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Temporary

In: Other Topics

Submitted By parttimeviewer
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The definition of peace is different for each and every individual. According to Johan Galtung, with the agreement of any other peace theorists, peace is not just the absence of war. Peace is obtained through justice in all forms. Peace is different for a country of great power to the developing countries, “’…peace to the people in developing countries means not only the absence of disorder and injustice from the society… but also nonintervention in domestic affairs by big powers and unhampered economic development’” (Diokno 6-7). The Philippines belongs to these developing countries, and a region in this country, Mindanao, has been on pursuit for lasting peace. This is the kind of peace the people in Mindanao called the Bangsamoro people, has been longing for.

The conflict in Mindanao between the Government and the Bangsamoro people is the second longest-running in the world. It started more than four hundred years ago during the Spanish occupation. It was then continued by the Americans when Mindanao was not granted independence (Diokno 4). Even after the entire Philippines was granted independence, there were still problems that generated conflict. It carried on over the years through different administrations, including the present one, and it has not yet been resolved. There are still many which seemed as endless counts of infringement of the Bangsamoro that could be heard over the news along with countless reports of hostilities.

It is important to identify the root of the conflict itself to know what solutions to the problem are necessary and which steps are needed to take. One of the problems common heard is the Mindanao’s pursuit for autonomy. Although autonomy has already been established by law and granted to the Bangsamoro (we now call the region Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao), some groups claim that the spirit of autonomy is not yet there...

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