Free Essay

The 1960's Diary Entries

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Melissanel
Words 1388
Pages 6
The 1960’s Diary Entries
An African American participant in one of the Selma marches in 1965
And
An American soldier fighting during the Tet Offensive 1968
Entries by: Ashley M. Johnson

Journal Entre “Our March to Montgomery”

Journal Entre- March 6, 1965:
Tomorrow is the day we start our march to the State Capitol in Montgomery. Everyone has been directed to a group with an appointed group leader, to help guide us on our 54 mile journey. (According to History.com Staff (2010) I have to admit I am a little scared and excited all at the same time, many white people don’t want us to have the rights to vote and I wonder if we can make this journey safely.
Journal Entre- March 7, 1965:
This day started with much determination, excitement, fear, and courage. I found it a little settling to see that there were not just blacks lining up to march, but whites too. I then thought at that moment that we could actual accomplish the long journey we had ahead of us, as one. Over the next few hours when we approached the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, I saw the mist of my true fears come out. (Hagler-Geard (2015) White officials attempted to stop our march, most of us started to pray, although our attempts failed, we seem to have angered them more. Shots were fired, at first I thought they were shooting us, but after the clouds of heavy smoke filled my sight and lungs, I became disoriented and confused. (The Harris-Perry (2015) website) I was seeing brutal acts of violence all around me, innocent men, women, and children were being beaten and abused. (The Harris-Perry (2015) website) My father ran up to me and grabbed me and took me away, I looked down shortly and saw blood all over me, was I hurt? I asked myself, but then realized, it was not my blood, but my fathers. I looked at him and realized his gaping wound on his head and started to cry as we approached our home. My mother and brother were safe inside, although they had cuts and bruises too. We call this day “Bloody Sunday. (According to History.com Staff (2010) I just don’t understand how people could be so heartless, will we ever have a day that we are all considered equal?
Journal Entre-March 8, 1965:
My father said that we are going to attempt to march, again tomorrow. I am terrified and I am not so sure I want to go. Father does bring up a good point that we must fight honorable for what we believe in and to have faith in god to deliver us. I guess he is right, if Dr. King is behind us too we must have faith.
Journal Entre- March 9, 1965:
Today people seem more determined than ever, even people that were injured in our attempt before, were their standing for their rights. After crossing the main bridge, determination started to decline. People were turning around, my father asked what was going on? Where is everyone going? He was told that a judge placed a restraining order, and said we can’t march. (Hagler-Geard (2015) Even though the determination was a little diminished, it was still not gone and it seemed the people were still going to do whatever it took. I guess I am just glad, that this time no one got hurt and I thank god for keeping my family and me safe.
Journal Entre- March 16, 1965:
My father said, today was a great day for African Americans, in excitement. He was informed today that a judge revoked the restraining order and said we had the right to protest anywhere is the state. (Hagler-Geard (2015) the organization begun to get ready to march again, after hearing the great news.
Journal Entre- March 20, 1965:
Tomorrow we will attempt yet again to march to the State Capital in Montgomery Alabama. I have so many feeling that I just don’t know what to do with. My father is so happy, I hope and pray that he is not disappointed this time.
Journal Entre- March 21, 1965:
We started our march today, the President Lyndon B. Johnson called for legislation to protect us with congress on March 17, 1965 and so far so good. There have not been any counter protesters trying to stop us. I asked my group leader how far we had gone and how far do we need to go? He replied that we were averaging about 10 or more miles a day. (Hagler-Geard (2015) I saw military troops helping look over us during our march and the idea that we will actually make it this time felt strange to me. (According to History.com Staff (2010)
Journal Entre- March 25, 1965:
We made it to the steps of the Capitol and Dr. King deliver one of the best speeches. He stated “How long, Not long”. Celebrities joined the march like, Sammy Davis Jr, Nina Simone, and Tony Bennett. (Hagler-Geard (2015) Over 25,000 of us made it to the Capitol to present our petition. (According to History.com Staff (2010)

References:
(History.com Staff. (2010). Selma to Montgomery March. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/selma-montgomery-march)
(Hagler-Geard, T. (2015). Black History Month: Selma-to-Montgomery Marches. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/headlines/2012/02/black-history-month-selma-to-montgomery-marches/)
(Harris-Perry, M. (2015). Selma’s youngest marcher on embracing ‘the fear of change’ / Lynda Blackmon Lowery, Race, Equality. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKkQzN_cud4)

Journal Entre “Our Fight in the Tet Offensive”

Journal Entre- January 29, 1968:
Today were watching the people of South Vietnam, as they prepared for a New Year celebration. We were advised by our chain of command that a truce for this day was agreed upon and no fighting would take place. (The "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) website) The people of the city seemed happy and excited to celebrate their new year without having to put up a fight. This made me think of home and made me wonder about my family back in the states.
Journal Entre- January 30, 1968:
We were informed today by our chain of command that the truce was broken by North Vietnam and that the cities of Da Nang, Pleiku, Nha Trang and many others were under attack. We were ordered to be on full alert and it seemed that we were going to have a fight on our hands after all. (According to "History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive" (2000-2015).
Journal Entre- January 31, 1968:
Early this morning troops were awakened by attacks now taking place in Saigon. Also being informed that many other cities were being hit at the same time. (The "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006) website)Many fled and others were hit by cross fire. Cars were abandon in the streets and people were barricaded in their homes and roofs of the city. (According to "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) I saw a taxi turn down the street of the American Embassy and drive past, rapid gun fire shot and killed the two MP guards standing watch. (According to "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006) we were under immediate attack, and we radioed for back up. The compound was infiltrated by 19 man platoons. (According to "History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive" (2000-2015), It was a little shocking to see forces with the ability to do this. We found the wall that was infiltrated, by the eminence of a huge hole blasted into the concrete wall, surrounding the embassy. (The "History: Tet Offensive" (2009) website) At about 8 a.m. only six hours after they took it over, success of air strikes left the invaders all dead. We were also informed that we regained control over the radio station in the same day as well. (According to "Historynet: Battle for Saigon" (2006).

References:
(History Learning Site: The Tet Offensive. (2000-2015). Retrieved from http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/tet_offensive.htm)
(History: Tet Offensive. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/tet-offensive)
(Historynet: Battle for Saigon. (2006). Retrieved from http:// http://www.historynet.com/battle-for-saigon.htm)

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

1960's Diary Entries

...1960's Diary Entries Witness to the assassination of Malcolm X HIS 135 Dear Diary, I am one of many to witness the assassination of Malcolm X. On February 21, 1965 today we have lost a legacy. Malcolm X was a strong speaker, and was moved by many African Americans. He did so much to make us feel connected with our African American heritage. He would say the words that we would think but were scared to say. Malcolm X lost his life by the Nation of Islam; everyone is surrounded by questions of this fearless man’s death. The files The Files of Malcolm X, reveals The Smoking Guns in the FBI reports, which was dated for February 22, 1965, the files declares that Malcolm X had 10 gun shots penetrating to the chest, his thigh and ankle, also there were 4 bullets pleats into his chest and thigh. When his autopsy was done, they found 1 gun being noticed as a millimeter slug, 1 - 45 caliber slugs, with numerous shotgun shots, that were all around and about in his body, torn through the heart of Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska. When Malcolm was in prison, he got religious, he wanted to change his criminal past, and became a member in the Nation of Islam. After Malcolm was released he started to preach on street corners. I have to say that Malcolm X was a very brave young man and stand up type of guy that did a lot to make blacks feel more connected to African American heritage. He stood up for African Americans and spoke out words and things that they were too......

Words: 1561 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

His - 135 Week 4

...1960's Diary Entry Aaron Cobb His-135 April 21st, 2013 Joseph Woodard 1960's Diary Entry Diary Entry #1 Today we have lost a legacy. Malcolm X was one of the greatest and most influential African Americans the world has ever known. He did so much to make us feel connected with our African American heritage. He would say the things we were thinking but were too afraid to say ourselves. He taught us to stand up for ourselves and our rights as black men. Who knew that a troubled young boy would become a powerful and educated leader? As a young trouble maker doing prison time, it was during his ten years in prison that he educated himself as well as introducing himself to the Nation of Islam teachings. After serving a couple of prison stints he even became a minister of numerous temples in Boston, Philadelphia and New York. He also started a newspaper titled “Muhammad Speaks” which touched on controversial views about his idea that blacks were superior. He became second in command to Elijah Muhammad but they butted heads and ended up going their own ways. Elijah stuck to his ideas of Nation of Islam, while Malcolm X focused on what true Islam taught. He felt that the Civil Rights Movement had the blacks begging the whites for freedom, and he was not a fan of begging. He instead advocated black power and black consciousness even if it resulted in violence. He had several famous speeches, including “Black Man’s History”, “The Black Revolution”, and “God’s......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Diarys 1960

...1960’s Diary Entries Ashley M. Martinez HIS/135 Kim Schuchmann Diary Entry 1 Witness to the assassination of Malcolm X Unfortunately, I have witnessed one of the most influential people of my time life taken too soon. Malcolm Little, also known as Malcolm X became a powerful leader, especially among younger blacks, as a result of his intelligence, his oratorical skills, and his harsh, uncompromising opposition to all forms of racism and oppression (Brinkley, 2012, p. 817). Prior to his achievements Malcolm X was once a drug addict and a pimp who served time in prison. He soon joined the Nation of Islam, which was once an obscure black nationalist group. Malcolm X was one of the most notable civil rights activist. Among his many contributions to the civil rights movement, were instilling that African Americans and White Americans were no different and gave African Americans the courage to protect themselves and what they believed “by any means necessary” (The Learning Network, 2012). The Nation of Islam had a great impact on Malcolm X, he quickly climbed the latter in this organization and began preaching the word Black Muslims. Later on, he began to disagree with the leader of the Nation of Islam over the direction of the organization. In 1964, Malcolm X parted ways with the Nation of Islam and converted to traditional Islam. The organization he once cared and spoke for was what caused his tragic death. At 39 years old, on February 21 1965, “Malcolm X was......

Words: 477 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

A Short Voyage Out

...180 THE  SOUTH  CAROLINA   REVIEW E S S A Y VIRGINIA WOOLF IN IRELAND: A SHORT VOYAGE OUT by Kathryn Laing o, it wouldnt do living in Ireland, in spite of the rocks & the desolate bays. It would lower the pulse of the heart: & all one’s mind wd. run out in talk” (Diary 4: 216)–so Woolf declared in her diary during her one and only journey around Ireland in May 1934. For her descriptions of the landscape and the people she met (mainly the Anglo-Irish gentry) are as ambivalent as her now infamous reading of James Joyce’s Ulysses. But Woolf’s response to Ireland, and more particularly to Irish writing is only part of the story. As a contemporary, how was Woolf read in Ireland, if she was read at all, and what, if any, impact has she had on Irish writing? For the contemplation of “Virginia Woolf in Ireland,” both as a traveler and a reader of Irish culture, politics and literature, and as someone to be read through her various publications, provokes a proliferation of research possibilities about both writer and country. In this essay I wish to sketch out a preliminary map of these possibilities, showing some of the potentially complex and intriguing routes that require further exploration, in relation to Woolf studies, in particular the European Reception of Woolf, and in relation to Ireland and its own literary history. So the paper is divided into three sections: briefly, Virginia Woolf literally in Ireland, reading Virginia Woolf in Ireland from the 1920s...

Words: 4743 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Arh 4470 Syllabus

...of Fine Arts Program in Visual Arts Contact information for instructor: Department of Art + Art History MM Campus, VH 235 Preferred mode of contact: alpesh.patel@fiu.edu Office hours: By appointment on Tuesdays and Thursdays (preferably after class). Course description: This course examines major artists, artworks, and movements after World War II; as well as broader visual culture—everything from music videos and print advertisements to propaganda and photojournalism—especially as the difference between ‘art’ and non-art increasingly becomes blurred and the objectivity of aesthetics is called into question. Movements studied include Abstract Expressionism, Pop, and Minimalism in the 1950s and 1960s; Post-Minimalism/Process Art, and Land art in the late 1960s and 1970s; Pastiche/Appropriation and rise of interest in “identity” in the 1980s; and the emergence of Post-Identity, Relational Art and Internet/New Media art in the 1990s/post-2000 period. We will focus primarily on artistic production in the US, but we will also be looking at art from Europe, South and East Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Emphasis will be placed on examining artworks and broader visual culture through the lens of a variety of different contextual frameworks: formal, authorial, socio-cultural, and identity-based (race, class, gender, and sexuality for instance). Course structure: In each class, we will often discuss several artworks (produced in the last 10 to 15 years) that will......

Words: 4237 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

General Knowledge 2012

...Book's Name | Author's Name | A Bend in the River | V. S. Naipaul | A Bend in the River | V.S.Naipaul | A Gift of Monotheists | Ram Mohan Roy | A House for Mr.Biswas | V.S.Naipaul | A Journey | Tony Blair | A Minister and his Responsibilities | Morarji Bhai Desai | A Nation is Making | Surendra Nath Bandhopadhye | A Pair of Blue Eyes | Thomash Hardy | A Passage to India | E. M. Foster | A Revenue Stamp (autobiography) | Amrita Pritam | A Strange and Sublime Address | Amit Choudhary | A Suitable Boy | Bikram Seth | A Tale of Two Cities | Charls Dikens | A Voice of Freedom | Nayantara Shehgal | A week with Gandhi | L. Fischer | Adventures of Sherlock Homes | Arther Canon Doel | All the Prime Minister's Men | Janardan Thakur | Allahabad Prasasti | Harisen | Amitabh- the Making of the Superstar | Susmita Das Gupta | Amukta Malyad | Krishna Deva Raya | An Unknown Indian | Nirod C. Choudhary | Anand Math | Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye | Anna Karenina | Leo Tolstoy | Aparajito | Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay | Apple Cart | G. B. Shaw | Aranyak | Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay | Arogyaniketan | Tarashankar Bandopadhyay | Astyadhaye | Panini | Bakul Katha | Ashapurna Devi | Ban Palashir Padabali | Ramapada Chowdhury | Bandit Queen | Mala Sen | Bela Obela Kalbela | Jibanananda Das | Bengali Zamindar | Nilmoni Mukherjee | Bicramanchadev | Bilhon | Blind Beauty | Boris Pasternak | Buddhacharit | Asha Ghosh | Captive......

Words: 2869 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Ndebele Bhona Relations

...The Colonial Legacy in African Management: West Africa (1950s to 1970s) and South Africa (1990-2000s) Stephanie Decker sdecker@hbs.edu Abstract The colonial legacy in Africa has determined the development of management on the continent, as the comparison between the historical case of Africanisation in Ghana and Nigeria in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s with South Africa in the 1990s and 2000s highlights. Despite the fact that Ghana and Nigeria were not settler colonies, when white managers were replaced with blacks (who previously only occupied subordinate positions in the colonial or Apartheid systems), most companies in Africa faced similar problems. In the quest for legitimacy in the eyes of local elites and the international community companies were tempted to resort to ineffectual window-dressing, or failed to develop the talent of black staff who face disapproval not only from white but also from less successful black colleagues. In case of successful promotion of black managers, skilled white personnel was often driven away by the lack of opportunities, while capable black staff was frequently poached with better offers by competitors. The creation of a black elite with significantly higher income than the majority population was also frequently divisive and undermined corporate social responsibility claims. Keywords: Black Economic Empowerment, Affirmative Action, Africanisation, South Africa, Ghana, Nigeria Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) and Employment Equity in......

Words: 9904 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Valliant Paper

...When I received a copy of James S. Valliant’s book, The Passion of Ayn Rand’s Critics: The Case Against the Brandens, I was a little apprehensive about reviewing it. It seems that every time a discussion commences about the “juicy” bits of Ayn Rand’s sexual and romantic entanglements, it takes on a life of its own, and the discussion never seems to end. Cyber-forums can’t even mention this book without provoking hundreds of rancorous posts among people who are still personally involved in the developments surrounding the break between Ayn Rand and Nathaniel Branden and Barbara Branden. It’s as if the War of ‘68 is still raging. I was fortunate when I came to the study of Ayn Rand. I was eight years old when Rand and the Brandens went their separate ways. I knew none of the principals involved, and didn’t actually discover Rand’s work until nearly ten years later—when I was a senior in high school in 1977. And even after I’d discovered her work, I'd read everything she wrote without the assistance of going to live lectures or attending group meetings of people sitting around a vinyl turntable or an audio-tape player, listening to recordings of said lectures. I eventually listened to the vast bulk of those lectures as background for the preparation of my book, Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical, but even that research was pursued independently. My work was not the product of any assistance from any Objectivist institute or organization. Around 1992, however, as I was researching......

Words: 13409 - Pages: 54

Premium Essay

Niotjin

...Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Biography The English statesman and author Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965) led Britain during World War II and is often described as the "savior of his country." Sir Winston Churchill's exact place in the political history of the 20th century is, and will continue to be, a subject of debate and polemical writing. Where he succeeded, and how much he personally had to do with that success, and where he failed, and why, remain to be established. That he was a political figure of enormous influence and importance, belonging in many ways to an age earlier than the 20th century, and that he fitted uneasily into the constraints of British party politics until his moment came in 1940 are not in doubt. Until recently his reputation during the years from 1940 onward was scarcely questioned. But now historians are beginning to reassess his career in just the same way as Churchill himself tried to revise T. B. Macaulay's account of the Duke of Marlborough by writing a multivolumed Life of his distinguished ancestor (completed in 1938). Churchill's record both before 1939 and after 1945 was for the most part undistinguished. But as Anthony Storr writes: "In 1940 Churchill became the hero that he had always dreamed of being. … In that dark time, what England needed was not a shrewd, equable, balanced leader. She needed a prophet, a heroic visionary, a man who could dream dreams of victory when all seemed lost. Winston......

Words: 2123 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Dgfd

...National Events – 2013 January: S Ramakrishnan takes charge as Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Director Senior scientist with four decades of experience in rocketry, S Ramakrishnan has assumed charge as Director of the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Tiruvananthapuram. Ramakrishnan, who was director of the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), succeeds P S Veeraraghavan. A Padma Shri award recipient, Ramakrishnan is an expert in aerospace propulsion, launch vehicle systems and project management. The new director was one of the scientists who took part in the mission to realise India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV-3. He was the mission director for PSLV C1, C2, C3 and C4 flights. Amitabh Bachchan, Vidya Balan named PETA's hottest vegetarian celebrities Bollywood megastar Amitab Bachchan and actress Vidya Balan have been named PETA's hottest celebrity vegetarians of 2012. The other names in the running were Miss India Neha Dhupia, actor Shahid Kapoor, Sonu Sood, southern star Dhanush, Kareena Kapoor and veteran actress Hema Malini. Bachchan, 70, has been named the hottest vegetarian celebrity three times in the past and even won the crown in PETA Asia's equivalent contest in 2011. Balan, who had won the crown in 2010 too, has often credited her curves to her meat-free diet. IPS officer creates triathlon record A senior officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre has created a record of sorts on completing a 695 km long journey from Visakhapatnam to Hyderabad on a bicycle. Rajiv......

Words: 33722 - Pages: 135

Premium Essay

Ethic - Ritz Carlton Case

...LECTURE ST. THOMAS UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW FALL 2012 DISTINGUISHED SPEAKER SERIES WHAT MUST WE HIDE: THE ETHICS OF PRIVACY AND THE ETHOS OF DISCLOSURE ANITA L. ALLEN' I. INTRODUCTION We live in an era of persotial revelation. We are preoccupied by seeking, gathering, and disclosing information about others and ourselves. In the age of revelation, individuals and enterprises are fond of ferreting out what is btiried away. We are fond of broadcasting what we know, think, do, and feel; and we are motivated by business and pleasure because we care about friendship, kinship, health, wealth, education, politics, justice, and culture. A lot of this has to do with technology, of course. We live at a historical moment characterized by the wide availability of multiple modes of communication and stored data, easily and frequently accessed. Our communications are capable of disclosing breadths and depths of personal, personally identifiable, and sensitive information to many people rapidly. In this era of revelation—dominated by portable electronics, intemet social media, reality television, and traditional talk radio—^many of us are losing our sense of privacy, our taste for privacy, and our willingness to respect privacy. Is this set of losses a bad thing? If it is a bad thing, what can be done about it? My refiections on these questions begin with a series of diverse examples from the past several years. The examples illustrate the emergent ethos of our revelatory era. The first...

Words: 7837 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

General Sherman

...“Instead of being on the defensive, I would be on the offensive”: General Sherman’s March through Georgia 1   The United States Civil War was the bloodiest and most trying conflict in American history. Hundreds of thousands of American lives were lost on both sides of the war. General William Tecumseh Sherman’s march through Georgia to the sea was a brilliant strategic victory for the North that helped to end the war more quickly, all while preserving the lives of soldiers on both the North and South. All though his march was outside the general practice of warfare it is clear that the General’s movement through Georgia was the best course he could have taken given his circumstances. His capture of Atlanta and his subsequent march to follow is one of the most controversial issues of the war. At the time of the war it was commonplace for the military leaders to embed their troops in entrenchments that were nearly impossible to infiltrate. They would then rush their men towards each other in a bloody battle. General Sherman realized that attacking the entrenchments of the enemy was fruitless and killed too many soldiers. He went on a path of flanking maneuvers that helped get around these entrenched soldiers. He followed up this plan by attacking the economy of the South and breaking their resolve. The importance of his new plan can be seen on how his tactics of attacking the land and economy, instead of other human beings, and avoiding head-on confrontation......

Words: 14944 - Pages: 60

Free Essay

Texas Rangers

...Chapter 2 The Genesis Bernhard hoesli and the Process of Design It is the spring of 1982;the venue,the auditorium of the School of Architectre,University of Texas at Arlington.Bernhard Hoesli is speaking to a capacity crowd;his first lecture in Texas since his departure from Austin in the summer of 1957. I have arrived late, having driven the 350miles from San Antonio to the Dallas-Fort Worth area.Though there is a substantial contingent of young architecture students for whom the lecture is only one of a series,glancing around I reacquaint myself with the older faces;the balding,graying heads in the hall----Duane Landry and Jane Lorenz Landry,Bill Odum,Bill Booziotes,Rik Mcbride,and many,many others---all former students of his,and all come to listen one more time to that heavily infected,though remarkably fluent,English;that familiar emphatic cadence,that keen,impassioned intelligence methodically,masterfully drive home the argument.Transported for the moment back in time twenty-five years,to Room 305 of the Architecture building in Austin,it is with a shock I realize that his hair is now snow white. Author First of all you see,it was a personality,a strong,radiant,convincing,dynamic personality.And therefore either you know it or you don’t;it is something which is immediate or else it doesn’t exist. Rene Furer,interview with the author,March 1993 Bernhard Hoesli was born in the Swiss canton of Glarus in 1923.At an early age,however,he moved with his parents...

Words: 13480 - Pages: 54

Free Essay

Kse Project

...CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY Organization is viewed as a group of persons for achieving its goals. The study about organization is termed as organization study. Organization affects the quality of human life in modern society. The study of organization is thus very essential for understanding the behaviour of human being. Organization can be studied in two perspectives that are micro and macro. In micro perspective, the focus of study is on individuals. It concerns itself with each individual’s psychological makeup, his interaction with other individuals and groups. The micro view of individuals in organization is recognized as a discipline called organizational behaviour. The macro view considers organization as the unit of analysis in place of an individual. It is concerned with organization as the unit of analysis in place of an individual. It is concerned with organizational goals, organizational structure, technologies used in organization and how organization interact with the environment. The macro perspective is recognized as a discipline called organizational theory. Both these aspects taken together to present a complete picture of organizational study. The organization study is a relevant part of our MBA program; this would enable to meet and attain a practical and real time feed of various aspects concern and to relate it to be concept and theory studies in the classroom. This exercise would help the future managers to meet the challenges......

Words: 6511 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Ais Problem

...ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM EXERCISE Pham Quang Huy Exercise 1. Nehru Gupta is the controller at the Acme Shoe Company, a large manufacturing company located in Franklin, Pennsylvania. Acme has many divisions, and the performance of each division has typically been evaluated using a return on investment (ROI) formula. The return on investment is calculated by dividing profit by the book value of total assets. In a meeting yesterday with Bob Burn, the company president, Nehru warned that this return on investment measure might not be accurately reflecting how well the divisions are doing. Nehru is concerned that by using profits and the book value of assets, division managers might be engaging in some short-term finagling to show the highest possible return. Bob concurred and asked what other numbers they could use to evaluate division performance. Nehru said, ‘‘I’m not sure, Bob. Net income isn’t a good number for evaluation purposes. Because we allocate a lot of overhead costs to the divisions on what some managers consider an arbitrary basis, net income won’t work as a performance measure in place of return on investment.’’ Bob told Nehru to give some thought to this problem and report back to him. Questions: a. Explain what managers can do in the short run to maximize return on investment as calculated at Acme. What other accounting measures could Acme use to evaluate the performance of its divisional managers? b. Describe other instances in which......

Words: 13539 - Pages: 55