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Teenage Pregnancy

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Abstinence only versus Sex education in preventing teen pregnancy
Anamika Laddha
Chamberlain University

Abstinence only versus Sex education in preventing teen pregnancy
Introduction
United States has the highest level of teenage pregnancy amongst the industrialized nations – nine times as high as Netherlands or Japan, twice as high as England and Wales or Canada. Over eight hundred thousand teenage girls get pregnant each year, most unintentionally (The Alan Guttmacher Institue, 2000). Four out of ten young women become pregnant at least once before age 20. Moe than 80% of these pregnancies are to unmarried teens (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2004). Teenage pregnancy usually refers to girls who have not reached legal adulthood. World Health Organization defines Teenage Pregnancy as “any pregnancy from a girl who is 10-19 years of age,” the age being defined as her age at the time the baby is born. It is not limited to any social, economic, racial or ethnic groups. It is a serious issue that has effect on all of us and should be a concern from obstetric and socio-economical point of views.
Factors Contributing to Teen Pregnancy
The reasons behind teen pregnancy are complex, varied, and typically interconnected. As Sisson (2012) points out that teen pregnancy should not be looked as isolated issue and it must be understood within context of social complexities and inequities all of which needs to be effectively addressed in order to be one step closer to offer our teens better life. The culture that surrounds young people, the communities in which they live, their personal knowledge, beliefs, peers, parents, school performance, and life circumstances affect sexual decision making in teenagers. With reality shows like Teen Mom and 16 and Pregnant, teen pregnancy is depicted as glamourous gig, filled with attention and stardom that teens...

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