Free Essay

Technology and Progress in Brave New World

In: English and Literature

Submitted By ddemory
Words 1322
Pages 6
Upon entering the “Squat Grey Building” that is the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre; you will see the motto of the World State: Community, Identity, and Stability. These three words reflect the ultimate goal of the Utopia that is the World State. “Community” means that everyone within the Utopia must work together to maximize happiness for the society as a whole. “Identity” refers to the five classes of hereditary social groups that are created through genetic engineering. Finally, “Stability” refers to the ultimate goal of the Utopia. By creating similar people and censoring and controlling actions, the society looks to minimize conflict, risk, and overall change. The three goals of the World State are completely controlled through the use of science and technology in Brave New World, which thereby stripped its residents of all social aspects and personal freedoms. By creating the Brave New World Huxley shows the importance of technology and progress to society, which makes us stop and consider how our current progress and advancements in technology have affected our society as a whole. Before looking into how people in the World State are restricted from having any free will, it is important to define what it means to be human. In my opinion, all humans are born with free will. I would define free will as the equal and inalienable rights to be an individual who can make their own choices. The ability to act at one’s own discretion without constraint is simply the inherent dignity of all human beings. After defining what it means to be human, it is obvious that the inherent rights of all individuals in the World State are in clear violation. From the very beginning, it was clear that the World State dehumanized all of its residents. Through the use of the Bokanovsky Process, the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre is able to shock an egg such that it divides into ninety-six identical embryos, which then develop into ninety-six identical human beings. The Hatchery then destines each one of these embryos for a particular caste within the World State. These people are completely dehumanized as they unable to escape their social destinies. Through the use of conditioning, individuals created in the World State are incapable of performing any other function other than the ones they are assigned to. According to the Director, “social stability” is the highest social goal of the Utopia. He argues that through the use of genetic engineering and rigorous conditioning, people will accept their roles with society without question. Upon reading the first two chapters of this book, you can see the obvious comparisons between the production of humans in the Centre and the production of consumer goods on an assembly line. We also find that the World State uses a drug known as “soma” to better control the population. This drug sedates and distracts its users from realizing that there is anything wrong with the society that they live in. In chapter three of Brave New World, Mustapha Mond, one of the World Controllers, discusses what life was like before the World State began to tighten control. He believes that stability is the only way that civilization and move forward. Before the World State, instability ultimately lead to war, social unrest, and disease. Without the stability created by the Utopian society, there was untold misery and suffering. The leaders of the World State actually believe that they are creating a better world by dehumanizing the population. In chapter sixteen of this book, Mund states: “Besides, we have our stability to think of. We don’t want change. Every change is a menace to stability. That’s another reason why we are so charity of applying new inventions. Every discovery in pure science is a potentially subversive; even science must sometimes be treated as a possible enemy. Yes, even science.” After reading this quote by the World Controller, we can see that the World State tries to avoid and contain any form of progress to achieve a stable society. The World State believes that they have created the perfect society and that things must not change. Even the current levels of progress like Bokanovsky’s process shall be preserved, as any further development could potential destroy the entire system. Understanding what progress means is critical to understanding the suppression of the Utopia created by the World State. In our society today, we think of progress as the ability to improve our current way of doing things. We can achieve progress through the advancement of technology and through the development of new ideas. The only progress in the Brave New World was to develop the genetic engineering to breed the citizens and the conditioning processes to suppress them. Once this was achieved, the society has been kept at a constant level. By doing so, stability in the World State is promised and possible scientific advancements that could endanger the system are avoided entirely. After reading this book, I immediately began to think about the advancements of technology as it pertain to our everyday lives. Many of us see technology and progress as a blessing to society. After all, what we do without internet, smart phones, and Facebook? No one on Earth can deny that the progress of technology has improved our everyday lives. While technology definitely has its benefits, it can also be thought of as a curse. First of all, technology advancements have led to pollution problems, which will affect us for hundreds of years to come. We have also severely depleted various natural resources by our progress. Another negative aspect of technology is when its power can be used for destruction. Some technology, like atomic bombs, have been used a weapons for mass destruction. As we can see, the progress of technology is not always for the better. Huxley warns us of the dangers of giving the state control over new and powerful technology. Although this book was written in the early 1930’s, I believe that it paints a great picture of technology and a possible future that we seem to be heading towards. The Utopian world that was created by the World State seems more and more likely each day as our values become more materialistic and our faith and religious beliefs dwindles. In this futurist world, God has been replaced by technology as the source of life. After completing the book, we can see how the motto of the World State is becoming more and more a reality. There are several aspects of this book that I find to be true with today’s society. With advancements in technology and pharmaceuticals, society is becoming more reliant on drugs, such as antidepressants. These drugs provide users with the ability to feel chemically, “happy,” which is eerily similar to soma. Although we have not deliberately (to my knowledge) created social classes such as Alpha’s and Beta’s, advances in genetic engineering are allowing us to choose some of the characteristics of our children. Even testing genetic engineering methods on other animals seems unethical to me. While there are several similarities, I think that we are nowhere close to the society that Aldous Huxley created in Brave New World. He does present us with an interesting perspective on technology and progress which shouldn’t be taken lightly. Huxley warns us that the advancement of technology could eventually lead to the dehumanizing of society. By genetically creating people to fit a certain need, we are replacing the role of God with technology. This book also makes us stop and think about all of the “progress” that we are making. At what point have we improved our processes and ways enough? When has technology progressed too far? I guess only time will tell.

--------------------------------------------
[ 1 ]. Aldous Huxely, Brave New World (New YorkK Harper Perennial Modern Classics; Reprint Edition), 1.
[ 2 ]. Ibid., 6.
[ 3 ]. Ibid., 23.
[ 4 ]. Ibid., 42.
[ 5 ]. Ibid., 193.
[ 6 ]. Ibid., 198.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

File Idea of Progress

...I’m going to talk about the idea of progress. First of all I would like to give a definition of this notion : the idea of progress is the theory that the different advances in technology, science, and social organization can produce an improvement in the human condition. That is, people can become happier in terms of quality of life (social progress) through economic development (modernization) and the application of science and technology (scientific progress). Progress implies change and evolution and throughout history most advances have been positive. However the rythm of progress seems to have accelerated over the last few decades and the technological breakthrough and scientific developments are causing some people to question this progress. Should we fear progress ? To answer this question I will present three documents. The first document I have choosen is an excerpt from “O brave new world” by Aldous Huxley. O brave new world is a dystopian novel which anticipates developments in reproductive technology, sleeplearning, psychological manipulation and classical conditioning that combine profoundly to change society. The extract is about reproductive technology. The D.H.C (Director of Hatcheries and Conditioning) is talking about the Bokanovsky’s Progress to a group of students. Humans grow in incubators. Before this progress, they only grew one by one in incubator but with a bokanovskyfied egg it’s possible to make 96 humans grow. Later in the excerpt......

Words: 963 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Brave New World

...Dystopia: The World Today Introduction Written in 1931 and published a year after, The Brave New World (1932) contradicts the idea of Utopia (perfect world); a type of novel that queries the values of 1931 London using satire to dramatically represent a futuristic world in which occurring fads in British and America have been taken to extremity. People from The World State are living peacefully, free from any kind of war, abhorrence, impecuniousness, illness and physical sufferings. The novel depicts a potentially perfect world, not to mention people can enjoy wealth in terms of material possessions and all form of pleasures. Using high technology, human beings no longer have to conceive. They are created in factories wherein they are being prepared for future lives. The children are raised altogether and minds are controlled through sleep-teaching to further enhance their condition. As they turn to be adults, people are already destined to certain classes. And if one was unfortunately destined to be of the lower class, he would be raised to generally like the kind of life designated to him and be trained not to like nor appreciate - basically to the extent of being manipulated - other roles but theirs. They are subjected to engage or yield themselves in totally harmless entertainment and physical activities as form of leisure. There are several anticipations which were depicted by Huxley in The Brave New World. Although some of them may not be totally proven by this time,...

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Scientism in Brave New World

...Scientism and Technocracy in Brave New World Introduction Brave New World is well recognized as a dystopian novel, in which Aldous Huxley satirically criticized scientism and technocracy. In this new world, science and technology was paramount. It dominated all aspects of human life. Humans were mass produced in laboratory and factories; human moral value were moulded by sleeping teaching; human emotions were controlled by soma. The overuse of science and technology reduced humans to one-dimensional man without individuality and the ability of critical thinking. Human beings were used as tools for political and economic purposes. The thesis is to study scientism and technocracy, the "improper application of science to human life", from two aspects: the interference with human physical life and the elimination of human spiritual life. Scientism and Technocracy Scientism, according to Zhu Wang, is "an excessive belief in the power of scientific knowledge and technology to solve all human problems including spiritual crisis" (194). It is "the authority of natural sciences, dominating all aspects of human life and rejecting religion, philosophy, art, and literature" (194). In Brave New World, Huxley depicted a dystopian society to condemn the excessive use of science and technology which eliminated human individuality and civilization. He pointed out in his Complete Essays Vol.6 that science was "the reduction of multiplicity to unity….the theoretical......

Words: 1804 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Dehumanisation in Dystopian Literature

...dominant theme.” To what extent do ‘1984’ and ‘Brave New World’ depict a dehumanised society? Both Orwell’s ‘1984’ and Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’ certainly deny humanness to the characters in their novels. Kelman defines humanness as having two key attributes, identity and community. Dehumanisation occurs when these are removed from society. It is true that individuality is denied to citizens and although the community remains, it is subverted in order to fit the government ideal. It can therefore be said that dehumanisation occurs as people are denied and identity and the true meaning of community which is the perception that a person is part of an interconnected community of individuals. Dystopian literature serves to critique the current social and political conditions by looking at potential conditions. Both novels were written when the fear of growing totalitarian governments was present. The novels are a prediction of what may happen to society if this power grows worldwide. In 1946, Orwell wrote "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it." Around the time Huxley wrote ‘Brave New World’ there had been huge discoveries made in science and technology, Huxley took these and created a dystopia that uses technology to trick citizens into loving their slavery. The governments in both ‘1984’ and ‘Brave New World’ dehumanise people in order to......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Chilean Mine Collapse

...Collapse The bearer of bad news is never easy. The way in which the news is delivered and what must be done before and after the news is relayed is also important. The needs of the employees are different from the needs of the family. Prior to the providing a statement or briefing, It is vital to address each of these groups in a specific way. Before meeting with the families and employees, one must have the latest facts available and provide specific information on exactly what actions will be taken to rescue the trapped men. It is imperative to provide timelines during the rescue and report on the condition of the miners. Any communication between the miners and rescuers must also be provided. Finally, it is important to have a plan of action available regarding what will happen each day of the rescue mission. When commutating with family members about the collapse, the best method of approach for an accident like this is a face-to-face meeting. Provide transportation to a centrally located briefing facility and ensure they are cared for during the rescue attempts. Provide grief counselors and updated progress reports during every step of the rescue mission. Food and accommodations must be made available for those who choose to stay at the mine site. It is crucial for the company to reassure the families that everything that can be done to rescue the men will be done. For employees, conduct a briefing at the location of the mine and provide a progress report. Offer grief......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Taylorism In Brave New World

...Dystopia, We by Evgeniy Zamiatin and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, these influences are crucial for the development, the understanding in the context of the period, and the impact on the literary field. In this essay we will try to analyze the social, historical and cultural context of both novels,...

Words: 1961 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Development of Gender Equality

...Ziding Wang The development of gender equality 1. Introduction Over the past decades, the relationships between women and men and their lives have dramatically changed. In many parts of the world, women still have fewer rights including poor level of education, less income that men and less power of decision making. Unfortunately, this is true, despite the fact that women’s role in children upbringing, food producing and family income is inestimable. Gender equality is not only about being fair to both women and men, but is also means that they should have the same status in society. It also means that they have equal rights and opportunities on the way to their success and can equally contribute to all spheres of live: political and economic. With the promoting of scientific advancement, Japan seems to fall behind with gender equality. Only about 14 percent of female professionals has been trained in mathematics, science and engineering. According to data obtained, most of female scientists merely underestimate themselves when competing with their male colleagues (sciencemag.org). Unequal pay and unequal respect towards working women dispel the myth about gender equality (shriverreport.org). In general, the level of women’s wage is 2/3 of that of the men. Gender inequality in payment is a direct violation of the principle of equal pay for equal work. Almost in all sectors of the economy women take low-paying positions. During all these year we......

Words: 1597 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Controversial Social Issues

...substantial degree than ever, recognized by readers of his novel, Brave New World. This portrays a world centered around scientific progress and control. Huxley brings to light the extremity of influence given to Americans by revolutionary science. In an effort to forever improve, society has conformed to many ways of fixing imperfections. From surgeries and medications for honest sicklings to injections for greedy, pretentious abusers, people as a whole have transformed from the good ole days to the fast-paced, materialistic world. While discoveries in science are often for the benefit of society, is it possible that these newfound treasures are actually a preface for rot and ruin? ​Since most little girls could remember, the only way it seemed plausible to become successful was by living in the body of Cinderella or Barbie or Miss America. As they began to mature, nothing changed. The image remained as a beautiful bag of bones when media and celebrities were constantly thrown in their face. In the past, if they didn’t have “the look”, they were left hopeless and self-conscious. Thankfully, some idiot decided they would abuse the power of nature and science by providing these girls with an answer to their prayers. Plastic Surgery! What they didn’t account for was the impact. Now, not only were the glamorous allowed to have the image, everyone was-again, reducing the confidence in the female population and encouraging a new friend, bullying. Moreover, it is affecting the......

Words: 1310 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Strategic Planning at Ups

...years out and that business plans should have an even shorter horizon. But we are convinced that it is possible and wise, indeed necessary, to develop a set of very long-range scenarios that can form the foundation for our future strategic plans. — Michael (Mike) J. Eskew, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, United Parcel Service (UPS) As Mike Eskew walked through the long, open atrium of UPS’s corporate headquarters late in March 2005, he thought about his upcoming lunch meeting with Vice President of Corporate Strategy Vern Higberg. Higberg was preparing a presentation for the senior management strategy committee, the Strategy Advisory Group, on improvements to the strategic-planning process. While the company had made major progress in planning for the future over the past 10 years, Eskew had charged Higberg and his colleagues with developing recommendations for moving forward, citing one of his predecessors, who had said, “The future of our company will be no better or worse than the quality of planning we do to prepare for it.” Company Background History In 1907, 19-year-old Jim Casey borrowed $100 from friends to start the small company that eventually became UPS. From its humble origins delivering messages for the city of Seattle, Washington, UPS had grown into a $37 billion corporation (see Exhibit 1 for financial performance). Over the 98 years since its founding, it had transformed itself several times, first into a packagedelivery company,......

Words: 9641 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Investing in Ford

...is an American multinational auto company head quartered in Dearborn, Michigan, that was founded in 1903. Fortune favors the brave. Fortune 500 has placed Ford in the tenth position in the list of the largest American corporations (CNN Money, 2011). A net income of $383 million was reported in the second quarter of 2011, with a pre-tax income of $604 million. (Ford Media, July). But the numbers themselves do not mean much unless there is a comparison with the size of the company. To understand the progress made by Ford, we need to examine the stock price – Today, Ford closed at $11.11 (Yahoo! Finance, August). This figure may not look competitive, when seen in isolation. But when compared to how things were four years back, the progress in phenomenal. In 2008, the shares were as low as $1.01. When placed in this perspective, this is a giant leap for this automobile empire. These statistics show that there has been significant revamping done. In 2010, the company posted its highest net income in more than ten years, the full year net income being $6.6 billion, or $1.66 per share, which is an increase of $3.8 billion, or 80 cents per share, from 2009. (Ford Motor Company, 2011). The reasons for Ford’s success today are mainly due to the extraordinary efforts of the Chief Executive Officer Alan Mulally. His leadership has taken this company to new heights that it has never reached before. Here is a SWOTT analysis of Ford. Strengths 1) Leadership :...

Words: 1549 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Aviation Pioneers

...Flight Derek J. Polkamp Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract This paper will explore several early pioneers and their innovation in the field of aviation. These people will include those who completed flights that were the first of their kind, as well as those who provided an integral role in the development of air travel. The innovators that will be covered were dedicated to developing aircraft and often persevered amidst their peers thinking air travel was impossible. These brave men sparked a revolution and ultimately provided us with the transportation, fast method of mail delivery, military power, and many other benefits that we can see and enjoy today. This paper will explore some of the utilization of these early aircraft and the effects they had on war strategy. Aviation Pioneers and the Revolutionary Concept of Flight From the beginning of time man looked to nature for a better understanding of the world around us, not the least of which were the flying creatures which fly so gracefully and effortlessly above us. This phenomenon of flight eventually led to some of the most brilliant and creative minds to consider the possibility of a man-made machine that could propel us through the air. While Leonardo DaVinci was among the first to study flight and design a flying machine in the 1400s, it was not until 1785 that two brothers named Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier flew aboard their own aircraft in 1785 (Clark,......

Words: 1894 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Pm Speech

...working with all the resources at its command to rehabilitate those whose houses have been destroyed and rebuild damaged infrastructure. Our army, paramilitary forces and numerous officers and staff of the Central and State governments worked in difficult conditions in partnership with the common people to perform an outstanding task in providing relief to those who were stranded. We especially pay homage to the officers and men of the Air Force, ITBP and NDRF who sacrificed their lives to save others. We are also deeply pained that we lost the submarine, INS Sindurakshak in an accident yesterday. Eighteen brave sailors are feared to have lost their lives. The accident is all the more painful because the Navy had recently achieved two major successes in the form of its first nuclear submarine, INS Arihant and the aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant. We pay homage to the brave hearts we have lost. We also congratulate the Navy on its successes. Brothers and Sisters, We achieved independence in 1947 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. If we look at our subsequent journey, we would find that our country has seen major changes every ten years. In the decade beginning 1950, India took its first steps as a democratic republic under the leadership of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. We established institutions like the Atomic Energy Commission, Planning...

Words: 2966 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Main Contemporary Issue Faced by Manager with the Expansion of Technology

...The Main Contemporary Issue faced by Manager with the expansion of Technology Introduction In many industries, superior technology integration - the approach used to choose and refine the technologies employed in a new product, process, or service - is the key to achieving superior productivity and speed, and superior products. Access to great research is still immensely important, but if a company selects technologies that don't work well together, it can end up with a product that is hard to manufacture, is late getting to market, and does not fulfill its envisioned purpose. Technology integration has become much more important - and challenging - for obvious reasons. The number of technologies from which companies can choose has burgeoned. Both the breadth of technologies in a product or process and the potential sources of those technologies have increased considerably. Product life cycles have shortened dramatically, forcing companies to develop and commercialize new technologies faster than ever. As a result, the advantage now often goes to the companies most adept at choosing among the vast array of technologies and not necessarily to companies that create them. A radical change in the approach of U.S. companies to technology integration helps explain the resurgence of the U.S. electronics industry in the 1990s. But one size does not fit all. Indeed, an approach that works well in one country may not be the best for another. To be effective, an approach must......

Words: 2317 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Microsoft

...and music environment. With any major company its progress is the development of a strategic plan implemented into the development and increase of revenues. For a Microsoft the profit margins have developed and improved through the years alone with it is planning and developing products. The discussion of Microsoft’s strategic planning, financial planning, and the risks the business takes to increase it financial gains. Strategic Planning Microsoft has witnessed important progress up until fiscal year 2012 in terms of revenue, cash flow, and ensuring the liquidity of its assets to reassure investors over their interests. The Microsoft Investor Relations Annual Reports (2013) website states that the fruition of Microsoft’s performance manifested in the past few years with its continual revenue growth, which rose 12% from 2010 to reach $69.9 billion in 2011, and continued to rise to a record $73.7 billion in 2012. Furthermore, cash flow from operations went up $2.9 billion in the 2011 fiscal year to reach $27 billion, and climbed another $4.6 billion to reach $31.6 billion in fiscal year 2012. The Microsoft Investor Relations Annual Reports (2013) website states that the measures taken to facilitate liquidity proved to be successful because cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments, increased $4.2 billion among the short term investments most importantly acquiring the purpose of strengthening the progress of liquidity and capital preservation. The......

Words: 1788 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Cloning Essay

...Cloning Cloning a child would produce a genetic duplicate of a person. The two people would not be parent and child, siblings or twins but a new type of person: a clone. Cloning is a form of asexual reproduction. The technique of cloning has not been perfected. As a senator and a person in the public eye, my views will be examined closely, however my reasons against cloning are both factual and of sound logic. Cloning has not been proven to be a safe process, it erases individuality and unique qualities and it promotes the idea that people can be manufactured like objects to possess certain qualities like designer wear or special edition cars. There have been many great advancements in the medical field; however, cloning has not yet been proven to be a safe process. Technology is not well developed. It has a low fertility rate. A great example of this is the Dolly Experiment. "In cloning Dolly, 277 eggs were used, 30 started to divide, nine induced pregnancy, and only one survived to term" (Nash, J. Madeliene). There are risks of cloning inherited defects. If an individual has a genetic disease, deformity or abnormality this would be passed on to the clone. Not all diseases, deformities, and abnormalities are inherited through normal reproduction and many such traits skip generations. In cloning, human beings are identical and would therefore be at risk for the same disease, germs or viruses. If the population was infected it would be......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3