Premium Essay

The American Soldier 1860-1920

In: Historical Events

Submitted By johnnyburns
Words 1795
Pages 8
HS 383
Dr. Geib
March 8, 2011 Paper 2 The American Soldier, 1860-1920 The philosophy and makeup of the United States military underwent more drastic changes during the sixty years between the outbreak of the Civil War and the conclusion of World War I. During this time period, the military went from small, localized, unprofessional and poorly trained groups to large, centralized, professional military units that rivaled the best militaries in the world. The transition of the U.S. Military started when the United States’ foreign policy increased their interests worldwide following the Civil War, engaging in conflicts in both the Caribbean and in Asia, culminating when the United States entered World War I not in their own interest, but rather in the interest of protecting European allies. This signaled the U.S.’s new role as a world power that has interests in global stability and maintaining strong alliances. However, none of these military advancements would have been likely to take place had the initial priority to increase military operations hadn’t occurred solely to preserve the Union.
The Civil War began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April 1861, but both the Union and Confederate armies were not prepared to fight a ground war at that time, as armies had to be raised, mobilized, trained, and supplied for the upcoming war. The first ground battle of the war, the Battle of Bull Run, was not fought until more than three months after the attack on Fort Sumter, and even then those armies were disorganized and ill-prepared for war. The Union Army consisted of only 16,000 men when the South seceded, but then underwent the monumental task of mustering 500,000 troops by the end of the year. Due to the fairly organized militia system, most of these men were enrolled from the local volunteer armies, with only 50,000 men being conscripts. The...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Military Leaders Contributions to the American Military Tradition, American Culture, American Way of War, and the Exhibiting of Christian Values

...MILITARY LEADERS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE AMERICAN MILITARY TRADITION, AMERICAN CULTURE, AMERICAN WAY OF WAR, AND THE EXHIBITING OF CHRISTIAN VALUES ***** ******* HIUS 380– Spring B02 March 11, 2016 The United States of America has exemplary Divisions of Armed Forces where many outstanding members have stood courageous and resilient in their service to this country and the protection of others. General John J. Pershing, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, and General Matthew B. Ridgway are three of the military leaders which this paper will depict and associate while expounding upon the way each contributed to the American Military Tradition. Continuing in how these individuals were or were not representative of an American culture or an American Way of War as interpreted in this course of study. Also, an opinion will be offered regarding such persons as to whether or not each was an appropriate Christian role model. No matter the similitudes or dissimilarities of the individuals each will prove to be distinguished and accomplished in their innovative and outstanding leadership and service to this country. Military Tradition in the United States of America is a frequent reference to relationship and affiliation through the ancestral line of a serviceman and an individual’s advancements and accomplishments as soldiers. American Military Tradition will endeavor itself to change as new technologies and ideologies transpire. The reflection of change or enhancement will reveal......

Words: 3342 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Bibliographic Essay on African American History

...African American History Introduction In the essay “On the Evolution of Scholarship in Afro- American History” the eminent historian John Hope Franklin declared “Every generation has the opportunity to write its own history, and indeed it is obliged to do so.”1 The social and political revolutions of 1960s have made fulfilling such a responsibility less daunting than ever. Invaluable references, including Darlene Clark Hine, ed. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004); Evelyn Brooks Higgingbotham, ed., Harvard Guide to African American History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001); Arvarh E. Strickland and Robert E. Weems, Jr., eds., The African American Experience: An Historiographical and Bibliographical Guide (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001); and Randall M. Miller and John David Smith, eds., Dictionary of Afro- American Slavery (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1988), provide informative narratives along with expansive bibliographies. General texts covering major historical events with attention to chronology include John Hope Franklin and Alfred A. Moss, Jr., From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans (Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000), considered a classic; along with Joe William Trotter, Jr., The African American 1  Experience (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001); and, Darlene Clark Hine, William C. Hine, and Stanley Harrold, The African American......

Words: 6155 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

American History Turning Points

...Major Historical Turning Points of America: Essay I Brian Tui Strayer University Dr. Donna Reeves History 105 January 19, 2013 Abstract What are the major turning points in American’s timeline that helped shaped it into the amazing country that it is today? What was the impact of those turning points on today’s American culture? This essay will give us a tour through two major turn points in America. The first being the “Turning point of the civil war” and the second being the “Turning point of Industrialization and Urbanization”. In the “Turning point of the civil war” we will peer into several possible outcomes of the “Reconstruction Period had Abraham Lincoln survived”. In the “Turning point of Industrialization and urbanization we will also investigate “Industrializations effect on the average working American” and touch on “How state courts served to discriminate against non-white citizens and immigrants”. Finally we will conclude with “The New America”. My view on how the events of the past shaped America into the wonderful nation I am so proud of today. Turning Point of the Civil War America could not be the honored country that it is today had it not been for the turning point of the civil war. In the mid-1800s the Northern and Southern states were divided on many differences. A major difference that lingered after the signing of the Constitution was slavery. You have the Northern statesmen who firmly oppose slavery and the Southern......

Words: 1206 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Girl Scout Research Paper

...Are you a girl scout? If you are you may know who I am. My name is Juliette Gordon Low. During my 67 years on this earth I was able to accomplish many things including the creation of the largest and most successful organization for girls in the world. My journey started in Savannah, Georgia on October 31, 1860. When I was born my uncle said I would grow up to be as pretty as a Daisy, so my nickname quick became Daisy. My dad’s name was William Washington Gordon II and my mom’s name was Eleanor Kenzie Gordon but everyone called her Nellie. I grew up in a large family with five siblings, George, Mabel, Sarah, Eleanor, and William. Even though there was a lot of kids my parents still made sure we were loyal and respectful to others. My parents wanted to make sure I received a good education so when I was 12 years old I was sent to boarding schools. I loved learning about music and art. I was always very social and loved making new friends. In 1886 I met and married William Mackay Low. We moved to England. We did not get along very well but we stayed married until 1905, when William suddenly died. I continued my life in England even after my husband died and I was glad I stayed. In...

Words: 552 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Evolving Woman

...mother to doctor to soldier and everything in between. With increasing standards and demands on them to be the one who keep’s the family grounded and together in a chaotic society that thinks none to highly of them or their rights as citizens. I chose to focus on women’s changing roles during the time period from 1865 through 1920 and then through 1920 to this present day. The reason I chose to focus on the women of our history is because this was a very unstable time in history, due to the changing status of minorities in the culture at this time due to the end of the Civil War and the impending revolution for women’s rights with the passage of the 19th amendment. Dating as far back as the early 1800's women’s roles were consistently being challenged and questioned, it was not so much the women’s rights marches of the 60's but it was the beginning of that revolution. During the early part of the 19th century women’s character was separated with four basic attributes: piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. Even the foreign visitors to America during this period found fault in American male’s attitude towards women, they thought males treated women as inferiors and subjected women to double standards. "By marriage, the husband and wife are one person in law; that is, the very being and legal existence of the woman is suspended during marriage." This is according to a 1765 law established by Sir William Blackstone an English barrister, and American law followed......

Words: 2425 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Nur Communityand Public Health Nursing405 Evolution of

...nursing Roles and functions of community and public health nursing Community and public health partnerships at the time |Event or Influence: America’s Colonial Period and the New Republic | |Key health issues |Communicable diseases, environmental hazards, environmental sanitation, concerns for the health and care of | | |the people in the community | |Perspective/goals |The goal was how to prevent, understand, and control diseases | |Role/functions |In 1847, the American Medical Association (AMA) formed a hygiene committee to conduct sanitary surveys and to| | |develop a system to collect vital statistics. (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p 25). | |Health partnerships |The Howard Association of New Orleans, Louisiana, responded to periodic yellow fever epidemics between 1837 | | |and 1878 by providing physicians, lay nurses, and medicine. (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p 25). | |How did this event (or influence) advance community and public health nursing? | |This event established state health departmenst and local health......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Resistive Migration Law

...In the 1860s and 70s, nativist enmity vibe toward Asian workers in the United States developed and escalated, with the formation of committees and organizations, for example, the Asiatic Exclusion League (Lee, 122). Chinese Americans made up the larger part out of the populace and were seen as the "yellow risk" and endured segregation. Lynchings of Chinese happen often, and an extensive scale of assaults additionally happened (Lee, 116). In 1875, Congress passed the Page Act, the first prohibitive migration law, which recognized constrained workers from Asia and Asian ladies who might conceivably participate in prostitution as "undesirable" and banished their entrance into the United States (Takaki, 257). The law was upheld to initiate prohibition...

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Industrialization After the Civil War

...tremendous growth in the United States. The rise of entrepreneurship also made acts such as child labor and the mistreatment of immigrants an acceptable practice. These practices although negative, also played a part in shaping of the nation. Entrepreneurship, Technology and Immigration are three aspects that played a major role in the industrial revolution. Entrepreneurship was important to this time period due to the massive growth and expansion in the central industries. The central industries include railroads, steel and petroleum; the growth of these industries made is easier to access the rest of the nation. The federal government helped with the expansion of the railroad network by supporting the expansion of railroad development between 1860 and 1915. During this time the railroad network development expanded from merely 30,000 miles of track to over 250,000 miles. Entrepreneur Leland Stanford was one of the businessmen that made the expansion of the railroad system possible. He along with his business partners Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker and Mark Hopkins helped to make it possible to access the west by way of the California railroad system. Without the contribution of entrepreneurship, it would have been impossible for the major...

Words: 1440 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Industrialization After the Civil War

...three aspects that played a major role in the industrial revolution. Entrepreneurship was important to this time period due to the massive growth and expansion in the central industries. The central industries include railroads, steel and petroleum; the growth of these industries made is easier to access the rest of the nation. The federal government helped with the expansion of the railroad network by supporting the expansion of railroad development between 1860 and 1915. During this time the railroad network development expanded from merely 30,000 miles of track to over 250,000 miles. Entrepreneur Leland Stanford was one of the businessmen that made the expansion of the railroad system possible. He along with his business partners Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker and Mark Hopkins helped to make it possible to access the west by way of the California railroad system. Without the contribution of entrepreneurship, it would have been impossible for the major industries to take off and help build the foundation of American life and society. Technology is another key factor of...

Words: 1426 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Impact of Gangs

...common idea/identity, and are often involved in delinquent activities to better their own stature. Gangs usually have a somewhat military like structure, with leaders at the top, lieutenants and sergeants, and soldiers at the bottom. Young children have various reasons for joining street gangs, but do not realize the ramifications caused by the gang life. Children often believe joining a neighborhood gang will make them become recognized, or safer, but the harsh reality is that so many youths don’t realize the hazards associated with gangs until it is too late. The history of street gangs in America dates back to the formation of America herself. The first gang-like groups formed in the Northeast right after the Revolutionary war ended, in 1783, in New York City. These groups were mainly young white immigrants from Europe who just fought over turf in the city. In the Midwest region (mainly Chicago) the first street gangs developed in the 1860s and were mainly white immigrants from Ireland, Germany, and Lithuania. In the most western region of the United States Mexican gang-like groups started appearing in Los Angeles sometime around 1890s. Gang-like groups have been around America for quite some time but a few key events escalated gang presence in the United States. In 1920 the eighteenth amendment to the United States constitution effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States. This meant the production, sale of, and transportation......

Words: 2124 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

History Time Line 2

...Timeline Part II NOTE: Before starting the Timeline project please refer to the "Example Timeline Matrix" document. Instructions: Complete the matrix by providing the Time Period/Date(s) in column B, and the Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History in column C. See complete instructions in the Syllabus for the Module 3 assignment entitled. “Timeline Part II.” NOTE: The timeline project does not need to be submitted to turnitin. NOTE: Please write your answers in a clear and concise manner. Limit your submission of the Timeline Part II up to 250 words per topic/subtopic. For example, if a topic is divided into 3 subtopics, you may write a maximum of 250 per subtopic listed. Be sure to cite all sources. Major Event/Epoch in American History | Time Period/Date(s) | Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History | 1) The evolution of the institution of slavery from the Colonial Period to the 1860s. | 1600s-1860s | Slavery was the main source of manual labors in the southern territories after the invention of cotton gin; since the machine increase the profitable cash and required more manual labor- leading to the plantation system. Prior to this event, slave trade was mostly involved in New England- the triangle trade, which keep the flow of slaves to Europe in exchange for molasses; the main ingredient for rum making. | 2) The socio-cultural impact of the abolitionist movement including: a) The......

Words: 1916 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...member) when they met their boyfriend. How did the First World War change the lives of women? * During the war, women began to work in areas like heavy industry. They proved they could work as well as men. By 1929, there were 10 million women workers; a rise of 24% since 1920. * Working gave women independence and they began smoking and drinking in public. * Women were given the vote in August 1920 but few were chosen to be actual politicians. * Production of consumer goods such as vacuum cleaners and washing machines meant women had more time for leisure activities. * Flappers emerged in the 1920’s = women from middle and upper class families from the Northern States. They cut their hair in short bobs, wore make up, short skirts and bright clothes. They also smoked and drank in public, went to speakeasies, danced the Charleston with men and listened to Jazz and drove cars and motorbikes. * BUT many groups, particularly in rural areas thought the flappers were too outrageous. * Hollywood saw the emergence of female stars such as Mary Pickford and Gloria Swanson who * were female role models. * Advertising was aimed at women for the new consumer goods of the 1920s e.g in 1925 Ford introduced colours other than black for his Model T to appeal to women. * Divorce rate doubled between 1914-1929...

Words: 6533 - Pages: 27

Free Essay


...Drama 148A Part 2 I. Operetta: * * Mixture of classical singers and orchestras with lighter, often comical story lines, like opera bouffe. * * Contained popular dances: * Can-cans * Polkas * Waltzes * * A musical art for the masses 1. Operetta in Europe: * * Paris w/ Jacques Offenbach * “Operettes” * * London w/ Gilbert & Sullivan * * Vienna w/ Johann Strauss II * “The Waltz King” 2. French Operetta: * Jacques Offenbach * * The Grand Duchess of Geroldstein (1867) * Libretto by: Ludovic Halévy & Henri Meilhac (of Carmen fame) * Orpheus In the Underword (1858) featuring can-can (gallop infernal) 3. English Operetta: Gilbert and Sullivan * * William Schwench Gilbert (W.S.) * 1836-1911 * * Book & Lyrics * Pen name “Bab” * * Arthur Seymour Sullivan * 1842-1900 * * Composer * German trained * One-act opera: Cox and Box * First collaboration: Thespis (1871) * * Richard D’Oyly Carte, producer * * First hit: Trial By Jury (1875) * * D’Oyly Carte Opera Co. * The Sorcerer (1876) * W.S. Gilbert, *Stage Director a. * H.M.S. Pinafore (1878): * Staging had to be followed, no improvisation * Comedy * 10,000 vocal copies sold a day b. The Pirates of Penzance (1879): * * Revived in 1980 by the New York Shakespeare Festival * * Producer, Joseph Papp * * Starred Linda Ronstadt & Kevin Kline * *......

Words: 1665 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chapter 16

...Jenny Ulery 01/12/15 5th Ch. 16 Study Questions - America’s Gilded Age: 1870-1890 1. The American economy thrived because of federal involvement, not the lack of it. How did the federal government actively promote industrial and agricultural development in this period? BE SPECIFIC. The federal government actively promoted industrial and agricultural development. It enacted high tariffs that protected American industry from foreign competition, granted land to railroad companies to encourage construction, and used the army to remove Indians form western land desired by farmers and mining companies. 2. Why were railroads so important to America’s second industrial revolution? What events demonstrate their influence on society, politics, and the economy? Spurred by private investment and massive grants of land and money by federal, state, and local governments, the number of miles of railroad track in the US tripped between 1860 and 1880 and tripled again by 1920, opening vast new areas to commercial farming and creating truly national market for manufactured goods. The growing population formed an ever-expanding market for the mass production, mass distribution, and mass marketing of goods, essential elements of a modern industrial economy. The railroads created 5 transcontinental lines and 4 times zones throughout the nation. 3. Why did organized efforts of farmers, workers, and local reformers largely fail to achieve substantive change in the Gilded......

Words: 2336 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Breeder's Own Pet Food Inc.

...Mississippi ratifies 13th amendment abolishing slavery ... 147 years late Academics prompt ratification after noticing that 1995 move to accept amendment detailed in Lincoln had not been completed * Share77 * * * 1 * inShare0 * ------------------------------------------------- Email Daniel Day-Lewis in Lincoln. Photograph: David James/AP Mississippi has officially ratified the 13th amendment to the US constitution, which abolishes slavery and which was officially noted in the constitution on 6 December 1865. All 50 states have now ratified the amendment. 1. ------------------------------------------------- Lincoln 2. Production year: 2012 3. Countries: India, Rest of the world, USA 4. Cert (UK): 12A 5. Runtime: 150 mins 6. Directors: Steven Spielberg 7. Cast: Daniel Day-Lewis, David Strathairn, Hal Holbrook, James Spader, John Hawkes, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Lee Pace, Sally Field, Tommy Lee Jones 8. More on this film Mississippi's tardiness has been put down to an oversight that was only corrected after two academics embarked on research prompted by watching Lincoln, Steven Spielberg's Oscar-nominated film about president Abraham Lincoln's efforts to secure the amendment. Dr Ranjan Batra, a professor in the department of neurobiology and anatomical sciences at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, saw Spielberg's film and wondered about the implementation of the 13th amendment after the Civil War. He......

Words: 15462 - Pages: 62