineer, turned at-home mom, remarked that she was now prepared to go into project management after a few years of managing two small children and an occasionally telecommuting spouse. She had each day carefully orchestrated. She had her days at the cooperative day care center in which she coordinated the daily treats and food lessons with diverse other mothers using databases of recipes. Armed with databases of parenting articles, she acted as informal expert among her peers. Christena Nippert-Eng noted in her book on Home and Work, that people used their calenders as a way of marking the home/work domains. My interviewees now talk of using their upgraded palm pilots to fully integrate home/work divisions of labor -- beaming their spousal schedules to each other. The perceived safety net of technology also allows planning to become ever more "just-in-time."
Message machines and pagers allow plans to be created, shifted and coordinated in the space of a single afternoon.

The families we studied use information technologies to "work" on themselves. They use the telecommunications devices to coordinate activities ranging from after school baseball to weddings. They create networks of connectedness by making and sending videotapes and E-mailing distant relatives. Family histories are recorded and distributed. Cell phones and pagers create a sense of street safety, although realistically most of our interviewees actually used them more often for traffic management than emergency pleas for help. One woman used the LCD information on her husband's pager to discover an infidelity that led to a sudden restructuring of the family. These uses are not trivial, but ones that shape people's social reality.

Information technologies simultaneously perpetuate and alter family roles. Not too surprisingly some gender stereotypes were invoked as family members adopted "expert roles" within the households we studied. "Techno-experts," often associated with high technology work, were most often 30-49 year old men who could talk about technology with great facility. In contrast, their spouses, who often deemed themselves inexpert, were interested in the using, not discussing, the technology. Note the following exchange:

It's always the same pattern. Colleen would ask me a question, `How do I do something?' . . . Something that is really difficult for someone who really understands computers to talk about without giving some background. . . But she goes into the mode.
`Just tell me what I need to know to get through this in the next ten minutes.' (Colleen responds)`I'll say just tell me what to do.'
Then he says,'(she lowers her voice) `Well, you have to understand blah, blah, blah."' As another woman put it, "It is a man thing.
Women just let men do it." However, in that supposedly "inexpert" role these people, mostly women, do manage to interconnect various telecommunications devices into a network of practical connectivity.

People also use technology to subvert old roles. One septuagenarian viewed her skill with multiple programs and Internet environments as a sign that she was "empowered" and distinct from more
Luddite age-mates. Another aging mother found her role as family center being eroded by her children's constant E-mail contact. She was now superfluous as the siblings talked directly to each other and not through her. With information devices distant kin can interact more often than immediate family. Parental and gender roles can be both controlled and challenged using the devices. Rules are created to control family roles: "You must wear your pager," "You must carry your cell phone,""You must not use the computer during dinner."
These rules are subject to resistance. Exploring the nature of that defiance would reveal much about the workings of family and
technology.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Tech on the Family

...Technology is binding the world of work and the world of home in ways that redefine what is means to be in each. Some changes are dramatic, others are subtle, but the changes are experienced in the mundane activities of everyday life. To begin this presentation I will tell you a story. This story may not reflect your own lives, but I imagine some details will have a familiar ring to them. John is a middle-aged product development manager at a high tech company in Silicon Valley. He bemoans the fact that he no longer has the kind of personnel support he had even 10 years ago. While he shares an administrative assistant with several other managers, he is now expected to handle his own communications, create his own presentations and manage his own time and financial budget. After all, he now has a PC to improve his productivity, and interactive on-line calenders to manage his time. The nature of his work means that he is in constant contact with engineers, the general managers above him, and his counterparts in different sites in his international company. He has more contact, and more in common, with his counterpart in Taiwan than the person in the next cubicle. He tries very hard not to take too much work home with him, preferring to work late on site, but the international nature of his work means he is on the phone at midnight and at dawn. He is grateful for E-mail and voice mail since they can fit his schedule. Realistically, he......

Words: 2362 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Sociocultural Influences

...say that I am very happy with my decision to attend IVY Tech. I have been wanting to come back to college for several years and thought this was a good time since all my children are now a little more independent and all in school full time. I would have to say that almost all of the sociocultural influences helped me decide on attending IVY Tech and I will explain in the following paragraphs. First and the most important of the influences is word of mouth. I have had a few friends that have attended and graduated from IVY Tech and all of them had good things to say about the school. The most important was a friend of mine who came to IVY Tech to get her degree in nursing, she always told me how good the classes and instructors were at IVY Tech and I have to say at this point in my college experience I agree. From the first semester I feel that the instructors are always trying to help you succeed. The second would be reference groups. I didn’t use it much in choosing this school specifically but did use reference groups as a driving force to get myself back in school. My husband and most of my friends have their degrees and I could see it was much easier to get a job that pays better. I did have several friends that attended IVY Tech and went on to get a Bachelor’s degree elsewhere and they all recommended the school because of its affordability. The culture and subculture influences that drove me to IVY Tech were that I would be with other people that valued......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Capstone

...Security Maintenance Plan: 1. Introduction: Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice is in need of an offsite security maintenance plan to maintain the highest level of security for patient medical files in case of an emergency, disaster, or critical intrusion on the network system. Techs Rx, Inc. has agreed with Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice, to put in place a security maintenance plan for Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice. This plan will involve an offsite data storage company by the name of First Choice Data Management, Inc. The security maintenance plan will provide offsite storage of electronic medical records of all patients and include an onsite inspection by a representative of First Choice Data Management. The representative will inspect the health and condition of all critical files of the network, and perform the necessary operations to correct all deficiencies of the file system. Tech Rx, Inc will be responsible for contacting First Choice Data Management, Inc. and setting up Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice with the first initial request to the offsite storage facility. This will be done only one time, and only for the first initial set up. After the first initial setup, a manager from Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice will be responsible for any transactions thereafter. 2. Budget/Cost: Techs Rx, Inc. recommends that Dr. Joe Bob’s Family Practice contracts the services of a certified and technically competent IT consulting firm to maintain all critical...

Words: 2254 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Features and Benefits of Volvo and Benz

...with instant traction | High-tech amateur | Easy to control and drive car in different extreme geographical conditions | Enjoyed driving technologies | | Businessman | Better control as driving car in different weather conditions | Guaranteed high efficiency and safe driving in order to get to the office on time | Intellisafe, keep you in your lane and help you park in a tight space. | High-tech amateur | Be excited to drive in a special and high-tech way | Showed other the high-tech features and enjoy the latest technologies | | Businessman | In case of the distraction and a waste of time | No need to worry when you are tired and no need to worry when you try to park a car in a limited time | Sensus entertainment System, touch or voice to get directions, change music or make a call. | High-tech amateur | Be enjoyable to download popular apps into the embedded system and to play them when driving | Looking for a good restaurant by yelp or listening to a book by Pandora. It’s cool to show their friends and nice to drive by themselves | | Businessman | Used voice to control the system to call, text and send emails. | No missed message and kept online all the time | Audi Q5 ($39300~$52900) Features | Segments | Extended features | Benefits | Xenon plus headlights with LED daytime | Professionals | Showed tastes by the fashion design | Satisfied the professionals who pay attentions to details | running lights and taillights. | Affluent families | More visible to......

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mkt Strategy

...Marketing Strategy Project: A New Product for Happiness And Its Marketing Strategy iPhone Love-A Phone Designed for Seniors Hanxi Zhao Hanxi Zhao Dr. Boonghee Yoo MKT 203 December. 6 2014 Dr. Boonghee Yoo MKT 203 December. 6 2014 Table of Contents 1. Definition of Happiness……………………………………………………………....2 2. Survey results………………………………………………………………………………2 3. Social Background Introduction…………………………………………………..3 4. Incorporation of Happiness to New product Idea………………………..3 5. Product Description and features………………………………………………..4 6. Core target market and its size……………………………………..…………….5 7. Rival products…………………………………………………………………..…………6 8. Product positioning……………………………………………………………..….....8 9. Distribution Strategy………………………………………………………………….10 10. Service Strategy……………………………………………………………………….11 11. Pricing Strategy………………………………………………………………………..11 12. Advertising Strategy…………………………………………………………………12 13. Sales Promotion Strategy………………………………………………………...12 14. Sales Strategy…………………………………………………………………………..13 15. SWOT Analysis………………………………………………………………………….13 16. Estimation of Revenues. ………………………………………………………….14 17. References……………………………………………………………………………….15 ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Definition of Happiness Every people want to be happy in his or her......

Words: 3196 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Business Model and Strategic Plan Part I: Conceptualizing a New Product or Service Division of an Existing Business

...Strategic Plan Part 1 Walt Disney: Conceptualizing new service division Will Johnson BUS/475 March 12, 2015 Frank Bearden Strategic Plan Part 1: Conceptualizing new service division Introduction The Disney brand is a global powerhouse, renown for entertaining hundreds of millions of people over the past 75 years. Founder Walt Disney (d. 1966) took a simple vision of an animated mouse and turned it into a fantastical empire full of breathtaking imaginations come to life. The Disney Company is an organization which embraces constant innovations, one which the corporate world admires. It is because of this restless and intrepid spirit that Disney consistently lands on Forbes ‘Best Of’ lists, including Most Reputable Businesses and Most Valuable Brand (Forbes, 2014). Some of Disney's breakthrough innovations include the first motion feature using sound (Steamboat Willie), the first full-length animated feature film (Snow White), the first ‘4-D’ feature film (Captain E/O starring Michael Jackson), and the world’s first fully-interactive ‘themed park’ (Disneyland). This ‘company of firsts’ highlights the importance of an organization staying true to its mission statement while pushing above and beyond, breaking new ground with bold, visionary ideas. But Disney is not done. The Disney Company doesn’t rest on its laurels; and there are still new frontiers to discover in this illustrious company. Having developed new advancements in entertainment, Disney now points......

Words: 1808 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Communication Theory Paper

...am psychiatric technician. At M.B.M.H.I. everyday at shift change there is a meeting held to let the on coming shift know how the patients were acting on that day. It also informs on who the violet, good, or patients that are cheeking there medications. There is normally suppose to be at least six techs on the units every night two females and four males. The females take care of our hall and the males do the same. We have to all communicate because at our job if a patient is mad or is violent he or she can hurt one of us if we are not working together. We must all stay on the same page at all times. But there have incidents when one tech has said no and another has said yes that’s when a nurse on the unit has to step in and defuse the situation. I have learned that it is better to walk away than to stand there and argue with patient because he or she is there for a reason. The male’s techs on the unit really control the unit depending on the size of the male and how he approaches the situations that occur on his shift. When there is a strong male present the unit usually runs smooth. Sometimes it is hard to run the unit when the family has visited the patient that day. Some family members think it is ok for them to bring in contraband to patient but the worst thing that happens at...

Words: 402 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Webcom Assigment

...example of using technology which consists of smaller examples and we can say presentations. So for me it is examples and presentations what is the most significant point in the proairetic code of this video. Semic code: The first impression on me was big preassure on international expressing of video. A lot of nationalities and actually the family was international as well. Also the family looks happy (probably thanks to new technology) and the man looks really professional in the work. It seems like the expression would have been that successful and happy people use the products. Symbolic code: I found actually just one full-faced symbol and it was the toy of lion when children were working with the new tech. It was trying to show that it is so easy to use that even small child is able to work with that (and actually grandmother as well). Maybe man's cooking apron was symbol of possibility to work (cook) and use the new tech in the same time because the using of new tech "makes the cooking simple". Referential code: On the base of "west" understanding of family values there is showed perfect satisfied consume-orientated family (in my point of view). I would say it is typical cultural...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Michael Vick

...Michael Vick Michael Vick was born on June 26, 1980 in the city of Newport News, Virginia. Vick’s parents Michael Boddie and Caletha Vick and Vick’s siblings Christina, Courtney and Marcus grew up together in the hostile environment that Newport News was known for. Newport News is infamous for it’s gangs and drug activity. It is nicknamed “NewportNam”. This is a reference to Vietnam in order to show the hostile and dangerous environment that Vick grew up in. This would impact Vick in a negative way in his future. Vick’s journey to prison would start at a young age. Michael Vick saw his first dog fight at the age of 8. Dog fighting was a part of the culture of the neighborhood. In his biography, “Finally Free”, Vick says that “When [he] was young, [he] witnessed dogfighting so much that [he] didn’t think it was wrong” (102). Growing up in this kind of environment would lead to Vick’s imprisonment. He also states that while he knew that people got in trouble for dogfighting, he never knew that people could be arrested for it. Another factor that caused Vick’s imprisonment was the absence of his father. Vick’s father, Michael Boddie, worked at a local shipyard as a sandblaster. Boddie also struggled with an addiction to drugs and alcohol. This resulted in Vick growing up with no one to teach him right from wrong. This also resulted in no one being able to guide him through the tough times of living in Newport News. In accordance, in the book “Role Models”, the author writes......

Words: 1316 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Veldt Analysis

...there is a family that lives in this really modern house that can do just about everything for them, called a smart home. The main characters, Wendy, Peter and there parents Jorge and Lyndia, get spead apart by all the technology and when the parents relieve what's happening it's already too late to stop it. Early in the story, we see that they spoiled their children, and when they try to end it the child threatened him. The parents tell their children that they are thinking about turning off the nursery, a vr room that the children love, Peter tries threatening his dad to keep it on....

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ebusiness Task 1

...service “Taylor Tech and Learning” is a small home based business located in Small Town, AR. Taylor Tech currently does not have a website but could use one to increase web imprint and bring more business to the company. The company is located within the city limits of the small town. The business is frequented by the local people but offers so much more than just a quick computer fix and great customer service. The company offers a range of services. Computer repair, lessons, and tutoring are all usually completed by calling to see if they have time to offer the services via phone call. There is currently no online presence with Taylor Tech and with most business’s today that is how customers are attracted to buy the product or service. Taylor Tech doesn't need to be left in the dark. By creating a web site and offering all services online customers will be able to contact the company at anytime via e-mail, contact form, online chat, or by phone. It only makes sense to go online. By offering Taylor Tech's services online, this is a convenience for not only the company but for the customers. When a customer not longer has to unhook their computer and drive it 30 miles for a tech to run anti-virus on their computer, the customer is very happy. Being online also saves time and money, especially for small issues that can be repaired over the phone, remotely, forum, or through an online chat service on the company website. The lessons being taught by Taylor Tech can also be......

Words: 2401 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Ontela

...1. Ontela is worrying about the ultimate consumer because it directly relates to those who will buy the data plans and ultimately use the product. It’s important to identify these segments and do their own marketing to help promote the use of the services to increase revenues. If they don’t get end user to use it telecom companies will drop them as the value to both the consumer and the telecom will not be profitable. 2. Sara : Married 42 has kids works part time, not tech savey, needs the technology to be easy to use. Her key features tend to put her into segment 1 Steve: 27 single late adopter of technology convenience is important to him thus most likely fits into segment 4 as he doesn’t have the newest technology and his adoption is slower. Regina most likely fits into segment 3 as value for the computer is quite high and she disagrees highly with q1, she also would search for the best price when looking to buy as she is younger and does not necessarily have the disposable income to upgrade. The advantage to doing both the qualitative and quantitative data is they both may show different types of customers you may not have originally thought of. Qualitative data really shows you who a person is and what they do however quantitative data substantiates the qualitative or turns it on its head because it is what the consumer perceives. Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5 yes they seem very interested and have higher responses......

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Computer

... *   GK   * Puzzles * Engineering * Interview * Online Test Tell me about yourself.@ : Home > HR Interview > HR Interview Room | | | Points to remember before you attend this interview question: * Assume, now you are sitting in front of the HR manager. * Take the initiative to attend this question and tell your real answers. | Abdul Rahim said: (Thu, Mar 6, 2014 08:50:16 PM)   | |   | Good morning to all, It's my pleasure to introduce my self in front of you. I am very thanks full to you for giving this opportunity. I am Abdul Rahim, basically I am from Ongole Dist of Andhrapradesh. I Have completed my M.Sc in microbiology from acharya nagarjuna university. We are 7 members in my family including to me. My father was expired my mother is house wife. My hobbies are listening to music and reading books. My strengths are: 1. Hard working. 2. Good team player. 3. Learn very quickly. My weaknesses are: 1. I never leave my work unless and until it should be finish. My short term goal is to pass this interview and start a good career. And my long term goal is to be a successful personality in my field and the society as well. Once again thank you Sir/ madam. | No comments yet  |  Your comments please ...  |   +112   -40 | Mather Singh Bisht said: (Thu, Mar 6, 2014 04:10:51 PM)   | |   | Very good afternoon ma'am/sir. Its my pleasure to introduce front of you. My name is MahendraSingh...

Words: 8812 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

Immigration Reform

...“green cards” and H-1B visa recipients could have on the United States. Higgins discusses how highly-skilled non-immigrants have the ability to improve the U.S. if there visit is made permanent. These non-immigrants are typically those who hold a degree in science, technology, engineering and mathematics also known as “STEM” or those who are striving to obtain a degree. Several businesses support the effort because they feel as though H-1B holders with these skills could be beneficial to their companies. The government noticed the proposals, which led to the bill “Immigration Innovation Act of 2013”. Higgins separates his article into three sections titling them “Visa Reform and High-Tech Funding”, “Costs and Benefits for Tech Sector”, and “Congressional Hurdles and Outlook” In “Visa Reform and High-Tech Funding” Higgins goes into details of the bill and how the revenue will promote funding. He also classifies this segment by the related topics within the bill. The bill is designed to initiate the growth of H-1B visas and the access to “green cards” for high-skilled non-immigrants. An H-1B visa is a program that temporarily permits employers to hire foreign workers. The initial time frame their allowed to work is three to six years. In spite of the time period, The Immigration Innovation Act increased the limit for visas to sixty five thousand to one hundred fifteen thousand applicants. If they receive more it will be increased to three hundred thousand, thus enhancing the......

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Introduction

...Comm 101  All About Me | Introduction | I. | Reason for choosing Ivy Tech is the class sizes, location, and how the staff involves themselves with the students. "Today, I'll tell you my dream job is a youth advocate to help young adults make wise decisions and offer them with options and opportunities. | | | II. | My name is Doris, I am 32 yrs. old. Mother of a 9 yr. old daughter. Siblings and other family members. | | | III. | Family has had several run ins with the law, which is why I wanted to further educate myself with common laws. | | | IV. | My primary reason for picking criminal justice it to help our youth make wise decisions with their life. | | Thesis statement (this contains the three main points of the speech- it contains some idea of the content of the speech):The struggle I have had with the law whether it’s been myself or family, has lead me to educate myself with basic law knowledge then educate and help our youth make wise choices for their future. | I | Reason for choosing Ivy Tech is the class sizes, location, and how the staff involves themselves with the students. "Today, I'll tell you my dream job is to become a youth advocate to help young adults make wise decisions and offer them knowledge of options and opportunities. A. Describe myself  B. Introduce family members and friends, specifically troublemakers (Ralphy, Gaby, little Enrique) [now that you know how family oriented I am, I will explain how I reached my decision to study......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3