Free Essay

The 4 Yogas

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By mcalisda
Words 549
Pages 3
Bhgavad Vita precisely described the all of the spiritual paths of the Hindu when he said, “Yoga is the journey of the self to the self through the self”. That discovery comes in 4 separate and distinct forms. Common American perception is that the practice of yoga is primarily a physical practice separate and apart from religion. “The word yoga derives from the same root as does the English word yoke; meaning to unite and place under disciplined training”. Americans take this definition literally and only consider the physical aspect of yoga training. This approach leads to a gap in the most enlightening aspects of yoga; spiritual training. Like many of the world’s religions Hinduism has one distinct goal and that is to unite the human spirit with God. Hindu’s believe that there are 4 separate paths to reaching enlightenment and uniting your spirit with God via the spiritual and physical discipline that is yoga. Because of the variety and complexity of the human personality, Hinduism understands that we all approach our spirituality from different points in life. The focus of the four paths is on the strongest aspect of the personality with the ultimate goal of “rendering the surface self-transparent to its underlying divinity; cleansed of its gross impurities”. The four paths of yoga are Jnana Yoga (the path through knowledge), Bhakti Yoga (the path through love), KarmaYoga (the path through work), and Raja Yoga (the path of the psychophysical). Jnana Yoga is considered the yoga for the rational. It is said that Jnana has the strongest reflective element of all of yoga. Jnana yoga uses the rational focus, detached from emotion, to evaluate who we are and how that shapes our experiences. Bhatki Yoga is considered the yoga of love and devotion to God. Because it is considered the yoga of inner purification, Bhatki Yoga requires cleansing of the ego and has the steepest and shortest path to unity with the divine. Karma yoga is often referred to as the path of work or selfless devotion. Because Karma Yoga is the yoga of action it can be practiced through Jnana (knowledge) yoga or Bhatki (love) yoga. The final yoga is fondly referred to as the “royal road”. The comprehensive psychophysical yoga approaches unity with all facets and disciplines of the other three yoga paths. For those who are scientifically inclined, this is the yoga of choice. In an effort to seek unity with God, Hindus practice in ways that are commonly seen in other religions. The chanting/mantras of the bhakti yoga are reminiscent of Pentecostal Christian practices that focus on the “feeling” of the religious experience demonstrated by speaking in tongues, going into trances and seeing visions. Many would liken the recitation of Hindu chants to that of a Church Revival Meeting because of the emotional and physical response these both evoke. Like many faiths, Hinduism is steeped in deep and varied rituals to include chants and meditations along with offerings of milk and fruit. Religious ceremonies that are common in a variety of faiths have the same formal and ritualistic service in yoga. Yogi Bhajan captures the intent of yoga when he said, “the attitude of gratitude is the highest yoga”.

Smith, Huston (1958). The World's Religions. New York City: Harper Collins.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

4 Yogas

...Religions: Eastern and West 2 September 2014 The Four Yogas In Hinduism, there are four paths of yoga that are utilized as a reference guide that can help one along their spiritual journey towards self-realization. These paths provide different avenues that work for different people and are tailored towards certain temperaments so that one can choose the path that will provide them with the most success. According to Philip Novak, “Hinduism recognizes four paths of yoga or methods of self-transformation: the yoga of action (karma), the yoga of devotion (bhakti), the yoga of knowledge (jnana), and the yoga of meditation (raja yoga)” (Novak 34). These are paths to spiritual self- transformation that one can take after they have been taught that the controlling of the mind comes through meditation. Karma yoga is the pathway to self-transformation through work or action in the form of selfless service. Karma yoga appeals to those who have active temperaments. An example is given out of the book explaining that we are human machines made for action or work. Meaning, that our entire body, except for the reproductive apparatus merges together through action. The drive to work is mental not economical. We are by nature selfish beings, through Karma yoga we can step out of our spiritual ignorance through selfless actions. The goal of Karma yoga is for one to continually work towards acting in a selfless nature. Karma yoga is the action towards diminishing one’s......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

4 Paths of Yoga

...differences between the four paths of yoga? And relate the four paths to other philosophical or religious traditions? The four paths of yoga are jnana yoga, karma yoga, bhakti yoga, and raja yoga. Even though the four parts of yoga come from Hindu philosophies each has its own way that can make people live spiritually and comfortably by choosing a certain path that an individual is comfortable with. Everyday people will use techniques that were born with yoga and not even know they are using a basic form of yoga. Each type of yoga is different from one another in a lot of different ways. Jnana yoga is learning from others. Karma yoga believes doing work unselfishly will lead to good deeds happening for one. Bhakti yoga is expressing yourself. Raja yoga is the art of meditation. Jnana yoga or knowledge yoga is based on learning from teachers who have a lot of knowledge with jnana yoga. As such priests and intellectuals will prefer this type of yoga so they can learn and then teach it themselves. Reading the bible is also considered jnana yoga since you will gain knowledge by doing this. This type of yoga was refined by a school of philosophy that is still being done today the school of Vedanta. The Vedanta school uses the ideas of the Upanishads as its primary inspiration. Upanishads is defined as which come at the end of the Vedas. All other forms of yoga do not incorporate learning or teaching in they way they express themselves. Jnana yoga can relate to numerous......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Informative Exploration Essay on Yoga Can Help Provide Better Health

...Informative exploration essay on yoga can help provide better health Introduction Although yoga has only become popular in recent years it has a rich and long history that is not less than five thousand years old. Even then it still remains unknown when exactly the practice began. A review of various literature insinuates that in ancient times people’s desire for health, need for self understanding and long life gave birth to yoga, a mental and physical exercise which has ever since spread to many parts of the world. What Yoga is The word ‘yoga’ essentially means to yoke or join together’ and thus the exercise is meant to harmonize the functions of the mind and body and result to an individual’s general well being and wellness (Monro, 1997, 215-21). The yoga system is built and supported by meditation, simple postural exercises, relaxation and breathing practices. Yoga exercises are designed and developed to appropriately put pressure or strain on the body’s glandular systems consequently increasing their efficiency and an individual’s total health. The body on the other hand is perceived as the primary instrument that allows people to evolve and work and therefore the yoga student is required to treat it with immense respect and care. The breathing techniques are supported by the assertion that breath is unarguably the source and basis of life for the human body. Therefore breathing......

Words: 3239 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Business Intelligence

...given below to identify all valid rules. Clearly list out all relevant steps and report the support, confidence and lift for each valid rule that you generate. Customer ID 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Food Yoga, Pilates, Weight Loss, Step Aerobics Zumba, Cardio, Weight Loss, Spinning Yoga, Zumba, Pilates, Step Aerobics Yoga, Pilates, Step Aerobics Zumba, Cardio, Spinning Step Aerobics, Spinning, Weight Loss Zumba, Pilates, Yoga Yoga, Spinning Pilates, Step Aerobics Step Aerobics, Pilates, Spinning Solution 1] Given: A) Minimum Support Threshold = 30% B) Minimum Confidence level = 60% Applying Apriori Algorithm:   Support greater than the user-specified support threshold min_sup (minimum support) , and Confidence greater than the user-specified confidence threshold min_conf (minimum confidence) Formulae to be used: a) Support = No of Transactions containing all items in antecedent and consequent transactions in the database. / No of b) Confidence = No of Transactions containing all items in antecedent and consequent No of transactions containing items in the antecedent. c) Lift = Confidence of the Rule / / Support of the Consequent. 1. One Element sets validity check: Step 1 – First look for most frequent item as a single set. 1. Yoga...

Words: 1287 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Pm592 Cp1

...Executive Summary/Proposal – Our motto and our mission is "Health for Life." Menon’s Yoga Centre, LLC intends to fulfill the mission through the opening of multiple Yoga centers. Initially our first centre will be used as model on which to base additional franchised studios. Yoga is growing trend in health and fitness industry and Menon’s Yoga centre will teach both traditional and unique styles of Yoga classes. This blend of styles draws more customers than typical studios attract. By capitalizing on this strength, we are in unique position to create nationally recognized style of teaching and recognized brand. The primary objective is to open a flagship centre that will draw clients from other local studios. Franchise additional studios under the Menon’s Yoga Centre brand, will establish our unique system of yoga training as branded system. The objective to open our first local studio, train teachers in our methodology create branded retail products then expand our unique yoga fitness system into recognizable market culture. The second step is to train teachers and staff. The Mission Statement Menon’s Yoga Centre, LLC, is dedicated to promoting healthier living and reduced stress through yoga and meditation classes and massage therapy. Classes are offered morning afternoon and evening seven days week to accommodate all of our clients' schedules. The Centre will be open daily from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Massage therapy meditation classes and private classes will be offered...

Words: 2696 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Npd Questions

...(optional):________________ 1. Do you practice yoga? a. Yes b. No c. Sometimes 1.1. If you chose ‘b. No’ as answer to question above please answer the following questions 1.1.a. and 1.1.b. – 1.1.a. Please check (✔) the reason(s) why you don’t practice yoga a) Price b) Location c) Don’t have enough time d) Practice other fitness or sports methods e) Lack of good guidance or instructions f) Yoga isn’t really an exercise g) Yoga is religious h) Not flexible or in decent body shape i) Other ____________ 1.1.b. Are you willing to practice yoga if your current problems or perceptions regarding Yoga are solved or answered? a) Yes b) No c) Maybe 1.2. If you chose ‘a.Yes’ or ‘c. Sometimes’ as an answer to question 1 please answer the following questions 1.2.a. and 1.3.b. – 1.2.a. How often do you practice yoga? a) Daily b) Weekly c) Monthly d) Few times in a year 1.3.b. Where or how? a) At Home b) Personal Trainer c) DVDs d) TV shows e) Fitness centres f) Yoga Studio g) Online Videos h) Other ____________ 2. Please explain your experience while practicing yoga? Do you face any problems practicing yoga? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Have you ever thought about practicing......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Yoga Therapy

...Yoga Therapy Asanas Back pain Therapy II 1. Folded legs at knee- Lumbar strtch Alternative legs Both legs Cross legs 2. Setubandasana breathing 3. Dorsal stretch 4. Cat & cow breathing 5. Sasangasana breathing 6. Bhujangasana breathing 7. Shalabasana breathing – alternative legs 8. Straight legs raising breathing- alternative legs 9. Side lumbar stretch 10. QRT Asanas 1. Ardhakati chakrasana 2. Ardha chakrasana 3. Prasarita pada hasthanasana 4. Sithila makarasana 5. Viparithakarani asana 6. Vakrasana 7. Sithila sasangasana 8. Pawanamukthasana 9. DRT Pranayama 1. Section breathing with full yogic breathing a b c d 2. Anulom vilom pranayama 3. Sitkari 4. Brohmari Meditation 1. Nadanusandana 2. OM Meditatio Back pain Therapy III 1. Cat & cow 2. Lay down n legs move forward & backward alternatively 3. Setubandha with hip raised a little from the floor n bring down movement with breaths 4. Middle back movement lift up and down Respiratory System Therapy I 1. Ahnds in and out Breathing 2. Ankle stretch Breathing 3. Tiger stretch Breathing II 4. Rabbit Breathing 5. Dog Breathing 6. Straight leg raising 7. Aswasanchalana jumping 8. Urdhwamuka Swanasana 9. Tiger Stretch Breathing III 10. Tiger Stretch Breathing I 11. Mukha Douthi 12. Pawanamukthasana kriya 13. Surya namaskar 14. Chair...

Words: 1145 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


... National survey of yoga practitioners: Mental and physical health benefits. Complementary Theories in Medicine, 21(4), 313-323. Statement of Focus of the Article: The healthy lifestyle and benefits for an individual that practices yoga, and beliefs on how yoga affects their health. Summary: This article discusses that yoga can improve one’s health depending on how long they have practiced, but yoga will not eliminate all health issues. A survey was completed to analyze how often a practitioner practices yoga, eats fruits and vegetables, smokes, alcohol consumption and BMI compared to norms. Statement of Implications: Chronic health conditions are a serious problem in United States, and most of the time be prevented. In order to maintain a healthy lifestyle and decrease the risk of chronic health conditions, practicing yoga will physically, mentally, and spiritually transform the body and mind. BIB#2 Park, C. L., Riley, K. E., Bedesin, E., & Stewart, M. (2014, July 16). Why practice yoga? Practititioners' motivations for adopting and maintaining yoga practice. Journal of Health Psychology, 1-10. doi:1359105314541314 Statement of Focus of the Article: Students and teachers initially started to practice yoga to become physically Summary: This article discusses the primary reasons students and teachers initiate yoga, and their reasons to continue practicing. According to (Park, Riley, Bedesin & Stewart, 2014) a large sample adopts yoga initially because......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Free Essay


...speak to the four Yogas. The second part will be about Bhakti Yoga as seen in the International Society for the Krishna Consciousness (ISKON). And the last part will address the Hindu Temple of Hampton Roads. First we must define Yoga. Yoga is defined as “a Hindu philosophy that teaches a person to experience inner peace by controlling the body and mind.” (1) There are four Yogas that will be discussed in the paper: Karma; Bhakti; Raja and Jnana. . Karma Yoga is the Yoga of work. There are key components of Karma that govern that any action qualifies as being Karma Yoga. Those actions are having the right attitude, the right motive, your duty, doing your best, letting go of results and serving God or the self in all.(2) “Every act done without thought for myself diminishes my self-centeredness until finally no barrier remains to separate me from the divine.” (3) Therefore actions accomplished with this thought process lighten the ego, bringing the person closer to achieving the real self. The second Yoga is Bahkti or the path to God through love. Basically, to strive not to be like God, but to worship God with his or her entire being. The way to God through knowledge is known as the psychophysical exercises are known as Raja Yoga. This method according to Huston Smith is “the approach for a strong suspicion that are true selves are more than we now realize and a passion to plumb their full extent for those who possess these qualifications, Raja Yoga outlines a......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Yoga: a Path to Healing and Recovery

...YOGA: A PATH TO HEALING AND RECOVERY 1 Yoga: A Path to Healing and Recovery Leonel H. Herrera WGU 5/23/13 YOGA: A PATH TO HEALING AND RECOVERY 2 Yoga: A Path to Healing and Recovery In the introduction to Horton’s book 21st Century Yoga Culture, Politics, and Practice it illustrates how in the past 15 years yoga has gone from a cultural eccentricity to a $27 billion industry and is taught everywhere from spas to prisons (Horton, 2012). According to WEBMD Yoga has been practiced for more than 5 thousand years and 11 million Americans are experiencing improved health, strength, and flexibility from its practice (The Health Benefits of Yoga, 2012). Nevertheless, is yoga everything it promises? Are people healthier physically and mentally? Are there dangers to practicing yoga? Is it safe? (Bee, 2012) Research suggests that yoga is a highly therapeutic means of exercise because it provides beneficial physical results, leads to positive psychological effects and poses few risks. Physical Benefits of Yoga Yoga bestows several physical health benefits such as lowering blood pressure, lowering heart rate, decreasing blood glucose levels, and mitigating the effects of stress. Cade’s study found that adding yoga reduced resting blood pressure by 4 points compared with the control group (Cade, et al., 2010). McCaffrey and Hatthakit’s study found systolic and diastolic blood pressure as well as heart rate all significantly declined over an 8-week yoga intervention (McCaffrey &......

Words: 2676 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

History Of Hatha Yoga

...Jnana Yoga. Further, the Yoga Upanishads as also other texts talk about the Mantra Yoga, Nada Yoga and Laya Yoga among other forms as also the Kundalini Yoga. Various forms of yoga in brief: - Hatha Yoga Hatha Yoga is the Order of the Day Hatha Yoga can be safely be said to be the order of the day because the practices of Yoga which are popular today, namely asanas and pranayama, are sourced in Hatha Yoga. Thus, we may not be wrong in asserting that Yoga today as it is practiced is Hatha Yoga. These practices are popular because being pre-dominantly physical in nature their effects can be seen in short term and can be measured. Practices which affect the mind beneficially (say for example mind control techniques or even for that matter yamas and niyamas or meditation) lose out on popularity because their effects cannot be perceived and measured with certainty and objectivity. But it has to kept in mind that in Hatha Yoga, the physical practices lead to practices which control the mind and finally enable the practitioner to transcend the mind reaching thereby the unmani avastha (no-mind state) or manonmani avastha (mind-without-mind state). This is the state of complete Mauna of mind. Also, the topic of the...

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Golf and Yoga

...Corey Smith PEA 142-04 9/4/15 Golf and Yoga Golf is no longer just a hobby. It is a sport that requires a properly functioning body along with a clear and peaceful mind. It was not that long ago that golfers came in all shapes and sizes and working out was in the back of their mind. Nowadays, each day a golfer does not spend in the gym or in the yoga studio, they are losing ground on their competitors. Amateurs are even finding that to have a more balanced and powerful swing, they must build the muscles that allow them to do so. Lifting heavy weights is not going to add distance and consistency however. A flexible and properly functioning body is built by adding yoga to a golfer's workout plan. Yoga builds the core muscles along with adding muscle endurance and a range of flexibility, which in turn leads to more consistent and powerful golf swings. Yoga also teaches you how to breathe and relax your body and mind, which on the golf course is an absolute must. According to Michael Brantl (2014), a TPI Level 3 Fitness Instructor, "yoga creates natural improvements in functional flexibility." Brantl goes on to explain to explain how yoga improves various parameters of fitness, and how this in turn, helps your golf game. Yoga improves and increases muscular strength, muscular endurance, functional flexibility/mobility, balance, stability, cardiovascular endurance, and body composition. All of these must be working at their best to create a powerful and balanced...

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ret Academy for International Journals of Multidisciplinary Research (Raijmr)

...International Journal for Research in Education (IJRE) Vol.1, Issue: December: 2012 ISSN: Research Paper-Education EFFECT OF YOGA EXERCISES ON ACHIEVEMENT, MEMORY AND REASONING ABILITY Nilesh Gajjar Assistant Prof. SVS Edu. College, P. G. Dept., Nagalpur, Mehsana. ABSTRECT Now, we are living in the world of 21st century which is known as the world of ‘Mental Stress’ in these circumstances, knowledge amplifies day by day. There is a Knowledge explosion in the world, hence each and every person tries to get this Knowledge by new & most recent Medias & they also use it. In this direction there is a qualitative growing up in the person for in receipt of Knowledge & its use by appreciative. In the same way, we notice the qualitative addition in the Educational organization, teachers, & the students, which are going to get Knowledge. In these circumstances, teachers & students feel a perplexity. So there is a question against us that, this growth in the education organization, teachers & in the students will have no proper direction for the Academic achievement of students. If we get an affirmative answer of this question, we must do the fundamental change in the teaching learning process of Education. In the present day, each person including the students and the teachers face anxiety, frustration, etc. Due to these factors, the students cannot keep much interest in their study, academic activity & their performance in the entire exam. Consequently, in this way it is......

Words: 6593 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

The Importance Of Yoga

...The Classical form of Yoga helps in developing our inner Soma which purifies, detoxifies and rejuvenates our body and mind and Promotes longevity, (Frawley,2012) In the Kaivalya pāda(verse 1) of Patañjalī Yoga sūtrās states that supernatural powers (siddhis) arise from birth, drugs, mantras, austerity or Yoga (Samādhi).The real Soma relates to the secretion in the head /brain due to the practices of Yoga, Pranayama, and meditation .There is a chakra by name Soma which is also known as Amria Chakra meaning Nectar of the crescent Moon located at the middle of forehead, connected to Hypothalamus and Pineal gland with its main functions related to rejuvenation and bliss...

Words: 790 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Lululemon Case Study

...From a strategic planning perspective, the well-known Canadian fitness retailer Lululemon has a lot of factors to consider when laying the foundation for a five year plan. There are many opportunities as well as challenges that the company encounters from its external environments. Each of these is outlined in the following paragraphs and must be embraced in order for Lululemon to position itself strategically and successfully in the market. Economical environment: The economical environment that circles around Lululemon Athletica shows a strong revenue growth. In September 2012 Lululemon posted a 33% increase in revenue to $282.6-million (U.S.) and an increase of 15% in same-store sales (refer to figure 2). Along with that we can observe the company’s stable financial position with reasonable debt levels by most measures, impressive record of earnings per share growth, net income growth and good cash flow from operations. Lululemon was pretty successful among many investors as it consistently raised quarterly profits and revenues in a struggling fitness retail industry (see figure 3). In reference to the article, “Lululemon athletica inc. Stock Quote & Summary Data”, unemployment rate made some effect on the company’s Gross Income as of in 2009 when the unemployment grew to the level of 8.5% company’s Gross Income was only 23.56% (see figure 1 and 2). But in 2011 when the unemployment growth was at a level of 7.2% company’s Gross Income became 77.04%. This also......

Words: 3451 - Pages: 14