Premium Essay

The Arab – Israeli Conflict: Peace Building

In: Historical Events

Submitted By brendahempel8
Words 3338
Pages 14
The Arab – Israeli Conflict: Peace Building

Learning Institution
Student Name

Introduction The Arab-Israeli conflict is not a single conflict especially when analyzing and evaluating movements towards new forms of behavior in a given conflict system (Bar-Siman-Tov, 2013: 1). The United States played in a key role in the encouragement of a creation of a conflict management framework that could be applied. It was realized that there would be a need for a further and deeper learning process to enable conflict resolution (Bar-Siman-Tov, 2013: 1).
As an intrastate conflict, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict should be seen above all as a major human problem involving approximately 3 million people who have been systematically deprived of their individual freedoms and right of self-determination through nearly three decades of military occupation (Kaufman, 2012: par 5). The decision to form a truth and reconciliation commission can drastically affect the future of a society recovering from a traumatic past (Coleman, 2013: par 7). He specific conditions of the nation, culture and peoples involved must be considered carefully before deciding to form a truth and reconciliation commission (Coleman, 2013: par 3). Societies emerging from violent conflict or oppressive regime often find it difficult t recover, build a future, and prevent themselves from falling into the conflict trap (Committee, 2011: par 4).The core pillars of transitional justice are truth seeking, prosecution, reparations and institutional reforms (Committee, 2011: par 11).
Historical Profile It has been said that the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is elastic (Prof. Sami, n.d.). It changes dramatically depending on who is telling it and where they start the story (Kristin, Jillian and Tese, 2009: 78 ). The Jewish state of Israel was established in 1948…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

An Analysis of Media Within the Arab-Israeli Conflict

...Analysis of Media Within The Arab-Israeli Conflict “Unless and until something concrete is done about addressing the Israeli-Palestinian issue you won't get a real start on the war against terrorism.” – Bob Hawke The media is used for many different reasons. Since technology has advanced, media is wide spread mainly through social networks such as Twitter and Facebook. Since the first Zionist Conference in 1897, Palestine has fought to keep its land. Ever since, the Arab-Israeli conflict has been in the center of media news. Subsequently, in 1948, war was declared for the land between Israel and Palestine. Different sources have been bias and in favour of Israel in regards to how they describe the conflict, statistics and other governments’ support. The media has been bias and in favour of Israel because of how they describe the conflict. Firstly, the descriptions of the same events that have occurred differ between Israel and Palestine. For example, the legal status labeled replicates different positions of the West bank and Gaza Strip. One could be called a “disputed territories and the other “Occupied territories”. Although both are considered to be part of Palestine, it is labeled in favour of how the Israelis would call it. Secondly, when addressing the Israeli occupied areas, it has many names. For example, the blockage between the Palestinians and Israelis can be a security fence or......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Terrorism: Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

...TERRORISM IS TERRORISM, BUT WHICH IS WORSE? YOU DECIDE Alexandra Gadi THST 398 – Dr. Soomekh Final Paper Due: April 29, 2011 Terrorism in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been an impacting factor on both sides, resulting in numerous and unnecessary casualties. Israel’s terrorism was rooted mainly from Gush Emunim, “Bloc of the Faithful” . On the other hand, Palestinian terrorism has spawned from a wide scope of different beliefs ranging from secular Palestinians through religious Jihadists. Jihad literary means struggle in Arabic . These Jihadists and secular terrorists blow themselves up with the belief that they are furthering their cause and feel as if they are warriors fighting in the battle for a homeland and freedom, one explosion at a time. Gush Emunim started as a Jewish fundamentalist movement in Israel that sought out to reclaim the lands of Abraham through a combination of propaganda, religious justification, and military force . Gush Emunim’s action “shows the growing resentment by Jewish fundamentalism of moves for peace. This, logically, was to lead to the “righteous” killing of [Yitzchak] Rabin” . Gush Emunim has used its religious power as a stepping-stone into Israeli politics in order to gain legal support for its settlement plans. The Gush Emunim movement has been made responsible for evicting Palestinian refugees from their homes in order to build their own settlements . Basing......

Words: 2399 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

...The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been one of the most important issues that the United Nations has focused on since its founding in 1945. It has been the central topic for many resolutions, special committees, and peacekeeping efforts over the last sixty years. The United Nations has served as a platform for discussion about this conflict and has been used as a mediator between the opposing groups as a peaceful resolution to the issues is sought. Its main interest is in creating a peaceful end to this conflict and ensuring that both sides are just in their actions. At the time that the United Nations was founded, Great Britain administered the area of Palestine as a result of a mandate that had been assigned to them by the League of Nations. The British supported the establishment of a Jewish state in the area and Jewish immigration was greatly increasing especially following the Holocaust during World War II. This was met by opposition from the Arab population in Palestine and, as violence between the groups increased, the British were forced to turn the region over to the United Nations. On 28 April 1947 a special session of the UN General Assembly established the Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP), which had the task of investigating all of the questions surrounding the problems in Palestine and to recommend solutions to be considered by the General Assembly later that year. UNSCOP recommended two solutions. The first was that the area be......

Words: 3595 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Peace and Conflicts

...Introduction Conflict is defined as a confrontation, between one or more parties aspiring towards incompatible or competitive ends. Conflict is Latin meaning to clash or engage in fight, hence it can be define as a misunderstanding or a dispute between two or more parties. It is a clash of basic needs or resources. Conflict appears in different forms that is, interstate, intrastate and state formation conflicts. All these conflicts have to be solved through various stages which include conflict management, conflict resolution and conflict transformation. The stages for solving conflict are discussed below. Main discussion a. Conflict Management Conflict management is a practice of recognising and dealing with disputes in a rational, balanced and effective way Baregu (1999). The above statement suggests that conflict management is trying to avoid or stop a conflict from escalating and this should be done in an active manner. Conflict management is achieved by the use of good negotiation skills, effective communication and problem solving abilities. This means that, those involved in conflict management should be expects, those people who are able to use the conflict tree and deal with the root cause and the perspectives of the disputing parties rather than their positions, so as to reach a common ground thus managing the conflict. Most conflicts are rarely completely solved, but commonly they are downgraded, reduced or contained thus conflict management is a constant......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Arab-Israeli Conflict

...Introduction The Arab-Israel conflict has lasted for decades now. The conflict stems from the declaration of the state of Israel that took place in 14th May, 1948.A partition plan which was adopted by the United Nations general assembly in November of 1947 had been opposed by Arab countries and Palestinian Arabs began attacking Jewish communities. The Arab league in itself had clearly shown it would prevent the state of Israel from being established by all means. This led to the invasion by Arab troops and resulted to Israel fighting and winning their war of Independence. This paper will look into the conflict between the Arabs and Israel and analyze the causes of the same in a bid to determine if there can be a solution that will eventually result to peace. Discussion Many of the Palestinian Arabs were expelled and became refuges in Arab countries with Israel revoking their right of return in order to avoid a situation whereby Arabs would be the majority in population. This dispute over the Palestinian right to return is one of the major obstacles in achievement of peace in the region. Many groups arising from the Palestinian side to fight, have indicated that if Palestinians were allowed to return, the state of Israel would cease to exist. In 1967, after the Arab countries had formed alliances against Israel and all negotiations had failed. Israel attacked and conquered the West bank and Gaza strip and other regions. It refused to return these areas after the Arab......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

An Analysis of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

.... ìGETTING TO NOî AN ANALYSIS OF FAILED MEDIATION IN THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT (1993-2000) Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy Thesis Submitted by Ahsiya Posner 9 February 2003 Under the advisement of Professor Eileen Babbitt and Professor Diana Chigas ABSTRACT This paper will attempt this difficult but important task with the humble understanding that ìthe full storyî is impossible to know and telló even for the very participants of the process. Nevertheless, in this investigation, the author will explore four main questions. The first three questions are: 1) did the OPP set the Israelis and Palestinians on a trajectory that ìdoomedî CD2 from the start?; 2) were there problems inherent to the process and structure of CD2 that led to its failure?; and, 3) how should future mediation attempts of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict be structured in order to meet with more success? The fourth question, however, requires further introduction. The forthcoming study of CD2 will be guided by a ìProvisional Framework (PF)î of seven criteria that I believe are necessary ingredients to successful peacemaking processes. I devised this framework after consulting existing literature and scholars in the field of mediation and negotiation in general, as well as after reviewing scholarly pieces focusing on the Israel-Palestinian peace process in particular. Thus, after using this framework to analyze CD2, conclusions will thus be drawn with regard to a fourth and final......

Words: 48559 - Pages: 195

Free Essay

Israeli Palestinian Conflict

...5/8/2014 Israeli–Palestinian conflict - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Israeli–Palestinian conflict From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Israeli–Palestinian conflict (Arabic: ‫اﻟﻨﺰاع اﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄﯿﻨﻲ‬ ‫​- اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﻲ‬ al-Niza'a al'Filastini al 'Israili; Hebrew: ‫​הסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני‬ Ha'Sikhsukh Ha'YisraeliFalestini) is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century.[1] The conflict is wide-ranging, and the term is sometimes also used in reference to the earlier sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine, between the Zionist yishuv and the Arab population under British rule. The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has formed the core part of the wider Arab–Israeli conflict. It has widely been referred to as the world's "most intractable conflict".[3][4][5] Despite a long-term peace process and the general reconciliation of Israel with Egypt and Jordan, Israelis and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement. The remaining key issues are: mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements,[6] Palestinian freedom of movement,[7] and resolving Palestinian claims of a right of return for their refugees. The violence of the conflict, in a region rich in sites of historic, cultural and religious interest worldwide, has been the object of numerous international conferences dealing with historic rights, security issues and human rights, and has been a factor hampering tourism in......

Words: 24422 - Pages: 98

Premium Essay

Arab-Israeli Conflict

...exacerbated tensions between the Arabs living in Mandate Palestine and the Jews who emigrated there during the Ottoman period. Signed in January 1919, the Faisal–Weizmann Agreement promoted Arab-Jewish cooperation on the development of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East, though this event had little to no effect on the conflict. In 1920, the San Remo conference largely endorsed the 1916 Anglo-French Sykes–Picot Agreement, allocating to Britain the area of present day Jordan, the area between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea, and Iraq, while France received Syria and Lebanon. In 1922, the League of Nations formally established the British Mandate for Palestine and Transjordan, at least partially fulfilling Britain's commitments from the 1915–16 McMahon–Hussein Correspondence by assigning all of the land east of the Jordan River to the Emirate of Jordan, ruled by Hashemite king Abdullah but closely dependent on Britain, leaving the remainder west of the Jordan as the League of Nations Mandatory Palestine. While the British had made promises to give both Arabs and Jews land, the British claimed they had never promised to give either side all of the land. Rising tensions had given way to violence, such as the 1920 Nebi Musa riots, and Jaffa riots of 1921. To assuage the Arabs, and due to British inability to control Arab violence in the Mandatory Palestine any other way, the semi-autonomous Arab Emirate of......

Words: 771 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Arab - Israel Conflict

...Arab Israel Conflict 1948 War started when 5 Arabs nations (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan & Iraq) invaded territory in the just-ended-to-be-British Mandate. It happens right after the announcement of the independence of the state of Israel on 14th May 1948. The fight has actually begins before that, because of the Partition Resolution, the United State Resolution (that would divide Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states) on 29/11/1947. Arab do not want to accept the arrangement that they think Jewish get more benefits in the arrangement. The United Nations resolution sparked conflict between Jewish and Arab groups within Palestine. Fighting began with attacks by irregular bands of Palestinian Arabs attached to local units of the Arab Liberation Army composed of volunteers from Palestine and neighboring Arab countries. These groups launched their attacks against Jewish cities, settlements, and armed forces. The Jewish forces were composed of the Haganah, the underground militia of the Jewish community in Palestine, and two small irregular groups, the Irgun, and LEHI. The goal of the Arabs was initially to block the Partition Resolution and to prevent the establishment of the Jewish state. The Jews, on the other hand, hoped to gain control over the territory allotted to them under the Partition Plan. The fighting intensified with other Arab forces joining the Palestinian Arabs in attacking territory in the former Palestinian mandate.......

Words: 2887 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Arab-Israeli Conflict

...Arab-Israeli Conflict The Arab League * October 1945 Britain helped form the Arab League * The first members were Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia * Its purpose was to prevent Soviet progress in the region * Others joined as they became independent * By 1983 new members included Sudan, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Oman, South Yemen, Kuwait and Bahrain * The 36 million Arabs had a common language and culture * Most were Muslims and hated colonial rule * They had similar economic problems * Even oil rich states had unequal distribution of wealth among rich and poor * But above all else they hated Israel Palestine 1923-47 * British Mandate from 1923 * Promises made during World War I led to Arab expectations * Also led to Jewish hopes for a homeland * Theodore Herzl (Viennese Jew) started the Zionist Movement * 1896 First Zionist Congress – he proposed a national home for the world’s Jews * The Balfour Declaration seemed to be a British commitment to this * 1920s 10,000 Jews a year settled in Palestine * Arabs alarmed – saw this as more Western imperialism * 1922 Churchill said it was a promise of a national Jewish home not a state * 1929 Arab riots against the 100,000 Jewish settlers * Jews protected themselves with the Haganah (their own security force) 1930s * 1933 Britain restricted Jewish immigration to Palestine to appease the Arabs * Led to Jewish riots ......

Words: 3228 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmakers

... Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmaker Name Institution Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmaker The Palestinian movie industry has significantly grown in the resent past despite the challenge they face with majority of the movies coming from different sources of film production. There lack adequate equipments that are used to produce the movies, and this poses a great challenge to the industry. Lack of funds to finance the movie production, further, poses a greater challenge in the industry. The various Palestinian movie production sites include the Authority of Palestinian, the different Diasporas in Palestinian and also other producers in Israel. The Palestinian Cinema can, therefore, be viewed as an opposing representation because it originated from the conflict between Palestinian and Israel. The conflict between Palestinian and Israel began man years ago due to the decision of the United States to form Israel. The conflicts between the two nations involve the Arabs who are the Palestinians and Jewish who are the Israelites. The war has resulted in death of many people and has further, led to discrepancies between the Israelites and many Arab nations. The differences between the Zionists and various Arab nations that are not involved in the actual conflict are as a result of their involvement in the war to assist the Palestinians. According to Bulton (2013), most of the Palestinian films are......

Words: 2457 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmaker

...Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmaker Name Institution Palestinian-Israeli Conflict from the Perspective of Palestinian Filmmaker The Palestinian movie industry has significantly grown in the resent past despite the challenge they face with majority of the movies coming from different sources of film production. There lack adequate equipments that are used to produce the movies, and this poses a great challenge to the industry. Lack of funds to finance the movie production, further, poses a greater challenge in the industry. The various Palestinian movie production sites include the Authority of Palestinian, the different Diasporas in Palestinian and also other producers in Israel. The Palestinian Cinema can, therefore, be viewed as an opposing representation because it originated from the conflict between Palestinian and Israel. The conflict between Palestinian and Israel began man years ago due to the decision of the United States to form Israel. The conflicts between the two nations involve the Arabs who are the Palestinians and Jewish who are the Israelites. The war has resulted in death of many people and has further, led to discrepancies between the Israelites and many Arab nations. The differences between the Zionists and various Arab nations that are not involved in the actual conflict are as a result of their involvement in the war to assist the Palestinians. According to Bulton (2013), most of the Palestinian films are......

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Arab-Israeli War

...The Arab-Israeli War of 1948 Looking back in time, it’s obvious that the Holocaust had an unflappable impact on the Eastern European Jewish population. A total of 5,962,129 European Jews were killed at the hands of Adolf Hitler and his crew of Nazi radicals. That left roughly 3.5 million survivors without family members, and a safe place to live. Life after the Holocaust was filled with fear and unknowingness for millions of Jews. According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum website, terror reigned upon the Jewish population even when the mass murders had subsided. “After liberation, many Jewish survivors feared to return to their former homes because of the anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews) that persisted in parts of Europe and the trauma they had suffered. Some who returned home feared for their lives. In postwar Poland, for example, there were a number of pogroms (violent anti-Jewish riots). The largest of these occurred in the town of Kielce in 1946 when Polish rioters killed at least 42 Jews and beat many others.” That description goes to show that safety was still a concern post-holocaust, and many survivors could not go back to their homes on the notion that they could be killed. One place that was considered a safe haven for Jewish refugees to start a new life was Palestine. Since Palestine was under British control, the Palestinian Arabs could do nothing but watch the Jewish migrants slowly take their land. By 1936, 30% of the population in Palestine......

Words: 1759 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

South Sudan Conflict and Peace Building Strategies

... TABLE OF CONTENTS AFRICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY i SOUTH SUDAN CONFLICT AND PEACE BUILDING STRATEGIES 4 Introduction 4 Causes of the conflict 5 Challenges to peace 5 Who should be held accountable for peace? 6 Measures to restore peace 7 Conclusion 10 REFERENCE 11 SOUTH SUDAN CONFLICT AND PEACE BUILDING STRATEGIES Introduction Daniel (2013) in his research on the state fallen apart, he states that, the first civil war, from 1955 to 1972, was between the Sudanese government and southern rebels who demanded greater autonomy for southern Sudan. The war ended with the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement, which granted significant regional autonomy to southern Sudan on internal issues. After decades of brutal civil war that left two and a half million dead, the devastated and vastly underdeveloped southern part of Sudan secured independence in 2011. Since independence, South Sudan has been handicapped by the competing interests of powerful political actors and the factions and interests they represent. Annah (2013) states that in early July 2013, along with three other friends of South Sudan, Enough’s Founding Director wrote to South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, warning that stated that, after almost nine years of self-rule, the government is still failing to meet the basic needs of its people. Despite claims that vast sums have been expended on investment in infrastructure, there is very little to show in the way of roads, medical services, and education for millions of South......

Words: 1699 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Arab-Israeli Relations

...The Arab-Israeli Relations Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation The Arab-Israeli Relations Part 1: The Conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict started way back after the end of the Second World War. Since then, it has become one the most violent regions when viewed in a global scope. The conflict has been characterized by some catastrophic inter-state wars within the region, and it has been a matter of concern for most global powers. The conflict is one of the most profound and prolonged conflicts in the recent times and has been the major cause of wars in the Middle East. Though most people view it as an Arab-Israeli conflict, others see it in two dimensions namely; the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the Arab-Israeli conflict. The conflict can be traced back to that time in history when the Zionist movement came up with the idea to build a home for the Israelis in Palestine (Bickerton, 2012). The idea was met with opposition on the part of the Arab population in Palestine. The conflict attracted the neighboring Arab countries who took the Palestinian Arab side. In 1948, the state of Israel was established, and the existing conflict between Arabs in Palestine and the Israeli shifted from the local context to the inter-state level (Bickerton, 2012). Since then, the Israeli relations with the Arab world has taken different directions. The shifting process has been based on new and broken relationships between single Arab states and Israel. It has......

Words: 2169 - Pages: 9