Free Essay

Terrorism: Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By student888
Words 2399
Pages 10
TERRORISM IS TERRORISM, BUT WHICH IS WORSE? YOU DECIDE

Alexandra Gadi
THST 398 – Dr. Soomekh
Final Paper
Due: April 29, 2011 Terrorism in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been an impacting factor on both sides, resulting in numerous and unnecessary casualties. Israel’s terrorism was rooted mainly from Gush Emunim, “Bloc of the Faithful” . On the other hand, Palestinian terrorism has spawned from a wide scope of different beliefs ranging from secular Palestinians through religious Jihadists. Jihad literary means struggle in Arabic . These Jihadists and secular terrorists blow themselves up with the belief that they are furthering their cause and feel as if they are warriors fighting in the battle for a homeland and freedom, one explosion at a time. Gush Emunim started as a Jewish fundamentalist movement in Israel that sought out to reclaim the lands of Abraham through a combination of propaganda, religious justification, and military force . Gush Emunim’s action “shows the growing resentment by Jewish fundamentalism of moves for peace. This, logically, was to lead to the “righteous” killing of [Yitzchak] Rabin” . Gush Emunim has used its religious power as a stepping-stone into Israeli politics in order to gain legal support for its settlement plans. The Gush Emunim movement has been made responsible for evicting Palestinian refugees from their homes in order to build their own settlements . Basing their existence off of religious platform, “Gush Emunim has used its own misuse and misinterpretation of halakha [codes of Jewish Law] to advocate its position and it has carried sway with a significant section of the population” . By gaining public approval through its propaganda, Gush Emunim has been able to harass the lives of Palestinian settlers in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank with little to no government intervention. Hamas is a Palestinian terrorist/political organization founded on extremist Islamic beliefs. As far Palestinian society, Hamas claims to be dedicated to improving the living conditions in “Palestine” by improving the education and health systems. Hamas wants to accomplish this mission by the creation of an Islamic Palestinian state throughout all of “Palestine” including Israel. Hamas plans to achieve this through the “Destruction of the Zionist Entity”. According to Hamas, the only solution for them in regards to the Israeli-Palestinian “conflict is the fighting of a Jihad against Israel” . Hamas serves both as a governmental organization and a center for terrorist groups. Although martyrdom is not a new concept to the world, suicide bombings broke all pre-existing notions on the matter. The practice of an individual strapping an explosive around him/herself, then detonating the bomb in public and crowded place, and praying for the greatest number of casualties possible to inflict the most damage is a new and evolved form of terrorism. By definition, Palestinian Islamic Jihad is “the destruction of the State of Israel through violent means”. In addition, “the Islamic Jihad rejects any peaceful settlement with Israel” . The Jihadist approach is counterproductive on both the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as well as to finding a fair solution. On the other end of the terrorist spectrum are the secular terrorists that don’t base their monstrous acts on any religious reasons. Whether it is committing a suicide bombing or launching Katyusha rockets into Israeli villages, these Palestinian extremists have committed such terror acts as a result of their hatred for the State of Israel and Zionism. On behalf of most Palestinians, the terrorists explain their hatred by saying that Israelis ripped their homeland out from under them, left them as refugees, and then oppressed them ever since. On June 9th 2002, the General Secretary of the Palestinian Authority stated:
“Suicide missions are the highest form of struggle of the Palestinian people in the war against Israel for existence”. He then added, “suicide missions are heroic” and “the arena of these operations should be the conquered territories of ‘67” .
Furthermore, although secular terrorists may attribute their attacks and bombings to different motives than Jihadists, the result of both their actions are undoubtedly catastrophic. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) is a major Palestinian political party comprised of various groups. The group with the largest majority in the PLO is Fatah, a secular Palestinian movement founded to take up an organized arm struggle against Israeli occupation. Fatah members view themselves as freedom fighters and are praised by Palestinian society when they take up arms against Israel . As a result of many battles fought by Fatah against Israel, “thousands of young Arab nationalists flocked to Fatah and the resistance movement, wanting to join the ranks of commandos, or fedayeen (“those who sacrifice themselves”) . As far as the Israel is concerned, Fatah is a terrorist organization and a major threat. Fatah is a prime example of a secular terrorist organization that does not base its killing on Jihadist views. Fatah and the PLO justify their violent actions by calling themselves freedom fighters against oppression. For example, in class we watched Lisa Ling’s documentary on female suicide bombers. The automatic assumption is that all martyrs, whether Jihadists or secular terrorists, are men. Lisa Ling shows us that as time goes on, more and more women are participating in these violent acts of terror as well. In the documentary, Lisa Ling states:
“In Arab culture, women have traditionally served as keepers of home and family. Not as front line fighters, let alone suicide bombers. Yet, since 2002, 8 Palestinian women have exploded themselves killing at least 37 and wounding hundreds more”.
Through extensive interviews, Lisa Ling learns that mothers are training their children from small on to become martyrs. Wafa Yidrees was the first female suicide bomber to detonate herself in a shoe store in Jerusalem in 2002, killing an 81-year-old man and injuring many. Lisa went to interview Wafa’s mother to find out more information. She concludes that Wafa was not religious and her “motives were linked to her personal life…and that she knew she had no future” due to the failure of her marriage . Wafa quickly became a celebrity and turned into an icon for younger girls. This is a major threat to Israel because women martyrs are much harder to detect. The idea of martyrdom in any form shocks people. But when people see other people blowing themselves up with the intention of harming as many people as possible, they ask themselves, how could someone do this? It is desperation and the feeling of no way out that gives suicide bombers the will to commit these acts of terror and murder just like Wafa. Although I am very pro-Israel, I must say that Gush Emunim has also committed acts of terror in different ways. Gush Emunim has been accountable for a variety of disturbing acts against Palestinians by the “poisoning of farm animals, to brutal attacks on Palestinian farmers, the destruction of their crops, and the theft of their produce” . While the media constantly points the finger in regards to terrorism at Palestinians, Gush Emunim has contributed to the great pains and struggles to a number of Palestinian communities. In a way, Gush Emunim can be a contributing factor to Palestinian terrorism. Settlement projects promoted by Gush Emunim generate hatred towards Israel that in turn manifests itself through uprisings and terrorist attacks.
“It has been a simple matter to describe Palestinian suicide attacks against civilians as acts of terror, for so they are. The outworking of Gush Emunim, aided and abetted by the Israel Defense Force, with state policies and government bureaucracy, can be seen to be essentially the same”
Through its imperial measures, Gush Emunim has not only violated the laws of halakha that it bases its movement on, but also international law and moral code. Extremists on both sides, be it Palestinian or Israeli, evoke the other to elevate to extreme measures in their terrorist acts. Gush Emunim can harass Palestinian villages that would cause Fatah or Hamas to take action on Israel. While these terrorist groups launch attacks; their battlegrounds are cities, villages, and towns. They are not attacking each other directly; yet they are unleashing their hatred on the Palestinian and Israeli people as a whole through their malicious terrorist attacks. Suicide bombing has had damaging consequences on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict over the years and has been a terrible cycle of action and blame. Palestinian fanatics strap themselves up with bombs and detonate themselves on buses, in cafes, and various crowded places where the most damage can be inflicted. As a reaction to the attacks, Israel feels the need to heighten protection, security, and to seek reprisal for deaths of its innocents. Gush Emunim uses the memories of terrorist attacks to evoke fear into the Israeli public in order to gain support. In turn this angers more people on both sides and as a result there is now a wall dividing Israel from the Gaza strip (Palestinian territories). The backlash leaves a number of disgruntled people who want to seek revenge for their feelings and abandonment. As a result, this negative energy is focused towards the people who took their homes. This cycle is what provokes more upset and catastrophe in the conflict: Palestinian feelings of oppression opens the door for Hamas and other Palestinian Islamist groups to recruit more people to sacrifice themselves in the name of Jihad and Allah. Regrettable, not much can be done about the public opinion in the Palestinian territories concerning Israel. People are left in the refugee camps and the children of refugees from 1948 and on, are scarred by their parents’ disappointments and want nothing more than to know the feeling of having a home to call their own. Just like Lisa Ling had mentioned in her documentary, it is these sentiments that are ingrained and instilled in the Palestinian youth and also one of the main motivating factors that allows extremists to recruit and capitalize on these people’s disdain and use it in their favor for terrorist attacks. The act of suicide bombing itself has evolved. These are not random acts of violence, but rather strategically planned acts that involve decoys and disguises. Witnesses of suicide bombings often report the terrorist as being dressed in modern trendy clothes, or the bombs are hidden in brief cases; the scariest part to fathom is how calculated these attacks are and the notion that all this negative energy could be used to achieve peace instead of war. Perception is the most delicate yet critical principle pertaining to the conflict and role terrorism has. From an Israeli perspective, Gush Emunim is an Israeli movement set out to better the lives in Israel and to assure a home for the Jewish people. The ways in which Gush Emunim operates is not openly publicized to the Israeli people, and therefore it can explain the low level of discontentment towards it. To the religious and in some cases non-religious Palestinian people, Hamas and its members have been praised as the freedom fighters for Palestine. This same notion applies to Fatah and the strong feeling that it is set out to wage war at all means against Israel for a Palestinian homeland. Not one of these groups view themselves as a terrorist organization; they exist to further their causes, beliefs, and objectives at all costs. Unfortunately, for Israeli-Arab citizens who live and work in Israel, they are subject to being mistreated due to terrorist acts committed by extremists. Due to these bombings and attacks, Arabs are seen simply are Arabs and Israelis have a difficult time differentiating between who is a citizen. When an Israeli-Arab boards a bus, people may be stricken with fear praying that they will not become the next victims of another terrorist attack; the preceding attacks created a developing dynamic of prejudice and racism between the two cultures. It is the ongoing struggle and fear present in Israel and the unwillingness of the Palestinians to negotiate a peace plan that slows down the peace process between the two. The damaging consequences of the suicide bombings bring the possibilities of a peaceful solution to a standstill. Unfortunately, the good and innocent people in Palestine suffer the consequences for these terrorist actions. They are forced to live with a wall, armed patrol in their areas, and constant checkpoints because it is the only way Israel feels it can assure its safety for their citizens. Since the wall, fewer suicide bombings and terrorist acts have occurred. Palestinians participate in Intifadas and attempt to arm themselves against Israeli occupation with the intentions of defending their people and land. The notion of freedom fighters arise from the belief that groups like Fatah and Hamas are protecting the Palestinian people at all costs. Gush Emunim, Hamas, and Fatah are all contributors to the terror arising out of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In their own ways, the fanaticism that has emerged from each group has caused harm to others and inadvertently caused harm to their own people. While Palestinian terrorism is more exploited by the media, Gush Emunim has committed a number of acts that are destructive as well. The evolution of terrorism throughout the entirety of the conflict serves as a narrative to express how bad things have become in the region. Merriam Webster defines terrorism as “the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion” . While Hamas, Fatah, and Gush Emunim all meet this definition, I ask you two questions, can killing an individual even be compared to poisoning a farmer’s crops? I understand that two wrongs don’t make a right, but what happens when one wrong, is more wrong, than the other’s?

Works Cited

Alexander, Yonah. Palestinian Religious Terrorism: Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2002. Print.

Alexander, Yonah. Palestinian Secular Terrorism: Profiles of Fatah, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command and the Democratic Front for the Liberatiom of Palestine. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2003. Print.

Esposito, John L. Islam: the Straight Path. New York: Oxford UP, 2011. Print.

Harms, Gregory, and Todd M. Ferry. The Palestine-Israel Conflict: a Basic Introduction. London [u.a.: Pluto, 2005. Print.

Shindler, Colin. A History of Moderm Israel. Cambridge [etc.: Cambridge UP, 2008. Print.

"Terrorism - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary." Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster Online. Web. Apr. 2011. .

Whitfield, Geoffrey Victor. Israeli and Palestinian Terrorism: the 'unintentional' Agents. Lexington, KY: Emeth, 2009. Print.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Human Shield

...History 361-01-Jewish History The Human Shield The debate over the use of human shields in combat has gone on for years and it is a hot topic as it pertains to the ongoing conflict between Israel and Palestine. Even though the act of using human shields can be traced all the way back to the 13th century when it was a tactic used by the Mongols in combat, the issue seems to have become an international focus especially under the microscope placed on the Israeli-Palestine conflict. The question now is why has so much attention been placed on the use of human shields by Israeli and Palestinian troops when there is documentation in one form or another of this “tactic” being used in every major conflict or war that has occurred over the last 300 years? As it relates to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, there are numerous articles and news reports which offer insight and accusations as to why this tactic is being used so liberally in this conflict. Whereas Pro-Israel reports shift blame to Palestinian fighters, likewise Pro-Palestinian reports shift blame to Israel. Finding any Israeli or Palestinian report offering a non-biased report going against its government or nation is quite difficult. For the purpose of military affairs, human shield is defined by freedictionary.com, as a person who takes a position at a likely military target as a means of forestalling an enemy......

Words: 1821 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

An Analysis of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

.... ìGETTING TO NOî AN ANALYSIS OF FAILED MEDIATION IN THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT (1993-2000) Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy Thesis Submitted by Ahsiya Posner 9 February 2003 Under the advisement of Professor Eileen Babbitt and Professor Diana Chigas ABSTRACT This paper will attempt this difficult but important task with the humble understanding that ìthe full storyî is impossible to know and telló even for the very participants of the process. Nevertheless, in this investigation, the author will explore four main questions. The first three questions are: 1) did the OPP set the Israelis and Palestinians on a trajectory that ìdoomedî CD2 from the start?; 2) were there problems inherent to the process and structure of CD2 that led to its failure?; and, 3) how should future mediation attempts of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict be structured in order to meet with more success? The fourth question, however, requires further introduction. The forthcoming study of CD2 will be guided by a ìProvisional Framework (PF)î of seven criteria that I believe are necessary ingredients to successful peacemaking processes. I devised this framework after consulting existing literature and scholars in the field of mediation and negotiation in general, as well as after reviewing scholarly pieces focusing on the Israel-Palestinian peace process in particular. Thus, after using this framework to analyze CD2, conclusions will thus be drawn with regard to a fourth and final......

Words: 48559 - Pages: 195

Premium Essay

Irsaeli-Palestinian Conflict

...Rappuhn 1 Allie Rappuhn Jeanne Foust 12 Honors English December 12, 2014 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is an ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century. If these two groups compromise and become two states, peace will hopefully come to this part of the world eventually (“Israeli-Palestinian Conflict”). The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has its roots in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the birth of major nationalist movements among the Jews and among the Arabs. Both groups headed towards attaining sovereignty for their own people in the Middle East. The collision between those two forces in southern Levant and the emergence of Palestinian nationalism in the 1920s eventually escalated into the Israeli–Palestinian conflict in 1947, and expanded into the wider Arab-Israeli conflict later on (“A Synopsis of the Israel/Palestine Conflict”). The on-going debate is if the state of Palestine should become one state, or two states. There are people on both sides, of course, but which is really the best solution? Many people believe that dividing the state is the only solution. Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel, in a June 14, 2009 transcript titled "Address by PM Netanyahu at Bar-Ilan University” takes the side of a two-state solution. He states, “In my vision of peace, in this small land of ours, two peoples live freely, side-by-side, in amity and mutual respect. ......

Words: 2147 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Causes of the Six Day War

...Israel-Palestine war? TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT AANALYSIS THE CAUSES OF ISRAEL/PALESTINE CONFLICT: THE FIRST INTIFADA 1987-93 DIVIDING THE MAP THE 1948 WAR ZIONISM 1967/OCCUPATION THE ARABS, TERRORISM & SECURITY: “NO SOLUTION” THE WALL/FENCE/BARRIER DELEGITIMIZING THE STATEHOOD DECLARATION BY PALESTINE THE IMPACT OF SCARCE WATER RESOURCES ON THE ARAB-ISRAEL CONFLICT CAMP DAVID FAILURE THE ISRAEL-PALESTINE CONFLICT IS CENTRAL TO THE MILITANTS’ CAUSE Abstract The notion of this research essay is to discuss the causes of the Israel-Palestine war. The first priority of the paper is to address the war in detail by describing the war. Another perspective that the essay will take in answering the causes of the Israel-Palestine war is to address the period of the war and how it emerged. The Israel-Palestine war is also denounced as the primary consequence that has formed the Israel-Arab war. The nature of the war is somehow a contagious form of war as it is fundamental in the creation of the upheaval of the Arab states conflict. The essay will also discuss the causes in the different sequence. This will be done by stating which cause took place before the following cause emerged. The principal ideology of the essay is to come to a founding cause that resulted to the war preceding other causes. Therefore the research paper will discuss the causes of the Israel conflict with the aim of establishing the causes that formed the Israel-Palestine war. The emergence......

Words: 4159 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Palestine

...The conflict between Israel and Palestine has an important significance because it's not only a territorial dispute, but also a cultural and religious one. The issue of recognition of the State of Palestine it's a problem hard to analyse considering the history of the belligerents and their argument about being hegemonic. The conflict emerged in 1917 when the Balfour Declaration gave Israelis permission to establish in Palestine and was soon followed by a Palestinian manifesto in 1933, but the dispute became military in 1948 when the civil war turned in the First Arab-Israeli War won by the Zionists with the help of the West. This followed the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel by David Ben-Gurion, the executive head of the World Zionist Organization. The armistice in 1949 led to a disjointed Palestine, with an Arab population of which half was made up of refugees. For twenty years, since the proclamation of the State of Israel and until the Six-Day War, Palestinians were reduced to silence under the occupation of Nasser's Egypt. As for the few who chose not to live under the occupation of Zionists, they were considered a mass of refugees under the protection of UN and UNRWA. In 1950, UNRWA was taking care of 957.000 Palestinians. On the other hand, Israel's population nearly doubled. This state of coercion, fear and insecurity led to the birth of The Palestine Liberation Organization by the Arab League in Cairo (1964) which brings into the......

Words: 1278 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Israeli Palestinian Conflict

...5/8/2014 Israeli–Palestinian conflict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Israeli–Palestinian conflict From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Arabic: ‫اﻟﻨﺰاع اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﯿﻨﻲ‬ ‫​- اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﻲ‬ al-Niza'a al'Filastini al 'Israili; Hebrew: ‫​הסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני‬ Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'YisraeliFalestini) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.[1] The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is sometimes also used in reference to the earlier sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine, between the Zionist yishuv and the Arab population under British rule. The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has formed the core part of the wider Arab–Israeli conflict. It has widely been referred to as the world's "most intractable conflict".[3][4][5] Despite a long-term peace process and the general reconciliation of Israel with Egypt and Jordan, Israelis and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement. The remaining key issues are: mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements,[6] Palestinian freedom of movement,[7] and resolving Palestinian claims of a right of return for their refugees. The violence of the conflict, in a region rich in sites of historic, cultural and religious interest worldwide, has been the object of numerous international conferences dealing with historic rights, security issues and human rights, and has been a factor hampering tourism in......

Words: 24422 - Pages: 98

Free Essay

Terrorisim

...However, in the meantime, "terrorism" has become American monomania since the September 11 attack, it has caused widespread concern. In this essay, I will analyze some possible cause and effect of terrorism. The first reason is that some people pressured by weak economic condition. Social contradictions have become increasingly, which lead to the development of terrorism. Because of economic recession and unemployment, diverse young people hope struggle to reality and give vent to a terrorist incident. What is more, lots of ethnic contradictions do not get a satisfactory solution. Take Israelis and Palestinians as an example, a small number of radical Palestinian organizations suicide terrorist attacks to the Israeli soldier's horrendous bombardment, because the new Israeli government carries out stringent policy on Palestinians. The third and very important factor is that terrorism is the result of religious and cultural conflict. In the recent years, there is no denying the fact that the Islamic Revival Movement has the greatest influence on a lot of Muslim nations. With the development of information industry, Western culture began to penetrate into some Muslim countries, for instance, Christianity have access to these Muslim countries, which cannot accepted by extreme fundamentalists, they are strongly opposed to the non-Muslim culture heresy and called for the full realization of the Islamization. Terrorism affects a nation in numerous aspects. Terrorism affects the......

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Palestenian Front

...The Palestinian Liberation Front NAME SCHOOL Author Note SCHOOL WITH ADDRESS Contact: EMAIL AbstractThe following paper is focused on critically disseminating the history of the Palestinian Liberation Front (PLF). From its beginning, to its leadership as from its past to its current state. Additionally in this paper, the movement’s use of tactics, techniques and procedures (TTP’S) as well as shining light on its main patrons active in its day to day activities will be analyzed. This comprehensive documentation will also define the circumstances surrounding the movement and how it touches on the PLF and how HUMINT will function in contrast to organization in question under these functioning factors: Political, Military, Economy, Social, Information, Infrastructure, Physical environment and Time. Moreover, this research sprouted from a number of online journals, websites and books published that express their standpoint and involvement based opinions on the PLF. At the very end of this paper you will have a clear comprehension into how the PLF was formed as a supplementary of the Palestinian Liberation Organization PLO, how it dictated and directed politics in their region and how HUMINT would respond in terms of operations to the effects of those underlying factors. The Palestinian Liberation FrontThe actuality of the Palestinian Liberation Front cannot be vehemently depicted in history without including the past activities of the Palestinian Liberation......

Words: 4885 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

The Arab – Israeli Conflict: Peace Building

...The Arab – Israeli Conflict: Peace Building Learning Institution Student Name Introduction The Arab-Israeli conflict is not a single conflict especially when analyzing and evaluating movements towards new forms of behavior in a given conflict system (Bar-Siman-Tov, 2013: 1). The United States played in a key role in the encouragement of a creation of a conflict management framework that could be applied. It was realized that there would be a need for a further and deeper learning process to enable conflict resolution (Bar-Siman-Tov, 2013: 1). As an intrastate conflict, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict should be seen above all as a major human problem involving approximately 3 million people who have been systematically deprived of their individual freedoms and right of self-determination through nearly three decades of military occupation (Kaufman, 2012: par 5). The decision to form a truth and reconciliation commission can drastically affect the future of a society recovering from a traumatic past (Coleman, 2013: par 7). He specific conditions of the nation, culture and peoples involved must be considered carefully before deciding to form a truth and reconciliation commission (Coleman, 2013: par 3). Societies emerging from violent conflict or oppressive regime often find it difficult t recover, build a future, and prevent themselves from falling into the conflict trap (Committee, 2011: par 4).The core pillars of transitional justice are truth......

Words: 3338 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Israeli Targeted Killings

...ISRAELI TARGETED KILLINGS Sarah Arrasmith INTL 614 - Assassination October 25, 2014 "Consequently, today's threat is just a real from seven thousand miles away as it is from ten feet away," Michelle Mallette-Piasecki, Albany Law Review, 2013. In 1995, Yahya 'Ayyash, otherwise known as "The Engineer," and an expert terror planner for Hamas, answered his last phone call. The Israelis had laden the phone with explosives and detonated while he was carrying it ( Luft, 2003, 2). In that same year Fathi Shiqaqi, the spearhead of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, who had organized several suicide bombings against Israelis, received fatal gunshot wounds by Mossad, the often mythical Israeli Intelligence (Luft, 2003, 2). These were not the first nor last targeted killings performed by the State of Israel yet are signatures of Israel's propensity and tenacity to not fall victim to terror attacks. The history of violence and threats inflicted by terror groups and nations against the state of Israel has lead to Israel's development of tenacious military and intelligence capabilities. Due to its geopolitical disadvantage, Israel must utilize aggressive and resilient tactics against terror groups, state, and non-state actors. Are targeted killings a necessary resort? Are other enforcement and intelligence strategies just as effective? Israel has propagated targeted killings as effective and credits this action with saving more lives of the innocent while reducing terrorist......

Words: 4596 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Terrorism and Homeland Defense

...Terrorism and Homeland Defense Fundamentals Weekly Assignment 3.2 Part One: 1. Describe the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine in 1947. For two years after the end of WWII, the world was in constant flux. New countries and boundaries were being drawn and one of the most contested and controversial was the creation of an Israeli/ Palestinian state. The Learning Network (2011) states the following: On Nov. 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for Palestine to be partitioned between Arabs and Jews, allowing for the formation of the Jewish state of Israel. Since 1917, Palestine had been under the control of Britain, which supported the creation of a Jewish state in the holy land. Sympathy for the Jewish cause grew during the genocide of European Jews during the Holocaust. In 1946, the Palestine issue was brought before the newly created United Nations, which drafted a partition plan. The plan, which organized Palestine into three Jewish sections, four Arab sections and the internationally-administered city of Jerusalem, had strong support in Western nations as well as the Soviet Union. It was opposed by Arab nations. US Central Intelligence Agency (para. 1-3) 2. Why do you think that Palestinian terrorists concentrate on soft targets? The concentration on soft targets is a result of the need to draw attention of a global audience that is increasingly challenging to traumatize, the growing sophistication of the......

Words: 2908 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

An Analysis of Media Within the Arab-Israeli Conflict

...Analysis of Media Within The Arab-Israeli Conflict “Unless and until something concrete is done about addressing the Israeli-Palestinian issue you won't get a real start on the war against terrorism.” – Bob Hawke The media is used for many different reasons. Since technology has advanced, media is wide spread mainly through social networks such as Twitter and Facebook. Since the first Zionist Conference in 1897, Palestine has fought to keep its land. Ever since, the Arab-Israeli conflict has been in the center of media news. Subsequently, in 1948, war was declared for the land between Israel and Palestine. Different sources have been bias and in favour of Israel in regards to how they describe the conflict, statistics and other governments’ support. The media has been bias and in favour of Israel because of how they describe the conflict. Firstly, the descriptions of the same events that have occurred differ between Israel and Palestine. For example, the legal status labeled replicates different positions of the West bank and Gaza Strip. One could be called a “disputed territories and the other “Occupied territories”. Although both are considered to be part of Palestine, it is labeled in favour of how the Israelis would call it. Secondly, when addressing the Israeli occupied areas, it has many names. For example, the blockage between the Palestinians and Israelis can be a security fence or......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Palestinian- Israeli Peace Process: Was It Designed to Fail?

...Name: Course: College: Tutor: Date: Palestinian- Israeli Peace Process: Was it designed to fail? Abstract It is true to say that there are many contributing factors to the uprising Middle Eastern conflicts. Included is poor leadership, mismanagement of available natural resources and unlawful occupations which is becoming one of the predominant causes of the conflict in this region most especially in respect to that between the Palestinians and the Israelis. Usually, conflict in the said region is as a result of the differences in the region or even terrorism. It is however becoming more apparent that the existing tension between the Palestinians and the Israelis is caused by the unfair distribution of natural resources, land being the main one. Never ending peace talks and planned establishment of well drawn out boundaries in particular is becoming a crucial aspect in the tension and the most probable future in the resolution of the conflict. The Israeli’s encroachment into the Palestinian land is not a recent phenomenon and has resulted in scarcity of resources for the Palestinians. This inequality is created and controlled by Israel as a way of achieving security when in real sense it is creating widespread anger to the nation and its policies. The quest for justice for both nations has been a long one which has essentially positioned them in risks for war and further conflict. Abstract1 Table of Contents 1: Introduction2 1.1 Rationale2 2: Was the peace process...

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Terrorism

...To understand Terrorism there needs to be a set definition of the word Terrorism within this paper. Terrorism is defined by the United States Law as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents” (Zalman, Amy PH.D.). The word Terrorist can be defined several different ways. One definition of Terrorist is “a person, usually a member of a group, who uses or advocated terrorism” while another is” a person who terrorizes or frightens others” (Zalman, Amy PH.D.). These definitions make the common citizen think that anyone can be a Terrorist and be involved in terrorism. The history of terrorism can be traced all of the way back to the 1950s and probably back even further. In the 1950s formed in numerous parts of the world and fought the governments of other countries. An example of this is the forming of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Ireland to fight, as the Irish saw it, the evil empire of Great Britain. In the 1960’s Palestine entered Israel and blew up the Israeli National Carrier water canal. In the 1960s International terrorism begins by the Palestine hijacking of an El Al Flight in 1968. This opened up the door for other terrorists groups to commit hijackings and terrorists were considered to be willing to commit symbolic acts of violence by certain organized groups with either political and or religious grievances. In the 1970s Palestine attacked a school bus and...

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Islamic Terrorist Groups: a Comparative Study of Terror

...war dragged on, seemingly endlessly, the Islamic groups faced by the United States and her Allies seemed to be wearing down the civilian desire to continue to wage war. What American civilians do not seem to understand is that not only does the multitude of groups have very nearly the same goals, but they are also willing to die for their cause and will be almost impossible to defeat unless they are hunted and destroyed. A study of the Islamic terror groups must include historic examples; Islamic extremism is not a recent development, nor has the ideology of the extremist believers changed much since the Islamic Conquests began in the 7th Century. In F.M. Mickolus' work International Terrorism in the 1980's, Mickolus wrote that since 1968 alone two-thirds of the known incidents of terrorism in the world had occurred in the Middle East (F.M.Mickolus, 1989). It would seem that the main focus of Islamic terror groups must be their ideology, and a primary topic of debate amongst scholars is if Islam is fundamentally a religion of peace, violence, or some hybrid of both. The Quran, the book by which Muslims worldwide base their way of life, is overtly ambiguous on the topic of peaceful or violent behavior, and...

Words: 3391 - Pages: 14