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The 1960's Diary Entries

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Melissanel
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The 1960’s Diary Entries
An African American participant in one of the Selma marches in 1965
An American soldier fighting during the Tet Offensive 1968
Entries by: Ashley M. Johnson

Journal Entre “Our March to Montgomery”

Journal Entre- March 6, 1965:
Tomorrow is the day we start our march to the State Capitol in Montgomery. Everyone has been directed to a group with an appointed group leader, to help guide us on our 54 mile journey. (According to Staff (2010) I have to admit I am a little scared and excited all at the same time, many white people don’t want us to have the rights to vote and I wonder if we can make this journey safely.
Journal Entre- March 7, 1965:
This day started with much determination, excitement, fear, and courage. I found it a little settling to see that there were not just blacks lining up to march, but whites too. I then thought at that moment that we could actual accomplish the long journey we had ahead of us, as one. Over the next few hours when we approached the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, I saw the mist of my true fears come out. (Hagler-Geard (2015) White officials attempted to stop our march, most of us started to pray, although our attempts failed, we seem to have angered them more. Shots were fired, at first I thought they were shooting us, but after the clouds of heavy smoke filled my sight and lungs, I became disoriented and confused. (The Harris-Perry (2015) website) I was seeing brutal acts of violence all around me, innocent men, women, and children were being beaten and abused. (The Harris-Perry (2015) website) My father ran up to me and grabbed me and took me away, I looked down shortly and saw blood all over me, was I hurt? I asked myself, but then realized, it was not my blood, but my fathers. I looked at him and realized his gaping wound on his head and started to cry as we approached our home. My mother and brother were safe inside, although they had cuts and bruises too. We call this day “Bloody Sunday. (According to Staff (2010) I just don’t understand how people could be so heartless, will we ever have a day that we are all considered equal?
Journal Entre-March 8, 1965:
My father said that we are going to attempt to march, again tomorrow. I am terrified and I am not so sure I want to go. Father does bring up a good point that we must fight honorable for what we believe in and to have faith in god to deliver us. I guess he is right, if Dr. King is behind us too we must have faith.
Journal Entre- March 9, 1965:
Today people seem more determined than ever, even people that were injured in our attempt before, were their standing for their rights. After crossing the main bridge, determination started to decline. People were turning around, my father asked what was going on? Where is everyone going? He was told that a judge placed a restraining order, and said we can’t march. (Hagler-Geard (2015) Even though the determination was a little diminished, it was still not gone and it seemed the people were still going to do whatever it took. I guess I am just glad, that this time no one got hurt and I thank god for keeping my family and me safe.
Journal Entre- March 16, 1965:
My father said, today was a great day for African Americans, in excitement. He was informed today that a judge revoked the restraining order and said we had the right to protest anywhere is the state. (Hagler-Geard (2015) the organization begun to get ready to march again, after hearing the great news.
Journal Entre- March 20, 1965:
Tomorrow we will attempt yet again to march to the State Capital in Montgomery Alabama. I have so many feeling that I just don’t know what to do with. My father is so happy, I hope and pray that he is not disappointed this time.
Journal Entre- March 21, 1965:
We started our march today, the President Lyndon B. Johnson called for legislation to protect us with congress on March 17, 1965 and so far so good. There have not been any counter protesters trying to stop us. I asked my group leader how far we had gone and how far do we need to go? He replied that we were averaging about 10 or more miles a day. (Hagler-Geard (2015) I saw military troops helping look over us during our march and the idea that we will actually make it this time felt strange to me. (According to Staff (2010)
Journal Entre- March 25, 1965:
We made it to the steps of the Capitol and Dr. King deliver one of the best speeches. He stated “How long, Not long”. Celebrities joined the march like, Sammy Davis Jr, Nina Simone, and Tony Bennett. (Hagler-Geard (2015) Over 25,000 of us made it to the Capitol to present our petition. (According to Staff (2010)

( Staff. (2010). Selma to Montgomery March. Retrieved from
(Hagler-Geard, T. (2015). Black History Month: Selma-to-Montgomery Marches. Retrieved from
(Harris-Perry, M. (2015). Selma’s youngest marcher on embracing ‘the fear of change’ / Lynda Blackmon Lowery, Race, Equality. Retrieved from

Journal Entre “Our Fight in the Tet Offensive”

Journal Entre- January 29, 1968:
Today were watching the people of South Vietnam, as they prepared for a New Year celebration. We were advised by our chain of command that a truce for this day was agreed upon and no fighting would take place. (The "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) website) The people of the city seemed happy and excited to celebrate their new year without having to put up a fight. This made me think of home and made me wonder about my family back in the states.
Journal Entre- January 30, 1968:
We were informed today by our chain of command that the truce was broken by North Vietnam and that the cities of Da Nang, Pleiku, Nha Trang and many others were under attack. We were ordered to be on full alert and it seemed that we were going to have a fight on our hands after all. (According to "History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive" (2000-2015).
Journal Entre- January 31, 1968:
Early this morning troops were awakened by attacks now taking place in Saigon. Also being informed that many other cities were being hit at the same time. (The "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006) website)Many fled and others were hit by cross fire. Cars were abandon in the streets and people were barricaded in their homes and roofs of the city. (According to "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) I saw a taxi turn down the street of the American Embassy and drive past, rapid gun fire shot and killed the two MP guards standing watch. (According to "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006) we were under immediate attack, and we radioed for back up. The compound was infiltrated by 19 man platoons. (According to "History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive" (2000-2015), It was a little shocking to see forces with the ability to do this. We found the wall that was infiltrated, by the eminence of a huge hole blasted into the concrete wall, surrounding the embassy. (The "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) website) At about 8 a.m. only six hours after they took it over, success of air strikes left the invaders all dead. We were also informed that we regained control over the radio station in the same day as well. (According to "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006).

(History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive. (2000-2015). Retrieved from
(History: Tet Offensive. (2009). Retrieved from
(Historynet: Battle for Saigon. (2006). Retrieved from http://

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